This information is intended for use by health professionals

 This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions. See section 4.8 for how to report adverse reactions.

1. Name of the medicinal product

Vaborem 1 g/1 g powder for concentrate for solution for infusion

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Each vial contains meropenem trihydrate equivalent to 1 g meropenem, and 1 g vaborbactam.

After reconstitution, 1 ml of the solution contains 50 mg meropenem and 50 mg vaborbactam (see section 6.6).

Excipient with known effect:

Each vial contains 10.9 mmol of sodium (approximately 250 mg).

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Powder for concentrate for solution for infusion (powder for concentrate).

White to light yellow powder.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Vaborem is indicated for the treatment of the following infections in adults (see sections 4.4 and 5.1):

• Complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI), including pyelonephritis

• Complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI)

• Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), including ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP).

Treatment of patients with bacteraemia that occurs in association with, or is suspected to be associated with, any of the infections listed above.

Vaborem is also indicated for the treatment of infections due to aerobic Gram-negative organisms in adults with limited treatment options (see sections 4.2, 4.4 and 5.1).

Consideration should be given to official guidance on the appropriate use of antibacterial agents.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Vaborem should be used to treat infections due to aerobic Gram-negative organisms in adult patients with limited treatment options only after consultation with a physician with appropriate experience in the management of infectious diseases (see sections 4.4 and 5.1).

Posology

Table 1 shows the recommended intravenous dose for patients with a creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥40 ml/min (see sections 4.4 and 5.1).

Table 1: Recommended intravenous dose for patients with a creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥40 ml/min1

Type of infection

Dose of Vaborem (meropenem/ vaborbactam)2

Frequency

Infusion time

Duration of treatment

Complicated UTI (cUTI), including pyelonephritis

2 g/2 g

Every 8 hours

3 hours

5 to 10 days2

cIAI

2 g/2 g

Every 8 hours

3 hours

5 to 10 days2

Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), including VAP

2 g/2 g

Every 8 hours

3 hours

7 to 14 days

Bacteraemia, in association with, or suspected to be associated with, any of the infections listed above

2 g/2 g

Every 8 hours

3 hours

Duration in accordance with the site of infection

Infections due to aerobic Gram-negative organisms in patients with limited treatment options

2 g/2 g

Every 8 hours

3 hours

Duration in accordance with the site of infection

1 As calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault formula

2 Treatment may continue up to 14 days

Special populations

Elderly population

No dose adjustment based on age is required (see section 5.2).

Renal impairment

Table 2 shows the recommended dose adjustments for patients with a CrCl ≤39 ml/min.

Meropenem and vaborbactam are removed by haemodialysis (see section 5.2). Doses adjusted for renal impairment should be administered after a dialysis session.

Table 2: Recommended intravenous doses for patients with a CrCl ≤39 ml/min1

CrCl (ml/min)1

Recommended Dosage Regimen2

Dosing Interval

Infusion Time

20 to 39

1 g/1 g

Every 8 hours

3 hours

10 to 19

1 g/1 g

Every 12 hours

3 hours

Less than 10

0.5 g/0.5 g

Every 12 hours

3 hours

1 As calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault formula

2 Refer to Table 1 for the recommended duration of treatment

Hepatic impairment

No dose adjustment is required in patients with hepatic impairment (see sections 4.4 and 5.2).

Paediatric population

The safety and efficacy of meropenem/vaborbactam in children and adolescents younger than 18 years of age have not yet been established. No data are available.

Method of administration

Intravenous use.

Vaborem is administered by intravenous infusion over 3 hours.

For instructions on reconstitution and dilution of the medicinal product before administration, see section 6.6.

4.3 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

Hypersensitivity to any carbapenem antibacterial agent.

Severe hypersensitivity (e.g. anaphylactic reaction, severe skin reaction) to any other type of beta-lactam antibacterial agent (e.g. penicillins, cephalosporins or monobactams).

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Hypersensitivity reactions

Serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity reactions have been reported with meropenem and/or meropenem/vaborbactam (see sections 4.3 and 4.8).

