What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?
The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.
Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original leaflet can be viewed using the link above.
The text only version may be available in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call emc accessibility on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: PLGB 15105/0140.
Reyataz 300mg Hard Capsules
Package leaflet: Information for the user
REYATAZ 300 mg hard capsules
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects talk to your doctor, or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What REYATAZ is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take REYATAZ
3. How to take REYATAZ
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store REYATAZ
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. What REYATAZ is and What it is used for
REYATAZ is an antiviral (or antiretroviral) medicine. It is one of a group called protease inhibitors. These medicines control Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection by stopping a protein that the HIV needs for its multiplication. They work by reducing the amount of HIV in your body and this in turn, strengthens your immune system. In this way REYATAZ reduces the risk of developing illnesses linked to HIV infection.
REYATAZ capsules may be used by adults and children 6 years of age and older. Your doctor has prescribed REYATAZ for you because you are infected by the HIV that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). It is normally used in combination with other anti-HIV medicines. Your doctor will discuss with you which combination of these medicines with REYATAZ is best for you.
2. What you need to know before you take REYATAZ
Do not take REYATAZ
- if you are allergic to atazanavir or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6)
- if you have moderate to severe liver problems. Your doctor will evaluate how severe your liver disease is before deciding whether you can take REYATAZ
- if you are taking any of these medicines: see also Other medicines and REYATAZ
- rifampicin (an antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis)
- astemizole or terfenadine (commonly used to treat allergy symptoms, these medicines may be available without prescription); cisapride (used to treat gastric reflux, sometimes called heartburn); pimozide (used to treat schizophrenia); quinidine or bepridil (used to correct heart rhythm); ergotamine, dihydroergotamine, ergonovine, methylergonovine (used to treat headaches); and alfuzosin (used to treat enlarged prostatic gland)
- quetiapine (used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder); lurasidone (used to treat schizophrenia)
- medicines containing St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum, a herbal preparation)
- triazolam and oral (taken by mouth) midazolam (used to help you sleep and/or to relieve anxiety)
- lomitapide, simvastatin, and lovastatin (used to lower blood cholesterol).
- grazoprevir-containing products, including elbasvir/grazoprevir fixed dose combination, and glecaprevir/pibrentasvir fixed dose combination (used to treat chronic hepatitis C infection)
Do not take sildenafil with REYATAZ when sildenafil is used for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Sildenafil is also used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Tell your doctor if you are using sildenafil for the treatment of erectile dysfunction.
Tell your doctor at once if any of these apply to you.
Warnings and precautions
REYATAZ is not a cure for HIV infection. You may continue to develop infections or other illnesses linked to HIV infection. You can still pass on HIV when taking this medicine, although the risk is lowered by effective antiretroviral therapy. Discuss with your doctor the precautions needed to avoid infecting other people.
Some people will need special care before or while taking REYATAZ. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking REYATAZ and make sure your doctor knows:
- if you have hepatitis B or C
- if you develop signs or symptoms of gall stones (pain at the right side of your stomach)
- if you have type A or B haemophilia
- if you require haemodialysis
REYATAZ may affect how well your kidneys work.
Kidney stones have been reported in patients taking REYATAZ. If you develop signs or symptoms of kidney stones (pain in your side, blood in your urine, pain when you urinate), please inform your doctor immediately.
In some patients with advanced HIV infection (AIDS) and a history of opportunistic infection, signs and symptoms of inflammation from previous infections may occur soon after anti-HIV treatment is started. It is believed that these symptoms are due to an improvement in the body’s immune response, enabling the body to fight infections that may have been present with no obvious symptoms. If you notice any symptoms of infection, please inform your doctor immediately. In addition to the opportunistic infections, autoimmune disorders (a condition that occurs when the immune system attacks healthy body tissue) may also occur after you start taking medicines for the treatment of your HIV infection. Autoimmune disorders may occur many months after the start of treatment. If you notice any symptoms of infection or other symptoms such as muscle weakness, weakness beginning in hands and feet and moving up towards the trunk of the body, palpitations, tremor or hyperactivity, please inform your doctor immediately to seek necessary treatment.
Some patients taking combination antiretroviral therapy may develop a bone disease called osteonecrosis (death of bone tissue caused by loss of blood supply to the bone). The length of combination antiretroviral therapy, corticosteroid use, alcohol consumption, severe immunosuppression, higher body mass index, among others, may be some of the many risk factors for developing this disease. Signs of osteonecrosis are joint stiffness, aches and pains (especially of the hip, knee and shoulder) and difficulty in movement. If you notice any of these symptoms please inform your doctor.
Hyperbilirubinaemia (an increase in the level of bilirubin in the blood) has occurred in patients receiving REYATAZ. The signs may be a mild yellowing of the skin or eyes. If you notice any of these symptoms please inform your doctor.
Serious skin rash, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, has been reported in patients taking REYATAZ. If you develop a rash inform your doctor immediately.
If you notice a change in the way your heart beats (heart rhythm changes), please inform your doctor. Children receiving REYATAZ may require their heart to be monitored. Your child's doctor will decide this.
