What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original can be viewed in PDF format using the link above.

The text only version may be available from RNIB in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call RNIB Medicine Leaflet Line on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: PL14017/0217.

Deximune 25mg, 50mg, 100mg Soft Capsules

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

Deximune® 25 mg soft capsules

Deximune® 50 mg soft capsules

Deximune® 100 mg soft capsules

(Ciclosporin)

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet.You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
  • If you get any side effects talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.

What is in this leaflet:

1. What Deximune is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Deximune
3. How to take Deximune
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Deximune
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Deximune is and what it is used for

What Deximune is

The name of your medicine is Deximune. It contains the active substance ciclosporin. This belongs to a group of medicines known as immunosuppressive agents. These medicines are used to lower the body’s immune reactions.

What is Deximune used for

  • If you have had an organ transplant, bone marrow and stem cell transplantation, the function of Deximune is to control your body’s immune system. Deximune prevents rejection of transplanted organs by blocking the development of certain cells which would normally attack the transplanted tissue.
  • If you have an autoimmune disease, in which your body’s immune response attacks your body’s own cells, Deximune stops this immune reaction. Such diseases include, eye problems which threaten your vision (endogenous uveitis, including Behçet's uveitis), severe cases of certain skin diseases (atopic dermatitis, or eczema and psoriasis), severe rheumatoid arthritis and a kidney disease called nephrotic syndrome.

2. What you need to know before you take Deximune

If you are taking Deximune following a transplant it will only be prescribed for you by a doctor with experience in transplants and/or autoimmune diseases.

The advice in this leaflet may vary depending on whether you are taking the medicine for a transplant or for an autoimmune disease.

Follow all your doctor’s instructions carefully. They may differ from the general information contained in this leaflet.

Do not take Deximune:

  • if you are allergic to ciclosporin or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
  • with products containing Hypericum perforatum St. John’s Wort.
  • with products containing dabigatran etexilate (used to avoid blood clots after surgery) or bosentan and aliskiren (used to reduce high blood pressure).

Do not take Deximune and tell your doctor if the above applies to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor before taking Deximune.

Warnings and precautions

Before and during treatment with Deximune, tell your doctor straight away if you:

  • have any signs of infection, such as fever or a sore throat. Deximune suppresses the immune system and may also affect your body’s ability to fight against infection
  • have liver problems
  • have kidney problems. Your doctor will carry out regular blood tests and may change your dose if necessary
  • develop high blood pressure. Your doctor will check your blood pressure regularly and may give you a medicine to lower blood pressure if necessary
  • have low levels of magnesium in your body. Your doctor may give you magnesium supplements to take, especially just after your operation if you have had a transplant
  • have high levels of potassium in your blood
  • have gout
  • need to have a vaccination.

If any of the above applies to you before or during treatment with Deximune, tell your doctor straight away.

Sunlight and sun protection

Deximune suppresses your immune system. This increases your risk of developing cancers, particularly of the skin and lymphoid system. You should limit your exposure to sunlight and UV light by:

  • Wearing appropriate protective clothing
  • Often applying a sunscreen with a high protection factor.

Talk to your doctor before taking Deximune if:

  • you have or have had alcohol-related problems
  • you have epilepsy
  • you have any liver problems
  • you are pregnant
  • you are breast-feeding
  • this medicine is being prescribed for a child.

If any of the above apply to you (or you are not sure), tell your doctor before taking Deximune. This is because this medicine contains an ingredient which is broken down into alcohol (see section below “Deximune contains ethyl lactate”).

Monitoring during your treatment with Deximune

Your doctor will check:

  • the levels of ciclosporin in your blood, especially if you have had a transplant
  • your blood pressure before the start of your treatment and regularly during treatment
  • how well your liver and kidneys are working
  • your blood lipids (fats).

If you have any questions about how Deximune works or why this medicine has been prescribed for you, ask your doctor.

In addition if you are taking Deximune for a non-transplant disease (intermediary or posterior uveitis and Behçet's uveitis, atopic dermatitis, severe rheumatoid arthritis or nephrotic syndrome), do not take Deximune if you:

  • have kidney problems (except for nephrotic syndrome)
  • have an infection which is not under control with medication
  • have any type of cancer
  • have high blood pressure (hypertension) which is not under control with medication.
    • If you get high blood pressure during treatment and it cannot be controlled, Deximune should be stopped by your doctor.

Do not take Deximune if any of the above applies to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Deximune.

If you are being treated for Behçet`s uveitis, your doctor will monitor you particularly carefully if you have neurological symptoms (for example: increased forgetfulness, personality changes noticed over time, psychiatric or mood disorders, burning sensation in limbs, decreased sensation in limbs, tingling sensation in limbs, weakness of limbs, walking disturbances, headache with or without nausea and vomiting, vision disturbances including restricted movement of eyeball).

