This information is intended for use by health professionals
Alomide contains 0.1% w/v Lodoxamide (as lodoxamide trometamol).
ALOMIDE Ophthalmic Solution is indicated in the treatment of non-infectious allergic conjunctivitis (vernal conjunctivitis, giant papillary conjunctivitis, and allergic-atopic conjunctivitis). The etiologic factors are unknown, but common airborne allergens and contact lenses have been implicated. Lodoxamide trometamol may be effective against other ocular diseases where type I immediate hypersensitivity (or mast cells) play a major role in the inflammatory process.
Adults and children: One or two drops in each eye four times a day at regular intervals.
Patients should be advised that the effect of ALOMIDE therapy is dependent upon its administration at regular intervals, as directed.
Improvements in signs and symptoms in response to ALOMIDE therapy (decreased discomfort, itching, foreign body sensation, photophobia, acute ocular pain, tearing, discharge, erythema/swelling, conjunctival redness, limbal reaction, epithelial disease, ptosis) are usually evident within a few days, but longer treatment for up to four weeks is sometimes required. Once symptomatic improvement has been established, therapy should be continued for as long as needed to sustain improvement.
Patients should also be advised that instillation of eye drops in allergic conjunctivitis may cause discomfort initially and that this will decline with improvement of the disease (see 4.8 Undesirable Effects).
Nasolacrimal occlusion or gently closing the eyelid after administration is recommended. This may reduce the systemic absorption of medicinal products administered via the ocular route and result in a decrease in systemic adverse reactions.
Children less than 4 years: The safety and effectiveness of ALOMIDE in children below the age of four years have not been established.
Elderly: There are no special precautions to be followed in prescribing ALOMIDE for the elderly.
If required, corticosteroids may be used concomitantly with ALOMIDE.
ALOMIDE is contraindicated in those persons who have a known hypersensitivity to lodoxamide or any component of the medicament.
• ALOMIDE is not for injection.
• The recommended frequency of administration should not be exceeded.
• Patients should be advised that instillation of eye drops may initially cause discomfort or transient burning or stinging (see section 4.8). Should these symptoms persist, the patient should be advised to contact the prescribing physician.
• ALOMIDE contains benzalkonium chloride which may cause eye irritation and is known to discolour soft contact lenses. Avoid contact with soft contact lenses. Patients must be instructed to remove contact lenses prior to application of ALOMIDE and wait at least 15 minutes before reinsertion.
No interaction studies have been performed.
If more than one topical ophthalmic medicinal product is being used, the medicines must be administered at least 5 minutes apart. Eye ointments should be administered last.
There are no or limited amount of data from the use of ALOMIDE in pregnant-women. Animal studies do not indicate direct or indirect harmful effects with respect to reproductive toxicity. As a precautionary measure, it is preferable to avoid the use of ALOMIDE during pregnancy.
It is not known whether lodoxamide is excreted in human milk. There is insufficient information on the excretion of lodoxamide from ALOMIDE in animal milk. A risk to the suckling child cannot be excluded. A decision must be made whether to discontinue breast-feeding or to discontinue/abstain from ALOMIDE therapy taking into account the benefit of breast feeding for the child and the benefit of therapy for the woman.
Lodoxamide has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive and use machines. As with any topical ophthalmic medicinal product, temporary blurred vision or other visual disturbances may affect the ability to drive or use machines. If blurred vision occurs at instillation, the patient must wait until the vision clears before driving or using machinery.