Patients who have a history of hypersensitivity to carbapenems, penicillins or other beta-lactam antibacterial agents may also be hypersensitive to meropenem/vaborbactam. Before initiating therapy with Vaborem, careful inquiry should be made concerning previous hypersensitivity reactions to beta-lactam antibiotics.

If a severe allergic reaction occurs, treatment with Vaborem must be discontinued immediately and adequate emergency measures must be initiated.

Seizures

Seizures have been reported during treatment with meropenem (see section 4.8).

Patients with known seizure disorders should continue anticonvulsant therapy. Patients who develop focal tremors, myoclonus, or seizures should be evaluated neurologically and placed on anticonvulsant therapy if not already instituted. If necessary, the dose of meropenem/vaborbactam should be adjusted based on renal function (see section 4.2). Alternatively, meropenem/vaborbactam should be discontinued (see section 4.5).

Hepatic function monitoring

Hepatic function should be closely monitored during treatment with meropenem/vaborbactam due to the risk of hepatic toxicity (hepatic dysfunction with cholestasis and cytolysis) (see section 4.8).

Patients with pre-existing liver disorders should have liver function monitored during treatment with meropenem/vaborbactam. There is no dose adjustment necessary (see section 4.2).

Antiglobulin test (Coombs test) seroconversion

A positive direct or indirect Coombs test may develop during treatment with meropenem/vaborbactam as seen with meropenem (see section 4.8).

Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea

Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea has been reported with meropenem/vaborbactam. The condition can range in severity from mild diarrhoea to fatal colitis and should be considered in patients who present with diarrhoea during or subsequent to the administration of Vaborem (see section 4.8). Discontinuation of therapy with Vaborem and the administration of specific treatment for Clostridium difficile should be considered. Medicinal products that inhibit peristalsis should not be given.

Concomitant use with valproic acid/sodium valproate/valpromide

Case reports in the literature have shown that co-administration of carbapenems, including meropenem, to patients receiving valproic acid or divalproex sodium may reduce plasma levels of valproic acid to concentrations below the therapeutic range as a result of this interaction, thus increasing the risk of breakthrough seizures. If administration of Vaborem is necessary, supplemental anticonvulsant therapy should be considered (see section 4.5).

Limitations of the clinical data

Complicated intra-abdominal infections

The use of Vaborem to treat patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections is based on experience with meropenem alone and pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic analyses of meropenem/vaborbactam.

Hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia

The use of Vaborem to treat patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia, is based on experience with meropenem alone and pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic analyses for meropenem/vaborbactam.

Patients with limited treatment options

The use of Vaborem to treat patients with infections due to bacterial organisms who have limited treatment options is based on pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analyses for meropenem/vaborbactam and on limited data from a randomised clinical trial in which 32 patients were treated with Vaborem and 15 patients were treated with best available therapy for infections caused by carbapenem-resistant organisms (see section 5.1).

Spectrum of activity of meropenem/vaborbactam

Meropenem does not have activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) or vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE). Alternative or additional antibacterial agents should be used when these pathogens are known or suspected to be contributing to the infectious process.

The inhibitory spectrum of vaborbactam includes class A carbapenemases (such as KPC) and Class C carbapenemases. Vaborbactam does not inhibit class D carbapenemases such as OXA-48 or class B metallo-β-lactamases such as NDM and VIM (see section 5.1).

Non-susceptible organisms

The use of meropenem/vaborbactam may result in the overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms, which may require interruption of treatment or other appropriate measures.

Controlled sodium diet

Vaborem contains 10.9 mmol (approximately 250 mg) of sodium per vial. This should be taken into consideration while treating patients on a controlled sodium diet.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Caution should be used when administering meropenem/vaborbactam concomitantly with medicinal products with a narrow therapeutic window that are predominantly metabolised by CYP450 enzymes (e.g. immunosuppressants such as tacrolimus, everolimus and cyclosporine, lovastatin, midazolam, sildenafil and warfarin) as conclusive data on whether meropenem or vaborbactam may be inhibitors or inducers of CYP450 enzymes is not yet available. It is unknown whether a potential interaction would result in increased or decreased plasma concentrations, and thus patients should be monitored both for signs of toxicity and lack of efficacy of the narrow therapeutic index drug.

