What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original leaflet can be viewed using the link above.

The text only version may be available in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call emc accessibility on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: PL 25258/0265.


Nortriptyline 10mg-25mg-50mg-Film-coated Tablets

Package leaflet: Information for the patient

Nortriptyline 10 mg Film-coated Tablets

Nortriptyline 25 mg Film-coated Tablets

Nortriptyline 50 mg Film-coated Tablets

Nortriptyline hydrochloride

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet

1. What Nortriptyline Tablets are and what they are used for
2. What you need to know before you take Nortriptyline Tablets
3. How to take Nortriptyline Tablets
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Nortriptyline Tablets
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Nortriptyline Tablets are and what are they used for

Nortriptyline Tablets contain the active ingredient nortriptyline hydrochloride, which is a tricyclic antidepressant. Nortriptyline Tablets are used to treat major depression in adults.

2. What you need to know before you take Nortriptyline Tablets

Do not take Nortriptyline Tablets if:

  • you are allergic (hypersensitive) to nortriptyline or any of the other ingredients of Nortriptyline Tablets (see list of ingredients in Section 6). An allergic reaction may include rash, itching, difficulty breathing or swelling of the face, lips, throat or tongue;
  • you have had a recent heart attack or heartbeat disorder, heart block or coronary artery disease;
  • you are taking, or have stopped taking within the last 14 days, a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (e.g. phenelzine, isocarboxazid or tranylcypromine). If you are taking moclobemide you must stop this at least 24 hours before starting nortriptyline.
    You have to stop treatment with Nortriptyline Tablets and wait for 14 days before you start treatment with a monoamine oxidase inhibitor.

Warnings and precautions

Talk to your doctor before taking these tablets if

  • you feel suicidal or aggressive;
  • you are agitated, overactive, or suffer from schizophrenia;
  • you have heart disease;
  • you have a thyroid condition or receive thyroid medication;
  • you have a history of epilepsy;
  • you have high pressure in the eyes (glaucoma);
  • you have an enlarged prostate;
  • you are going to have electroconvulsive therapy (electric shock);
  • you are diabetic as you might need and adjustment of your antidiabetic medicine;
  • you are going to receive an anaesthetic, e.g. for an operation – tell your doctor as it might be necessary to stop the treatment with nortriptyline before you are given anaesthetics;
  • you have had an allergic reaction to another tricyclic antidepressant in the past;
  • you have difficulty in passing urine;
  • you have bipolar disorder as some patients may enter into a manic phase;
  • you have pylorus stenosis (narrowing of the gastric outlet) and paralytic ileus (blocked intestine);
  • you have excessive fever (hyperpyrexia);
  • you are elderly as you are more likely to suffer from certain side effects, such as dizziness when you stand up due to low blood pressure (see also section 4 Possible side effects).
  • you have severe liver disease.

Prolonged QT interval

A heart problem called “prolonged QT interval” (which is shown on your electrocardiogram, ECG) and heart rhythm disorders (rapid or irregular heart beat) have been reported with Nortriptyline. Tell your doctor if you:

  • have slow heart rate,
  • have or had a problem where your heart cannot pump the blood round your body as well as it should (a condition called heart failure),
  • are taking any other medication that may cause heart problems, or
  • have a problem that gives you a low level of potassium or magnesium, or a high level of potassium in your blood.

Thoughts of suicide and worsening of your depression

If you are depressed you can sometimes have thoughts of harming or killing yourself. These may be increased when first starting antidepressants, since these medicines all take time to work, usually about two weeks but sometimes longer.

You may be more likely to think like this:

  • if you have previously had thoughts about killing or harming yourself.
  • if you are a young adult. Information from clinical trials has shown an increased risk of suicidal behaviour in adults aged less than 25 years with psychiatric conditions who were treated with an antidepressant.

If you have thoughts of harming or killing yourself at any time, contact your doctor or go to a hospital straight away.

You may find it helpful to tell a relative or close friend that you are depressed, and ask them to read this leaflet. You might ask them to tell you if they think your depression is getting worse, or if they are worried about changes in your behaviour.

Children and adolescents

Do not give this medicine to children and adolescents aged below 18 years for these treatments as safety and efficacy have not been established in this age group.

Other medicines and Nortriptyline Tablets

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.

  • monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) e.g. moclobemide, phenelzine, iproniazid, isocarboxazid, nialamide or tranylcypromine (used to treat depression) or selegiline (used to treat Parkinson's disease). These should not be taken at the same time as Nortriptyline tablets (see section 2 Do not take nortritptyline tablets)
  • adrenaline, ephedrine, isoprenaline, noradrenaline, phenylephrine and phenylpropanolamine (these may be present in cough or cold medicine, and in some anaesthetics)
  • medicine to treat high blood pressure for example calcium-channel blockers (e.g. diltiazem and verapamil), guanethidine, debrisoquine, bethanidine, clonidine reserpine and methyldopa
  • Anticholinergic drugs such as certain medicines to treat Parkinsons disease and gastrointerstinal disorders (e.g. atropine, hyoscyamine)
  • thioridazine (used to treat schizophrenia)
  • tramadol (painkiller)
  • opioids such as buprenorphine. These medicines may interact with Nortriptyline Tablets and you may experience symptoms such as involuntary, rhythmic contractions of muscles, including the muscles that control movement of the eye, agitation, hallucinations, coma, excessive sweating, tremor, exaggeration of reflexes, increased muscle tension, body temperature above 38°C. Contact your doctor when experiencing such symptoms.
  • medicines to treat fungal infections (e.g. fluconazole, terbinafine, ketoconazole, and itraconazole)
  • sedatives (e.g. babiturates)
  • antidepressants (e.g SSRIs (fluoxetine, paroxetine, fluvoxamine), and bupropion)
  • medicines for certain heart conditions (e.g. beta blockers and antiarrhythmics)
  • cimetidine (used to treat stomach ulcers)
  • methylphenidate (used to treat ADHD)
  • oral contraceptives
  • rifampicin (to treat infections)
  • phenytoin and carbamazepine (used to treat epilepsy)
  • St. John´s Wort (hypericum perforatum) – a herbal remedy used for depression
  • thyroid medication
  • valproic acid (medicine used for the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder).

You should also tell your doctor if you take or have recently taken medicine that may affect the heart´s rhythm. e.g.:

  • medicines to treat irregular heartbeats (e.g. quinidine and sotalol)
  • astemizole and terfenadine (used to treat allergies and hay fever)
  • medicines used to treat some mental illnesses (e.g. pimozide and sertindole)
  • cisapride (used to treat certain types of indigestion)
  • halofantrine (used to treat malaria)
  • methadone (used to treat pain and for detoxification)
  • diuretics (“water tablets” e.g. furosemide)

If you are going to have an operation and receive general or local anaesthetics, you should tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine. Likewise, you should tell your dentist that you take this medicine if you are to receive a local anaesthetic.

Taking Nortriptyline Tablets with alcohol

You should not drink alcohol while you are being treated with Nortriptyline Tablets as alcohol might increase the sedative effect.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.

Nortriptyline should not be used during pregnancy unless your doctor considers it clearly necessary and only after careful consideration of the benefit and risk. If you have taken this medicine during the last part of the pregnancy, the newborn may have withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, increased muscle tension, tremor, irregular breathing, poor drinking, loud crying, urinary retention, and constipation.

Your doctor will advise you whether to start/continue/ stop breast-feeding, or stop using this medicine taking into account the benefit of breast-feeding for your child and the benefit of therapy for you.

Driving and using machines

Do not drive or use machinery when you are on Nortriptyline Tablets unless you are sure your judgement and co-ordination are not affected. Antidepressants may affect your ability to drive or to operate machinery safely.

Nortriptyline Tablets contains lactose monohydrate

If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicine.

3. How to take Nortriptyline Tablets

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

Adults:

  • The recommended adult dose is 25mg three or four times daily or the dose may be given once a day, usually at night. The dose should begin at a low level, 10mg, 3-4 times daily, for example and be increased gradually as required. The maximum dose is 150mg per day.
  • If your doctor tells you to take more than four 25mg tablets a day, he or she may arrange for you to have regular blood tests.

The elderly:

The usual dose is 30 to 50mg/day in divided doses.

Treatment may start at a low level (10-20 mg daily) and may be increased as required to the maximum dose of 50mg. If you require a dose of 50mg or over, your doctor will arrange for you to have a recording of your heart (ECG) and blood tests.

