Otrivine Child Nasal Drops
Xylometazoline Hydrochloride 0.05% w/v
For excipients see 6.1.
Nasal drops, solution
The product is a clear, colourless solution.
For the relief of nasal congestion associated with the common cold, perennial and allergic rhinitis (including hay fever), sinusitis.
Adults and elderly: Not applicable.
Otrivine Child Nasal Drops are contra-indicated in children under 6 years of age.
Children between 6 and 12 years under adult supervision (all indications): 1 or 2 drops, in each nostril up to 2 times a day.
Not to be used for more than 5 days without the advice of a doctor. (see warnings and precautions)
Parents or carers should seek medical attention if the child's condition deteriorates during treatment.
Not more than 2 doses should be given in any 24 hours.
Route of administration: Nasal use Do not exceed the stated dose
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Known hypersensitivity to Otrivine or any of the excipients
Concomitant use of other sympathomimetic decongestants
Cardiovascular disease including hypertension
Closed angle glaucoma
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs, or within 14 days of stopping treatment, see section 4.5)
Beta-blockers – (see section 4.5)
Inflammation of the skin and/or mucosa of the nasal vestibule
Trans-sphenoidal hypophysectomy or nasal surgery exposing the dura mater
Not to be used in children under the age of 6 years
Rhinitis sicca or atrophic rhinitis
Patients are advised not to take decongestants for more than five consecutive days. Prolonged or excessive use may cause rebound congestion and/or atrophy of the nasal mucosa.
Otrivine, like other preparations belonging to the same class of active substances, should be used only with caution in patients showing a strong reaction to sympathomimetic agents as evidenced by signs of insomnia, dizziness, tremor, cardiac arrhythmias or elevated blood pressure.
Use with caution in occlusive vascular disease and in patients taking tri or tetra-cyclic antidepressant treatment (see Interactions).
If any of the following occur, Otrivine should be stopped
• Sleep disturbances
Keep away from eyes.
Keep medicines out of the sight and reach of children.
Otrivine 0.05% is contraindicated in children aged less than 6 years old
Information concerning excipients
Otrivine contains benzalkonium chloride. This may cause irritation of the nasal mucosa.
The concomitant use of xylometazoline with monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase (RIMAs) or tri- and tetra-cyclic antidepressants, may cause an increase in blood pressure due to the cardiovascular effects of these substances (see Contraindications).
Moclobemide: risk of hypertensive crisis.
Antihypertensives (including adrenergic neurone blockers & beta-blockers): Otrivine may block the hypotensive effects.
Cardiac glycosides: increased risk of dysrhythmias
Ergot alkaloids (ergotamine & methylsergide): increased risk of ergotism
Appetite suppressants and amphetamine-like psychostimulants: risk of hypertension
Oxytocin – risk of hypertension
No foetal toxicity or fertility studies have been carried out in animals. In view of its potential systemic vasoconstrictor effect, it is advisable to take the precaution of not using Otrivine during pregnancy.
No evidence of any adverse effect on the breast-fed infant. However, it is not known if xylometazoline is excreted in breast milk, therefore caution should be exercised and Otrivine should be used only on the advice of a doctor whilst breastfeeding.
Otrivine has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
The adverse effects listed below are classified by system organ class and frequency according to the following convention: very common (≥1/10), common (≥1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100), rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000) or very rare (<1/10,000).
Immune System Disorders
Hypersensitivity reaction (angioedema, rash, pruritus)
Nervous System Disorders
Irritability, Anxiety, Restlessness, Excitability, Insomnia, Hallucinations and Paranoid Delusions - particularly with prolonged and/or excessive use
Transient visual impairment
Heart rate irregular, Heart rate increased - particularly with prolonged and/or excessive use
Other cardiac dysrhythmias and hypertension- particularly with prolonged and/or excessive use
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
General disorders and administration site
Application site burning
Tolerance with diminished effect – especially with prolonged and/or heavy use
Rebound congestion (rhinitis medicamentosa) – especially with prolonged and/or heavy use
Irritation & dryness
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App store.
Symptoms and Signs
Excessive administration of topical xylometazoline hydrochloride or accidental ingestion may cause severe dizziness, perspiration, severely lowered body temperature, headache, bradycardia, hypertension, respiratory depression, coma and convulsions. Hypertension may be followed by hypotension. Small children are more sensitive to toxicity than adults.
Appropriate supportive measures should be initiated in all individuals suspected of an overdose, and urgent symptomatic treatment under medical supervision is indicated when warranted. This would include observation of the individual for several hours.
Otrivine Child Nasal Drops is a sympathomimetic agent with marked alpha-adrenergic activity, and is intended for use in the nose. It constricts the nasal blood vessels, thereby decongesting the mucosa of the nose and neighbouring regions of the pharynx. This enables patients suffering from colds to breathe more easily through the nose. The effect of Otrivine Child Nasal Drops begins within a few minutes and lasts for up to 10 hours. Otrivine Child Nasal Drops is generally well tolerated and does not impair the function of ciliated epithelium.
In a double-blind, saline solution (Otrisal) controlled study in patients with common cold, the decongestant effect of Otrivin was significantly superior (p<0.0001) to Otrisal saline solution based on rhinomanometry measurement at 1 hour after administration of the study drugs.
Systemic absorption may occur following nasal application of xylometazoline hydrochloride solutions. It is not used systemically.
There are no findings in the preclinical testing which are of relevance to the prescriber.
Disodium phosphate dodecahydrate (Sodium phosphate)
Sodium dihydrogen phosphate dihydrate (Sodium acid phosphate)
Sorbitol 70% (non-crystallising)
Unopened: 36 months
After the container is opened for the first time: 28 days
Protect from heat.
Bottle: High density polyethylene
Cap: Polypropylene Pipette
Rod: Low density polythene
Pipette bulb: Halogenated butyl elastomer
The pipette forms an integral part of the cap
Pack size 10ml
Keep all medicines out of the reach of children
Haleon UK Trading Limited,
15 November 2003/ 19 August 2010
16th January 2024