In vitro data suggest that vaborbactam may inhibit CYP2D6, and a risk for increased plasma concentrations of sensitive CYP2D6 substrates in vivo cannot be excluded. Patients taking CYP2D6 substrates with narrow therapeutic index (e.g. dextromethorphan, desipramine, venlafaxine, and metoprolol) should be monitored for signs of toxicity.

Meropenem alone is not known to interact with active transport systems.

Meropenem is a substrate of OAT1 and OAT3 and as such, probenecid competes with meropenem for active tubular secretion and thus inhibits the renal excretion of meropenem. Co-administration of probenecid with Vaborem is not recommended, as it may result in increased plasma concentrations of meropenem.

Concomitant administration of meropenem and valproic acid has been associated with reductions in valproic acid concentrations with subsequent loss in seizure control. Data from in vitro and animal studies suggest that carbapenems may inhibit the hydrolysis of valproic acid's glucuronide metabolite (VPA g) back to valproic acid, thus decreasing the serum concentrations of valproic acid. Therefore, supplemental anticonvulsant therapy should be administered when concomitant administration of valproic acid and meropenem/vaborbactam cannot be avoided (see section 4.4).

Oral anticoagulants

Simultaneous administration of antibacterial agents with warfarin may augment its anticoagulant effects. There have been many reports of increases in the anticoagulant effects of orally administered anticoagulants, including warfarin in patients, who are concomitantly receiving antibacterial agents. The risk may vary with the underlying infection, age and general status of the patient so that the contribution of the antibacterial agent to the increase in international normalised ratio (INR) is difficult to assess. It is recommended that the INR should be monitored frequently during and shortly after co-administration of Vaborem with an oral anticoagulant.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Pregnancy

There are no or limited amount of data (less than 300 pregnancy outcomes) from the use of meropenem/vaborbactam in pregnant women. Animal studies do not indicate direct or indirect harmful effects with respect to reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3).

As a precautionary measure, it is preferable to avoid the use of Vaborem during pregnancy.

Breast-feeding

Meropenem has been reported to be excreted in human milk. It is unknown whether vaborbactam is excreted in human milk or animal milk. Because a risk to the newborns/infants cannot be excluded, breastfeeding must be discontinued prior to initiating therapy.

Fertility

The effects of meropenem/vaborbactam on fertility in humans have not been studied. Animal studies conducted with meropenem and vaborbactam do not indicate harmful effects with respect to fertility (see section 5.3).

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Vaborem has moderate influence on the ability to drive and use machines. Seizures have been reported during treatment with meropenem alone, especially in patients treated with anticonvulsants (see section 4.4). Meropenem/vaborbactam may cause headache, paraesthesia, lethargy and dizziness (see section 4.8). Therefore, caution should be exercised when driving or using machines.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Summary of the safety profile

The most common adverse reactions that occurred among 322 patients from the pooled Phase 3 trials were headache (8.1%), diarrhoea (4.7%), infusion site phlebitis (2.2%) and nausea (2.2%).

Severe adverse reactions were observed in two patients (0.6 %), one infusion related reaction and one blood alkaline phosphatase increased respectively. In one additional patient, a serious adverse reaction of infusion related reaction was reported (0.3%).

Tabulated list of adverse reactions

The following adverse reactions have been reported with meropenem alone and/or identified during the Phase 3 trials with Vaborem. Adverse reactions are classified according to frequency and System Organ Class. Adverse reactions listed in the table with a frequency of “unknown” were not observed in patients participating in trials with Vaborem or meropenem, but have been reported in the post-marketing setting for meropenem alone.

Frequencies are defined as: very common (≥1/10); common (≥1/100 to <1/10); uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100); rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000); very rare (<1/10,000); unknown (cannot be estimated from the available data). Within each System Organ Class, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.