The 50mg tablets are not appropriate for use in elderly patients.

Renal impairment

In case of renal impairment, your doctor will increase or decrease the dose carefully and gradually. In most cases, however, the usual dosage will be given.

Hepatic impairment

Patients with liver diseases or people known as “poor metabolisers” usually receive lower doses. Your doctor may take blood samples to determine the level of noritriptyline in the blood.

Use in children and adolescent patients:

Nortriptyline Tablets should not be used in children and adolescents aged less than 18 years, as safety and efficacy have not been established.

Lower dosages are recommended for outpatients than for patients in hospital who will be under close supervision.

Duration of treatment

It may take a few weeks before you feel any improvement.

Following remission, maintenance treatment may be needed longer term, usually up to 6 months. This should be at the lowest dose that stops the symptoms of depression coming back.

If you take more Nortriptyline Tablets than you should

Do not take more tablets than your doctor tells you to. If you ever take too many, or if a child has taken any nortriptyline, go to the nearest hospital casualty department or tell your doctor at once. Symptoms of overdose include blurred vision, fast or irregular heartbeats, difficulties passing water, dry mouth and tongue, intestinal blockage, fits, fever, agitation, confusion, hallucinations, uncontrolled movements, low blood pressure, weak pulse, pallor, difficulty breathing, blue discolouration of the skin, decreased heart rate, drowsiness, loss of consciousness, coma, various cardiac symptoms such as heart block, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, metabolic acidosis, hypokalaemia.

An overdose can be very dangerous.

If you forget to take Nortriptyline Tablets

If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose, just carry on as before. If you have missed several doses, discuss this with your doctor.

If you stop using Nortriptyline Tablets

Antidepressants may not make you feel better for the first two weeks or more of treatment, so keep taking Nortriptyline Tablets until your doctor tells you to stop. Do not stop these tablets without discussing it with your doctor first.

If you stop using Nortriptyline Tablets abruptly after prolong therapy you may have withdrawal symptoms, including not being able to sleep, headache, nausea, irritability and sweating.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines Nortriptyline Tablets can cause side effects although not everybody gets them.

Tell your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following:

  • Attacks of intermittent blurring of vision, rainbow vision, and eye pain.
    You should immediately have an eye examination before the treatment with this medicine can be continued. This condition may be signs of acute glaucoma (Very rare side effect, may affect up to1 in 10,000 people).
  • Bad constipation, a swollen stomach, fever and vomiting.
    These symptoms may be due to parts of the intestine becoming paralysed (Rare side effect, may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people).
  • Any yellowing of the skin and the white in the eyes (jaundice).
    Your liver may be affected (Rare side effect, may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people).
  • Bruising, bleeding, pallor or persistent sore throat and fever.
    These symptoms can be the first signs that your blood or bone marrow may be affected. Effects on the blood could be a decrease in the number of red cells (which carry oxygen around the body), white cells (which help to fight infection) and platelets (which help with clotting) (Rare side effect, may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people).
    Suicidal thoughts or behaviour (Rare side effect, may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)

The following side effects have also been reported:

Very common: may affect more than 1 in 10 people.

  • dry mouth
  • excessive sweating
  • constipation
  • nausea (feeling sick)
  • headache
  • tremor
  • dizziness
  • blocked nose
  • accommodation disorder of the eyes
  • irregular or heavy heart beats
  • weight gain
  • aggression

Common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people.

  • strange body movements
  • flushing
  • weakness
  • fatigue
  • dizziness when you stand up due to low blood pressure (orthostatic hypotension)
  • disturbed coordination
  • disturbed attention
  • confusion
  • heart block
  • a heart problem called “prolonged QT interval” (which is shown on your electrocardiogram, ECG)
  • changes in taste
  • blurred vision (dilated pupils)
  • decreases in libido and erectile dysfunction
  • agitation
  • tingling in arms & legs
  • problems urinating (increased or decreased)
  • feeling thirsty
  • low sodium concentration in the blood

Uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people.

  • changes in sleep patterns (including nightmares)
  • numbness
  • vomiting
  • high blood pressure
  • anxiety
  • loss of appetite
  • diarrhoea
  • liver problems including jaundice
  • changes in sexual performance
  • increased production or outflow of breast milk without breast feeding
  • increased pressure in the eye ball
  • collapse conditions
  • worsening of cardiac failure
  • convulsions (body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly, resulting in an uncontrolled shaking of the body)
  • ringing sounds in ear
  • an enlarged or swollen tongue
  • skin rash
  • swelling of the face

Rare: may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people.

