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EXBLIFEP 2 g/0.5 g powder for concentrate for solution for infusion {equilateral_black_triangle}

Active Ingredient:
enmetazobactam, cefepime dihydrochloride monohydrate
ADVANZ Pharma See contact details
ATC code: 
About Medicine
{healthcare_pro_orange} This information is for use by healthcare professionals
Last updated on emc: 29 May 2024

black_triangle.svg  This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions. See section 4.8 for how to report adverse reactions.

1. Name of the medicinal product

EXBLIFEP 2 g/0.5 g powder for concentrate for solution for infusion

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Each vial contains cefepime dihydrochloride monohydrate equivalent to 2 g cefepime and 0.5 g of enmetazobactam.

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Powder for concentrate for solution for infusion (powder for concentrate).

White to yellowish powder.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

EXBLIFEP is indicated for the treatment of the following infections in adults (see sections 4.4 and 5.1):

- Complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI), including pyelonephritis

- Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), including ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP)

Treatment of patients with bacteraemia that occurs in association with, or is suspected to be associated with, any of the infections listed above.

Consideration should be given to official guidance on the appropriate use of antibacterial agents.

4.2 Posology and method of administration


For complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI), including pyelonephritis, the recommended dose for patients with normal renal function is 2 g/0.5 g cefepime/enmetazobactam every 8 hours administered as an intravenous infusion over 2 hours.

In patients with augmented renal clearance (eGFR > 150 mL/min) prolongation of the infusion to 4 hours is recommended (see section 5.2).

For hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), including ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP), the recommended dose for patients with normal renal function is 2 g/0.5 g cefepime/enmetazobactam every 8 hours administered as an intravenous infusion over 4 hours.

The usual duration of treatment is 7 to 10 days. In general, administration should not be less than 7 days and not longer than 14 days. In patients with bacteraemia treatment up to 14 days may be required.

Special populations


No dose adjustment is necessary for the elderly based on age alone (see section 5.2).

Renal impairment

Dose adjustment is recommended in patients with renal impairment who have an absolute estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 60 mL/min (see section 5.2). The recommended dose in patients with varying degrees of renal function is presented in Table 1.

Patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) need a higher dose than patients on haemodialysis. For patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy, the dose should be adjusted guided by the CRRT clearance (CLCRRT in mL/min).

For patients with changing renal function, serum creatinine concentrations and eGFR should be monitored at least daily and the dose of EXBLIFEP adjusted accordingly.

For patients with Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), including ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP), infusion time should be 4 hours regardless of the renal impairment status.

Table 1: Recommended dose of EXBLIFEP in patients with renal impairment

Absolute eGFR (mL/min)

Recommended dose regimen for EXBLIFEP

(cefepime and enmetazobactam)

Dosing interval

Mild (60 - <90)

cefepime 2 g and enmetazobactam 0.5 g

Every 8 hours

Moderate (30- <60)

cefepime 1 g and enmetazobactam 0.25 g

Every 8 hours

Severe (15- <30)

cefepime 1 g and enmetazobactam 0.25 g

Every 12 hours

End stage renal disease (<15)

cefepime 1 g and enmetazobactam 0.25 g

Every 24 hours

Patients requiring hemodialysis

cefepime 1 g and enmetazobactam 0.25 g loading dose on the first day of therapy and cefepime 0.5g and enmetazobactam 0.125 g thereafter (every 24 hours but after the haemodialysis session on haemodialysis days).

Every 24 hours

Patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)

cefepime 2 g and enmetazobactam 0.5 g

Every 48 hours

Hepatic impairment

No dose adjustment is necessary in patients with hepatic impairment (see section 5.2).

Paediatric population

The safety and efficacy in children below 18 years of age has not yet been established. No data are available.

Method of administration

EXBLIFEP is administered via intravenous infusion.

For instructions on reconstitution and dilution of the medicinal product before administration, see section 6.6.

4.3 Contraindications

- Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

- Hypersensitivity to any cephalosporin antibacterial agent.

- Severe hypersensitivity (e.g., anaphylactic reaction, severe skin reaction) to any other type of beta-lactam antibacterial agent (e.g., penicillins, carbapenems or monobactams).

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Hypersensitivity reactions

Serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity reactions have been reported with cefepime and cefepime-enmetazobactam (see section 4.3 and 4.8).

Patients who have a history of hypersensitivity to other beta-lactam antibiotics may also be hypersensitive to cefepime-enmetazobactam. Before treatment initiation, careful inquiry should be made to determine whether the patient has had previous hypersensitivity reactions to beta-lactam antibiotics (see section 4.3).

