- folic acid
- ferrous fumarate
This information is intended for use by health professionals
Pregaday 322mg/0.35mg film-coated Tablets
Each tablet contains;
Ferrous Fumarate EP 322.00mg and Folic Acid EP 0.35mg
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
Brownish-pink dragee-shaped tablets, engraved on one side with the name PREGADAY.
Pregaday Tablets are indicated during the second and third trimester of pregnancy for prophylaxis against iron deficiency and megaloblastic anaemia of pregnancy. Pregaday Tablets are not intended as a treatment for established megaloblastic anaemia.
There is evidence that a daily intake of 100mg of elemental iron in the ferrous form is adequate to prevent development of iron deficiency in expectant mothers. If a mild iron deficiency is present when Pregaday Tablets administration is started, this will be corrected by increased absorption of iron.
The daily folate requirement rises steeply during the final trimester of pregnancy, and evidence of maternal depletion may be found. To ensure normal tissue folate levels in the mother after delivery a daily supplement of about 300 micrograms is required during the second and third trimester of pregnancy. This does not obscure the blood picture of addisonian pernicious anaemia.
It is usual to begin therapy with Pregaday Tablets about the thirteenth week of pregnancy (see precautions) either as routine prophylaxis or selectively if the haemoglobin concentration is less than 11g/100ml (less than 75% normal).
One tablet should be taken daily by mouth.
There is no relevant use of Pregaday Tablets in the paediatric population.
Hypersensitivity to the active substances or any of the excipients listed is section 6.1.
Known hypersensitivity to the product, Vitamin B12 deficiency, paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria, haemosiderosis, haemochromatosis, active peptic ulcer, repeated blood transfusion, regional enteritis and ulcerative colitis.
Pregaday Tablets must not be used in the treatment of anaemias other than those due to iron deficiency.
The label will state
“Important warning: Contains Iron. Keep out of reach and sight of children, as overdose may be fatal”.
This will appear on the front of the pack within a rectangle in which there is no other information.
Some post-gastrectomy patients show poor absorption of iron. Care is needed when treating iron deficiency anaemia in patients with treated or controlled peptic ulceration. Caution should be exercised when administering folic acid to patients who may have folate dependent tumours.
Since anaemia due to combined iron and vitamin B12 or folate deficiencies may be microcytic in type, patients with microcytic anaemia resistant to therapy with iron alone should be screened for vitamin B12 or folate deficiency.
Pregaday Tablets should be kept out of the reach of children.
Iron reduces the absorption of penicillamine. Iron compounds impair the bioavailability of fluoroquinolones, levodopa, carbidopa, thyroxine and bisphosphonates.
Absorption of both iron and antibiotic may be reduced if Pregaday is given with tetracycline.
Absorption of both iron and zinc are reduced if taken concomitantly. Concurrent administration of antacids may reduce absorption of iron. Co- trimoxazole, chloramphenicol, sulphasalazine, aminopterin, methotrexate, pyrimethamine or sulphonamides may interfere with folate metabolism. Serum levels of anticonvulsant drugs may be reduced by administration of folate.
Oral chloramphenicol delays plasma iron clearance, incorporation of iron into red blood cells and interferes with erythropoiesis.
Some inhibition of iron absorption may occur if it is taken with cholestyramine, trientine, tea, eggs or milk.
Administration of oral iron may increase blood pressure in patients receiving methyldopa.
Coffee may be a factor in reducing iron bioavailability. Neomycin may alter the absorption of iron.
The use of Pregaday Tablets may be considered during first trimester of pregnancy, if necessary.
There are no or limited amount of data from the use of Folic Acid in pregnant women therefore a minority of them are not protected by physiological doses. The development of anaemia despite prophylaxis with Pregaday Tablets calls for investigation.
It is unknown whether Ferrous Fumarate and Folic Acid / metabolites are excreted in human milk.
A risk to the newborns/infants cannot be excluded.
