This information is intended for use by health professionals

  This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions. See section 4.8 for how to report adverse reactions.

1. Name of the medicinal product

Wakix 4.5 mg film-coated tablets

Wakix 18 mg film-coated tablets

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Wakix 4.5 mg film-coated tablet

Each tablet contains 5 mg of pitolisant hydrochloride equivalent to 4.45 mg of pitolisant.

Wakix 18 mg film-coated tablet

Each tablet contains 20 mg of pitolisant hydrochloride equivalent to 17.8 mg of pitolisant.

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Film-coated tablet

Wakix 4.5 mg film-coated tablet

White, round, biconvex film-coated tablet, 3.7 mm diameter, marked with “5” on one side.

Wakix 18 mg film-coated tablet

White, round, biconvex film-coated tablet, 7.5 mm diameter marked with “20” on one side.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Wakix is indicated in adults for the treatment of narcolepsy with or without cataplexy (see also section 5.1).

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Treatment should be initiated by a physician experienced in the treatment of sleep disorders.


Wakix should be used at the lowest effective dose, depending on individual patient response and tolerance, according to an up-titration scheme, without exceeding the dose of 36 mg/day:

- Week 1: initial dose of 9 mg (two 4.5 mg tablets) per day.

- Week 2: the dose may be increased to 18 mg (one 18 mg tablet) per day or decreased to 4.5 mg (one 4.5 mg tablet) per day.

- Week 3: the dose may be increased to 36 mg (two 18 mg tablets) per day.

At any time the dose can be decreased (down to 4.5 mg per day) or increased (up to 36 mg per day) according to the physician assessment and the patient's response.

The total daily dose should be administered as a single dose in the morning during breakfast.

Maintenance of efficacy

As long-term efficacy data are limited (see section 5.1), the continued efficacy of treatment should be regularly evaluated by the physician.

Special populations


Limited data are available in elderly. Therefore, dosing should be adjusted according to their renal and hepatic status.

Renal impairment

In patients with renal impairment, the maximum daily dose should be 18 mg.

Hepatic impairment

In patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B) two weeks after initiation of treatment, the daily dose can be increased without exceeding a maximal dose of 18 mg (see section 5.2).

Pitolisant is contra-indicated in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C) (see section 4.3).

No dosage adjustment is required in patients with mild hepatic impairment.

Paediatric population

The safety and efficacy of pitolisant in children aged from 0 to 18 years old have not yet been established. No data are available.

Poor metabolizers

By comparison to CYP2D6 extensive metabolisers, higher systemic exposure (up to 3 fold) is observed in CYP2D6 poor metabolisers. In the up-titration scheme, dose increment should take into account this higher exposure.

Method of administration

For oral use.

4.3 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

Severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C).

Breastfeeding (see section 4.6).

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Psychiatric disorders

Pitolisant should be administered with caution in patients with history of psychiatric disorders such as severe anxiety or severe depression with suicidal ideation risk. Suicidal ideation has been reported in patients with psychiatric history treated with pitolisant.

Hepatic or renal impairment

Pitolisant should be administered with caution in patients with either renal impairment or moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B) and dosing regimen should be adapted according to section 4.2.

Gastrointestinal disorders

Gastric disorders reactions have been reported with pitolisant, therefore it should be administered with caution in patients with acid related gastric disorders (see section 4.8) or when co-administered with gastric irritants such as corticosteroids or NSAID.

Nutrition disorders

Pitolisant should be administered with caution in patients with severe obesity or severe anorexia (see section 4.8). In case of significant weight change, treatment should be re-evaluated by the physician.

Cardiac disorders

In two dedicated QT studies, supra-therapeutic doses of pitolisant (3-6-times the therapeutic dose, that is 108 mg to 216 mg) produced mild to moderate prolongation of QTc interval (10-13 ms). In clinical trials, no specific cardiac safety signal was identified at therapeutic doses of pitolisant. Nevertheless, patients with cardiac disease, co-medicated with other QT-prolonging medicinal products or known to increase the risk of repolarization disorders, or co-medicated with medicinal products that significantly increase pitolisant Cmax and AUC ratio (see section 4.5) or patients with severe renal or moderate hepatic impairment (see section 4.4) should be carefully monitored (see section 4.5).


Convulsions were reported at high doses in animal models (see section 5.3). In clinical trials, one epilepsy aggravation was reported in one epileptic patient. Caution should be taken for patients with severe epilepsy.