Cefepime-enmetazobactan should be administered with caution to patients with a history of asthma or allergic diathesis.

The patient must be carefully monitored during the first administration. If an allergic reaction occurs, treatment must be discontinued immediately and adequate emergency measures must be initiated.

Renal impairment

Dose adjustments should be made in patients with renal impairment who have an absolute eGFR less than 60 mL/min (see section 4.2).

Reversible encephalopathy (disturbance of consciousness including confusion, hallucinations, stupor, and coma), myoclonus, seizures (including nonconvulsive status epilepticus), and/or renal failure have been reported with cefepime/enmetazobactam when the dose has not been reduced in patients with renal impairment. In some cases, neurotoxicity was reported in patients with renal impairment despite dose adjustments.

Renal function should be monitored carefully if medicinal products with nephrotoxic potential, such as aminoglycosides and potent diuretics, are administered concomitantly with cefepime-enmetazobactam.

Clostridioides difficile associated diarrhoea (CDAD)

CDAD has been reported with cefepime-enmetazobactam, and may range in severity from mild diarrhoea to fatal colitis. CDAD must be considered in patients who present with diarrhoea during or subsequent to the administration of cefepime-enmetazobactam. Discontinuation of therapy with cefepime-enmetazobactam and the use of supportive measures together with the administration of specific treatment for C. difficile should be considered. Medicinal products that inhibit peristalsis should not be given.

Non-susceptible organisms

The use of cefepime-enmetazobactam may result in overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms, which may require interruption of treatment or other appropriate measures.


No dose adjustment based on age is required. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and renal function should be monitored.

Limitations of the clinical data

Hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia

The use of cefepime-enmetazobactam to treat patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia, is based on experience with cefepime alone and pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic analyses for cefepime-enmetazobactam.

Limitations of the spectrum of antibacterial activity

Cefepime has little or no activity against the majority of Gram-positive organisms and anaerobes (see sections 4.2 and 5.1). Additional antibacterial agents should be used when these pathogens are known or suspected to be contributing to the infectious process.

The inhibitory spectrum of enmetazobactam includes class A extended spectrum β -lactamases (ESBLs). Enmetazobactam does not reliably inhibit the class A carbapenemase Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) and does not inhibit class B, class C or class D beta-lactamases. Cefepime is generally stable to hydrolysis by class C AmpC and class D OXA-48 enzymes (see section 5.1).

Interference with serological testing

A positive direct or indirect Coombs test without evidence of haemolysis may develop during treatment with cefepime-enmetazobactam as seen with cefepime.

Cephalosporin antibiotics may produce a false-positive reaction for glucose in the urine with copper reduction tests (Benedict's or Fehling's solution or with Clinitest tablets), but not with enzyme-based tests (glucose oxidase) for glycosuria. Therefore, it is recommended that glucose tests based on enzymatic glucose oxidase reactions be used.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

No clinical interaction studies have been performed with enmetazobactam.

However, based on in vitro studies and considering routes of elimination, the pharmacokinetic interaction potential for enmetazobactam is low.

Concomitant treatment with bacteriostatic antibiotics may interfere with the action of beta-lactam antibiotics. Cephalosporin antibiotics can potentiate the action of coumarin anticoagulants as seen with cefepime.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation


There are no data from the use of cefepime-enmetazobactam in pregnant women.

Animal studies indicate reproductive toxicity at relevant clinical exposure of enmetazobactam but no signs of teratogenicity (see section 5.3). Enmetazobactam should only be used during pregnancy when clearly indicated and only if the benefit for the mother outweighs the risk for the child.


Physico-chemical data suggest excretion of cefepime-enmetazobactam in human milk and cefepime-enmetazobactam has been shown to be excreted in milk from rat. A risk to the newborns/infants cannot be excluded.

A decision must be made whether to discontinue breast-feeding or to discontinue/abstain from cefepime-enmetazobactam therapy taking into account the benefit of breast feeding for the child and the benefit of therapy for the woman.


The effects of cefepime and enmetazobactam on fertility in humans have not been studied. No impairment of fertility has been seen in male and female rats treated with cefepime or enmetazobactam (see section 5.3).

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

EXBLIFEP has moderate influence on the ability to drive and use machines.

Possible adverse reactions such as altered state of consciousness, dizziness, confusion or hallucinations may alter the ability to drive and use machines (see sections 4.4, 4.8 and 4.9).

