This information is intended for use by health professionals

  This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions. See section 4.8 for how to report adverse reactions.

1. Name of the medicinal product

Retsevmo 40 mg hard capsules

Retsevmo 80 mg hard capsules

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Retsevmo 40 mg hard capsules

Each hard capsule contains 40 mg selpercatinib.

Retsevmo 80 mg hard capsules

Each hard capsule contains 80 mg selpercatinib.

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Hard capsules.

Retsevmo 40 mg hard capsules

Grey opaque capsule, 6 x 18 mm (size 2), imprinted with “Lilly”, “3977” and “40 mg” in black ink.

Retsevmo 80 mg hard capsules

Blue opaque capsule, 8 x 22 mm (size 0), imprinted with “Lilly”, “2980” and “80 mg” in black ink.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Retsevmo as monotherapy is indicated for the treatment of adults with:

– advanced RET fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who require systemic therapy following prior treatment with immunotherapy and/or platinum-based chemotherapy

– advanced RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer who require systemic therapy following prior treatment with sorafenib and/or lenvatinib

Retsevmo as monotherapy is indicated for the treatment of adults and adolescents 12 years and older with advanced RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) who require systemic therapy following prior treatment with cabozantinib and/or vandetanib.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Retsevmo therapy should be initiated and supervised by physicians experienced in the use of anti-cancer therapies.

RET testing

The presence of a RET gene fusion (NSCLC and non-medullary thyroid cancer) or mutation (MTC) should be confirmed by a validated test prior to initiation of treatment with Retsevmo.

Posology

The recommended dose of Retsevmo based on body weight is:

- Less than 50 kg: 120 mg twice daily.

- 50 kg or greater: 160 mg twice daily.

If a patient vomits or misses a dose, the patient should be instructed to take the next dose at its scheduled time; an additional dose should not be taken.

Treatment should be continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

The current selpercatinib dose should be reduced by 50% if co-administering with a strong CYP3A inhibitor. If the CYP3A inhibitor is discontinued, the selpercatinib dose should be increased (after 3-5 half-lives of the inhibitor) to the dose that was used before starting the inhibitor.

Dose adjustments

Management of some adverse reactions may require dose interruption and/or dose reduction. Retsevmo dose modifications are summarised in Table 1 and Table 2.

Table 1 Recommended dose modifications for Retsevmo for adverse reactions based on body weight

Dose modification

Adults and adolescents ≥50 Kg

Adults and adolescents <50 Kg

Starting dose

160 mg orally twice daily

120 mg orally twice daily

First dose reduction

120 mg orally twice daily

80 mg orally twice daily

Second dose reduction

80 mg orally twice daily

40 mg orally twice daily

Third dose reduction

40 mg orally twice daily

Not applicable

Table 2 Recommended dose modifications for adverse reactions

Adverse drug reaction (ADR)

Dose modification

Increased ALT or AST

Grade 3 or Grade 4

• Suspend dose until toxicity resolves to baseline (see sections 4.4 and 4.8). Resume at a dose reduced by 2 levels.

• If after at least 2 weeks selpercatinib is tolerated without recurrent increased ALT or AST, increase dosing by 1 dose level.

• If selpercatinib is tolerated without recurrence for at least 4 weeks, increase to dose taken prior to the onset of Grade 3 or 4 increased AST or ALT.

• Permanently discontinue selpercatinib if Grade 3 or 4 ALT or AST increases recur despite dose modifications.

Hypersensitivity

All Grades

• Suspend dose until toxicity resolves and begin corticosteroids at a dose of 1 mg/kg (see sections 4.4 and 4.8). Resume selpercatinib at 40 mg twice daily while continuing steroid treatment. Discontinue selpercatinib for recurrent hypersensitivity.

• If after at least 7 days, selpercatinib is tolerated without recurrent hypersensitivity, incrementally increase the selpercatinib dose by 1 dose level each week, until the dose taken prior to the onset of hypersensitivity is reached. Taper steroid dose after selpercatinib has been tolerated for at least 7 days at the final dose.

QT interval prolongation

Grade 3

• Suspend dose for QTcF intervals >500 ms until the QTcF returns to <470 ms or baseline (see section 4.4).

