- if you are allergic to lisinopril or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
- if you have ever had an allergic reaction to another ACE inhibitor medicine. The allergic reaction may have caused swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, face, lips, tongue or throat. It may also have made it difficult to swallow or breathe (angioedema).
- If you have taken or are currently taking sacubitril/valsartan, a medicine used to treat a type of long-term (chronic) heart failure in adults, as the risk of angioedema (rapid swelling under the skin in an area such as the throat) is increased.
- if a member of your family has had severe allergic reactions (angioedema) to an ACE inhibitor or you have had severe allergic reactions (angioedema) without a known cause.
- if you are more than 3 months pregnant. (It is also better to avoid Zestril in early pregnancy - see Pregnancy section).
- if you have diabetes or impaired kidney function and you are treated with a blood pressure lowering medicine containing aliskiren.
If you are not sure if any of these apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Zestril.
If you develop a dry cough which is persistent for a long time after starting treatment with Zestril, talk to your doctor.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Zestril:
- if you have a narrowing (stenosis) of the aorta (an artery in your heart) or a narrowing of the heart valves (mitral valves).
- if you have a narrowing (stenosis) of the kidney artery.
- if you have an increase in the thickness of the heart muscle (known as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy).
- if you have problems with your blood vessels (collagen vascular disease).
- if you have low blood pressure. You may notice this as feeling dizzy or light-headed, especially when standing up.
- if you have kidney problems or you are having kidney dialysis.
- if you have liver problems.
- if you have diabetes.
- if you are taking any of the following medicines, the risk of angioedema (rapid swelling under the skin in area such as the throat) is increased:
- temsirolimus, sirolimus, everolimus and other medicines belonging to the class of mTOR inhibitors (used to avoid rejection of transplanted organs and for cancer).
- Racecadotril, a medicine used to treat diarrhoea;
- Vildagliptin, a medicine used to treat diabetes.
- if you are taking any of the following medicines used to treat high blood pressure:
Your doctor may check your kidney function, blood pressure, and the amount of electrolytes (e.g. potassium) in your blood at regular intervals.
- an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARBs) (also known as sartans – for example valsartan, telmisartan, irbesartan), in particular if you have diabetes-related kidney problems.
See also information under the heading “Do not take Zestril”.
- if you have recently had diarrhoea or vomiting (being sick).
- if your doctor has told you to control the amount of salt in your diet.
- if you have high levels of cholesterol and you are having a treatment called ‘LDL apheresis’.
- you must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Zestril is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken if you are more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used at that stage (see pregnancy section).
- if you are of black origin as Zestril may be less effective. You may also more readily get the side effect ‘angioedema’ (a severe allergic reaction).
If you are not sure if any of these apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Zestril.
Tell your doctor if you are having or are going to have treatment to lower the effects of an allergy such as insect stings (desensitisation treatment). If you take Zestril while you are having this treatment, it may cause a severe allergic reaction.
If you are going to have an operation (including dental surgery) tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking Zestril. This is because you can get low blood pressure (hypotension) if you are given certain local or general anaesthetics while you are taking Zestril.
Zestril has been studied in children. For more information, talk to your doctor. Zestril is not recommended in children under 6 years of age or in any child with severe kidney problems.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken, or might take any other medicines. This is because Zestril can affect the way some medicines work and some medicines can have an effect on Zestril. Your doctor may need to change your dose and/or to take other precautions.
In particular, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines:
- Other medicines to help lower your blood pressure.
- An angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) or aliskiren, (see also information under the headings “Do not take Zestril” and “Warnings and precautions”).
- Water tablets (diuretic medicines).
- Beta-blocker medicines, such as atenolol and propranolol.
- Nitrate medicines (for heart problems).
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) used to treat pain and arthritis.
- Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic acid), if you are taking more than 3 grams each day.
- Medicines for depression and for mental problems, including lithium.
- Potassium supplements (including salt substitutes), potassium-sparing diuretics and other medicines that can increase the amount of potassium in your blood (e.g. trimethoprim and co-trimoxazole for infections caused by bacteria; ciclosporin, an immunosuppressant medicine used to prevent organ transplant rejection; and heparin, a medicine used to thin blood to prevent clots).
- Insulin or medicines that you take by mouth for diabetes.
- Medicines used to treat asthma.
- Medicines to treat nose or sinus congestion or other cold remedies (including those you can buy in the pharmacy).