4.8 Undesirable effects

Summary of the safety profile

The most common adverse reactions that occurred in the Phase 3 study were alanine aminotransferase (ALT) increased (4.8%), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) increased (3.5%), diarrhoea (2.9%), and infusion site phlebitis (1.9%). A serious adverse reaction of Clostridioides difficile colititis occurred in 0.2% (1/516).

Tabulated list of adverse reactions

The following adverse reactions have been reported with cefepime alone during clinical studies or post marketing surveillance and/or identified during Phase 2 or/and Phase 3 studies with cefepime-enmetazobactam.

Adverse reactions are classified according to System Organ Class, frequency, preferred term using MedDRA terminology. Frequencies are defined as: very common (≥ 1/10), common (≥ 1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (≥ 1/1 000 to <1/100), rare (≥ 1/10 000 to <1/1 000), very rare (< 1/10 000) and not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data). Within each frequency grouping, adverse reactions are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.

Table 2. Frequency of adverse reactions by system organ class

System organ class


MedDRA preferred term (PT)

Infections and infestations


Clostridioides difficile associated diarrhoea (CDAD), oral candidiasisa, vaginal infection


Candida infectiona

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Very common

Coombs test positivea


Prothrombin time prolongeda, partial thromboplastin time prolongeda, anaemiaa, eosinophiliaa


Thrombocytopenia, leukopeniaa, neutropeniaa

Not known

Aplastic anaemiab, haemolytic anaemiab, agranulocytosisa

Immune system disorders


Anaphylactic reactiona, angioedemaa,

dermatitis allergic

Not known

Anaphylactic shocka

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Not known

Urine glucose false positivea

Psychiatric disorders

Not known

Confusional statea, hallucinationa

Nervous system disorders






Convulsiona, paraesthesiaa, dysgeusia

Not known

Comaa, stupora, encephalopathya, altered state of consciousnessa, myoclonusa

Vascular disorders


Infusion site phlebitis



Not known


Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders



Gastrointestinal disorders SMPC_44833_image1_1.png




Pseudomembranous colitis, colitis, vomiting, nausea,


Abdominal pain, constipation

Hepatobiliary disorders


Alanine aminotransferase increased, Aspartate aminotransferase increased, Blood bilirubin increased,

Alkaline phosphatase increased

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders




Erythema, urticaria, pruritus

Not known

Toxic epidermal necrolysisb, Stevens- Johnson syndromeb, erythema multiformeb

Renal and urinary disorders


Blood urea increased, blood creatinine increased

Not known

Renal failurea, toxic nephropathyb

Reproductive system and breast disorders


Vulvovaginal pruritus

General disorders and administration site condition


Infusion site reaction, injection site pain, injection site inflammation


Pyrexiaa, infusion site inflammation





Amylase increased, lipase increased, lactate dehydrogenase increased

a: Adverse reactions reported only with cefepime alone.

b: Adverse reactions that are generally accepted as being attributable to other compounds in the class (class effects).

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme, Website: or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.

4.9 Overdose


Symptoms of overdose include encephalopathy (disturbance of consciousness including confusion, hallucinations, stupor, and coma), myoclonus, and seizures (see section 4.8).


Accidental overdosing has occurred when large doses were given to patients with impaired renal function (see sections 4.2 and 4.4).

In case of severe overdose, especially in patients with compromised renal function, haemodialysis will aid in the removal of cefepime and enmetazobactam from the body; peritoneal dialysis is of no value (see section 5.2).

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antibacterials for systemic use, other beta-lactam antibacterials, fourth generation cephalosporins ATC code: J01DE51

Mechanism of action

Cefepime exerts bactericidal activity by inhibiting peptidoglycan cell wall synthesis as a result of binding to and inhibition of penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). Cefepime is generally stable to hydrolysis by class C AmpC and class D OXA-48 enzymes.

Enmetazobactam is a penicillanic acid sulfone beta-lactamase inhibitor structurally related to penicillin. Enmetazobactam binds to β -lactamases and prevents the hydrolysis of cefepime. It is active against class A ESBLs.

Enmetazobactam does not reliably inhibit the class A carbapenemase KPC and does not inhibit class B, class C or class D beta-lactamases.


Bacterial resistance mechanisms that could potentially affect cefepime-enmetazobactam include mutant or acquired PBPs, decreased outer membrane permeability to either compound, active efflux of either compound, and β -lactamase enzymes refractory to inhibition by enmetazobactam and able to hydrolyse cefepime.