No fertility data is available
Pregaday Tablets has no influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
Very rare (<1/10,000)
Very rare (<1/10,000):
Rarely allergic reactions may occur.
Not known (cannot be estimated from the available data)
Not known: Gastrointestinal disorders
Gastro-intestinal discomfort, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhoea.
Not known: Renal and urinary disorders
Darkening of the stools may occur.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme on the MHRA website (www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard).
Symptoms and signs of abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea appear within 60 minutes. Cardiovascular collapse with coma may follow. Some improvement may occur after this phase which, in some patients, is followed by recovery. In others, after about 16 hours, deterioration may occur involving diffuse vascular congestion, pulmonary oedema, convulsions, anuria, hypothermia, severe shock, metabolic acidosis, coagulation abnormalities and hypoglycaemia.
Vomiting should be induced immediately, followed as soon as possible by parenteral injection of desferrioxamine mesylate, and then gastric lavage. In the meantime, it is helpful to give milk and/or 5% sodium bicarbonate solution by mouth.
Dissolve 2g desferrioxamine mesylate in 2 to 3ml of water for injections and give intramuscularly. A solution of 5g desferrioxamine in 50 to 100ml of fluid may be left in the stomach. If desferrioxamine is not available, leave 300ml of 1 % to 5 % sodium bicarbonate in the stomach. Fluid replacement is essential.
Recovery may be complicated by long-term sequelae such as hepatic necrosis, pyloric stenosis or acute toxic encephalitis which may lead to CNS damage.
Acute overdose of oral iron requires emergency treatment. In young children 200-250mg/kg Ferrous Fumarate is considered to be extremely dangerous.
Pharmacotherapeutic group – Iron in combination with Folic Acid
ATC code – B03AD
There is evidence that a daily dose of 100mg of elemental iron in the ferrous form is adequate to prevent development of iron deficiency in expectant mothers. If a mild iron deficiency is present when Pregaday Tablets administration is started, this will be corrected by increased absorption of Iron. The daily folate requirement rises steeply during the final trimester of pregnancy, and evidence of maternal depletion may be found. To ensure normal tissue folate levels in the mother after delivery a daily supplement of about 300 micrograms is required during the second and third trimester of pregnancy. This does not obscure the blood picture of addisonian pernicious anaemia.
Iron is absorbed chiefly in the duodenum and jejunum.
Folic Acid is absorbed mainly from the proximal part of the small intestine.
The amounts of Folic Acid absorbed from normal diets are rapidly distributed in body tissues.
Absorption being aided by the acid secretion of the stomach and being more readily effected when the iron is in the ferrous state.
Folate polyglutamates are considered to be de-conjugated to monoglutamates during absorption. Folic acid rapidly appears in the blood, where it is extensively bound to plasma proteins.
When larger amounts are absorbed, a high proportion is metabolised in the liver to other active forms of folate and a proportion is stored as reduced and methylated folate.
Larger amounts of folate are rapidly excreted in the urine and about 4 to 5 micrograms is excreted in the urine daily.
The tablet core contain:
Maize Starch EP
Sodium Lauryl Sulphate EP
Liquid Paraffin EP
The film coat contain:
Hydroxypropylmethyl Cellulose EP (E464)
Hydroxypropylmethyl Cellulose EP (E464)
Propylene Glycol EP
Opaspray Pink contains:
Hydroxypropyl Cellulose (E463)
Red Iron Oxide (E172)
Titanium Dioxide (E171)
Store below 25°C.
Keep the blister in the outer carton in order to protect from light.
Each carton contains 28 (2 calendar blister packs of 14) film-coated tablets. The blister strip comprises of a base and child-resistant push through Lidfoil. The blister base is composed of 250 µm PVC. The push-through Lidfoil is composed of PET film, polyurethane adhesive, 20µm aluminium foil and a heat seal lacquer.
No special requirements for disposal.
RPH Pharmaceuticals AB,
136 50 Jordbro,
Date of first authorisation: 23 February 1993
Date of latest renewal: 13 October 2005