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Dexamethasone 2mg/5ml Oral Solution
Dexamethasone 2mg/5ml Oral Solution
The name of your medicine is Dexamethasone 2mg/5ml Oral Solution but it will be referred to as ‘Dexamethasone’ throughout this leaflet.
1. What Dexamethasone is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Dexamethasone
3. How to take Dexamethasone
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Dexamethasone
6. Contents of the pack and other information
The name of your medicine is Dexamethasone. Dexamethasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid (adrenocortical hormone).
Corticosteroids are hormones that are found naturally in your body that help to keep you healthy and well.
Taking extra corticosteroids, such as Dexamethasone, is used to treat various illnesses involving inflammation in the body.
Dexamethasone lowers inflammation, which could otherwise go on making your condition worse. You must take this medicine regularly to get maximum benefit from it.
Dexamethasone can be used to:
You must talk to a doctor if you do not feel better or if you feel worse.
Dexamethasone is used as a treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in adult and adolescent patients (aged 12 years and older with body weight at least 40 kg) with difficulty breathing and need of oxygen therapy.
Do not take this medicine if any of the above apply to you.
Treatment with this medicine may cause pheochromocytoma crisis, which can be fatal.
Pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor of the adrenal glands Crisis can occur with the following symptoms: headaches, sweating, palpitations, and hypertension. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of these signs.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Dexamethasone:
Mental health problems can happen while taking steroids like Dexamethasone (see also section 4).
Talk to a doctor if you (or someone taking this medicine), show any signs of mental problems. This is particularly important if you are depressed, or might be thinking about suicide. In a few cases, mental problems have happened when doses are being lowered or stopped.
Tell your doctor if you have symptoms of tumour lysis syndrome such as muscle cramping, muscle weakness, confusion, visual loss or disturbances and shortness of breath, in case you suffer from haematological malignancy.
If you have been using Dexamethasone for a longer period, the therapy may never be stopped abruptly. If during prolonged therapy any intercurrent illness, trauma or surgical procedure occurs, your doctor may decide to temporarily increase the dosage. Dexamethasone may mask symptoms of an infection and new infections may develop during therapy. Vaccines should, in certain circumstances, not be given to you during therapy. Your doctor will decide for you whether or not this is relevant to you. Exposure to chickenpox, shingles or measles should, if you have not had these diseases before, be avoided during therapy. Please contact your doctor if, for some reason, you have been exposed to chickenpox or measles during therapy.The common side effects of Dexamethasone may be associated with more serious consequences in old age, especially osteoporosis, high blood pressure, low potassium levels in the blood, diabetes, susceptibility to infection and thinning of the skin. Extra supervision by your doctor is necessary.
Contact your doctor if you experience blurred vision or other visual disturbances.
Before Dexamethasone is given to you, it is also important to tell your doctor if you have or ever had:
If you are not sure if any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before using Dexamethasone.
Extra supervision by your doctor is necessary when Dexamethasone is used to treat children since glucocorticoids may affect growth.
Dexamethasone should not be used routinely in preterm neonates with respiratory problems.
Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines. Other medicines can affect the way Dexamethasone works or Dexamethasone can affect the way they work.
You should not stop taking any other steroid medications unless your doctor has instructed you to do.
Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before you take Dexamethasone.
General precautions regarding steroid use in specific diseases, masking infection, concomitant medicines etc. in line with current recommendations.
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.
Dexamethasone should not be used for a prolonged period during pregnancy. If you receive Dexamethasone often or over a long period of time during pregnancy there may be a risk that the baby’s growth slows down.
It is not known whether or not Dexamethasone is excreted into breast milk. Breast-feeding during treatment with Dexamethasone is therefore discouraged.
Glucocorticoids may cause mood changes or visual disturbances. If you notice this, caution should be exercised in driving and operating machinery.
This product contains 700mg sorbitol (E420) in each 5ml of dose. Sorbitol is a source of fructose. If your doctor has told you that you (or your child) have an intolerance to some sugars or if you have been diagnosed with hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI), a rare genetic disorder in which a person cannot break down fructose, talk to your doctor before you (or your child) take or receive this medicine. Sorbitol may cause gastrointestinal discomfort and mild laxative effect.
This product also contains maltitol (E965). If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product. May have a mild laxative effect. Calorific value 2.3 kcal/g maltitol (or isomaltitol).
