What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?
The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.
Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original leaflet can be viewed using the link above.
The text only version may be available in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call emc accessibility on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: PL 13621/0033.
Vancocin 500 mg and 1000 mg Powder for Solution for Infusion and Oral Solution
Package leaflet: Information for the user
Vancocin 500 mg and 1000 mg Powder for Solution for Infusion and Oral Solution
The name of your medicine is Vancocin 500 mg & 1000 mg Powder for Solution for Infusion and Oral Solution, which will be referred to as Vancocin throughout the rest of this document.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet:
1. What Vancocin is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you are given Vancocin
3. How you are given Vancocin
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Vancocin
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1 What Vancocin is and what it is used for
Vancocin contains the active ingredient vancomycin. Vancomycin is an antibiotic that belongs to a group of antibiotics called “glycopeptides”. Vancomycin works by eliminating certain bacteria that cause infections.
Vancocin powder is made into a solution for infusion or oral solution.
Vancocin is used in all age groups by infusion for the treatment of the following serious infections:
- Infections of the skin and tissues below the skin.
- Infections of bone and joints.
- An infection of the lungs called “pneumonia”.
- Infection of the inside lining of the heart (endocarditis) and to prevent endocarditis in patients at risk when undergoing major surgical procedures
Vancomycin can be given orally in adults and children for the treatment of infection of the mucosa of the small and the large intestines with damage to the mucosae (pseudomembranous colitis), caused by the Clostridium difficile bacterium.
2 What you need to know before you are given Vancocin
Do not use Vancocin:
- If you are allergic to vancomycin or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
Warnings and precautions
Serious side effects that may lead to loss of vision have been reported following the injection of vancomycin in the eyes.
Talk to your doctor or hospital pharmacist or nurse before using Vancocin if:
- You have ever developed a severe skin rash or skin peeling, blistering and/or mouth sores after taking vancomycin. Serious skin reactions including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), and acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) have been reported in association with vancomycin treatment. Stop using vancomycin and seek medical attention immediately if you notice any of the symptoms described in section 4.
- You suffered a previous allergic reaction to teicoplanin because this could mean you are also allergic to vancomycin.
- You have a hearing disorder, especially if you are elderly (you may need hearing tests during treatment).
- You have a kidney disorder (you will need to have your blood and kidneys tested during treatment).
- You are receiving vancomycin by infusion for the treatment of the diarrhoea associated with Clostridium difficile infection instead of orally.
Talk to your doctor or hospital pharmacist or nurse during treatment with Vancocin if:
- You are receiving Vancocin for a long time (you may need to have your blood, liver and kidneys tested during treatment).
- You develop any skin reaction during the treatment.
- You develop severe or prolonged diarrhoea during or after using Vancocin. Consult your doctor immediately. This may be a sign of bowel inflammation (pseudomembranous colitis) which can occur following treatment with antibiotics.
Vancocin will be used with particular care in premature infants and young infants, because their kidneys are not fully developed and they may accumulate vancomycin in the blood. This age group may need blood tests for controlling vancomycin levels in blood.
Concomitant administration of vancomycin and anaesthetic agents has been associated with skin redness (erythema) and allergic reactions in children. Similarly, concomitant use with other medicines such as aminoglycoside antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs, e.g., ibuprofen) or amphotericin B (medicine for fungal infection) can increase the risk of kidney damage and therefore more frequent blood and renal tests may be necessary.
Other medicines and Vancocin
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription. This is especially important of the following, as they may interact with your Vancocin:
- anaesthetics – these may cause redness, flushing, fainting, collapse or even heart attacks. You should, therefore, tell your doctor that you are taking Vancocin if you are going to have an operation.
- any drug that affects your nerves or kidneys such as amphotericin B (treats fungal infections), aminoglycosides, bacitracin, polymixin B, colistin, viomycin (antibiotics) or cisplatin (a chemotherapy drug), piperacillin/tazobactam.
- Potent diuretics (strong medicines which are given to encourage the production of urine) such as furosemide
It may still be all right for you to be given Vancocin and your doctor will be able to decide what is suitable for you.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
Driving and using machines
Vancocin should not affect your ability to drive or use machines.
3 How you are given Vancocin
You will be given Vancocin by medical staff while you are in hospital. Your doctor will decide how much of this medicine you should receive each day and how long the treatment will last.
The dose given to you will depend on:
- your age,
- your weight,
- the infection you have,
- how well your kidneys are working,
- your hearing ability,
- any other medicines you may be taking.
Adults and adolescents (from 12 years and older)
The dosage will be calculated according to your body weight. The usual infusion dose is 15 to 20 mg for each kg of body weight. It is usually given every 8 to 12 hours. In some cases, your doctor may decide to give an initial dose of up to 30 mg for each kg of body weight. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 2 g.
Use in children
Children aged from one month to less than 12 years of age
The dosage will be calculated according to your child’s body weight. The usual infusion dose is 10 to 15 mg for each kg of body weight. It is usually given every 6 hours.
Preterm and term newborn infants (from 0 to 27 days)
The dosage will be calculated according to post-menstrual age (time elapsed between the first day of the last menstrual period and birth (gestational age) plus the time elapsed after birth (post-natal age).
The elderly, pregnant women and patients with a kidney disorder, including those on dialysis, may need a different dose.