Your doctor will closely monitor you if you are elderly and are being treated for psoriasis or atopic dermatitis. If you have been prescribed Deximune to treat your psoriasis or atopic dermatitis, you must not be exposed to any UVB-rays or phototherapy during treatment.

Children and adolescents

Deximune should not be given to children for a non-transplant disease, except for treatment of nephrotic syndrome.

Elderly population (65 years of age and older)

There is limited experience with Deximune in elderly patients. Your doctor should monitor how well your kidneys work. If you are over 65 and have psoriasis or atopic dermatitis, you should only be treated with Deximune if your condition is particularly severe.

Other medicines and Deximune

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines before or during Deximune treatment.

  • Medicines that may affect your potassium levels. These include medicines which contain potassium, potassium supplements, water tablets (diuretics) called potassium-sparing diuretics and some medicines which lower your blood pressure.
  • Methotrexate. This is used to treat tumours, severe psoriasis and severe rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Medicines which may increase or decrease the level of ciclosporin (the active substance of Deximune) in your blood. Your doctor might check the level of ciclosporin in your blood when starting or stopping treatment with other medicines.
  • Medicines which may increase the level of ciclosporin in your blood include: antibiotics (such as erythromycin or azythromycin), anti-fungals (voriconazole, itraconazole), medicines used for heart problems or high blood pressure (diltiazem, nicardipine, verapamil, amiodarone), metoclopramide (used to stop sickness), oral contraceptives, danazol (used to treat menstrual problems), medicines used to treat gout (allopurinol), cholic acid and derivatives (used to treat gallstones), protease inhibitors used to treat HIV, imatinib (used to treat leukaemia or tumours), colchicine, telaprevir (used to treat hepatitis C).
  • Medicines which may decrease the level of ciclosporin in your blood include: barbiturates (used to help you to sleep), some anti-convulsant medicines (such as carbamazepine or phenytoine), octreotide (used to treat acromegaly or neuroendocrine tumours in the gut), anti-bacterial medicines used to treat tuberculosis, orlistat (used to help weight loss), herbal medicines containing St. John’s wort, ticlopidine (used after a stroke), certain medicines which lower blood pressure (bosentan), and terbinafine (an anti-fungal medicine used to treat infections of the toes and nails).
  • Medicines which may affect your kidneys. These include: anti-bacterial medicines (gentamycin, tobramycin, ciprofloxacin), anti-fungal medicines which contain amphotericin B, medicines used for urinary tract infections which contain trimethoprim, medicines for cancer which contain melphalan, medicines used to lower the amount of acid in your stomach (acid secretion inhibitors of the H2-receptor antagonist type), tacrolimus, pain killers (non-steroid anti-inflammatory medicines such as diclofenac), fibric acid medicines (used to lower the amount of fat in the blood).
  • Nifedipine. This is used to treat high blood pressure and heart pain. You might get swollen gums that might grow over your teeth if you are taking nifedipine during your treatment with ciclosporin.
  • Digoxin (used to treat heart problems), medicines which lower cholesterol (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors also called statins), prednisolone, etoposide (used to treat cancer), repaglinide (oral anti-diabetic medicine), immunosuppressives (everolimus, sirolimus), ambrisentan and specific anti-cancer medicines called anthracyclines (such as doxorubicin).

If any of the above applies to you (or you are not sure), talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Deximune.

Deximune with food and drink

Do not take Deximune with grapefruit or grapefruit juice. This is because these can affect how Deximune works. Deximune Capsules can be taken with or without food.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine. Your doctor will discuss with you the potential risks of taking Deximune during pregnancy.

  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant. Experience with Deximune in pregnancy is limited. In general, Deximune should not be taken during pregnancy. If it is necessary for you to take this medicine, your doctor will discuss with you the benefits and potential risks of taking it during pregnancy.
  • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. Breast-feeding is not recommended during treatment with Deximune. This is because ciclosporin, the active substance, passes into breast milk. This may affect your baby.

Driving and using machines

Deximune contains ethyl lactate, which is hydrolysed to alcohol and lactic acid in the gastrointestinal tract. This may affect your ability to drive and use machines.

Deximune contains ethyl lactate

Deximune contains ethyl lactate that changes into ethanol (alcohol) and lactic acid in your stomach. The maximum daily dose of Deximune (5 soft capsules Deximune 100mg, or 11 soft capsules Deximune 50mg or 21 soft capsules Deximune 25mg) would result in approximately 680mg of ethanol, equivalent to 15ml (nearly three teaspoons) of beer or approximately one teaspoon (6ml) of wine.

Alcohol may be harmful if you have alcohol-related problems, epilepsy, brain injury, liver problems or if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. It may also be harmful if this medicine is given to children.