• Resume selpercatinib treatment at the next lower dose level.

Grade 4

• Permanently discontinue selpercatinib if QT prolongation remains uncontrolled after two dose reductions or if the patient has signs or symptoms of serious arrhythmia.

Hypertension

Grade 3

• Patient blood pressure should be controlled before starting treatment.

• Selpercatinib should be suspended temporarily for medically significant hypertension until controlled with antihypertensive therapy. Dosing should be resumed at the next lower dose if clinically indicated (see sections 4.4 and 4.8).

Grade 4

• Selpercatinib should be discontinued permanently if medically significant hypertension cannot be controlled.

Haemorrhagic events

Grade 3 or Grade 4

• Selpercatinib should be suspended until recovery to baseline.

• Discontinue selpercatinib for severe or life-threatening haemorrhagic events.

Other adverse reactions

Grade 3 or Grade 4

• Selpercatinib should be suspended until recovery to baseline.

• Discontinue selpercatinib for severe or life-threatening events

Special populations

Elderly

No dose adjustment is required based on age (see section 5.2).

No overall differences were observed in the treatment emergent adverse events or effectiveness of selpercatinib between patients who were ≥65 years of age and younger patients. Limited data are available in patients ≥75 years.

Renal impairment

Dose adjustment is not necessary in patients with mild, moderate or severe renal impairment. There are no data in patients with end stage renal disease, or in patients on dialysis (section 5.2).

Hepatic impairment

Close monitoring of patients with impaired hepatic function is important. No dose adjustment is required for patients with mild (Child-Pugh class A) or moderate (Child-Pugh class B) hepatic impairment. Patients with severe (Child-Pugh class C) hepatic impairment should be dosed with 80 mg selpercatinib twice daily (section 5.2).

Paediatric population

Retsevmo should not be used in children aged less than 12 years.

There is no data in children or adolescents with RET fusion-positive NSCLC or thyroid cancer.

Retsevmo is intended to be used from the age of 12 years for the treatment of patients with RET-mutant MTC (see section 5.1). In RET-mutant MTC, there are very limited data available in children or adolescents aged less than 18 years. Patients should be dosed according to body weight (see section 4.2).

Method of administration

Retsevmo is for oral use.

The capsules should be swallowed whole (patients should not open, crush, or chew the capsule before swallowing) and can be taken with or without food.

Patients should take the doses at approximately the same time every day.

Retsevmo must be accompanied by a meal if used concomitantly with a proton pump inhibitor (see section 4.5).

Retsevmo should be administered 2 hours before or 10 hours after H2 receptor antagonists (see section 4.5).

4.3 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/ aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

Grade ≥3 increased ALT and Grade ≥3 increased AST were reported in patients receiving selpercatinib (see section 4.8). ALT and AST should be monitored prior to the start of selpercatinib therapy, every 2 weeks during the first 3 months of treatment, monthly for the next 3 months of treatment, and otherwise as clinically indicated. Based on the level of ALT or AST elevations, selpercatinib may require dose modification (see section 4.2).

Hypertension

Hypertension was reported in patients receiving selpercatinib (see section 4.8). Patient blood pressure should be controlled before starting selpercatinib treatment, monitored during selpercatinib treatment and treated as needed with standard anti-hypertensive therapy. Based on the level of increased blood pressure, selpercatinib may require dose modification (see section 4.2). Selpercatinib should be discontinued permanently if medically significant hypertension cannot be controlled with antihypertensive therapy.

QT interval prolongation

QT interval prolongation was reported in patients receiving selpercatinib (see section 5.1). Selpercatinib should be used with caution in patients with such conditions as congenital long QT syndrome or acquired long QT syndrome or other clinical conditions that predispose to arrhythmias.

Patients should have a QTcF interval of ≤470 ms and serum electrolytes within normal range before starting selpercatinib treatment. Electrocardiograms and serum electrolytes should be monitored in all patients after 1 week of selpercatinib treatment, at least monthly for the first 6 months and otherwise, as clinically indicated, adjusting frequency based upon risk factors including diarrhoea, vomiting, and/or nausea. Hypokalaemia, hypomagnesaemia and hypocalcaemia should be corrected prior to initiating selpercatinib and during treatment. Monitor the QT interval with ECGs more frequently in patients who require treatment with concomitant medications known to prolong the QT interval.