Women of childbearing potential

Women of childbearing potential have to use effective contraception during treatment and at least up to 21 days after treatment discontinuation (based on pitolisant/metabolites half-life). Pitolisant may reduce the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives. Therefore, an alternative method of effective contraception should be used if the woman patient is using hormonal contraceptives (see sections 4.5 and 4.6).

Drug-drug interactions

The combination of pitolisant with substrates of CYP3A4 and having a narrow therapeutic margin should be avoided (see section 4.5).

Rebound effect

No rebound effect was reported during clinical trials. However, treatment discontinuation should be monitored.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction


Tri or tetracyclic antidepressants (e.g. imipramine, clomipramine, mirtazapine) may impair the efficacy of pitolisant because they display histamine H1-receptor antagonist activity and possibly cancel the effect of endogenous histamine released in brain by the treatment.


Anti-histamines (H1-receptor antagonists) crossing the haemato-encephalic barrier (e.g. pheniramine maleate, chlorpheniramine, diphenydramine, promethazine, mepyramine) may impair the efficacy of pitolisant.

QT-prolonging substances or known to increase the risk of repolarization disorders

Combination with pitolisant should be made with a careful monitoring (see section 4.4).

Pharmacokinetic interactions

Medicinal products affecting pitolisant metabolism

- Enzyme inducers

Co-administration of pitolisant with rifampicin in multiple doses significantly decreases pitolisant mean Cmax and AUC ratio about 39% and 50%, respectively. Therefore, co-administration of pitolisant with potent CYP3A4 inducers (e.g. rifampicin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, phenytoin) should be done with caution. With St John's Wort (Hypericum Perforatum), due to its strong CYP3A4 inducing effect, caution should be exercised when taken concurrently with pitolisant. A clinical monitoring should be made when both active substances are combined and, eventually a dosage adjustment during the combination and one week after the inducer treatment.

In a clinical multiple dose study, the combination of pitolisant with probenecid decreases the AUC of pitolisant by about 34%.

- CYP2D6 inhibitors

Co-administration of pitolisant with paroxetine significantly increases pitolisant mean Cmax and AUC0—72h ratio about 47% and 105%, respectively. Given the 2-fold increase of pitolisant exposure, its coadministration with CYP2D6 inhibitors (e.g. paroxetine, fluoxetine, venlafaxine, duloxetine, bupropion, quinidine, terbinafine, cinacalcet) should be done with caution. A dosage adjustment during the combination could eventually be considered.

Medicinal products that pitolisant may affect metabolism

- CYP3A4 and CYP2B6 substrates

Based on in vitro data, pitolisant and its main metabolites may induce CYP3A4 and CYP2B6 at therapeutic concentrations and by extrapolation, CYP2C, UGTs and P-gp. No clinical data on the magnitude of this interaction are available. Therefore, the combination of pitolisant with substrates of CYP3A4 and having a narrow therapeutic margin (e.g. immunosuppressants, docetaxel, kinase inhibitors, cisapride, pimozide, halofantrine) should be avoided (see section 4.4). With other CYP3A4, CYP2B6 (e.g. efavirenz, bupropion), CYP2C (e.g. repaglinide, phenytoin, warfarin), P-gp (e.g. dabigatran, digoxin) and UGT (e.g. morphine, paracetamol, irinotecan) susbtrates, caution should be made with a clinical monitoring of their efficacy.

With oral contraceptives, the combination with pitolisant should be avoided and a further reliable contraceptive method used.

- Substrates of OCT1

Pitolisant shows greater than 50% inhibition towards OCT1 (organic cation transporters 1) at 1.33 µM, the extrapolated IC50 of pitolisant is 0.795 µM.

Even if the clinical relevance of this effect is not established, caution is advised when pitolisant is administered with a substrate of OCT1 (e.g. metformin (biguanides)) (see section 5.2).

The combination of pitolisant with modafinil or sodium oxybate, usual treatments of narcolepsy was evaluated in healthy volunteers, at therapeutic doses. No clinically relevant pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction was evidenced either with modafinil or with sodium oxybate.

Paediatric population

Interaction studies have only been performed in adults.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Women of childbearing potential

Women of childbearing potential have to use effective contraception during treatment and at least up to 21 days after treatment discontinuation (based on pitolisant/metabolites half-life). Pitolisant/metabolites may reduce the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives. Therefore, an alternative method of effective contraception should be used if the woman is using hormonal contraceptives (see section 4.5).


There are no or limited amount of data from the use of pitolisant in pregnant women. Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity, including teratogenicity. In rats, pitolisant/metabolites were shown to cross the placenta (see section 5.3).

