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Lorazepam 1mg/ml Oral Solution
Lorazepam 1mg/ml Oral Solution
The name of your medicine is Lorazepam 1mg/ml Oral Solution but it will be referred to as ‘Lorazepam’ throughout this leaflet.
1. What Lorazepam is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Lorazepam
3. How to take Lorazepam
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Lorazepam
6. Contents of the pack and other information
Lorazepam is a member of a group of medicines called benzodiazepines. It can help to relieve severe anxiety.
Lorazepam is prescribed as short-term therapy for anxiety (2-4 weeks), or sleeping difficulties due to anxiety that significantly affects normal daily life. It may also be used as a sedative before surgery or operative dental treatment.
Lorazepam is not to be used for longer than 4 weeks or to treat mild or moderate anxiety in adults.
You must talk to a doctor if you do not feel better or if you feel worse.
If you have been only prescribed Lorazepam for anxiety and no other medications, please consult with your doctor whether other medications should also be prescribed.
Some elderly patients may feel dizzy after taking lorazepam and may be in danger of falling.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Lorazepam:
Lorazepam may cause muscle relaxation and caution is advised as you may be at a greater risk of falling (see section 4).
Tell your doctor or pharmacist (including at hospital if you enter for treatment) if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines, including those which have not been prescribed by a doctor, since they may affect the way Lorazepam works.
Lorazepam may also affect the way other medicines work.
In particular, you should tell your doctor if you are taking:
The dose of these drugs may need to be reduced before you can take lorazepam.
Concomitant use of lorazepam and opioids (strong pain killers, medicines for substitution therapy and some cough medicines) increases the risk of drowsiness, difficulties in breathing (respiratory depression), coma and may be life-threatening. Because of this, concomitant use should only be considered when other treatment options are not possible.
However, if your doctor does prescribe lorazepam together with opioids the dose and duration of concomitant treatment should be limited by your doctor.
Please tell your doctor about all opioid medicines you are taking and follow your doctor’s dose recommendation closely. It could be helpful to inform friends or relatives to be aware of the signs and symptoms stated above.
Contact your doctor when experiencing such symptoms.
Grapefruit juice and drinks containing caffeine should be avoided as they can affect the way that Lorazepam works. Do not drink alcohol while you are taking Lorazepam.
Tolerance to benzodiazepines may occur. Therefore the beneficial effect of lorazepam may be less apparent after several weeks of use.
Lorazepam may have abuse potential, especially in patients with a history of drug and/or alcohol abuse.
Dependence is unlikely to occur but the risk increases with higher doses and longer-term use and is further increased in patients with a history of alcoholism, drug abuse or in patients with personality disorders. Therefore use in individuals with a history of alcoholism or drug abuse should be avoided.
Dependence may lead to withdrawal symptoms, especially if treatment is discontinued abruptly.
Therefore, the drug should always be discontinued gradually.
Dependence on benzodiazepines may occur following prolonged treatment.
If you are given lorazepam for more than 4 weeks, your doctor might want to take blood samples occasionally to check your blood and liver, since drugs like lorazepam have occasionally affected liver function.
Dependence on benzodiazepines may occur following prolonged treatment. Therefore lorazepam is usually prescribed for short courses of treatment, lasting from a few days to 4 weeks including a dose reduction at the end. This reduces the risk of becoming dependent on lorazepam, or suffering unpleasant effects when you stop taking it. (See section 3 ‘If you stop taking lorazepam’, below).
Increases in the dosage of lorazepam should be made gradually to help avoid adverse effects.
The evening dose should be increased before the daytime doses.
Lorazepam may make you feel dizzy, sleepy or forgetful during the day, or may affect your concentration. This may affect your performance at skilled tasks such as driving machinery or operating machinery by affecting your vision or muscle function. You should not take part in any other activities where this could put yourself or others at risk.
You should avoid alcohol while you are taking lorazepam, since this may make you very drowsy and seriously affect your ability to drive or use machines.
The medicine can affect your ability to drive as it may make you feel sleepy or dizzy.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure whether it is safe for you to drive while taking this medicine.
This medicine contains 20.21mg ethanol (alcohol) per ml. The amount in each ml of this medicine is equivalent to less than 1ml beer or 1ml wine. The small amount of alcohol in this medicine will not have any noticeable effects.
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
The recommended dose
Elderly and debilitated (weak) patients may be given lower doses. They may respond to half the usual adult dose or less. However, this lower dose may be adjusted if needed.
Patients with Renal or Hepatic Impairment
Lower doses may be sufficient in patients with impaired renal function or mild to moderate hepatic insufficiency. Use in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency is contraindicated.
Lorazepam is not recommended for use in children.