- Medicines to suppress the body’s immune response (immunosuppressants).
- Allopurinol (for gout).
- Procainamide (for heart beat problems).
- Medicines that contain gold, such as sodium aurothiomalate, which may be given to you as an injection.
The following medicines may increase the risk of angioedema (signs of angioedema include swelling of the face, lips, tongue and/or throat with difficulty in swallowing or breathing):
- Medicines to break up blood clots (tissue plasminogen activator), usually given in hospital.
- Medicines which are most often used to avoid rejection of transplanted organs (temsirolimus, sirolimus, everolimus and other medicines belonging to the class of mTOR inhibitors). See section 2 “Warnings and precautions”.
- Racecadotril used to treat diarrhoea.
- Vildagliptin, a medicine used to treat diabetes.
You must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Your doctor will normally advise you to stop taking Zestril before you become pregnant or as soon as you know you are pregnant and will advise you to take another medicine instead of Zestril. Zestril is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken when more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used after the third month of pregnancy.
Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding. Zestril is not recommended for mothers who are breast-feeding, and your doctor may choose another treatment for you if you wish to breast-feed, especially if your baby is newborn, or was born prematurely.
- Some people feel dizzy or tired when taking this medicine. If this happens to you, do not drive or use any tools or machines.
- You must wait to see how your medicine affects you before trying these activities.
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Once you have started taking Zestril your doctor may take blood tests. Your doctor may then adjust your dose so you take the right amount of medicine for you.
- Swallow the tablet with a drink of water.
- Try to take your tablets at the same time each day. It does not matter if you take Zestril before or after food.
- Keep taking Zestril for as long as your doctor tells you to, it is a long term treatment. It is important to keep taking Zestril every day.
- Take special care when you have your first dose of Zestril or if your dose is increased. It may cause a greater fall in blood pressure than later doses.
- This may make you feel dizzy or light-headed. If this happens, it may help to lie down. If you are concerned, please talk to your doctor as soon as possible.
Your dose depends on your medical condition and whether you are taking any other medicines. Your doctor will tell you how many tablets to take each day. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure.
For high blood pressure
- The recommended starting dose is 10 mg once a day.
- The usual long-term dose is 20 mg once a day.
For heart failure
- The recommended starting dose is 2.5 mg once a day.
- The long-term dose is 5 to 35 mg once a day.
After a heart attack
- The recommended starting dose is 5 mg within 24 hours of your attack and 5 mg one day later.
- The usual long-term dose is 10 mg once a day.
For kidney problems caused by diabetes
- The recommended dose is either 10 mg or 20 mg once a day.
If you are elderly, have kidney problems or are taking diuretic medicines your doctor may give you a lower dose than the usual dose.
- Zestril is not recommended for children under 6 years or in any children with severe kidney problems.
- The doctor will work out the correct dose for your child. The dose depends on the child’s body weight.
- For children who weigh between 20 kg and 50 kg, the recommended starting dose is 2.5 mg once a day.
- For children who weigh more than 50 kg, the recommended starting dose is 5 mg once a day.
If you take more Zestril than prescribed by your doctor, talk to a doctor or go to a hospital immediately. The following effects are most likely to happen: Dizziness, palpitations.
- If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is nearly time for the next dose, skip the missed dose.
- Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
Do not stop taking your tablets, even if you are feeling well, unless your doctor tells you to.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
If you experience any of the following reactions, stop taking Zestril and see your doctor immediately:
- Severe allergic reactions (rare, affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000). The signs may include sudden onset of:
- Swelling of your face, lips, tongue or throat. This may make it difficult to swallow.
- Severe or sudden swelling of your hands, feet and ankles.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Severe itching of the skin (with raised lumps).
- Severe skin disorders, like a sudden, unexpected rash or burning, red or peeling skin (very rare, affects less than 1 user in 10,000).
- An infection with symptoms such as fever and serious deterioration of your general condition, or fever with local infection symptoms such as sore throat/pharynx/mouth or urinary problems (very rare, affects less than 1 user in 10,000).
Common (affects 1 to 10 users in 100)
- Feeling dizzy or light-headed, especially if you stand up quickly.
- A dry cough that does not go away.
- Being sick (vomiting).
- Kidney problems (shown in a blood test).
Uncommon (affects 1 to 10 users in 1,000)
- Mood changes.