Pitolisant should not be used during pregnancy unless the potential benefit outweighs the potential risk for foetus.


Animal study has shown excretion of pitolisant/metabolites in milk. Therefore, breastfeeding is contraindicated during treatment with pitolisant (see section 4.3).


Study in animals has shown effects on semen parameters, without a significant impact on reproductive performance in males and reduction on the percentage of live foetuses in treated females (see section 5.3).

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Pitolisant has minor influence on the ability to drive and use machines.

Patients with abnormal levels of sleepiness who take pitolisant should be advised that their level of wakefulness may not return to normal. Patients with excessive daytime sleepiness, including those taking pitolisant should be frequently reassessed for their degree of sleepiness and, if appropriate, advised to avoid driving or any other potentially dangerous activity.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Summary of the safety profile

The most frequent adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reported with pitolisant were insomnia (8.4%), headache (7.7%), nausea (4.8%), anxiety (2.1%), irritability (1.8%), dizziness (1.4%), depression (1.3%), tremor (1.2%), sleep disorders (1.1%), fatigue (1.1%), vomiting (1.0%), vertigo (1.0%), dyspepsia (1.0%), weight increase (0.9%), abdominal pain upper (0.9%). The most serious ADRs are abnormal weight decrease (0.09%) and abortion spontaneous (0.09%).

Tabulated list of adverse reactions

The following adverse reactions have been reported with pitolisant during clinical studies enrolling more than 1094 patients in narcolepsy and other indications and are listed below as MedDRA preferred term by system organ class and frequency; frequencies are defined as: very common (≥1/10), common (≥1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to <1/100), rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000), very rare (<1/10,000); within each frequency group, adverse reactions are presented in order of decreasing seriousness:




Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Decreased appetite

Increased appetite

Fluid retention



Appetite disorder

Psychiatric disorders





Sleep disorder



Hallucination visual, auditory

Affect lability

Abnormal dreams


Middle insomnia

Initial insomnia

Terminal insomnia






Panic Attack

Libido decreased

Libido increased

Suicidal ideation

Abnormal behaviour

Confusional state

Depressed mood


Obsessive thoughts


Hypnopompic hallucination

Depressive symptom

Hypnagogic hallucination

Mental impairment

Nervous system disorders





Balance disorder


Disturbance in attention


On and off phenomenon



Psychomotor hyperactivity

Restless Legs Syndrome





Loss of consciousness

Tension headache

Memory impairment

Poor sleep quality

Eye disorders

Visual acuity reduced


Ear and labyrinth disorders



Cardiac disorders



Vascular disorders



Hot flush

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders


Gastrointestinal disorders




Dry mouth

Abdominal pain


Abdominal discomfort

Abdominal pain upper


Gastrooesophageal reflux disease


Gastrointestinal pain


Paraesthesia oral

Stomach discomfort

Abdominal distension





Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders






Toxic skin eruption


Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders


Back pain

Muscle rigidity

Muscular weakness

Musculoskeletal pain


Pain in extremity

Neck pain

Musculoskeletal chest pain

Renal and urinary disorders


Pregnancy, puerperium and perinatal conditions

Abortion spontaneous

Reproductive system and breast disorders


General disorders and administration site conditions



Chest Pain

Feeling Abnormal



Peripheral oedema


Night sweats

Sense of oppression


Weight increased

Weight decreased

Hepatic enzymes increased

Electrocardiogram QT prolonged

Heart rate increased

Gamma-glutamyltransferase increased

Creatine phosphokinase increased

General physical condition abnormal

Electrocardiogram repolarisation abnormality

Electrocardiogram T wave inversion

Description of selected adverse reactions

Headache and insomnia

During clinical studies, episodes of headache and insomnia have been reported (7.7 % to 8.4%). Most of these adverse reactions were mild to moderate. If symptoms persist a reduced daily dose or discontinuation should be considered.

Gastric disorders

Gastric disorders caused by hyperacidity have been reported during clinical studies in 3.5% of the patients receiving pitolisant. These effects were mostly mild to moderate. If they persist a corrective treatment with proton pump inhibitor could be initiated.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the national reporting system listed in Appendix V.

4.9 Overdose


Symptoms of Wakix overdose may include headache, insomnia, irritability, nausea and abdominal pain.


In case of overdose, hospitalisation and monitoring of the vital functions are recommended. There is no clearly identified antidote.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Other nervous system drugs, ATC code: N07XX11.