Antibacterial activity in combination with other agents

No antagonism was demonstrated in in vitro medicinal product combination studies with cefepime-enmetazobactam and azithromycin, aztreonam, clindamycin, daptomycin, doxycycline, gentamicin levofloxacin, linezolid, metronidazole, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, or vancomycin.

Susceptibility testing breakpoints

MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) interpretive criteria for susceptibility testing have been established by the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) for cefepime-enmetazobactam and are listed here:

Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationship

The antimicrobial activity of cefepime has been shown to best correlate with the percentage of time of the dosing interval in which the free active substance concentration was above the cefepime-enmetazobactam MIC (% fT >MIC). For enmetazobactam, the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) index is the percentage of time of the dosing interval in which the free active substance concentration was above a threshold concentration (% fT >CT).

Clinical efficacy against specific pathogens

Efficacy has been demonstrated in clinical studies against the pathogens listed under each indication that were susceptible to cefepime-enmetazobactam in vitro.

Complicated urinary tract infections including pyelonephritis

Gram-negative micro-organisms:

- Escherichia coli

- Klebsiella pneumoniae

- Proteus mirabilis

Clinical efficacy has not been established against the following pathogens that are relevant to the approved indications, although in vitro studies suggest that they would be susceptible to cefepime and cefepime-enmetazobactam in the absence of acquired mechanisms of resistance:

Gram-negative micro-organisms:

- Klebsiella aerogenes

- Klebsiella oxytoca

- Serratia marcescens

- Citrobacter freundii

- Citrobacter koseri

- Providencia rettgeri

- Providencia stuartii

- Acinetobacter baumannii

- Pseudomonas aeruginosa

- Enterobacter cloacae

Gram-positive micro-organisms:

- Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin-susceptible only)

In vitro data indicate that the following species are not susceptible to cefepime-enmetazobactam:

- Enteroccocus spp.

Paediatric population

The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency has deferred the obligation to submit the results of studies with EXBLIFEP in one or more subsets of the paediatric population in the treatment of infections caused by gram-negative organisms (for the targeted indications 'Treatment of complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI), including acute pyelonephritis', 'Treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), including ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)' and 'Treatment of patients with bacteraemia that occurs in association with or is suspected to be associated with any of the above infections') (see section 4.2 for information on paediatric use).

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties


After intravenous (IV) administration of 2 g cefepime and 0.5 g enmetazobactam over 2 hours to patients with cUTI q8h, peak plasma concentrations (Cmax) assessed on Day 1 and Day 7 were 87 – 100 mcg/ml and 17 – 20 mcg/ml for cefepime and enmetazobactam respectively.

There was no significant difference in Cmax and AUC between healthy volunteers and cUTI patients in the population PK analysis.


Cefepime and enmetazobactam are well distributed in bodily fluids and tissues including bronchial mucosa. Based on the population PK analysis, the total volume of distribution was 16.9 L for cefepime and 20.6 L for enmetazobactam.

The serum protein binding of cefepime is approximately 20% and is independent of its concentration in serum. For enmetazobactam the serum protein binding is negligible.

An epithelial lining fluid (ELF) study in healthy volunteers showed that cefepime and enmetazobactam have similar lung penetration up to 73% and 62% at 8 hours post start of infusion, respectively, with a biodistribution coefficient fAUC (ELF/plasma) over the entire 8h dosing interval of 47% for cefepime and 46% for enmetazobactam.


Cefepime is metabolised to a small extent. The primary metabolite is N-methylpyrrolidine (NMP) which accounts for approximately 7% of the administered dose.

Enmetazobactam undergoes minimal hepatic metabolism.


Both cefepime and enmetazobactam are primarily excreted via kidneys as unchanged substance.

The mean elimination half-life of cefepime 2 g and enmetazobactam 500 mg when administered in combination in cUTI patients were 2.7 hours and 2.6 hours, respectively.

Urinary recovery of unchanged cefepime accounts for approximately 85% of the administered dose.

For enmetazobactam, approximately 90% of the dose was excreted unchanged in the urine over a 24-hour period. Mean renal clearance for enmetazobactam was 5.4 L/h and mean total clearance was 8.1 L/h.

There is no accumulation of cefepime or enmetazobactam following multiple intravenous infusions administered every 8 hours for 7 days in subjects with normal renal function.


The maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the plasma active substance concentration time curve (AUC) of cefepime and enmetazobactam proportionally increased with dose across the dose range studied (1 gram to 2 grams for cefepime and 0.6 grams to 4 grams for enmetazobactam) when administered as a single intravenous infusion.