Adults and adolescents (from 12 to 18 years)
The recommended dose is 125 mg every 6 hours. In some cases, your doctor may decide to give a higher daily dose of up to 500 mg every 6 hours. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 2 g.
If you suffered other episodes (infection of the mucosa) before you may need different dose and different duration of the therapy.
Use in children
Neonates, infants and children less than 12 years old
The recommended dose is 10 mg for each kg of body weight. It is usually given every 6 hours. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 2 g.
Method of administration
Intravenous infusion means that the medicinal product flows from an infusion bottle or bag through a tube to one of your blood vessels and into your body. Your doctor, or nurse, will always give Vancocin into your blood and not in the muscle.
Vancocin will be given into your vein for at least 60 minutes.
If given for treatment of gastric disorders (so called Pseudomembranous colitis), the medicinal product must be administrated as a solution for oral use (you will take the medicine by mouth).
Duration of treatment
The length of treatment depends on the infection you have and may last a number of weeks.
The duration of the therapy may be different depending on the individual response to treatment for every patient.
During the treatment, you might have blood tests, be asked to provide urine samples and possibly have hearing tests to look for signs of possible side effects.
If you are given more Vancocin than you should receive
As Vancocin will be given to you whilst you are in hospital is unlikely that you will be given too little or too much, however, tell your doctor or nurse if you have any concerns.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or nurse.
4 Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Vancomycin can cause allergic reactions, although serious allergic reactions (anaphylactic shock) are rare. Tell your doctor immediately if you get any sudden wheeziness, difficulty in breathing, redness on the upper part of the body, rash or itching.
Stop using vancomycin and seek medical attention immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms:
- reddish non-elevated, target-like or circular patches on the trunk, often with central blisters, skin peeling, ulcers of mouth, throat, nose, genitals and eyes. These serious skin rashes can be preceded by fever and flu-like symptoms (Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis).
- Widespread rash, high body temperature and enlarged lymph nodes (DRESS syndrome or drug hypersensitivity syndrome).
- A red, scaly widespread rash with bumps under the skin and blisters accompanied by fever at the initiation of treatment (acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis).
The absorption of vancomycin from the gastrointestinal tract is negligible. However, if you have an inflammatory disorder of the digestive tract, especially if you also have a kidney disorder, side effects that occur when vancomycin is administered by infusion may appear.
Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
- Fall in blood pressure
- Breathlessness, noisy breathing (a high pitched sound resulting from obstructed air flow in the upper airway)
- Rash and inflammation of the lining of the mouth, itching, itching rash, hives
- Kidney problems which may be detected primarily by blood tests
- Redness of upper body and face, inflammation of a vein
Uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
- Temporary or permanent loss of hearing
Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people):
- Decrease in white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets (blood cells responsible for blood clotting)
- Increase in some of the white cells in the blood.
- Loss of balance, ringing in your ears, dizziness
- Blood vessel inflammation
- Nausea (feeling sick)
- Inflammation of the kidneys and kidney failure
- Pain in the chest and back muscles
- Fever, chills
Very rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people):
- Sudden onset of severe allergic skin reaction with skin flaking blistering or peeling skin. This may be associated with a high fever and joint pains
- Cardiac arrest
- Inflammation of the bowel which causes abdominal pain and diarrhea, which may contain blood
Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data):
- Being sick (throwing up), diarrhoea
- Confusion, drowsiness, lack of energy, swelling, fluid retention, decreased urine
- Rash with swelling or pain behind the ears, in the neck, groin, under the chin and armpits (swollen lymph nodes), abnormal blood and liver function tests
- Rash with blisters and fever.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, hospital pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5 How to store Vancocin
Your doctor or pharmacist knows how to store Vancocin.
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Before it is made up it should be stored below 25°C.
After it is made up, Vancocin solution for infusion may be stored in a refrigerator (2°-8°C) for 24 hours.
Solutions intended for oral dosing may be stored in a refrigerator (2°-8°C) for 96 hours.
Your doctor will ensure that the solution is not discoloured or contains particles.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste.
Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use.
These measures will help protect the environment.
6 Contents of the pack and other information
What Vancocin contains:
Each vial contains 500 mg vancomycin hydrochloride equivalent to 500,000 IU vancomycin, or 1 g vancomycin hydrochloride equivalent to 1,000,000 IU vancomycin.
There are no other ingredients.
What Vancocin looks like and contents of the pack
500 mg presentation: Rubber stoppered 10 ml vials each containing 500mg of vancomycin hydrochloride as an off-white powder.
One 10 ml vial packaged in a cardboard carton.
1000 mg presentation: Rubber stoppered 20 ml vials containing 1000 mg vancomycin hydrochloride as an off-white powder.
One 20 ml vial packaged in a cardboard carton.
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This leaflet was last revised in May 2022.
Other sources of information
Antibiotics are used to cure bacterial infections. They are ineffective against viral infections.
If your doctor has prescribed antibiotics, you need them precisely for your current illness.
Despite antibiotics, some bacteria may survive or grow. This phenomenon is called resistance: some antibiotic treatments become ineffective.
Misuse of antibiotics increases resistance. You may even help bacteria become resistant and therefore delay your cure or decrease antibiotic efficacy if you do not respect appropriate:
- duration of treatment
Consequently, to preserve the efficacy of this drug:
1 - Use antibiotics only when prescribed.
2 - Strictly follow the prescription.
3 - Do not re-use an antibiotic without medical prescription, even if you want to treat a similar illness.