Mechanism of action

Pitolisant is a potent, orally active histamine H3-receptor antagonist/inverse agonist which, via its blockade of histamine auto-receptors enhances the activity of brain histaminergic neurons, a major arousal system with widespread projections to the whole brain. Pitolisant also modulates various neurotransmitter systems, increasing acetylcholine, noradrenaline and dopamine release in the brain. However no increase in dopamine release in the striatal complex including nucleus accumbens was evidenced for pitolisant.

Pharmacodynamic effects

In narcoleptic patients with or without cataplexy, pitolisant improves the level and duration of wakefulness and daytime alertness assessed by objective measures of ability to sustain wakefulness (e.g. Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT)) and attention (e.g. Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART)).

Clinical efficacy and safety

Narcolepsy (with or without cataplexy) is a chronic condition. The effectiveness of pitolisant up to 36 mg once a day, for the treatment of narcolepsy with or without cataplexy was established in two main, 8 weeks, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group trials (Harmony I and Harmony CTP). Harmony Ibis, study with a similar design, was limited to 18 mg once a day. To date, there are limited amount of data from an open label study on long term efficacy of Wakix in this indication.

The pivotal study (Harmony 1), double-blind, randomized, vs placebo and modafinil (400 mg/day), parallel group studies with flexible dose adaptation, included 94 patients (31 patients treated with pitolisant, 30 with placebo and 33 with modafinil). Dosage was initiated at 9 mg once a day and was increased, according to efficacy response and tolerance to 18 mg or 36 mg once a day per 1-week interval. Most patients (60%) reached the 36 mg once a day dosage. To assess the efficacy of pitolisant on Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score was used as primary efficacy criterion. The results with pitolisant were significantly superior to those in the placebo group (mean difference: -3.33; 95%CI [-5.83 to -0.83]; p < 0.05) but did not differ significantly from the results in the modafinil group (mean difference: 0.12; 95%CI [-2.5 to 2.7]). The waking effect of the two active substances was established at similar rates (Figure 1).

Figure 1: Changes in Epworth Sleepiness Scale Score (ESS) (mean ± SEM) from Baseline to week 8 in Harmony 1 study

The effect on Epworth was supported in two laboratory tests of vigilance and attention (Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT) (p=0.044) and Sustained Attention to Response (SART) (p=0.053, almost but not significant)).

Cataplexy attacks frequency in patients displaying this symptom was decreased significantly (p=0.034) with pitolisant (-65%) compared to placebo (-10%). The daily cataplexy rate (geometric means) was 0.52 at baseline and 0.18 at final visit for pitolisant and 0.43 at baseline and 0.39 at final visit for placebo, with a rate ratio rR=0.38 [0.16 ; 0.93] (p=0.034).

The second pivotal study (Harmony Ibis) included 165 patients (67 treated with pitolisant, 33 with placebo and 65 with modafinil). The study design was similar to study Harmony I except that the maximum dose for pitolisant reached by 75% of patients was 18 mg once a day instead of 36 mg in Harmony I. As an important unbalance led to comparison of results with or without cluster grouping of sites, the most conservative approach showed non-significant ESS score decrease with pitolisant compared to placebo (pitolisant-placebo=-1.94 with p=0.065). Results from cataplexy rate at 18 mg once a day were not consistent with those of the first pivotal study (36 mg once a day).

Improvement of the two objective tests of wakefulness and attention, MWT and SART, with pitolisant was significant versus placebo (p=0.009 and p=0.002 respectively) and non-significant versus modafinil (p=0.713 and p=0.294 respectively).

Harmony CTP, a supportive double blind, randomized, parallel group study of pitolisant versus placebo, was designed to establish pitolisant efficacy in patients with high frequency cataplexy in narcolepsy. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change in the average number of cataplexy attacks per week between the 2 weeks of baseline and the 4 weeks of stable treatment period at the end of study. 105 narcoleptic patients with high frequency weekly cataplexy rates at baseline were included (54 patients treated with pitolisant and 51 with placebo). Dosage was initiated at 4.5 mg once a day and was increased, according to efficacy response and tolerance to 9 mg, 18 mg or 36 mg once a day per 1-week interval. Most patients (65%) reached the 36 mg once a day dosage.