Deximune contains lecithin (soya)

Deximune contains lecithin from soya. If you are allergic to peanut or soya, do not use this medicine.

Deximune contains macrogolglycerol hydroxystearate

Deximune contains macrogolglycerol hydroxystearate. It may cause stomach upset and diarrhoea.

3. How to take Deximune

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor if you are not sure.

Do not take more than the recommended dose.

The dose of this medicine will be carefully adjusted to your individual needs by your doctor. Too much of the medicine can affect your kidneys. You will have regular blood tests and visits to the hospital, especially after a transplant. This will give you the chance to talk to your doctor about your treatment and talk about any problems you may be having.

How much Deximune to take

Your doctor will work out the correct dose of Deximune for you. This depends on your body weight and what you are taking the medicine for. Your doctor will also tell you how often to take your medicine.

  • In adults:

Organ and bone marrow transplantation

  • The total dose each day is usually between 2 mg and 15 mg per kilogram body weight. This is divided in two doses.
  • Usually, higher doses are used before and just after your transplant. Lower doses are used once your transplanted organ or bone marrow has stabilised.
  • Your doctor will adjust your dose to one that is ideal for you. To do this, your doctor may need to do some blood tests.

Endogenous uveitis

  • The total dose each day is usually between 5 mg and 7 mg per kilogram body weight. This is divided in two doses.

Nephrotic syndrome

  • The total dose each day for adults is usually 5 mg per kilogram body weight. This is divided in two doses. In patients with kidney problems, the first dose taken each day should not be more than 2.5 mg per kilogram body weight.

Severe rheumatoid arthritis

  • The total dose each day is usually between 3 mg per kilogram of your body weight and 5 mg per kilogram body weight. This is divided in two doses.

Psoriasis and atopic dermatitis

The total dose each day is usually between 2.5 mg per kilogram of your body weight and 5 mg per kilogram body weight. This is divided in two doses.

  • In children:

Nephrotic syndrome

  • The total dose each day for children is usually 6 mg per kilogram body weight. This is divided in two doses. In patients with kidney problems, the first dose taken each day should not be more than 2.5 mg per kilogram body weight.

Follow your doctor's instructions exactly and never change the dose yourself, even if you feel well.

If your doctor switches you from one oral formulation of ciclosporin to another

After you change from one oral formulation of ciclosporin to another:

  • Your doctor will monitor you more closely for a short time.
  • You may have some side effects. If this happens, tell your doctor or pharmacist. Your dose may need to be changed. Never change your dose yourself, unless a doctor has told you to.

When to take Deximune

Take Deximune at the same time every day. This is very important if you have had a transplant.

How to take Deximune

Your daily doses should always be taken in 2 divided doses. Remove the capsules from the blister. Swallow the capsules whole with water.

How long to take Deximune

Your doctor will tell you how long you need to take Deximune for. This depends on whether you are taking it after a transplant or for the treatment of a severe skin condition, rheumatoid arthritis or nephrotic syndrome. For severe atopic dermatitis, the treatment usually lasts for 8 weeks.

Keep taking Deximune for as long as your doctor tells you.

If you have questions about how long to take Deximune, talk to your doctor or your pharmacist.

If you take more Deximune than you should

If you accidentally take too much of your medicine, tell your doctor immediately or go to your nearest hospital emergency unit. You may need medical attention.

If you forget to take Deximune

  • If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Then go on as before.
  • Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.

If you stop taking Deximune

Do not stop taking Deximune unless your doctor tells you to.

Keep taking Deximune even if you feel well. Stopping your treatment with Deximune may increase the risk of your transplanted organ being rejected.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side-effects, although not everybody gets them.

Tell your doctor straight away if you notice any of the following serious side effects:

  • Like other medicines that act on the immune system, ciclosporin may influence your body’s ability to fight against infection and may cause tumours or other cancers, particularly of the skin. Signs of infection might be fever or sore throat.
  • Changes in your sight, loss of coordination, being clumsy, memory loss, difficulty speaking or understanding what others say, and muscle weakness. These might be signs of an infection of the brain called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.
  • Brain problems with signs such as seizures (fits), confusion, feeling disorientated, being less responsive, personality changes, feeling agitated, sleeplessness, changes to your sight, blindness, coma, unconsciousness, paralysis of part or all of the body, sense of weakness in the limbs, impaired movements, stiff neck, loss of coordination with or without unusual speech or eye movements.
  • Swelling at the back of the eye. This may be associated with blurred vision. It may also affect your sight because of the higher pressure inside your head (benign intracranial hypertension).
  • Liver problems and damage with or without yellowing of the eyes or skin, nausea (feeling sick), loss of appetite, dark coloured urine, swelling of the face, feet, hands and/or the whole body.
  • Kidney problems which may greatly reduce the amount of urine you produce.
  • Low level of red blood cells or platelets. The signs include pale skin, feeling tired, breathing difficulties, having dark urine (this is a sign of the breakdown of red blood cells), bruising or bleeding with no obvious reasons, bleeding underneath the skin or purple skin patched, feeling confused, feeling disorientated, being less alert and having kidney problems, swelling of the face, stomach, hands and/or feet, decrease urination, chest pain, fits, unconsciousness.

