What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original can be viewed in PDF format using the link above.

The text only version may be available from RNIB in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call RNIB Medicine Leaflet Line on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: PL 36301/0004 .

Betnesol-N Eye, Ear and Nose Drops

Patient Information Leaflet:

Betnesol-N Eye, Ear & Nose Drops Solution 0.1% w/v Betamethasone sodium phosphate 0.5% w/v Neomycin sulphate

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
  • In this leaflet, Betnesol-N Eye, Ear & Nose Drops will be called Betnesol-N Drops.

In this leaflet:

1. What Betnesol-N Drops is for
2. Before you use Betnesol-N Drops
3. How to use Betnesol-N Drops
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Betnesol-N Drops
6. Further information.

1. What Betnesol-N Drops are for

Betnesol-N Drops belongs to a group of medicines called topical corticosteroids (‘steroids’ for short).

Betnesol-N Drops work by reducing inflammation (redness, itching and soreness).

Topical means that they are used on the outside of the body and not taken by mouth or injection. Betnesol-N Drops also contain neomycin sulphate, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, which prevents bacterial infection developing. Betnesol-N Drops is used to treat inflammation of the eye, ear or nose when there may also be a risk of bacterial infection.

It is important to use this medicine to prevent any damage to the delicate tissues of your eyes, ear or nose and to prevent any infection developing.

2. Before you use Betnesol-N Drops

Important: Never use this medicine in your eye without first checking with your doctor. If it is used for the wrong condition, it could lead to blindness.

Do not use Betnesol-N Drops if:

  • You are allergic to betamethasone
  • You are allergic to any of the other ingredients of Betnesol-N Drops (listed in section 6)
  • You have not checked your eye condition with your doctor first. If this medicine is used in your eye, for the wrong condition, it could lead to blindness.
  • You have an infection in the eye, or it is producing pus and is sticky
  • You have an infection in the ear or nose
  • You have ulcers in your eye (shingles)
  • You have glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye)
  • You wear soft contact lenses
  • You have a perforated ear drum.

If any of the above applies to you talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Check with your doctor before using Betnesol-N Drops if:

  • You have been treated with Betnesol-N drops or similar corticosteroid medicine recently. You should not use corticosteroids for a long time without regular medical checkups from your doctor
  • You have redness in your eyes for which you do not know the cause. Steroid treatment must not be given unless the cause of the redness is known
  • You have an infection of the lining of your nose, which is not being treated
  • You have recently had surgery on your nose which has not yet healed
  • You have tuberculosis (TB)
  • You have thinning of the cornea or sclera (the tissues which cover the outer surface of the eye) Using these drops could lead to a hole in the eyeball
  • You are giving this medicine to an infant. Prolonged use in babies may cause the adrenal gland to stop working properly
  • You are applying these drops to open wounds or damaged skin. The antibiotic component can cause permanent, partial or total deafness if used on open wounds or damaged skin. This possibility should be borne in mind if high doses are given to small children or infants.

If any of the above applies to you talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Taking other medicines

Please tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.

Some medicines may increase the effects of Betnesol-N Drops and your doctor may wish to monitor you carefully if you are taking these medicines (including some medicines for HIV: ritonavir, cobicistat)

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

If you are pregnant, trying to become pregnant or breastfeeding ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before using Betnesol-N Drops. If you use these drops while pregnant there may be small risk of damage to the ear, cleft palate or retarded growth in the foetus.

Driving and using machines

Betnesol-N Drops may cause temporary blurred vision and lightheadedness. If this happens to you, do not drive or use machinery until you return to normal.

Warnings about the ingredients in Betnesol-N Drops

This medicine contains benzalkonium chloride as a preservative which may cause skin reactions or eye irritation.

Avoid contact with soft contact lenses. Remove contact lenses prior to application and wait at least 15 minutes before reinsertion. Benzalkonium chloride is known to discolour soft contact lenses.

Warnings about visual problems when using Betnesol-N Drops

Contact your doctor if you experience blurred vision or other visual disturbances.

3. How to use Betnesol-N Drops

Important: Your doctor will choose the dose that is right for you. Your dose will be shown clearly on the label that your pharmacist puts on your medicine. If it does not, or you are not sure, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Things to remember about your dose:

  • Always use Betnesol-N exactly as your doctor has told you
  • How often you use the drops will depend on how your body responds to the treatment
  • Use as few drops as possible for the shortest possible time.

Getting ready to use your medicine

Check that the seal on the bottle is not broken before using Betnesol-N Drops for the first time. Wash and dry your hands. Do not breathe on or touch the dropper nozzle and do not touch the eyes, ear or nose with the dropper nozzle.

If there is no improvement in your symptoms after 7 days, stop using the drops and see your doctor again.

Using your medicine

Eyes

  • The usual dose is 1 or 2 drops put into the eye up to 6 times each day
  • Once the redness, itching and soreness starts to feel better, apply the drops less often.

1. Tilt the head back
2. Gently pull lower eyelid downwards and outwards
3. Place drops in the gap between the lid and eye (squeeze bottle very gently if necessary)
4. Blink a few times to spread out the drops
5. Repeat for the other eye if needed.

Medical checkups

If you are using this medicine for your eyes and you use it for a number of weeks, your doctor may ask you to have check-ups.

