Efcortelan Ointment 2.5%
Hydrocortisone 2.5% Ointment
Each gram of ointment contains 25 mg hydrocortisone (2.5 % w/w).
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
A smooth off-white ointment.
Hydrocortisone has topical anti-inflammatory activities of value in the treatment of a wide variety of dermatological conditions, including the following: eczema, including atopic, infantile, discoid and stasis eczemas: prurigo nodularis, neurodermatoses, seborrhoeic dermatitis, intertrigo and contact sensitivity reactions.
Hydrocortisone preparations can also be used in the management of insect bites and otitis externa.
Hydrocortisone 0.5% preparations can be used as continuation therapy in mild cases of seborrhoeic or atopic eczema once the acute inflammatory phase has passed.
A small quantity should be applied to the affected area two or three times daily.
Hydrocortisone cream is often appropriate for moist or weeping surfaces, and Hydrocortisone ointment for dry-lichenified or scaly lesions, but this is not invariably so.
Method of administration
For topical use.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.
Skin lesions, caused by infection with viruses (e.g. herpes simplex, chicken pox), fungi (e.g. candidiasis, tinea) or bacteria (e.g. impetigo).
Long term continuous or inappropriate use of topical steroids can result in the development of rebound flares after stopping treatment (topical steroid withdrawal syndrome). A severe form of rebound flare can develop which takes the form of a dermatitis with intense redness, stinging and burning that can spread beyond the initial treatment area. It is more likely to occur when delicate skin sites such as the face and flexures are treated. Should there be a reoccurrence of the condition within days to weeks after successful treatment a withdrawal reaction should be suspected. Reapplication should be with caution and specialist advise is recommended in these cases or other treatment options should be considered.
In infants and children, long-term continuous topical therapy should be avoided where possible, as adrenal suppression can occur even without occlusion. In infants, the napkin may act as an occlusive dressing, and increase absorption. Treatment should therefore be limited if possible, to a maximum of 7 days.
Appropriate antimicrobial therapy should be used whenever treating inflammatory lesions which have become infected. Any spread of infection requires withdrawal of topical corticosteroid therapy, and systemic administration of antimicrobial agents.
As with all corticosteroids, prolonged application to the face is undesirable.
Fire hazard in contact with dressings, clothing and bedding
Instruct patients not to smoke or go near naked flames - risk of severe burns. Fabric (clothing, bedding, dressings etc) that has been in contact with this product burns more easily and is a serious fire hazard. Washing clothing and bedding may reduce product build-up but not totally remove it.
No interaction studies have been performed.
There is inadequate evidence of safety in human pregnancy.
Topical application of corticosteroids to pregnant animals can cause abnormalities of fetal development including cleft palate and intrauterine growth retardation. There may, therefore, be a very small risk of such effects in the human fetus.
Hydrocortisone skin preparations have no or negligible influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders
Not known (cannot be estimated from available data): Withdrawal reactions - redness of the skin which may extend to areas beyond the initial affected area, burning or stinging sensation, itch, skin peeling, oozing pustules. (see section 4.4)
Hydrocortisone preparations are usually well tolerated but if signs of hypersensitivity appear, application should be stopped immediately.
Exacerbation of symptoms may occur.
Local atrophic changes may occur where skin folds are involved, or in areas such as the nappy area in small children, where constant moist conditions favour the absorption of hydrocortisone. Sufficient systemic absorption may also occur in such sites to produce the features of hypercorticism and suppression of the HPA axis after prolonged treatment. The effect is more likely to occur in infants and children, and if occlusive dressings are used.
There are reports of pigmentation changes and hypertrichosis with topical steroids.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactionsReporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.
Acute overdosage is very unlikely to occur, however, in the case of chronic overdosage or misuse the features of hypercorticism may appear and in this situation topical steroids should be discontinued.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Corticosteroids, weak (group I), ATC code: D07AA02
Hydrocortisone is the main glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex. It is used topically for its anti-inflammatory effects which suppress the clinical manifestations of the disease in a wide range of disorders where inflammation is a prominent feature.
Hydrocortisone is absorbed through the skin particularly in denuded areas.
Hydrocortisone is metabolised in the liver and most body tissues to hydrogenated and degraded forms such as tetrahydrocortisone and tetrahydrocortisol.
Metabolites are excreted in the urine, mainly conjugated as glucuronides, together with a very small proportion of unchanged hydrocortisone.
There are no preclinical data of relevance to the prescriber which are additional to that in other sections of the SmPC.
White soft paraffin
Store below 25°C.
Collapsible aluminium tubes internally uncoated or coated with an epoxy resin based lacquer and closed with a wadless polypropylene cap.
Pack size: 15 g, 30 g and 50 g.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
No special requirements.
Chemidex Pharma Ltd.
T/A Essential Generics
Egham Business Village
Date of first authorisation: 1 March 1993
Date of latest renewal: 22 October 2004