- Change of colour in your fingers or toes (pale blue followed by redness) or numbness or tingling in your fingers or toes.
- Changes in the way things taste.
- Feeling sleepy.
- Spinning feeling (vertigo).
- Having difficulty sleeping.
- Fast heart beat.
- Runny nose.
- Feeling sick (nausea).
- Stomach pain or indigestion.
- Skin rash or itching.
- Being unable to get an erection (impotence).
- Feeling tired or feeling weak (loss of strength).
- A very big drop in blood pressure may happen in people with the following conditions: coronary heart disease; narrowing of the aorta (a heart artery), kidney artery or heart valves; an increase in the thickness of the heart muscle. If this happens to you, you may feel dizzy or light-headed, especially if you stand up quickly.
- Changes in blood tests that show how well your liver and kidneys are working.
- Heart attack.
- Seen and/or heard hallucinations.
Rare (affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000)
- Feeling confused.
- A lumpy rash (hives).
- Dry mouth.
- Hair loss.
- Psoriasis (a skin problem).
- Changes in the way things smell.
- Development of breasts in men.
- Changes to some of the cells or other parts of your blood. Your doctor may take blood samples from time to time to check whether Zestril has had any effect on your blood. The signs may include feeling tired, pale skin, a sore throat, high temperature (fever), joint and muscle pains, swelling of the joints or glands, or sensitivity to sunlight.
- Low levels of sodium in your blood (the symptoms may be tiredness, headache, nausea, vomiting).
- Sudden renal failure.
Very rare (affect less than 1 user in 10,000)
- Sinusitis (a feeling of pain and fullness behind your cheeks and eyes).
- Low levels of sugar in your blood (hypoglycaemia). The signs may include feeling hungry or weak, sweating and a fast heart beat.
- Inflammation of the lungs. The signs include cough, feeling short of breath and high temperature (fever).
- Yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes (jaundice).
- Inflammation of the liver. This can cause loss of appetite, yellowing of the skin and eyes, and dark coloured urine.
- Inflammation of the pancreas. This causes moderate to severe pain in the stomach.
- Severe skin disorders. The symptoms include redness, blistering and peeling.
- Passing less water (urine) than normal or passing no water.
- Liver failure.
- Inflamed gut.
Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from available data)
- Symptoms of depression.
Side effects in children appear to be comparable to those seen in adults.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly (see details below). By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
Yellow Card Scheme
or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.
- The active substance is lisinopril (as dihydrate).
- The other ingredients are mannitol, calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate, maize starch, pregelatinised starch and magnesium stearate. In addition, the pink and brownish-red tablets contain red iron oxide (E172).
Zestril is supplied in 3 strengths containing 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg of lisinopril (as dihydrate).
Zestril 5 mg Tablets: round, pink, uncoated, biconvex tablet with “♥ 5” on one side and bisected on the other side. Diameter 6 mm.
The tablet can be divided into equal doses.
Zestril 10 mg Tablets: round, pink, uncoated, biconvex tablet with “♥ 10” on one side and plain on the other side. Diameter 8 mm.
Zestril 20 mg Tablets: round, brownish-red, uncoated, biconvex tablet with “♥ 20” on one side and plain on the other side. Diameter 8 mm.
Zestril tablets are available in aluminium foil blister packs of 14, 20, 28, 28x1, 30, 42, 50, 56, 56x1, 60, 84, 98, 100, 400 and 500 tablets. Blister packs containing multiples of 7 tablets may also be available with weekday marks.
Zestril tablets are also available in bottle packs of 20, 30, 50, 100 and 400 tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
The Marketing Authorisation for Zestril in United Kingdom is held by
Atnahs Pharma UK Limited
Miles Gray Road
Zestril is manufactured by
AstraZeneca UK Limited
Silk Road Business Park
This medicine is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:
ACEMIN (AT), ZESTRIL (BE, ES, IE, FR, IT, EL, LU, NO, NL, SE, UK), Zestril-5/Zestril Mite/Zestril (PT).
To listen to or request a copy of this leaflet in Braille, large print or audio please call, free of charge:
0800 198 5000 (UK only)
Please be ready to give the following information:
Product name Reference Number
Zestril 5 mg Tablets PL 43252/0031
Zestril 10 mg Tablets PL 43252/0032
Zestril 20 mg Tablets PL 43252/0033
This is a service provided by the Royal National Institute of Blind People.