On the primary efficacy endpoint, Weekly Rate of Cataplexy episodes (WRC), the results with pitolisant were significantly superior to those in the placebo group (p < 0.0001), with a progressive 64% decrease from baseline to end of treatment (Figure 2). At baseline, the geometric mean of WRC was 7.31 (median=6.5 [4.5; 12]) and 9.15 (median=8.5 [5.5; 15.5]) in the placebo and pitolisant groups respectively. During the stable period (until the end of treatment), geometric mean WRC decreased to 6.79 (median=6 [3; 15]) and 3.28 (median=3 [1.3; 6]) in the placebo and pitolisant groups respectively in patients who had experienced at least one episode of cataplexy. The observed WRC in pitolisant group was about half of WRC in the placebo group: the effect size of pitolisant compared with placebo was summarized by the ratio rate rR(Pt/Pb), rR=0.512; 95%CI [0.435 to 0.603]; p < 0.0001). The effect size of pitolisant compared with placebo based on a model for WRC based on BOCF with centre as a fixed effect was 0.581, 95%CI [0.493 to 0.686]; p<0.0001.

Figure 2: Changes in weekly cataplexy episodes (geometric mean) from Baseline to week 7 in Harmony CTP study

*p<0.0001 vs placebo

The effect of pitolisant on EDS was also assessed in this population using the ESS score. In the pitolisant group, ESS decreased significantly between baseline and the end of treatment compared to placebo with an observed mean change of -1.9 ± 4.3 and -5.4 ± 4.3 (mean ± sd) for placebo and pitolisant respectively, (p<0.0001) (Figure 3). This effect on EDS was confirmed by the results on Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT). The geometric mean of the ratios (MWTFinal/MWTBaseline) was 1.8 (95%CI 1.19; 2.71, p=0.005). The MWT value in the pitolisant group was 80% higher than in the placebo group.

Figure 3: Changes in Epworth Sleepiness Scale Score (ESS) (mean ± SEM) from Baseline to week 7 in Harmony CTP study

Paediatric population

The European Medicines Agency has deferred the obligation to submit the results of studies with Wakix in one or more subsets of the paediatric population in narcolepsy with or without cataplexy (see section 4.2 for information on paediatric use).

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

The exposure to pitolisant in healthy volunteers was assessed in studies involving more than 200 subjects that received doses of pitolisant in single administration up to 216 mg and for a duration up to 28 days.


Pitolisant is well and rapidly absorbed with peak plasma concentration reached approximately three hours after administration.


Pitolisant exhibits high serum protein binding (>90%) and demonstrates approximately equal distribution between red blood cells and plasma.


The metabolisation of pitolisant in humans is fully characterized. The major non-conjugated metabolites are hydroxylated derivatives in several positions and cleaved forms of pitolisant leading to inactive major carboxylic acid metabolite found in urine and serum. They are formed under the action of CYP3A4 and CYP2D6. Several conjugated metabolites were identified, the major ones (inactive) being two glycine conjugates of the acid metabolite of pitolisant and a glucuronide of a ketone metabolite of monohydroxy desaturated pitolisant.

On liver microsomes, pitolisant and its major metabolites do not significantly inhibit the activities of the cytochromes CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2C8, CYP2B6, CYP2E1 or CYP3A4 and of uridine diphosphate glucuronosyl transferases isoforms UGT1A1, UGT1A4, UGT1A6, UGT1A9 and UGT2B7 up to the concentration of 13.3 µM, a level considerably higher than the levels achieved with therapeutic dose. Pitolisant is an inhibitor of CYP2D6 with moderate potency (IC50 = 2.6 µM).

Pitolisant induces CYP3A4, CYP1A2 and CYP2B6 in vitro. Clinically relevant interactions are expected with CYP3A4 and CYP2B6 substrates and by extrapolation, UGTs, CYP2C and P-gp substrates (see section 4.5).

In vitro studies indicate that pitolisant is neither a substrate nor an inhibitor of human P-glycoprotein and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). Pitolisant is not a substrate of OATP1B1, OATP1B3. Pitolisant is not a significant inhibitor of OAT1, OAT3, OCT2, OATP1B1, OATP1B3, MATE1, or MATE2K at the tested concentration. Pitolisant shows greater than 50% inhibition towards OCT1 (organic cation transporters 1) at 1.33 µM, the extrapolated IC50 of pitolisant is 0.795 µM (see section 4.5).


Pitolisant has a plasma half-life of 10-12 hours. Upon repeated administrations, the steady state is achieved after 5-6 days of administration leading to an increased serum level around 100%. Inter individual variability is rather high, some volunteers showing outlier high profile (without tolerance issues).

The elimination is mainly achieved via urine (approximately 63%) through an inactive non conjugated metabolite (BP2.951) and a glycine conjugated metabolite. 25% of the dose is excreted through expired air and a small fraction (<3%) recovered in faeces where the amount of pitolisant or BP2.951 was negligible.