a. Summary of the safety profile
In clinical trials, the most common adverse reaction was ocular discomfort.b. Tabulated list of adverse reactions
The following adverse reactions are classified according to the following convention: very common (≥ 1/10), common (≥ 1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100), rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000), very rare (<1/10,000), or not known (cannot be estimated from the available data). Within each frequency-grouping, adverse reactions are presented in order of decreasing seriousness. The adverse reactions have been observed during clinical trials and post-marketing experience for lodoxamide eye drops.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
System Organ Classification
MedDRA Preferred Term (v.12.1)
Nervous system disorders
Uncommon: dizziness, headache
Rare: somnolence, dysgeusia
Very common: ocular discomfort
Common: vision blurred, dry eye, eye pruritus, lacrimation increased, ocular hyperaemia
Uncommon: eye pain, eye oedema, asthenopia, corneal deposits, conjunctival oedema, abnormal sensation in eye, foreign body sensation in eyes, eye discharge, eye irritation
Rare: corneal erosion, corneal scar, corneal abrasion, anterior chamber cell, corneal epithelium defect, keratitis, blepharitis, eye allergy, visual impairment, eyelid oedema, conjunctival disorder
Not known: palpitations
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
Rare: nasal dryness, sneezing
Rare: abdominal discomfort
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Uncommon: eyelid exfoliation
General disorders and administration site conditions
Uncommon: feeling hot
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
Due to the characteristics of this preparation, no toxic effects are to be expected with an ocular overdose of this product.
In the event of a topical overdose, flush from the eye with lukewarm water.
In case of accidental ingestion of doses of 0.1 mg to 10.0 mg of lodoxamide, the following side adverse effects may occur: feeling of warmth, flushing, nausea, vomiting, diaphoresis and abdominal cramping. Transient elevations of systolic and diastolic blood pressure have been noted with doses of 3.0 and 10.0 mg of oral lodoxamide, but they resolve spontaneously after a short time. Other possible adverse effects after an oral overdose are: headache, dizziness, fatigue and loose stools.
If accidentally ingested, efforts to decrease further absorption may be appropriate. Lavage, if the overdose has been taken within 1 hour or treatment with activated charcoal should be considered.
Pharmacotherapeutic Group - Ophthalmologicals: Antiallergics.
ATC Code S01G X05.
Lodoxamide, a mast cell stabiliser inhibits the in vivo
Type I immediate hypersensitivity reaction in animals and man.In vitro
studies have demonstrated the ability of lodoxamide to stabilise mast cells and prevent the antigen specific induced release of histamine. In addition, lodoxamide prevents the release of other mast cell inflammatory mediators (i.e. SRS-A, slow reacting substances of anaphylaxis also known as the peptido-leukotrienes). Lodoxamide inhibits histamine release in vitro
by preventing the movement of calcium into the mast cell after stimulation.
The oral bioavailability of 14
C-lodoxamide in man is 71%, approximately 87% of the absorbed drug undergoes bio transformation. The metabolic transformation of lodoxamide results from stepwise hydrolysis of the oxylamide groups to form the monoxamate and the diamine. The diamine undergoes further hydroxylation followed by conjugation to either the O-glucuronide or O-sulphate. The O-glucuronide and O-sulphate metabolites account for 79% of the biotransformed lodoxamide, with the monoxamate and diamine accounting for 5% and 3% of the excreted metabolites. Only 2.7% of the absorbed dose is recovered as unchanged drug in the urine
There are no preclinical data of relevance to the prescriber which were additional to that already included in other sections of the SPC.
Benzalkonium chloride 0.007% w/v
Mannitol 4.7 % w/v
Hypromellose 0.38% w/v
Sodium citrate 0.0415% w/v
Citric acid 0.0175% w/v
Disodium edetate 0.01% w/v
Tyloxapol 0.025% w/v
Sodium hydroxide QS pH 5.0 and/or hydrochloric acid QS pH 5.0
Purified water QS 100%
The contents and bottle should be discarded one month after opening the container for the first time.
Do not store above 25°C. Store upright.
ALOMIDE is supplied in 5 mL, 10 mL and 15 mL natural, low-density polyethylene bottles with natural, low density polyethylene dispensing plugs and tamper evident polypropylene screw caps.
Only 5 mL and 10 mL are currently marketed.
The dispensing tip should not be touched with the fingers or by the conjunctiva when drops are instilled. The container should be kept tightly closed.
Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Limited
Frimley Business Park,
5 September 1991 / 3 May 2002