These are to make sure that your medicine is working properly and that the dose you are taking is right for you. Your doctor will check your eyes for:

1. An increase in pressure
2. Cataracts
3. Infection.

Ears

  • The usual dose is 2 or 3 drops put into the ear three or four times each day
  • Once the redness, itching and soreness starts to feel better, apply the drops less often.

1. Tilt the head to one side
2. Place drops in the ear canal (squeeze bottle gently if necessary)
3. Keep head tilted for a minute or two to let the drops soak in
4. Repeat for other ear if needed.

Nose

The usual dose is 2 or 3 drops put into each nostril two or three times each day.

1. Tilt head backwards
2. Place drops in nostril (squeeze bottle gently if necessary)
3. Keep head tilted and sniff gently to let the drops soak in
4. Repeat for other nostril if needed.

Medical checkups

Your doctor will regularly check the growth of children who are taking Betnesol-N by nose over a long period of time.

If you use more Betnesol-N Drops than you should

If you accidentally use too much Betnesol-N Drops it is unlikely to lead to any serious side effects. However, if you are concerned, contact the nearest hospital casualty department or your doctor.

Accidental swallowing of the contents of one bottle (up to 10 ml) is unlikely to lead to any serious adverse events.

It is important that you take your dose as stated on the pharmacist’s label or as advised by your doctor. You should use only as much as your doctor recommends; using more or less may make your symptons worse.

If you forget to use Betnesol-N

Do not use a double dose to make up for a missed dose. Simply use the next dose as planned.

How to stop using Betnesol-N Drops

Do not stop using Betnesol-N Drops without first talking to your doctor.

If you have been using Betnesol-N Drops for a long period of time (around 6 to 8 weeks), then you should stop using it gradually, to avoid the inflammation coming back.

If you have any further questions about the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines Betnesol-N Drops can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. These may include:

  • Ulcers on the surface of the eye (cornea).

Tell your doctor if your eye becomes painful and if you have blurred vision which does not improve after a few minutes

  • Increased pressure in the eye (glaucoma) which can lead to problems with your sight
  • A hole in the eyeball (if you have a disease which causes thinning of the surface of the eye)
  • Cataracts (clouding of the lens of the eye)
  • Enlarged pupils
  • Drooping of the eyelid
  • Swelling and redness of the outer surface of the eye
  • Blurred vision and other alterations to your sight
  • In very rare cases, some patients with severe damage to the clear layer at the front of the eye (the cornea) have developed cloudy patches on the cornea due to calcium build-up during treatment.
  • Itchy, red or irritated skin. This may not appear until sometime after you have started to use the medicine
  • A burning or stinging sensation on your skin. This may not appear until sometime after you have started to use the medicine
  • Bugs may become resistant to the anti-biotic if using the drops for a long time.

If you are using Betnesol-N Drops for your nose, you may also experience some of the following side effects:

  • If you are a child, Betnesol-N Drops may slow your growth
  • Difficulty breathing
  • A hole or ulcers of the tissue that divides the nose (nasal septum)
  • Irritation and dryness in the nose
  • Sneezing
  • Headache
  • Lightheadedness
  • Itching
  • Feeling sick
  • Nosebleeds
  • Blocked nose
  • Changes in your senses of smell and taste.

Using too much of this medicine for a long time can prevent your adrenal gland from working properly and producing your body’s own natural steroids (known as adrenal suppression). This means that when you stop using Betnesol-N Drops, you could experience the following effects:

  • Low blood pressure which may make you feel faint
  • Fever
  • A runny nose
  • Painful itchy skin
  • Redness of the eye (conjunctivitis)
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Weight loss.

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via Yellow Card Scheme on the MHRA website (www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard). By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Betnesol-N Drops

Keep out of the reach and sight of children.

Do not use Betnesol-N Drops after the expiry date on the label. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

The bottle should be disposed of 28 days after first opening, even if there is solution remaining.

Store Betnesol-N Drops below 25ºC and in the original carton to protect it from light. Do not freeze.

Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Return any medicine you no longer need to your pharmacist.

6. Further information

What Betnesol-N Drops contains

The active substance is betamethasone sodium phosphate at a concentration of 0.1% w/v.

Betnesol-N Drops also contain neomycin sulphate at a concentration on 0.5% w/v. The other ingredients are benzalkonium chloride, disodium edetate, polyethylene glycol 300, sodium formate, anhydrous sodium sulphate, disodium hydrogen phosphate anhydrous, sodium acid phosphate, sodium hydroxide or phosphoric acid and water for injections.

What Betnesol-N Drops looks like

Betnesol-N Drops is a colourless to pale yellow liquid.

Betnesol-N Drops comes in 5 ml or 10 ml plastic bottles with a built-in nozzle and a tamper evident plastic cap.

Marketing Authorisation Holder

RPH Pharmaceuticals AB Lagervägen 7
136 50 Haninge
Sweden

Manufacturer

Excelvision
27, rue de la Lombardière
ZI La Lombardière
07100 Annonay

This leaflet was last revised in 06/2018.

If this leaflet is difficult to see or read or you would like it in a different format, please contact

RPH Pharmaceuticals AB Lagervägen 7
136 50 Haninge
Sweden

23293304