What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original can be viewed in PDF format using the link above.

The text only version may be available from RNIB in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call RNIB Medicine Leaflet Line on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet are: EU/1/10/655/009, EU/1/10/655/010, EU/1/10/655/008, EU/1/10/655/011, EU/1/10/655/007.

Brilique 60 mg film-coated tablets

Package leaflet: Information for the user

Brilique 60 mg film-coated tablets

ticagrelor

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet

1. What Brilique is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Brilique
3. How to take Brilique
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Brilique
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Brilique is and what it is used for

What Brilique is

Brilique contains an active substance called ticagrelor. This belongs to a group of medicines called antiplatelet medicines.

What Brilique is used for

Brilique in combination with acetylsalicylic acid (another antiplatelet agent) is to be used in adults only. You have been given this medicine because you have had:

  • a heart attack, over a year ago.

It reduces the chances of you having another heart attack, stroke or dying from a disease related to your heart or blood vessels.

How Brilique works

Brilique affects cells called ‘platelets’ (also called thrombocytes). These very small blood cells help stop bleeding by clumping together to plug tiny holes in blood vessels that are cut or damaged.

However, platelets can also form clots inside diseased blood vessels in the heart and brain. This can be very dangerous because:

  • the clot can cut off the blood supply completely; this can cause a heart attack (myocardial infarction) or stroke, or
  • the clot can partly block the blood vessels to the heart; this reduces the blood flow to the heart and can cause chest pain which comes and goes (called ‘unstable angina’).

Brilique helps stop the clumping of platelets. This reduces the chance of a blood clot forming that can reduce blood flow.

2. What you need to know before you take Brilique

Do not take Brilique if:

  • You are allergic to ticagrelor or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
  • You are bleeding now.
  • You have had a stroke caused by bleeding in the brain.
  • You have severe liver disease.
  • You are taking any of the following medicines:
    • ketoconazole (used to treat fungal infections)
    • clarithromycin (used to treat bacterial infections)
    • nefazodone (an antidepressant)
    • ritonavir and atazanavir (used to treat HIV infection and AIDS).

Do not take Brilique if any of the above applies to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking this medicine.

Warnings and precautions

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Brilique if:

  • You have an increased risk of bleeding because of:
    • a recent serious injury
    • recent surgery (including dental work, ask your dentist about this)
    • you have a condition that affects blood clotting
    • recent bleeding from your stomach or gut (such as a stomach ulcer or colon ‘polyps’)
  • You are due to have surgery (including dental work) at any time while taking Brilique. This is because of the increased risk of bleeding. Your doctor may want you to stop taking this medicine 5 days prior to surgery.
  • Your heart rate is abnormally low (usually lower than 60 beats per minute) and you do not already have in place a device that paces your heart (pacemaker).
  • You have asthma or other lung problems or breathing difficulties.
  • You have had any problems with your liver or have previously had any disease which may have affected your liver.
  • You have had a blood test that showed more than the usual amount of uric acid

If any of the above apply to you (or you are not sure), talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking this medicine.

Children and adolescents

Brilique is not recommended for children and adolescents under 18 years.

Other medicines and Brilique

Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines. This is because Brilique can affect the way some medicines work and some medicines can have an effect on Brilique.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines:

  • more than 40 mg daily of either simvastatin or lovastatin (medicines used to treat high cholesterol)
  • rifampicin (an antibiotic)
  • phenytoin, carbamazepine and phenobarbital (used to control seizures)
  • digoxin (used to treat heart failure)
  • cyclosporine (used to lessen your body’s defenses)
  • quinidine and diltiazem (used to treat abnormal heart rhythms)
  • beta blockers and verapamil (used to treat high blood pressure)
  • morphine and other opioids (used to treat severe pain).

In particular, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines that increase your risk of bleeding:

  • ‘oral anticoagulants’ often referred to as ʽblood thinners’ which include warfarin.
  • Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (abbreviated as NSAIDs) often taken as pain killers such as ibuprofen and naproxen.
  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (abbreviated as SSRIs) taken as antidepressants such as paroxetine, sertraline and citalopram
  • other medicines such as ketoconazole (used to treat fungal infections), clarithromycin (used to treat bacterial infections), nefazodone (an antidepressant), ritonavir and atazanavir (used to treat HIV infection and AIDS), cisapride (used to treat heartburn), ergot alkaloids (used to treat migraines and headaches).

Also tell your doctor that because you are taking Brilique, you may have an increased risk of bleeding if your doctor gives you fibrinolytics, often called ‘clot dissolvers’, such as streptokinase or alteplase.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

It is not recommended to use Brilique if you are pregnant or may become pregnant. Women should use appropriate contraceptive measures to avoid pregnancy while taking this medicine.

Talk to your doctor before taking this medicine if you are breast-feeding. Your doctor will discuss with you the benefits and risks of taking Brilique during this time.

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.

Driving and using machines

Brilique is not likely to affect your ability to drive or use machines. If you feel dizzy or confused while taking this medicine, be careful while driving or using machines.

3. How to take Brilique

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

How much to take

  • The usual dose is one tablet of 60 mg twice a day. Continue taking Brilique as long as your doctor tells you.
  • Take this medicine around the same time every day (for example, one tablet in the morning and one in the evening).

Taking Brilique with other medicines for blood clotting

Your doctor will usually also tell you to take acetylsalicylic acid. This is a substance present in many medicines used to prevent blood clotting. Your doctor will tell you how much to take (usually between 75-150 mg daily).

How to take Brilique

  • You can take the tablet with or without food.
  • You can check when you last took a tablet of Brilique by looking on the blister. There is a sun (for the morning) and a moon (for the evening). This will tell you whether you have taken the dose.

