What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original leaflet can be viewed using the link above.

The text only version may be available in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call emc accessibility on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: PL 12064/0006 .


Adrenaline (Epinephrine) Injection 1:10,000 (pre-filled syringe)

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

Adrenaline (Epinephrine) Injection 1:10,000

(Referred to as ‘Adrenaline injection’ in this leaflet)

Adrenaline acid tartrate

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains important information for you

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, please ask your doctor or nurse.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet:

1. What Adrenaline injection is, and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before Adrenaline injection is given
3. How Adrenaline injection is given
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Adrenaline injection
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Adrenaline injection is, and what it is used for

Adrenaline injection belongs to a group of medicines called adrenergic and dopaminergic agents.

This medicine is used for:

  • Treatment of cardiac arrest (unexpected loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness),
  • Treatment of acute anaphylaxis in adults (serious shock or collapse produced by a severe allergic reaction).

2. What you need to know before you are given Adrenaline Injection

You must not be given Adrenaline Injection:

If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to any ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6) where an alternative presentation of Adrenaline or alternative vasopressor is available.

Warnings and precautions

Adrenaline injection is indicated for emergency treatment. Continuous medical supervision is necessary after administration.

Precautions for use

The risk of side effects is increased if you:

  • have medical history of hyperthyroidism (disease of the thyroid gland),
  • have severe renal insufficiency,
  • suffer from hypercalcaemia (increase of calcium concentration in the blood),
  • suffer from hypokalaemia (decrease of potassium concentration in the blood),
  • have diabetes mellitus,
  • have cardiac disease or arterial hypertension,
  • have brain damage or hardening of the arteries in the brain,
  • have glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye),
  • have prostate disorders,
  • are elderly,
  • are pregnant.

Other medicines and Adrenaline injection

Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.

Medicines that may interact with Adrenaline injection include:

  • Volatile halogen anaesthetics (gas used during anaesthesia),
  • Certain antidepressants,
  • Drugs to treat high blood pressure, heart conditions,
  • Drugs to treat diabetes.

Pregnancy & breast-feeding

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse for advice before you are given this medicine.

Driving and using machines

Having Adrenaline injection does not affect your ability to drive or use machines.

Adrenaline injection contains sodium This medicinal product contains 2.70 mg of sodium per ml of solution for injection. This needs to be taken into consideration by patients on strict sodium diet.

The product also contains Sodium Metabisulphite which may cause allergic (hypersensitive) type reactions in some people and can lead to breathing difficulties or collapse. People with a history of asthma or allergies are most likely to experience these problems.

3. How Adrenaline injection is given

Your doctor, nurse or paramedic will give Adrenaline injection to you either into a vein (intravenous) or into a bone (intraosseous). Your doctor will decide the correct amount for you, and when and how this should be given.

Adrenaline must not be injected into the fingers, toes, ears, nose or genital area.

This medicinal product is not intended to deliver volumes of less than 2ml.

In case of life threatening allergic reactions (acute anaphylaxis):

Adults will be given a dose of 0.05 mg (0.5 ml of Adrenaline 1:10,000 solution) repeated as necessary until the desired response is achieved.

In case of cardiac arrest:

Adults: 1 mg (10 ml of Adrenaline 1:10,000 solution) is given into a vein or into a bone every 3-5 minutes until the heart starts to work.

Children above 5 kg: 10 micrograms/kg (0.1 ml/kg of Adrenaline 1:10,000 solution) is given into a vein or into a bone every 3-5 minutes until the heart starts to work.

This medicinal product is not suitable for delivering a dose of less than 0,5 ml and should therefore, not be used in neonates and infants for which the body weight is less than 5 kg.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, Adrenaline injection can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

  • anxiety
  • difficulty in breathing
  • nervousness
  • fear
  • sweating
  • palpitations (irregular or faster heart beat)
  • tachycardia (increased heart rate)
  • pallor (unhealthy pale appearance)
  • tremors (shaking)
  • weakness
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • feeling sick (nausea)
  • being sick (vomiting)
  • coldness of the fingers and toes
  • hallucinations
  • syncopes (fainting)
  • high blood sugar levels (hyperglycaemia)
  • low potassium levels in the blood (hypokalaemia)
  • increased acidity in the blood (metabolic acidosis)
  • dilatation of the pupil (mydriasis)

In high dosages or for patients sensitive to adrenaline, side effects are:

  • irregular heartbeats/cardiac arrest (cardiac dysrhythmia),
  • hypertension (with risk of cerebral haemorrhage),
  • vasoconstriction (narrowing of the blood vessels for example cutaneous, in the extremities or kidneys),
  • acute angina attacks,
  • risk of acute myocardial infarction.

Repeated local injections may produce necrosis (tissue damage) at the site of injection as a result of vascular constriction (blood vessel constriction).

In all cases, after administration of Adrenaline injection medical supervision is necessary.

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via Yellow Card Scheme - Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow card in the Google Play or Apple App Store. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Adrenaline injection

Keep out of the sight and reach of children.

Your doctor, nurse or paramedic will check that the expiry date on the label has not passed before giving Adrenaline injection to you. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

Adrenaline (Epinephrine) is sensitive to light, therefore Adrenaline injections must always be kept in the original outer carton.

Do not store above 25°C and do not freeze.

You should not be given Adrenaline injection if it has been used or shows signs of visible damage.

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6. Content of the pack and other information

What Adrenaline (Epinephrine) Injection 1:10,000 contains

The active ingredient is Adrenaline (Epinephrine) as acid tartrate.

Each 10ml solution for injection contains 1mg of adrenaline(epinephrine) as the acid tartrate.

The other ingredients are Sodium Chloride, Citric Acid Monohydrate, Sodium Citrate Dihydrate, Sodium Metabisulphite and Water for Injections. Dilute Hydrochloric acid may be added to adjust the acidity.

What Adrenaline injection looks like and contents of the pack

Adrenaline injection is a clear colourless solution supplied in a pre-filled syringe. Each prefilled syringe contains 10ml of the solution.

Marketing Authorisation Holder:

Aurum Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
Bampton Road
Romford
RM3 8UG
United Kingdom

Manufacturers:

Macarthys Laboratories Ltd
T/A Martindale Pharma
Bampton Road
Romford
RM3 8UG
United Kingdom

This leaflet was last revised in 03/2018

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