- sodium cromoglicate
POM: Prescription only medicine
This information is intended for use by health professionals
Sodium Cromoglicate 2% w/v Eye Drops, Solution
Opticrom Aqueous 2% w/v Eye Drops, Solution
Each ml of eye drops contains
Active substance: 20 mg sodium cromoglicate (2.0% w/v), (one drop contains 0.7mg sodium cromoglicate).
Excipients with known effect: 0.1mg benzalkonium chloride
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
Eye Drops, Solution
A clear colourless to pale yellow solution for administration to the eye.
For the prophylaxis and symptomatic treatment of acute allergic conjunctivitis, chronic allergic conjunctivitis and vernal keratoconjunctivitis.
Adults and Children:
One or two drops to be administered into each eye four times daily or as indicated by the doctor.
There is no evidence to suggest that dosage alteration is required for elderly patients.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.
Discard any remaining contents four weeks after opening the bottle.
This medicine contains Benzalkonium Chloride
As with other ophthalmic solutions containing Benzalkonium chloride, soft contact lenses should not be worn during treatment period.
From the limited data available, there is no difference in the adverse event profile in children compared to adults. Generally, however, eyes in children show a stronger reaction for a given stimulus than the adult eye. Irritation may have an effect on treatment adherence in children. Benzalkonium chloride has been reported to cause eye irritation, symptoms of dry eyes and may affect the tear film and corneal surface. Should be used with caution in dry eye patients and in patients where the cornea may be compromised. Patients should be monitored in case of prolonged use
No interaction studies have been performed.
It is not known whether sodium cromoglicate has any effect on fertility.
As with all medication, caution should be exercised especially during the first trimester of pregnancy. Cumulative experience with sodium cromoglicate suggests that it has no adverse effects on foetal development. It should be used in pregnancy only where there is a clear need.
It is not known whether sodium cromoglicate is excreted in human breast milk but, on the basis of its physicochemical properties, this is considered unlikely. There is no information to suggest the use of sodium cromoglicate has any undesirable effects on the baby.
Sodium cromoglicate has a minor influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
As with all eye drops, instillation of these eye drops may cause a transient blurring of vision. Patients are advised not to drive or operate machinery if affected, until their vision returns to normal.
Transient stinging and burning may occur after instillation. Other symptoms of local irritation have been reported rarely.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/ risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.
Overdosage is very unlikely. In the event of accidental ingestion, symptomatic treatment is recommended.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Opthalmologicals; Other antiallergics, ATC code: SO1GX01
The solution exerts its effect locally in the eye.
In vitro and in vivo animal studies have shown that sodium cromoglicate inhibits the degranulation of sensitised mast cells which occurs after exposure to specific antigens. sodium cromoglicate acts by inhibiting the release of histamine and various membrane derived mediators from the mast cell.
Sodium cromoglicate has demonstrated the activity in vitro to inhibit the degranulation of non-sensitised rat mast cells by phospholipase A and subsequent release of chemical mediators. sodium cromoglicate did not inhibit the enzymatic activity of released phospholipase A on its specific substrate.
Sodium cromoglicate has no intrinsic vasoconstrictor or antihistamine activity.
Sodium cromoglicate is poorly absorbed. When multiple doses of sodium cromoglicate ophthalmic solution are instilled into normal rabbit eyes, less than 0.07% of the administered dose of sodium cromoglicate is absorbed into the systemic circulation (presumably by way of the eye, nasal passages, buccal cavity and gastrointestinal tract). Trace amounts (less than 0.01%) of the sodium cromoglicate does penetrate into the aqueous humour and clearance from this chamber is virtually complete within 24 hours after treatment is stopped.
In normal volunteers, analysis of drug excretion indicates that approximately 0.03% of sodium cromoglicate is absorbed following administration to the eye.
Water for Injections
After first opening the bottle: 4 weeks
Discard any remaining solution four weeks after first opening.
Before first opening the bottle: This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions
After first opening the bottle: Do not store above 25°C.
Low density polyethylene (LDPE) bottle with a low density polyethylene/ high density polyethylene tamper proof cap containing either 5ml or 10ml of solution.
LDPE bottle with a HDPE tamper proof cap containing 13.5ml of solution.
Pack sizes: 1x5ml, 1x10ml and 1 x 13.5ml
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
No special requirements
Before using the medication for the first time, be sure that the tamper-proof seal on the bottle neck is unbroken. A gap between the bottle and the cap is normal for an unopened bottle.
Aspire Pharma Ltd
Unit 4 Rotherbrook Court
Sanofi, 410 Thames Valley Park Drive, Reading, Berkshire, RG6 1PT, UK
+44 (0)845 372 7101
+44 (0)845 023 0441