Special populations


Cefepime pharmacokinetics have been investigated in elderly (65 years of age and older) men and women. Safety and efficacy in elderly patients was comparable to that in adults, while the elimination half-life was slightly longer and renal clearance lower in elderly patients. Dose adjustment is necessary in elderly patients with reduced renal function (see sections 4.2 and 4.4).

Population PK analysis for enmetazobactam did not demonstrate any clinically relevant change in PK parameters in elderly patients.

Renal impairment

For cefepime, without dose adjustment AUC0inf is approximately 1.9-fold, 3-fold, and 5-fold higher for subjects with mild, moderate, and severe renal impairment, respectively compared with subjects with normal renal function and 12-fold higher for subjects with ESRD who underwent dialysis before cefepime-enmetazabactam administration compared with subjects with normal renal function.

For enmetazobactam, without dose adjustment AUC0inf is approximately 1.8-fold, 3-fold, 5-fold higher for subjects with mild, moderate, and severe renal impairment, respectively, compared to subjects with normal renal function and 11-fold higher for subjects with ESRD who underwent dialysis before cefepime-enmetazabactam administration compared with subjects with normal renal function.

To maintain similar systemic exposures to those with normal renal function, dose adjustment is required (see section 4.2).

The average elimination half-life in haemodialysis volunteers (n=6), after dosing was 23.8 hours and 16.5 hours for cefepime and enmetazobactam, respectively. With haemodialysis, the dose should be administered immediately following completion of dialysis (see section 4.2). Haemodialysis increased systemic clearance in subjects with ESRD when dialysis was performed after dosing (clearance 2.1 L/h and 3.0 L/h for cefepime and enmetazobactam, respectively) compared to values when dialysis was performed before dosing (clearance for cefepime and enmetazobactam 0.7 L/h and 0.8 L/h, respectively).

For cefepime the half life was 19 hours for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.

Augmented renal clearance

Simulations using the population PK model demonstrated that patients with supra-normal creatinine clearance (> 150 mL/min) had a 28% decrease of systemic exposure compared to patients with normal renal function (80-150 mL/min). In this population, based on pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic considerations, prolongation of duration of infusion to 4 hours is recommended to maintain appropriate systemic exposure (see section 4.2).

Hepatic impairment

With single-dose administration of 1 g, the kinetics of cefepime was unchanged in patients with hepatic impairement.

Enmetazobactam undergoes minimal hepatic metabolism and has a low potential for altered PK in the presence of hepatic impairment. Thus, no dose adjustment is required.

Paediatric population

The pharmacokinetics of cefepime-enmetazobactam has not yet been evaluated in patients from birth to 18 years old.

5.3 Preclinical safety data


Non-clinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on conventional studies of safety pharmacology, repeated dose toxicity, reproductive toxicity or genotoxicity. No long term studies were performed in the animal to assess the carcinogenic potential.


Non-clinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on conventional studies of safety pharmacology or genotoxicity. Carcinogenicity studies with enmetazobactam have not been conducted.

General toxicity

Dose dependent liver findings in terms of hepatocellular accumulation of glycogen accompanied by increases in liver weights in rats and by single cell cystic degeneration/necrosis and increased cholesterol and liver enzyme levels in dogs were observed following 28 days of once daily intravenous administration of enmetazobactam alone.

The liver effects induced by enmetazobactam did not change or exacerbate when given together with cefepime. Following up to 4 weeks (in rats) and 13 weeks (in dogs) of once daily intravenous administration of enmetazobactam and cefepime, corresponding adverse liver effects (at least partially reversible) were observed at 250/500 mg/kg/day in rats (AUC0-24 195 mcg*h/mL) and at 200/400 mg/kg/day in dogs (AUC0-24 639 mcg*h/mL). These doses result in an exposure margin of 0.86-fold in rats and 2.8-fold in dogs compared to the exposure at the maximum recommended human dose (AUC0-24 226 mcg*h/mL). At the NOAELs of 125/250 mg/kg/day in rats and 50/100 mg/kg/day in dogs the margin to the exposure at the maximum recommended human dose was 0.57-fold and 0.71-fold, respectively.

