- econazole nitrate
This information is intended for use by health professionals
Pevaryl 1% Topical Cream.
Econazole nitrate - 1.0% w/w.
Each gram of cream contains 10 mg econazole nitrate.
Excipients of known effect:
Benzoic acid (E210)
Flower perfume 4074
(contains linalool, citronellol, 3-methyl-4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-3-buten-2-one, geraniol, hydroxycitronellal, coumarin, benzyl salicylate, hexyl cinnamaldehyde, d-limonene, citral, cinnamyl alcohol, lilial, eugenol, benzyl benzoate, isoeugenol, farnesol, benzyl alcohol and cinnamal)
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1
For the treatment of cutaneous candidiasis, dermatophytosis and pityriasis versicolor.
For cutaneous administration.
The dosage regimen is the same for all patients.
Apply twice daily to the affected part and rub into the skin gently with the finger.
The usual treatment duration is 2 to 4 weeks.
If no improvement in symptoms is experienced after 4 weeks, the treatment should be reassessed.
Pevaryl Topical Cream is contraindicated in individuals who have shown hypersensitivity to any of its ingredients.
For external use only. Care should be taken not to get Pevaryl Topical Cream in the eyes or mouth. If the product is accidently applied to the eyes the patient should wash with clean water or saline and seek medical attention if symptoms persist.
If a reaction suggesting sensitivity or chemical irritation should occur, use of the medication should be discontinued.
Care should be taken in the presence of eczematous dermatitis.
This medicine contains 30 mg benzoic acid in each tube of 15 g which is equivalent to 2 mg/g cream.
This medicine contains 60 mg benzoic acid in each tube of 30 g which is equivalent to 2 mg/g cream.
Benzoic acid may cause local irritation.
Benzoic acid may increase jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) in newborn babies (up to 4 weeks old).
This medicine contains fragrance with linalool, citronellol, 3-methyl-4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-3-buten-2-one, geraniol, hydroxycitronellal, coumarin, benzyl salicylate, hexyl cinnamaldehyde, d-limonene, citral, cinnamyl alcohol, lilial, eugenol, benzyl benzoate, isoeugenol, farnesol, benzyl alcohol and cinnamal. These may cause allergic reactions.
Butylhydroxyanisole (E320): May cause local skin reactions (e.g. contact dermatitis) or irritation to the eyes and mucous membranes.
Econazole administered systemically is known to inhibit CYP3A4/2C9. Due to the limited systemic availability after topical application, clinically relevant interactions are rare. However, in patients on oral anticoagulants, such as warfarin, and acenocoumarol caution should be exercised and anticoagulant effect should be monitored more frequently.
Adjustment of the oral anticoagulant dosage may be necessary during the treatment with econazole and after its termination.
Systemic absorption of econazole is low (< 10%) after topical application to the intact skin in humans. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies on adverse effects from the use of Pevaryl Topical cream in pregnant women, and no other relevant epidemiological data are available.
Animal studies have shown reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3).
Because there is systemic absorption, use of Pevaryl Topical Cream is not recommended during pregnancy.
It is not known whether cutaneous administration of Pevaryl Topical cream results in sufficient systemic absorption of econazole nitrate to produce detectable quantities in breast milk in humans (see section 5.3).
A risk to the breast-fed child cannot be excluded.
A decision must be made whether to discontinue breast-feeding or to discontinue/abstain from Pevaryl Topical Cream therapy taking into account the benefit of breast-feeding for the child and benefit of therapy for the woman.
If Pevaryl Topical Cream is used while breast-feeding, care should be taken to ensure the cream is not applied to the nipple or surrounding area.
Results of econazole animal reproduction studies showed no effects on fertility.
The safety of econazole nitrate cream (1%) and econazole nitrate emulsion (1%) was evaluated in 470 subjects who participated in 12 clinical trials and received at least one administration of either formulation. Based on pooled safety data from these clinical trials, the most commonly reported (≥1% incidence) adverse reactions were (with % incidence): pruritus (1.3%), skin burning sensation (1.3%), and pain (1.1%).
Including the above-mentioned adverse reactions, the following table displays adverse reactions that have been reported with the use of PEVARYL Dermatological Formulations from either clinical trial or post-marketing experiences. The displayed frequency categories use the following convention:
Very common (≥1/10); common (≥1/100 to <1/10); uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100); rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000); very rare (<1/10,000); and not known (cannot be estimated from the available clinical trial data).
In the PEVARYL Dermatological Formulations adverse reaction table below, all adverse reactions with a known incidence (common or uncommon) are from clinical trial data and all adverse reactions with an unknown incidence are from post-marketing data.
Table 1: Adverse Reactions
System Organ Class
(≥1/100 to <1/10)
(≥1/1,000 to <1/100)
Immune System Disorder
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders
Skin burning sensation
General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.
Pevaryl Topical Cream is for cutaneous application only. In the event of accidental ingestion, treat symptomatically.
If large amounts have been taken by mouth or swallowed, use appropriate supportive care.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antifungals For Topical Use, Imidazole and triazole derivatives, econazole; ATC code: D01AC03.
Econazole nitrate is a broad spectrum antimycotic with activity against dermatophytes, yeasts and moulds. A clinically relevant action against Gram positive bacteria has also been found.
Econazole nitrate is only slightly absorbed from the skin. No active drug has been detected in the serum. Radio labelling shows that less than 0.1% of an oral dose is absorbed. Peak serum levels are achieved after 2 hours and 90% binds to plasma proteins. Metabolism is limited but occurs primarily in the liver with excretion of metabolites in the urine.
Low neonatal survival and fetal toxicity was associated only with maternal toxicity. In animal studies, econazole nitrate has shown no teratogenic effects but was foetotoxic in rodents at maternal subcutaneous doses of 20 mg/kg/day and at maternal oral doses of 10 mg/kg/day. The significance of this in humans is unknown.
Following oral administration of econazole nitrate to lactating rats, econazole and/or metabolites were excreted in milk and were found in nursing pups.
Macrogols (PEG-6 and PEG-32) / glycol stearate
Benzoic acid (E210)
Flower perfume 4074 (contains linalool, citronellol, 3-methyl-4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-3-buten-2-one, geraniol, hydroxycitronellal, coumarin, benzyl salicylate, hexyl cinnamaldehyde, d-limonene, citral, cinnamyl alcohol, lilial, eugenol, benzyl benzoate, isoeugenol, farnesol, benzyl alcohol and cinnamal)
Do not store above 25°C.
Resin lined, aluminium tubes containing 15 g or 30 g of cream.
No special requirements.
Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements
50-100 Holmers Farm Way
Date of first authorisation: 01 March 1995
Renewal of authorisation: 18 March 2009
26 March 2021
50 - 100 Holmers Farm Way, High Wycombe, Bucks, HP12 4EG
+44 (0)1494 567 567
+44 (0)800 731 8450
+44 (0)800 731 5550