Table 3: Frequency of adverse reactions by system organ class

System Organ Class

Common

(≥1/100 to <1/10)

Uncommon

(≥1/1,000 to <1/100)

Rare

(≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000)

Unknown

(cannot be estimated from the available data)

Infections and infestations

Clostridium difficile colitis

Vulvovaginal candidiasis

Oral candidiasis

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Thrombocythaemia

Leucopenia

Neutropenia

Eosinophilia

Thrombocytopenia

Agranulocytosis

Haemolytic anaemia

Immune system disorders

Anaphylactic reaction

Hypersensitivity

Angioedema

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Hypokalaemia

Hypoglycaemia

Decreased appetite

Hyperkalaemia

Hyperglycaemia

Psychiatric disorders

Insomnia

Hallucination

Nervous system disorders

Headache

Tremor

Lethargy

Dizziness

Paraesthesia

Convulsions

Vascular disorders

Hypotension

Phlebitis

Vascular pain

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Bronchospasm

Gastrointestinal disorders

Diarrhoea

Nausea

Vomiting

Abdominal distension

Abdominal pain

Hepatobiliary disorders

Alanine aminotransferase increased

Aspartate aminotransferase increased

Blood alkaline phosphatase increased

Blood lactate dehydrogenase increased

Blood bilirubin increased

Skin and subcutaneous disorders

Pruritus

Rash

Urticaria

Toxic epidermal necrolysis

Stevens Johnson syndrome

Erythema multiforme

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS syndrome)

Renal and urinary disorders

Renal impairment

Incontinence

Blood creatinine increased

Blood urea increased

General disorders and administration site conditions

Infusion site phlebitis

Pyrexia

Chest discomfort

Infusion site reaction

Infusion site erythema

Injection site phlebitis

Infusion site thrombosis

Pain

Investigations

Blood creatine phosphokinase increased

Direct and indirect Coombs test positive

Injury, poisoning and procedural complications

Infusion related reaction

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme. Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.

4.9 Overdose

There is no experience with overdose of Vaborem.

Limited post-marketing experience with meropenem alone indicates that if adverse reactions occur following overdose, they are consistent with the adverse reaction profile described in section 4.8, are generally mild in severity and resolve on withdrawal or dose reduction.

In the event of overdose, discontinue Vaborem and institute general supportive treatment. In individuals with normal renal function, rapid renal elimination will occur.

Meropenem and vaborbactam can be removed by haemodialysis. In subjects with end stage renal disease (ESRD) administered 1 g meropenem and 1 g vaborbactam, the mean total recovery in dialysate following a haemodialysis session was 38% and 53% for meropenem and vaborbactam, respectively.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: antibacterials for systemic use, carbapenems, ATC code: J01DH52

Mechanism of action

Meropenem exerts bactericidal activity by inhibiting peptidoglycan cell wall synthesis as a result of binding to and inhibition of activity of essential penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs).

Vaborbactam is a non-beta-lactam inhibitor of class A and class C serine beta-lactamases, including Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase, KPC. It acts by forming a covalent adduct with beta-lactamases and is stable to beta-lactamase-mediated hydrolysis. Vaborbactam does not inhibit class B enzymes (metallo-β-lactamases) or class D carbapenemases. Vaborbactam has no antibacterial activity.

Resistance

Mechanisms of resistance in Gram-negative bacteria that are known to affect meropenem/vaborbactam include organisms that produce metallo-β-lactamases or oxacillinases with carbapenemase activity.

Mechanisms of bacterial resistance that could decrease the antibacterial activity of meropenem/vaborbactam include porin mutations affecting outer membrane permeability and overexpression of efflux pumps.

Antibacterial activity in combination with other antibacterial agents

In vitro studies demonstrated no antagonism between meropenem/vaborbactam and levofloxacin, tigecycline, polymyxin, amikacin, vancomycin, azithromycin, daptomycin or linezolid.

Susceptibility testing break points

Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) breakpoints established by the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) are as follows:

Organisms

Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (mg/l)

Susceptible

Resistant

Enterobacteriaceae

≤81

>81

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

≤81

>81

1For susceptibility testing purposes, the concentration of vaborbactam is fixed at 8 mg/l.

Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationship

The antimicrobial activity of meropenem has been shown to best correlate with the percent of the dosing interval during which the free meropenem concentrations in plasma exceed the meropenem minimum inhibitory concentration. For vaborbactam, the PK-PD index associated with antimicrobial activity is the ratio of free vaborbactam plasma AUC: meropenem/vaborbactam MIC.