Reproductive toxicity

In reproductive toxicity of enmetazobactam in rat and rabbit, delayed skeletal ossification (localised to the skull) were recorded in both rat and rabbit. Increased post-implantation loss, lower mean foetal weight and skeletal changes (sternum with fused sternebrae) were recorded in rabbit. These effects were observed together with maternal toxicity and at clinically relevant doses. Thus, NOAEL for rat is 250 mg/kg/day and for rabbit 50 mg/kg/day with a margin to the exposure at maximum recommended human dose of 1.14-fold and 1.10-fold, respectively.

In a peri-postnatal study on rat, lower pup weight, a slight delay in the pre-weaning development and reduced motor activity for a few males during the maturation phase were observed in the F1 generation. No abnormalities were seen in pups culled on Day 4 post partum, with exception of hindlimb lesions (rotation of paw and/or swollen paw), which were recorded in 2 pups from different litters in the F2 generation at 500 mg/kg/day. NOAEL for the F1 generation were 125 mg/kg/day and for maternal toxicity and F2 development 250 mg/kg/day, with a margin to the exposure at maximum recommended human dose of 0.68-fold and 1.14-fold, respectively.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients


6.2 Incompatibilities

This medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products or solutions except those mentioned in section 6.6.

There is a physical-chemical incompatibility with the following antibiotics: metronidazole, vancomycin, gentamicin, tobramycin sulphate and netilmicin sulphate. Should concomitant therapy be indicated, such agents must be administered separately.

6.3 Shelf life

2 years.

After reconstitution

The reconstituted vial should be further diluted immediately.

After dilution

Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 6 hours at 2 ° C to 8 ° C followed by 2 hours at 25 ° C.

From a microbiological point of view, unless the method of opening/reconstitution/dilution precludes the risk of microbial contamination, the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions are the responsibility of the user.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Store in a refrigerator (2 ° C – 8 ° C).

Keep the vial in the outer carton in order to protect from light.

For storage conditions after reconstitution and dilution of the medicinal product, see section 6.3.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

20 mL vial (Type I clear glass) with stopper (bromobutyl rubber) and flip-off seal.

Pack size of 10 vials.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

This medicinal product is for intravenous infusion and each vial is for single use only.

Aseptic technique must be followed in preparing the infusion solution.

Preparation of doses

Cefepime-enmetazobactam is compatible with sodium chloride 9 mg/ml (0.9%) solution for injection, 5% glucose injection solution and a combination of glucose injection solution and sodium chloride injection solution (containing 2.5% glucose and 0.45% sodium chloride).

EXBLIFEP is supplied as a dry powder in a single-dose vial that must be reconstituted and further diluted prior to intravenous infusion as outlined below.

To prepare the required dose for intravenous infusion, reconstitute the vial as determined from Table 3 below:

1. Withdraw 10 mL from an infusion bag of 250 mL (compatible injection solution) and reconstitute the cefepime-enmetazobactam vial.

2. Mix gently to dissolve. The reconstituted cefepime-enmetazobactam solution will have an approximate cefepime concentration of 0.20 g/mL and an approximate enmetazobactam concentration of 0.05 g/mL. The final volume is approximately 10 mL.


The reconstituted solution must be diluted further, immediately, in an infusion bag of 250 mL (compatible injection solution) before intravenous infusion. To dilute the reconstituted solution, withdraw the full or partial reconstituted vial content and add it back into the infusion bag according to Table 3 below.

3. The intravenous infusion of the diluted solution must be completed within 8 hours, if stored under refrigerated conditions (i.e., at 2° C to 8 ° C; where it has been refrigerated for less than 6 hours, prior to being allowed to reach room temperature and then administered at room temperature over a period of 2 or 4 hours).

Table 3: Preparation of cefepime-enmetazobactam doses

Cefepime/enmetazobactam dose

Number of vials to reconstitute

Volume to withdraw from each reconstituted vial for further dilution

Final volume of infusion bag

2.5 g (2 g / 0.5 g)


Entire content

(approximately 10 mL)

250 mL

1.25 g (1 g / 0.25 g)


5.0 mL

(discard unused portion)

245 mL

0.625 g (0.5 g / 0.125 g)


2.5 mL

(discard unused portion)

242.5 mL

Inspect the vial before use. It must only be used if the solution is free from particles. Use only clear solutions.

Like other cephalosporins, cefepime-enmetazobactam solutions can develop a yellow to amber color, depending on storage conditions. However, this has no negative influence on the effect of the product.

The prepared solution should be administered via intravenous infusion.

Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

Advanz Pharma Limited

Unit 17 Northwood House

Northwood Crescent

Dublin 9

D09 V504


8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

PLGB 56734/0009

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation


10. Date of revision of the text


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