Do not give this medicine to children younger than 3 months of age and weighing less than 5 kg. The use of REYATAZ in children less than 3 months of age and weighing less than 5 kg has not been studied due to the risk of serious complications.
Other medicines and REYATAZ
You must not take REYATAZ with certain medicines. These are listed under Do not take REYATAZ, at the start of Section 2.
There are other medicines that may not mix with REYATAZ. Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently taken, or might take any other medicines. It is especially important to mention these:
- other medicines to treat HIV infection (e.g. indinavir, nevirapine and efavirenz)
- Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir (used to treat hepatitis C)
- sildenafil, vardenafil, or tadalafil (used by men to treat impotence (erectile dysfunction))
- if you are taking an oral contraceptive ("the Pill") with REYATAZ to prevent pregancy, be sure to take it exactly as instructed by your doctor and not miss any doses
- any medicines used to treat diseases related to the acid in the stomach (e.g. antacids to be taken 1 hour before taking REYATAZ or 2 hours after taking REYATAZ, H2-blockers like famotidine and proton pump inhibitors like omeprazole)
- medicines to lower blood pressure, to slow heart rate, or to correct heart rhythm (amiodarone, diltiazem, systemic lidocaine, verapamil)
- atorvastatin, pravastatin, and fluvastatin (used to lower blood cholesterol)
- salmeterol (used to treat asthma)
- cyclosporin, tacrolimus, and sirolimus (medicines to decrease the effects of body's immune system)
- certain antibiotics (rifabutin, clarithromycin)
- ketoconazole, itraconazole, and voriconazole (antifungals)
- apixaban, dabigatran, edoxaban, rivaroxaban, and warfarin (anticoagulants, used to reduce the blood clots)
- carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, lamotrigine (antiepileptics)
- irinotecan (used to treat cancer)
- sedative agents (e.g. midazolam administered by injection)
- buprenorphine (used to treat opioid addiction and pain).
Some medicines may interact with ritonavir, a medicine that is taken with REYATAZ. It is important to tell your doctor if you are taking fluticasone or budesonide (given by nose or inhaled to treat allergic symptoms or asthma).
REYATAZ with food and drink
It is important that you take REYATAZ with food (a meal or a substantial snack) as this helps the body absorb the medicine.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think that you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine. Atazanavir, the active substance of REYATAZ, is excreted in human milk. Patients should not breast-feed while taking REYATAZ. It is recommended that women infected with HIV do not breast-feed because the virus might be transmitted through the breast milk.
Driving and using machines
If you feel dizzy or lightheaded, do not drive or use machines and contact your doctor immediately.
REYATAZ contains lactose.
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars (e.g. lactose), contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
3. How to take REYATAZ
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor if you are not sure. This way, you can be sure your medicine is fully effective and you reduce the risk of the virus developing resistance to the treatment.
The recommended adult dose of REYATAZ capsules is 300 mg once daily with 100 mg ritonavir once daily and with food, in combination with other anti-HIV medicines. Your doctor may adjust the dose of REYATAZ according to your anti-HIV therapy.
For children (6 to less than 18 years of age), your child's doctor will decide the right dose based on your child's weight. The dose of REYATAZ capsules for children is calculated by body weight and is taken once daily with food and 100 mg ritonavir as shown below:
Body Weight (kg) - REYATAZ Dose once daily (mg) - Ritonavir Dose* once daily (mg)
15 to less than 35 - 200 - 100
at least 35 - 300 - 100
*Ritonavir capsules, tablets or oral solution may be used.
REYATAZ is also available as an oral powder for use in children at least 3 months old and weighing at least 5 kg. Switching to REYATAZ capsules from REYATAZ oral powder is encouraged as soon as patients are able to consistently swallow capsules.
A change in dose may occur when switching between oral powder and capsules. Your doctor will decide the right dose based on your child’s weight.
There are no dosing recommendations for REYATAZ in paediatric patients less than 3 months of age.
Take REYATAZ capsules with food (a meal or a substantial snack). Swallow the capsules whole. Do not open the capsules.
If you take more REYATAZ than you should
Yellowing of the skin and/or eyes (jaundice) and irregular heart beat (QTc prolongation) may occur if you or your child take too much REYATAZ.
If you accidentally take more REYATAZ capsules than your doctor recommended, contact your HIV doctor at once or contact the nearest hospital for advice.
If you forget to take REYATAZ
If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as possible with food and then take your next scheduled dose at its regular time. If it is almost time for your next dose, do not take the missed dose. Wait and take the next dose at its regular time. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you stop taking REYATAZ
Do not stop taking REYATAZ before talking to your doctor.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor.
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. When treating HIV infection, it is not always easy to identify what side effects are caused by REYATAZ, by the other medicines you are taking, or by the HIV infection itself. Tell your doctor if you notice anything unusual about your health.