Other side effects include:

Very common side-effects: These side effects may affect more than 1 in 10 people.

  • Kidney problems
  • High blood pressure
  • Headache.
  • Shaking of your body which you cannot control.
  • Excessive growth of body and facial hair.
  • High level of lipids in your blood.

If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.

Common side-effects:These side effects may affect between 1 and 10 in every 100 people.

  • Fits (seizures).
  • Liver problems.
  • High level of sugar in your blood.
  • Tiredness.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Nausea (feeling sick), vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhoea.
  • Acne, hot flushes.
  • Fever
  • Low level of white blood cells.
  • Feeling numb or tingling.
  • Pain in your muscles, muscle spasm.
  • Stomach ulcer.
  • Gum tissue overgrowing and covering your teeth.
  • High level of uric acid or potassium in your blood, low levels of magnesium in your blood.

If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.

Uncommon side effects:These side effects may affect between 1 and 10 in every 1,000 people.

  • Symptoms of brain disorders including sudden fits, mental confusion, sleeplessness, disorientation, disturbance of vision, unconsciousness, sense of weakness in the limbs, impaired movements.
  • Rash.
  • General swelling.
  • Weight gain.
  • Low level of red blood cells, low level of platelets in your blood which could increase the risk of bleeding.

If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.

Rare side effects:These side effects may affect between 1 and 10 in every 10,000 people.

  • Nerve problems with numbness or tingling in fingers and toes.
  • Inflammation of the pancreas with severe upper stomach pain.
  • Muscle, weakness, loss of muscle strength, pain in muscles of the legs or hands or anywhere in the body.
  • Destruction of red blood cells, involving kidney problems with symptoms such as swelling of the face, stomach, hands and/or feet, decreased urination, breathing difficulty, chest pain, fits, unconsciousness.
  • Changes in menstrual cycle, breast enlargement in men.

If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.

Very rare side effects:These side effects may affect between 1 and 10 in every 100,000 people.

  • Swelling at the back of the eye which may be associated with an increase in pressure inside the head and eyesight disturbances.

If this affects you severely, tell your doctor.

Other side effects with frequency not known: Frequency cannot be estimated from the available data.

  • Serious liver problems both with and without yellowing of the eyes or skin, nausea (feeling sick), loss of appetite, dark coloured urine, swelling of the face, feet, hands and/or the whole body.
  • Bleeding underneath the skin or purple skin patched, sudden bleeding with no apparent cause.
  • Migraine or severe headache often with feeling and being sick (nausea, vomiting) and being sensitive to light.
  • Pain in legs and feet.

If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.

Additional side effects in children and adolescents

There are no additional side effects to be expected in children and adolescents compared to adults.

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme (https://yellowcard.mhra.gov.uk).

By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Deximune

  • Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
  • Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the package.
  • Do not store your capsules in a hot place (maximum temperature 25°C). Do not refrigerate and/or freeze
  • Leave your capsules in the foil. Only remove them when it is time to take your medicine.
  • When a blister is opened, a characteristic smell is noticeable. This is normal and does not mean that there is anything wrong with the capsules.
  • Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and further information

What Deximune contains

Deximune soft capsules are available in 3 strengths containing 25mg, 50mg or 100mg of the active substance, ciclosporin.

All capsule strengths contain the following other ingredients: polysorbate 20, sorbitan oleate, lecithin from soya, triglyceride, macrogolglycerol hydroxystearate, ethyl lactate.

Ingredients of the capsule shell: gelatin, glycerol, ferric oxide black (E172), titanium dioxide (E171).

What Deximune looks like and contents of the pack

Deximune 25 mg soft capsules are grey, soft gelatin capsules with a “DX 25 mg” imprint. Deximune 50 mg soft capsules are grey, soft gelatin capsules with a “DX 50 mg” imprint. Deximune 100 mg soft capsules are grey, soft gelatin capsules with a “DX 100 mg” imprint. There are 30, 50 or 60 capsules in a pack.

Not all pack sizes may be available.

Marketing Authorization Holder and Manufacturer

Dexcel®- Pharma Ltd.
7 Sopwith Way
Drayton Fields
Daventry
Northamptonshire
NN11 8PB
England

This leaflet was revised in October 2015.

Deximune is a registered Trade Mark.