This medicine contains 2.2275mg sodium (main component of cooking/ table salt) in each 5ml dose. This is equivalent to 0.11% of the recommended maximum daily dietary intake of sodium for an adult.
This product also contains 182.2mg propylene glycol (E1520) in each 5ml of dose. If your child is less than 5 years old, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before giving them this medicine, in particular if they use other medicines that contain propylene glycol or alcohol.
This medicine contains 3 mg benzoic acid (E210) in each 5ml of dose. Benzoic acid may increase jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) in newborn babies (up to 4 weeks old).
Take Dexamethasone as only as prescribed by your doctor. Your doctor will decide how long you should take dexamethasone for Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
For the treatment of Covid-19
Adult patients are recommended to take [PO] 6 mg (15 ml) once a day for up to 10 days.
Paediatric patients (adolescents of 12 years of age or older) are recommended to take [PO] 6 mg (15ml) once a day for up to 10 days.
When you get better the dosage is gradually decreased, preferably to one morning dose on alternate days.
a) Open the bottle: press the cap and turn it anticlockwise (figure 1). Separate the adaptor from the syringe (figure 2).
b) Insert the adaptor into the bottle neck (figure 3). Ensure it is properly fixed. Take the syringe and put it in the adaptor opening (figure 4).
c) Turn the bottle upside down. Fill the syringe with a small amount of solution by pulling the piston down (figure 5A), then push the piston upwards in order to remove any possible bubble (figure 5B). Pull the piston down to the graduation mark corresponding to the quantity in milliliters (ml) prescribed by your doctor (figure 5C).
d) Turn the bottle the right way up (figure 6A). Remove the syringe from the adaptor (figure 6B).
e) Empty the contents of the syringe into the patient’s mouth by pushing the piston to the bottom of the syringe (figure 7). The contents of the syringe should be emptied into the side cheek of the patient’s mouth to avoid a choking hazard. Close the bottle with the plastic screw cap. Wash the syringe with water (figure 8).
If you took more Dexamethasone than you should, talk to a doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Find the type of dose you take in the chart below and follow the instructions.
Your dose What to do
One dose several times a day Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, even if this means taking two doses at once
One dose a day (preferably in the morning) If you remember on the same day, take the missed dose as soon as possible. If you do not remember until the next day, just skip the missed dose and take only the dose for that day. Do not take a double dose.
One dose every two days (preferably in the morning) If you remember on the same morning, take the missed dose as soon as possible. If you remember later in the day, wait and take the dose the next morning. Then miss a day and start your regular pattern again in the following morning.
It can be dangerous to stop taking this medicine suddenly. If you need to stop this treatment, follow your doctor’s advice. He or she may tell you to lower the amount of medicine you are taking gradually until you stop taking it altogether. If you stop taking this medicine too quickly, your condition may get worse.
You may also feel a ‘withdrawal symptom’. These may include headache, problems with your vision (including pain or swelling in the eye), feeling or being sick, fever, pain in your muscles and joints, swelling in the inside of your nose, weight loss, itchy skin and conjunctivitis.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
After therapy with Dexamethasone for a longer period, the dose should be gradually decreased in order to prevent a relapse of your disease and to allow your adrenal gland to recover its normal function.
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. On short-term treatment:
On long-term treatment:
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.
This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme Website at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
The active ingredient is Dexamethasone sodium phosphate.
Each 5ml of oral solution contains 2mg dexamethasone (as dexamethasone sodium phosphate).
The other ingredients are propylene glycol (E1520), benzoic acid (E210), citric acid monohydrate (E330), sodium citrate (E331), liquid maltitol (E965), liquid sorbitol (E420), garden mint flavour (containing propylene glycol (E1520)) and purified water.
Dexamethasone is clear colourless to faint yellow solution with odour of mint supplied in an amber glass bottle, with a tamper evident, child resistant white plastic cap with a 10ml oral syringe having 0.5ml graduation mark and 1ml oral syringe with 0.01ml graduation mark for measuring and an adaptor for the syringe.
Dexamethasone oral solution is supplied in a bottle containing 150ml oral solution.
If this leaflet is hard to see or read, please call +44 (0) 208 515 3700 for help.
This medicine is authorised in the Member States of the European Economic Area and in the United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) under the following names:
Malta: Dexamethasone Thame 2mg/5ml Oral Solution
(Northern Ireland): Dexamethasone 2mg/5ml Oral Solution
This leaflet was last revised in 10/2022.