Lorazepam is usually prescribed for short courses of treatment, lasting from a few days to 4 weeks including a dose reduction at the end. This reduces the risk of becoming dependent on Lorazepam, or suffering unpleasant effects when you stop taking the medicine (See 'If you stop taking Lorazepam' section).
The beneficial effect of Lorazepam may be less apparent after several weeks of use. If you are given lorazepam for more than 4 weeks, your doctor might want to take blood samples occasionally to check your blood and liver, since drugs like lorazepam have occasionally affected blood and liver function.
This medicinal product contains medium chain triglycerides which reacts with polystyrene materials and makes it brittle upon contact. Do not use polystyrene dosing devices for measuring the dose.
Use the measuring syringe provided in the pack to deliver the required dose orally.
The required dose should be drawn from the container into the graduated syringe provided using the syringe adaptor (see detailed instructions below). The syringe should be held in the mouth of the patient, and the contents of the syringe should then be ejected into the mouth and swallowed.
a) Open the bottle: press the cap and turn it anticlockwise (figure 1).
b) Separate the adaptor from the syringe (figure 2).
Insert the adaptor into the bottle neck (figure 3).
Ensure it is properly fixed. Take the syringe and put it in the adaptor opening (figure 4).
c) Turn the bottle upside down. Fill the syringe with a small amount of solution by pulling the piston down (figure 5A), then push the piston upwards in order to remove any possible bubble (figure 5B). Pull the piston down to the graduation mark corresponding to the quantity in millilitres (ml) prescribed by your doctor (figure 5C).
d) Turn the bottle the right way up (figure 6A). Remove the syringe from the adaptor (figure 6B).
e) Empty the contents of the syringe into the patient’s mouth by pushing the piston to the bottom of the syringe (figure 7). The contents of the syringe should be emptied into the side cheek of the patient’s mouth to avoid a choking hazard. Leave the syringe adaptor in place after first use. Close the bottle with the plastic screw cap. Wash the syringe with water (figure 8).
If anyone has taken an overdose of Lorazepam (that is more than the doctor has prescribed), seek medical help immediately, either by calling your doctor, or going to the nearest casualty department. Always take the labelled medicine pack with you, even if no medicine is left.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
If you experience any of the following serious unwanted effects, you should tell your doctor immediately (these effects are more likely to occur in elderly patients):
Very common: may affect more than 1 in 10 people
Drowsiness, fatigue, sedation
Common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people
Dizziness, muscle weakness, Asthenia (loss of strength), Ataxia (poor muscle control), Confusion, Depression, unmasking of depression (revealing signs of depression that were previously hidden)
Uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people
Nausea, Change in libido, Impotence, Decreased orgasm
Not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data
Increased sensitivity to light, sound and touch;
Convulsions/fits, constipation, yellowing of the skin and eyes, Shaking, Problems with vision (double and blurred vision), Slurred speech, Headache, Memory loss, Heightened emotions, Coma, Impaired attention/concentration, Loss of inhibitions, Thoughts or attempts of suicide, Increase in specific liver enzymes (bilirubin, liver transaminases and alkaline phosphatase), Anxiety, excitation, hostility, aggression, sexual arousal, balance disorder, Difficulty breathing, Difficulty breathing when you are asleep, Worsening of lung disease, Allergic skin reactions (e.g. rash, swelling), Alopecia (loss of hair from the head or body), Hypersensitivity reactions, Angioedema (swelling of the face, hands and feet), SIADH - syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone hypersecretion (a condition in which the body produces too much antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Increased ADH may cause too much water to remain inside your body.), Hyponatremia (low level of sodium in the blood which can cause tiredness and confusion, muscle twitching, fits and coma), Hypothermia, Lowering of blood pressure, Thrombocytopenia (unexplained bruising, nosebleeds and/or bleeding gums), agranulocytosis (severe infection), pancytopenia (bleeding, bruising easily, fatigue, shortness of breath, and weakness), Vertigo, Problems sleeping.
The following side effects may be more likely to occur in elderly patients:
If any of the side-effects get serious, or if you notice any side-effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
The active substance is lorazepam.
Each ml of oral solution contains 1mg lorazepam.
The other ingredients are ethanol (alcohol) and medium chain triglycerides.
Lorazepam is a clear, colourless to pale yellow colour oral solution supplied in an amber glass bottle, holding 60ml or 150ml of solution, with tamper evident child resistant plastic cap. The pack also contains a 1ml oral syringe and a bottle/syringe adaptor.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
If this leaflet is hard to see or read, please call +44 (0) 208 515 3700 for help.
This medicine is authorised in the Member States of the European Economic Area and in the United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) under the following names:
UK (NI): Lorazepam 1mg/ml Oral Solution
MT: Lorazepam Thame 1mg/ml Oral Solution
This leaflet was last revised in 07/2023.