This information is intended for use by health professionals
Canesten 10% w/w Vaginal Cream
Clotrimazole 10% w/w
Excipients with known effect:
Cetostearyl alcohol 35mg in each gram of cream
Benzyl alcohol 10mg in each gram of cream
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
Canesten vaginal cream is recommended for the treatment of candidal vaginitis.
The cream should be administered intravaginally using the applicator supplied.
The contents of the filled applicator (5g) should be inserted as deeply as possible into the vagina, preferably at night. A second treatment may be carried out if necessary.
Not for use in children under 16.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.
Treatment during the menstrual period should not be performed due to the risk of the cream being washed out by the menstrual flow. The treatment should be finished before the onset of menstruation.
Do not use tampons, intravaginal douches, spermicides or other vaginal products while using this product.
Vaginal intercourse should be avoided in case of vaginal infection and while using this product because the partner could become infected.
Patients should be advised to consult their physician if the symptoms have not been relieved within one week of using Canesten Vaginal Cream. Canesten Vaginal Cream can be used again if the candidal infection returns after 7 days. However, if the candidal infection recurs more than twice within six months, patients should be advised to consult their physician.
This product contains cetostearyl alcohol, which may cause local skin reactions (e.g. contact dermatitis). The product also contains benzyl alcohol which may cause allergic reactions and mild local irritation.
Laboratory tests have suggested that, when used together, this product may cause damage to latex contraceptives. Consequently the effectiveness of such contraceptives may be reduced. Patients should be advised to use alternative precautions for at least five days after using this product.
Concomitant treatment with vaginal clotrimazole and oral tacrolimus (FK- 506; immunosuppressant) might lead to increased tacrolimus plasma levels and similarly with sirolimus. Patients should thus be closely monitored for signs and symptoms of tacrolimus or sirolimus overdosage, if necessary by determination of the respective plasma levels.
There are limited amount of data from the use of clotrimazole in pregnant women. Animal studies with clotrimazole have shown reproductive toxicity at high oral doses (see section 5.3). At the low systemic exposures of clotrimazole following vaginal treatment, harmful effects with respect to reproductive toxicity are not predicted.
Clotrimazole can be used during pregnancy, but only under the supervision of a physician or midwife.
During pregnancy the treatment should be carried out with clotrimazole pessary, since these can be inserted without using an applicator.
There are no data on the excretion of clotrimazole into human milk. However, systemic absorption is minimal after administration and is unlikely to lead to systemic effects. Clotrimazole may be used during lactation.
No human studies of the effects of clotrimazole on fertility have been performed, however, animal studies have not demonstrated any effects of the drug on fertility.
The medication has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive or use machinery.
Frequency not known. As the listed undesirable effects are based on spontaneous reports, assigning accurate frequency of occurrence for each is not possible.
Immune system disorders: anaphylactic reaction, angioedema, hypersensitivity.
Vascular disorder: syncope, hypotension.
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: dyspnea.
Gastrointestinal disorders: abdominal pain, nausea.
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: rash, urticaria, pruritus.
Reproductive system and breast disorders: vaginal exfoliation, vaginal discharge, vaginal haemorrhage, vulvovaginal discomfort, vulvovaginal erythema, vulvovaginal burning sensation, vulvovaginal pruritus, vulvovaginal pain.
General disorders and administration site conditions: application site irritation, oedema, pain.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.
No risk of acute intoxication is seen as it is unlikely to occur following a single vaginal or dermal application of an overdose (application over a large area under conditions favourable to absorption) or inadvertent oral ingestion. There is no specific antidote.
However, in the event of accidental oral ingestion, routine measures such as gastric lavage should be performed only if clinical symptoms of overdose become apparent (e.g. dizziness, nausea or vomiting). Gastric lavage should be carried out only if the airway can be protected adequately.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Gynaecological antiinfectives and antiseptics – imidazole derivatives
ATC Code: G01A F02
Mechanism of Action
Azoles (e.g. clotrimazole) are usually recommended for the local treatment of vulvovaginal candidosis that is characterized by vulvovaginal symptoms such as itching, burning, discharge, redness, swelling and soreness.
Clotrimazole acts against fungi by inhibiting ergosterol synthesis. Inhibition of ergosterol synthesis leads to structural and functional impairment of the fungal cytoplasmic membrane.
Clotrimazole has a broad antimycotic spectrum of action in vitro and in vivo, which includes dermatophytes, yeasts, moulds, etc.
Under appropriate test conditions, the MIC values for these types of fungi are in the region of less than 0.062-8.0 microgram/ml substrate. The mode of action of clotrimazole is fungistatic or fungicidal depending on the concentration of clotrimazole at the site of infection. In-vitro activity is limited to proliferating fungal elements; fungal spores are only slightly sensitive.
Primarily resistant variants of sensitive fungal species are very rare; the development of secondary resistance by sensitive fungi has so far only been observed in very isolated cases under therapeutic conditions.
Pharmacokinetic investigations after vaginal application have shown that only a small amount of clotrimazole (3 – 10% of the dose) is absorbed. Due to the rapid hepatic metabolism of absorbed clotrimazole into pharmacologically inactive metabolites the resulting peak plasma concentrations of clotrimazole after vaginal application of a 500mg dose were less than 10 ng/ml, reflecting that clotrimazole applied intravaginally does not lead to measurable systemic effects or side effects.
Non-clinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on studies of repeated dose toxicity, genotoxicity and carcinogenicity.
Clotrimazole was not teratogenic in reproductive toxicity studies in mice, rats and rabbits. In rats high oral doses were associated with maternal toxicity, embryotoxicity, reduced fetal weights and decreased pup survival.
In rats clotrimazole and/or its metabolites were secreted into milk at levels higher than in plasma by a factor of 10 to 20 at 4 hrs after administration, followed by a decline to a factor of 0.4 by 24 hrs.
Do not store above 25°C.
A single dose applicator consisting of a body of HDPE, piston of LDPE, cap of LDPE, with a separate plunger of polystyrene. One applicator is contained in a blister pack. Pack size 5g.
No special requirements.
400 South Oak Way
Date of first authorisation:
Date of latest renewal:
30 January 1985
08 March 2006