  • mouth or gum problems
  • confusional states (delirium), especially in the elderly perhaps with anxiety and restlessness
  • hallucinations (in patients with schizophrenia)
  • more serious heart problems along with ringing in the ears, stomach cramps and clumsiness can also occasionally occur
  • increases in libido have been reported.
  • a rash, which may be itchy or get worse in sunlight.
  • Withdrawal symptoms; if you suddenly stop taking the tablets, you may not be able to sleep and may feel irritable or sweaty
  • Decreased appetite
  • Hair loss
  • Enlargement of male breast tissue
  • Weight loss
  • abnormal results of liver function tests
  • fever

Very rare: may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people.

  • alterations in brain function (including perhaps seizures)
  • swelling of ankles and in severe cases of the face & tongue
  • blood disorders may also occur along with changes in blood sugar level. In severe cases men may suffer from swelling of breasts & testicles whilst women may also notice an increase in breast size and spontaneous lactation. In extreme cases there may be swelling & damage to liver cells.
  • Increased pressure within eye
  • abnormal heart rhythm that can lead to sudden cardiac death (so called torsades de pointes)
  • heart muscle disease
  • feeling of inner restlessness and a compelling need to be in constant motion
  • disorder of the peripheral nerves
  • allergic inflammation of the lung alveoli and of the lung tissue

Not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data

  • changes of blood sugar levels
  • paranoia
  • movement disorders (involuntary movements or decreased movements)
  • hypersensitivity inflammation of heart muscle
  • hepatitis
  • syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.co.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.

By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Nortriptyline Tablets

  • Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
  • Do not use Nortriptyline Tablets after the expiry date, which is stated on the blister/label and carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of the month.
  • This medicine does not require any special storage condition.
  • Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information

The name of this medicine is Nortriptyline Tablets 10mg, 25mg or 50mg Film-coated Tablets.

The active substance in your tablet is nortriptyline hydrochloride.

Each film-coated tablet contains 10mg, 25mg or 50mg of nortriptyline (as the hydrochloride) respectively. Other ingredients include lactose monohydrate, maize starch, calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate, pregelatinised starch, magnesium stearate, hypromellose, titanium dioxide, ethylcellulose, glycerol and ethanol anhydrous.

What Nortriptyline Tablets look like and contents of the pack

10mg:

White to off white, round shaped, film coated, biconvex tablets, debossed with ‘Y’ on one side and ‘72’ on other side.

25mg:

White to off white, round shaped, film coated, biconvex tablets, debossed with ‘Y73’ on one side and plain on the other side.

50mg:

White to off white, round shaped, film coated, biconvex tablets, debossed with ‘Y374’ on one side and plain on the other side.

Nortriptyline Tablets 10 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg tablets are available in PVC/PVDC- aluminium foil blisters of 20, 24, 25, 30, 50, 56, 100 and 500 tablets and HDPE bottles of 100 tablets.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Marketing Authorisation Holder

Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Europe Limited
Laxmi House
2B Draycott Avenue
Kenton
Middlesex
HA3 0BU
United Kingdom

Manufacturer:

Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Europe Limited
Building 2
Croxley Green Business Park
Croxley Green
Hertfordshire
WD18 8YA
United Kingdom

Glenmark Pharmaceuticals s.r.o.
Fibichova 143
56617 Vysoke Myto
Czech Republic

This medicinal product is authorized in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:

United Kingdom

Nortriptyline 10 mg Film-coated Tablets

Nortriptyline 25 mg Film-coated Tablets

Nortriptyline 50 mg Film-coated Tablets

Germany

Nortriptylin Glenmark 10 mg Filmtabletten

Nortriptylin Glenmark 25 mg Filmtabletten

Nortriptylin Glenmark 50 mg Filmtabletten

Netherlands

Nortriptyline Glenmark 10 mg filmomhulde tabletten

Nortriptyline Glenmark 25 mg filmomhulde tabletten

Nortriptyline Glenmark 50 mg filmomhulde tabletten

This leaflet was last revised in 01/2021.