If you have trouble swallowing the tablet

If you have trouble swallowing the tablet you can crush it and mix with water as follows:

  • Crush the tablet to a fine powder.
  • Pour the powder into half a glass of water.
  • Stir and drink immediately.
  • To make sure there is no medicine left, rinse the empty glass with another half a glass of water and drink it.

If you are in the hospital you may be given this tablet mixed with some water and given through a tube via the nose (nasogastric tube).

If you take more Brilique than you should

If you take more Brilique than you should, talk to a doctor or go to hospital straight away. Take the medicine pack with you. You may be at increased risk of bleeding.

If you forget to take Brilique

  • If you forget to take a dose, just take your next dose as normal.
  • Do not take a double dose (two doses at the same time) to make up for the forgotten dose.

If you stop taking Brilique

Do not stop taking Brilique without talking to your doctor. Take this medicine on a regular basis and for as long as your doctor keeps prescribing it. If you stop taking Brilique, it may increase your chances of having another heart attack or stroke or dying from a disease related to your heart or blood vessels.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The following side effects may happen with this medicine:

Brilique affects blood clotting, so most side effects are related to bleeding. Bleeding may occur in any part of the body. Some bleeding is common (like bruising and nosebleeds). Severe bleeding is uncommon, but can be life threatening.

See a doctor straight away if you notice any of the following – you may need urgent medical treatment:

  • Bleeding into the brain or inside the skull is an uncommon side effect, and may cause signs of a stroke such as:
    • sudden numbness or weakness of your arm, leg or face, especially if only on one side of the body
    • sudden confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding others
    • sudden difficulty in walking or loss of balance or co-ordination
    • suddenly feeling dizzy or sudden severe headache with no known cause
  • Signs of bleeding such as:
    • bleeding that is severe or that you cannot control
    • unexpected bleeding or bleeding that lasts a long time pink, red, or brown urine
    • vomiting red blood or your vomit looks like ‘coffee grounds’
    • red or black stools (look like tar)
    • coughing up or vomiting blood clots
  • Fainting (syncope)
    • a temporary loss of consciousness due to sudden drop in blood flow to the brain (common)

Discuss with your doctor if you notice any of the following:

  • Feeling short of breath - this is very common. It might be due to your heart disease or another cause, or it might be a side effect of Brilique. Brilique-related breathlessness is generally mild and characterised as a sudden, unexpected hunger for air usually occurring at rest and may appear in the first weeks of therapy and for many may disappear. If your feeling of shortness of breath gets worse or lasts a long time, tell your doctor. Your doctor will decide if it needs treatment or further investigations.

Other possible side effects

Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people)

  • High level of uric acid in your blood (as seen in tests)
  • Bleeding caused by blood disorders

Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)

  • Bruising
  • Headache
  • Feeling dizzy or like the room is spinning
  • Diarrhoea or indigestion
  • Feeling sick (nausea)
  • Constipation
  • Rash
  • Itching
  • Severe pain and swelling in your joints – these are signs of gout
  • Feeling dizzy or light-headed, or having blurred vision – these are signs of low blood pressure
  • Nosebleed
  • Bleeding after surgery or from cuts (for example while shaving) and wounds more than is normal
  • Bleeding from your stomach lining (ulcer)
  • Bleeding gums

Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)

  • Allergic reaction – a rash, itching, or a swollen face or swollen lips/tongue may be signs of an allergic reaction.
  • Confusion
  • Visual problems caused by blood in your eye
  • Vaginal bleeding that is heavier, or happens at different times, than your normal period (menstrual) bleeding
  • Bleeding into your joints and muscles causing painful swelling
  • Blood in your ear
  • Internal bleeding, this may cause dizziness or light-headedness

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly (see details below). By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

UK

Yellow Card Scheme
Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard

or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store

Ireland

HPRA Pharmacovigilance
Earlsfort Terrace
IRL - Dublin 2
Tel: +353 1 6764971
Fax: +353 1 6762517
Website: www.hpra.ie
e-mail: medsafety@hpra.ie

Malta

ADR Reporting
Website: www.medicinesauthority.gov.mt/adrportal

5. How to store Brilique

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the blister and carton after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

This medicine does not require any special storage conditions.

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information

What Brilique contains

  • The active substance is ticagrelor. Each film-coated tablet contains 60 mg of ticagrelor.
  • The other ingredients are:
    Tablet core: mannitol (E421), calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate, sodium starch glycolate type A, hydroxypropylcellulose (E463), magnesium stearate (E470b)
    Tablet film-coating: hypromellose (E464), titanium dioxide (E171), macrogol 400, iron oxide black (E172) and iron oxide red (E172).

What Brilique looks like and contents of the pack

Film-coated tablet (tablet): The tablets are round, biconvex, pink, film-coated marked with a “60” above “T” on one side.

Brilique is available in:

  • standard blisters (with sun/moon symbols) in cartons of 60 and 180 tablets
  • calendar blisters (with sun/moon symbols) in cartons of 14, 56 and 168 tablets

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Marketing Authorisation Holder:

AstraZeneca AB
SE-151 85
Södertälje
Sweden

Manufacturer:

AstraZeneca AB
Gärtunavägen
SE-151 85
Södertälje
Sweden

Manufacturer:

AstraZeneca UK Limited
Silk Road Business Park
Macclesfield
Cheshire
SK10 2NA
United Kingdom

For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder:

United Kingdom
AstraZeneca UK Ltd
Tel: + 44 1582 836 836

This leaflet was last revised in July 2018

Other sources of information

Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency web site: http://www.ema.europa.eu.

CV 18 0046