When pitolisant dose is doubled from 27 to 54 mg, AUC0-∞ is increased by about 2.3.

Special populations


In 68 to 80 years old patients the pharmacokinetics of pitolisant is not different compared to younger patients (18 to 45 years of age). Above 80 years old, kinetics show a slight variation without clinical relevance. Limited data are available in elderly. Therefore, dosing should be adjusted according to their renal hepatic status (see section 4.2 and 4.4).

Renal impairment

In patients with impaired renal function (stages 2 to 4 according to the international classification of chronic kidney disease, i.e. creatinine clearance between 15 and 89 ml/min), Cmax and AUC tended to be increased by a factor of 2.5 without any impact on half-life (see section 4.2).

Hepatic impairment

In patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A), there was no significant changes in pharmacokinetics compared with normal healthy volunteers. In patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B), AUC increased by a factor 2.4, while half-life doubled (see section 4.2). Pitolisant pharmacokinetics after repeated administration in patients with hepatic impairment has not been evaluated yet.

CYP2D6 poor metabolizers

The exposure to Pitolisant was higher in the CYP2D6 poor metabolisers after a single dose and at steady state; Cmax and AUC(0-tau) was approximately 2.7-fold and 3.2-fold greater on Day 1 and 2.1-fold and 2.4-fold on Day 7. The serum Pitolisant half-life was longer in CYP2D6 poor metabolisers compared to the extensive metabolisers.


The effect of race on metabolism of pitolisant has not been evaluated.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

After 1 month in mice, 6 months in rats and 9 months in monkeys, no adverse effect level (NOAEL) were 75, 30 and 12 mg/kg/day, p.o., respectively, providing safety margins of 9, 1 and 0.4, respectively when compared to the drug exposure at therapeutic dose in human. In rats, transient reversible convulsive episodes occurred at Tmax , that may be attributable to a metabolite abundant in this species but not in humans. In monkeys, at the highest doses, transient CNS related clinical signs including emesis, tremors and convulsions were reported. At the highest doses, no histopathological changes were recorded in monkeys and rats presented some limited histopathological changes in some organs (liver, duodenum, thymus, adrenal gland and lung).

Pitolisant was neither genotoxic nor carcinogenic.

Teratogenic effect of pitolisant was observed at maternally toxic doses (teratogenicity safety margins < 1 in rats and in rabbits). At high doses, pitolisant induced sperm morphology abnormalities and decreased motility without any significant effect on fertility indexes in male rats and it decreased the percentage of live conceptuses and increased post-implantation loss in female rats (safety margin of 1). It caused a delay in post-natal development (safety margin of 1).

Pitolisant/metabolites were shown to cross the placenta barrier in animals.

Juvenile toxicity studies in rats revealed that the administration of pitolisant at high doses induced a dose related mortality and convulsive episode that may be attributable to a metabolite abundant in rats but not in humans.

Pitolisant blocked hERG channel with an IC50 exceeding therapeutic concentrations and induced a slight QTc prolongation in dogs.

In preclinical studies, drug dependence and drug abuse liability studies were conducted in mice, monkeys and rats. However, no definitive conclusion could be drawn on tolerance, dependence and self-administration studies.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Tablet core

Microcrystalline cellulose

Crospovidone type A


Magnesium stearate

Colloidal anhydrous silica


Polyvinyl alcohol

Titanium dioxide (E171)

Macrogol 3350


6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3 Shelf life

Wakix 4.5 mg tablet

3 years

Wakix 18 mg tablet

3 years

6.4 Special precautions for storage

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

High density polyethylene (HDPE) bottle with a tamper evident, child-resistant, polypropylene screw cap fitted with desiccant (silica gel).

Bottle of 30 or 90 film-coated tablets.

Wakix 4.5 mg: Available in packs containing 1 bottle of 30 tablets.

Wakix 18 mg: Available in packs containing 1 bottle of 30 tablets or packs containing 1 bottle of 90 tablets or multi-packs containing 90 (3 bottles of 30) tablets.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

No special requirements.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

Bioprojet Pharma

9, rue Rameau

75002 Paris


Tel: +33 (0)1 47 03 66 33

Fax: +33 (0)1 47 03 66 30

e-mail: [email protected]

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)





9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

Date of first authorisation: 31/03/2016

10. Date of revision of the text

17th December 2020

Detailed information on this medicinal product is available on the website of the European Medicines Agency