Clinical efficacy against specific pathogens

Efficacy has been demonstrated in clinical studies against the following pathogens that were susceptible to meropenem/vaborbactam in vitro.

Complicated urinary-tract infections, including pyelonephritis

Gram-negative micro-organisms:

Escherichia coli

Klebsiella pneumoniae

Enterobacter cloacae species complex

Clinical efficacy has not been established against the following pathogens that are relevant to the approved indications although in vitro studies suggest that they would be susceptible to meropenem and/or meropenem/vaborbactam in the absence of acquired mechanisms of resistance.

Gram-negative micro-organisms:

Citrobacter freundii

Citrobacter koseri

Enterobacter aerogenes

Klebsiella oxytoca

Morganella morganii

Proteus mirabilis

Providencia spp.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Serratia marcescens

Gram-positive micro-organisms:

Staphylococcus saprophyticus

Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin susceptible isolates only)

Staphylococcus epidermidis (methicillin susceptible isolates only)

Streptococcus agalactiae

Anaerobic micro-organisms:

Bacteroides fragilis

Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron

Clostridium perfringens

Peptoniphilus asaccharolyticus

Peptostreptococcus species (including P. micros, P anaerobius, P. magnus)

Bacteroides caccae

Prevotella bivia

Prevotella disiens

Paediatric population

The European Medicines Agency has deferred the obligation to submit the results of studies with Vaborem in one or more subsets of the paediatric population in the treatment of infections due to Gram-negative bacteria (see section 4.2 for information on paediatric use).

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Distribution

The plasma protein binding of meropenem is approximately 2%. The plasma protein binding of vaborbactam is approximately 33%.

The steady-state volumes of distribution of meropenem and vaborbactam in patients were 20.2 L and 18.6 L, respectively, following doses of 2 g meropenem/2 g vaborbactam infused over 3 hours every 8 hours, indicating that both compounds distribute into a volume of distribution consistent with the extracellular fluid compartment.

Both meropenem and vaborbactam penetrate into human bronchial epithelial lining fluid (ELF) with concentrations around 65% and 79% of unbound plasma concentrations of meropenem and vaborbactam, respectively. The concentration time profiles are similar for ELF and plasma.

Biotransformation

Meropenem is mostly eliminated unchanged. About 25% of the administered dose is eliminated as the inactive open ring form.

Vaborbactam does not undergo metabolism.

Elimination

The terminal half-life (t½) is 2.30 hours and 2.25 hours for meropenem and vaborbactam, respectively.

Both meropenem and vaborbactam are primarily excreted via the kidneys. Approximately 40-60% of a meropenem dose is excreted unchanged within 24 - 48 hours with a further 25% recovered as the microbiologically inactive hydrolysis product. The elimination of meropenem by the kidneys resulted in high therapeutic concentrations in urine. The mean renal clearance for meropenem was 7.7 L/h. The mean non-renal clearance for meropenem was 4.8 L/h, which comprises both fecal elimination (~2% of the dose) and degradation due to hydrolysis.

Approximately 75 to 95% of vaborbactam is excreted unchanged in the urine over a 24 - 48 hour period. The elimination of vaborbactam by the kidneys resulted in high concentrations in the urine. The mean renal clearance for vaborbactam was 10.5 L/h.

Linearity/non-linearity

The Cmax and AUC of meropenem and vaborbactam are linear across the dose range studied (1 g to 2 g for meropenem and 0.25 g to 2 g for vaborbactam) when administered as a single 3-hour intravenous infusion. There is no accumulation of meropenem or vaborbactam following multiple intravenous infusions administered every 8 hours for 7 days in subjects with normal renal function.

Special populations

Renal impairment

Pharmacokinetic studies with meropenem and vaborbactam in patients with renal impairment have shown that the plasma clearance of both meropenem and vaborbactam correlates with creatinine clearance.

Hepatic impairment

As meropenem/vaborbactam does not undergo hepatic metabolism, the systemic clearance of meropenem/vaborbactam is not expected to be affected by hepatic impairment.

Elderly

Pharmacokinetic data from a population pharmacokinetic analysis showed a reduction in plasma clearance of meropenem/vaborbactam that correlates with age-associated reduction in creatinine clearance.

