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Severe pain including trigeminal neuralgia0.2ml, for a small nerve root to a maximum of 10ml for blockade of the coeliac ganglion. Injected into the individual nerve root or ganglion. The needle tip should ideally be located by radiographic or fluoroscopic means prior to dose delivery.
Methanol poisoningA loading dose of 600 800mg/kg should be given. If used parenterally this should be in the form of 7.5ml/kg of a 10% infusion of Ethanol in 5% Glucose Solution for Infusion. The infusion should be given over 30minutes preferably via a central venous catheter. The standard maintenance dose, for an average patient is 120-138mg of 100% ethanol/kg/hr (1.38ml of 10% ethanol/kg/hr) by the IV route. Blood monitoring should occur every 1-2hours until a concentration of 1-1.5g/L is reached and thereafter at 2-4hourly intervals. After the loading dose maintenance concentrations should be reduced dependant on the normal drinking habits of the patient and any other concomitant treatments. Patients treated with Ethanol require close monitoring preferably in a critical care area because of the risk of CNS and respiratory depression.
|Amount Absolute (100%) Ethanol
|Volume 5% Ethanol by IV Injection
|Volume 10% Ethanol by IV Injection
|Loading Dose Over 30 minutes
|Standard maintenance dose (non-drinker/child)
|Standard maintenance dose (average adult)
|Standard maintenance dose (drinker)
|Maintenance dose during dialysis (non-drinker/child)
|Maintenance dose during dialysis (average adult)
|Maintenance dose during dialysis (drinker)