During HIV therapy there may be an increase in weight and in levels of blood lipids and glucose. This is partly linked to restored health and life style, and in the case of blood lipids sometimes to the HIV medicines themselves. Your doctor will test for these changes.
Tell your doctor immediately if you develop any of the following serious side effects:
- Skin rash, itching that may occasionally be severe has been reported. The rash usually disappears within 2 weeks without any change to your REYATAZ treatment. Severe rash may be developed in association with other symptoms which could be serious. Stop taking REYATAZ and talk to your doctor immediately if you develop a severe rash or a rash with flu-like illness symptoms, blisters, fever, mouth sores, muscle or joint pain, swelling in the face, inflammation of the eye which causes redness (conjunctivitis), painful, warm, or red lumps (nodules).
- Yellowing of your skin or the white part of your eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in your blood has been commonly reported. This side effect is usually not dangerous in adults and infants older than 3 months of age; but it might be a symptom of a serious problem. If your skin or the white part of your eyes turns yellow, talk to your doctor immediately.
- Changes in the way your heart beats (heart rhythm change) may occasionally happen. Talk to your doctor immediately if you get dizzy, lightheaded or if you suddenly faint. These could be symptoms of a serious heart problem.
- Liver problems may uncommonly happen. Your doctor should do blood tests prior you start REYATAZ and during treatment. If you have liver problems, including hepatitis B or C infection, you may experience a worsening of your liver problems. Talk to your doctor immediately if you get dark (tea-colored) urine, itching, yellowing of your skin or the white part of your eyes, pain around the stomach, pale colored stools or nausea.
- Gallbladder problems uncommonly happen in people taking REYATAZ. Symptoms of gallbladder problems may include pain in the right or middle upper stomach area, nausea, vomiting, fever or yellowing your skin or the white part of your eyes.
- REYATAZ may affect how well your kidneys work.
- Kidney stones uncommonly happen in people taking REYATAZ. Talk to your doctor immediately if you get symptoms of kidney stones which may include, pain in your low back or low stomach-area, blood in your urine or pain when you urinate.
Other side effects reported for patients treated with REYATAZ are the following:
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
- vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain (stomach pain of discomfort), nausea, dyspepsia (indigestion)
- fatigue (extreme tiredness)
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
- peripheral neuropathy (numbness, weakness, tingling or pain in the arms and legs)
- hypersensitivity (allergic reaction)
- asthenia (unusual tiredness or weakness)
- weight decreased, weight gain, anorexia (loss of appetite), appetite increased
- depression, anxiety, sleep disorder
- disorientation, amnesia (loss of memory), dizziness, somnolence (sleepiness), abnormal dream
- syncope (fainting), hypertension (high blood pressure)
- dyspnoea (shortness of breath)
- pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), stomatitis aphthous (mouth ulcers and cold sores), dysgeusia (impairment of the sense of taste), flatulence (wind), dry mouth, abdominal distension
- angioedema (severe swelling of the skin and other tissues most often the lips or the eyes)
- alopecia (unusual hair loss or thinning), pruritus (itching)
- muscle atrophy (muscle shrinkage), arthralgia (joint pain), myalgia (aching muscles)
- interstitial nephritis (kidney inflammation), haematuria (blood in the urine), proteinuria (excess protein in the urine), pollakiuria (increased frequency of urination)
- gynaecomastia (breast enlargement in men)
- chest pain, malaise (generally feeling unwell), fever
- insomnia (difficulty sleeping)
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people):
- gait disturbance (abnormal manner of walking)
- oedema (swelling)
- hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of the liver and spleen)
- myopathy (aching muscles, muscle tenderness of weakness, not caused by exercise)
- kidney pain
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly (see details below). By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
Yellow Card Scheme
Website: at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store
5. How to store REYATAZ
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label, carton or blister. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not store above 25°C.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
6. Contents of the pack and other information
What REYATAZ contains
- The active substance is atazanavir. Each capsule contains 300 mg of atazanavir (as sulphate).
- The other ingredients are crospovidone, lactose monohydrate, and magnesium stearate. The capsule shell and printing ink contain gelatine, shellac, ammonium hydroxide, simethicone, red iron oxide, black iron oxide, yellow iron oxide, propylene glycol, indigocarmin (E132) and titanium dioxide (E171).
What REYATAZ looks like and contents of the pack
Each capsule of REYATAZ 300 mg contains 300 mg atazanavir.
Opaque red and blue capsule printed with white ink, with "BMS 300 mg" on one half and with "3622" on the other half.
REYATAZ 300 mg hard capsules are supplied in bottles of 30 capsules. Either one or three bottles of 30 hard capsules are provided in one carton.
REYATAZ 300 mg hard capsules are also supplied in blister strips in packs of 30 capsules.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed in all countries.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Blanchardstown Corporate Park 2
Loc. Fontana del Ceraso snc
Strada Provinciale 12 Casilina, 41
03012 Anagni (FR)
Blanchardstown Corporate Park 2
For any further information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder:
This leaflet was last revised in August 2020
Other sources of information
Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency web site: http://www.ema.europa.eu/.