Gender and race

In a population pharmacokinetic analysis there was no effect of gender or race on the pharmacokinetics of meropenem and vaborbactam.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

Meropenem

Non-clinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on conventional studies of safety pharmacology, reproduction toxicity or genotoxicity. Carcinogenicity studies have not been conducted with meropenem.

Vaborbactam

Non-clinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on conventional studies of safety pharmacology, reproduction toxicity or genotoxicity. Carcinogenicity studies have not been conducted with vaborbactam.

In repeat dose toxicity studies in dogs, minimal hepatic inflammation was observed after 14 days and 28 days of exposure to vaborbactam alone or combined meropenem/vaborbactam.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Sodium carbonate

6.2 Incompatibilities

Vaborem is not chemically compatible with glucose-containing solutions. This medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products except those mentioned in section 6.6.

6.3 Shelf life

3 years

After reconstitution

The reconstituted vial should be further diluted immediately.

After dilution

The chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for up to 4 hours at 25 °C or within 22 hours at 2 – 8 °C.

From a microbiological point of view, the medicinal product should be used immediately upon reconstitution and dilution.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 25 °C.

For storage conditions after reconstitution and dilution of the medicinal product, see section 6.3.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

50 ml clear glass vial (Type 1) closed with a rubber (bromobutyl) stopper and aluminium overseal with flip-off cap.

The medicinal product is supplied in packs of 6 vials.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Standard aseptic techniques must be used for solution preparation and administration.

The powder for concentrate for solution for infusion must be reconstituted and further diluted prior to use.

Reconstitution

20 ml of sodium chloride 9 mg/ml (0.9%) solution for injection (normal saline) should be withdrawn from a 250 ml infusion bag of sodium chloride 9 mg/ml (0.9%) solution for injection for each vial and reconstituted with the appropriate number of vials of meropenem/vaborbactam for the corresponding Vaborem dosage:

• Reconstitute 2 vials for the Vaborem 2 g/2 g dose

• Reconstitute 1 vial for the Vaborem 1 g/1 g and Vaborem 0.5 g/0.5 g doses

After mixing gently to dissolve, the reconstituted meropenem/vaborbactam solution will have an approximate meropenem concentration of 0.05 g/ml and an approximate vaborbactam concentration of 0.05 g/ml. The final volume is approximately 21.3 ml. The reconstituted solution is not for direct injection. The reconstituted solution must be diluted before intravenous infusion.

Dilution

To prepare the Vaborem 2 g/2 g dose for intravenous infusion: Immediately after reconstitution of two vials, the entire reconstituted vial contents should be withdrawn from each of the two vials and added back into the 250 ml infusion bag of sodium chloride 9 mg/ml (0.9%) solution for injection (normal saline). The final infusion concentration of meropenem and vaborbactam will be about 8 mg/ml each.

To prepare the Vaborem 1 g/1 g dose for intravenous infusion: Immediately after reconstitution of one vial, the entire reconstituted vial contents should be withdrawn from the vial and added back into the 250 ml infusion bag of sodium chloride 9 mg/ml (0.9%) solution for injection (normal saline). The final infusion concentration of meropenem and vaborbactam will be about 4 mg/ml each.

To prepare the Vaborem 0.5 g/0.5 g dose for intravenous infusion: Immediately after reconstitution of one vial,10.5 ml of the reconstituted vial contents should be withdrawn from the vial and added back into the 250 ml infusion bag of sodium chloride 9 mg/ml (0.9%) solution for injection (normal saline). The final infusion concentration of meropenem and vaborbactam will be 2 mg/ml each.

The diluted solution should be inspected visually for particulate matter. The colour of the diluted solution is clear to light yellow.

Following dilution, the infusion should be completed within 4 hours when stored at 25° C, or within 22 hours when refrigerated at 2 – 8 °C.

Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

Menarini International Operations Luxembourg S.A.

1, Avenue de la Gare

L-1611, Luxembourg

Luxembourg

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

EU/1/18/1334/001

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

Date of first authorisation: 20 November 2018

10. Date of revision of the text

30 September 2019

Detailed information on this medicinal product is available on the website of the European Medicines Agency http://www.ema.europa.eu.