Selpercatinib may require dose interruption or modification (see section 4.2).

Strong CYP3A4 inducers

Concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inducers should be avoided due to the risk of decreased efficacy of selpercatinib (see section 4.5).

Women of childbearing potential/Contraception in females and males

Women of childbearing potential must use highly effective contraception during treatment and for at least one week after the last dose of selpercatinib. Men with female partners of childbearing potential should use effective contraception during treatment and for at least one week after the last dose of selpercatinib (see section 4.6).

Fertility

Based on nonclinical safety findings, male and female fertility may be compromised by treatment with Retsevmo (see sections 4.6 and 5.3). Both men and women should seek advice on fertility preservation before treatment.

Hypersensitivity

Hypersensitivity was reported in patients receiving selpercatinib with a majority of events observed in patients with NSCLC previously treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy (see section 4.8). Signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity included fever, rash and arthralgias or myalgias with concurrent decreased platelets or elevated aminotransferases.

Suspend selpercatinib if hypersensitivity occurs, and begin steroid treatment. Based on the grade of hypersensitivity reactions, selpercatinib may require dose modification (see section 4.2). Steroids should be continued until patient reaches target dose and then tapered. Permanently discontinue selpercatinib for recurrent hypersensitivity.

Haemorrhages

Serious including fatal haemorrhagic events were reported in patients receiving selpercatinib (see section 4.8).

Permanently discontinue selpercatinib in patients with severe or life-threatening haemorrhage (see section 4.2).

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Effects of other medicinal products on the pharmacokinetics of selpercatinib

Selpercatinib metabolism is through CYP3A4. Therefore, medicinal products that can influence CYP3A4 enzyme activity may alter the pharmacokinetics of selpercatinib.

Selpercatinib is a substrate for P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and Breast Cancer Resistance Protein (BCRP) in vitro, however these transporters do not appear to limit the oral absorption of selpercatinib, as its oral bioavailability is 73% and its exposure was increased minimally by co-administration of the P-gp inhibitor rifampicin (increase of approximately 6.5% and 19% in selpercatinib AUC0-24 and Cmax, respectively).

Agents that may increase selpercatinib plasma concentrations

Co-administration of a single 160 mg selpercatinib dose with itraconazole, a strong CYP3A inhibitor, increased the Cmax and AUC of selpercatinib by 30% and 130%, respectively, compared to selpercatinib given alone. If strong CYP3A and/or P-gp inhibitors, including, but not limited to, ketoconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, posaconazole and nefazodone, have to be coadministered, the dose of selpercatinib should be reduced (see section 4.2).

Agents that may decrease selpercatinib plasma concentrations

Co-administration of rifampicin, a strong CYP3A4 inducer resulted in a decrease of approximately 87% and 70% in selpercatinib AUC and Cmax, respectively, compared to selpercatinib alone, therefore the concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inducers including, but not limited to, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifabutin, rifampicin and St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum), should be avoided.

Effects of selpercatinib on the pharmacokinetics of other medicinal products (increase in plasma concentration)

Sensitive CYP2C8 substrates

Selpercatinib increased the Cmax and AUC of repaglinide (a substrate of CYP2C8) by approximately 188% and 91% respectively. Therefore, coadministration with sensitive CYP2C8 substrates (e.g., odiaquine, cerivastatin, enzalutamide, paclitaxel, repaglinide, torasemide, sorafenib, rosiglitazone, buprenorphine, selexipag, dasabuvir and monteukast), should be avoided.

Sensitive CYP3A4 substrates

Selpercatinib increased Cmax and AUC of midazolam (a CYP3A4 substrate) by approximately 39% and 54%, respectively. Therefore, concomitant use with sensitive CYP3A4 substrates, (e.g., alfentanil, avanafil, buspirone, conivaptan, darifenacin, darunavir, ebastine, lomitapide, lovastatin, midazolam, naloxegol, nisoldipine, saquinavir, simvastatin, tipranavir, triazolam, vardenafil), should be avoided.

Coadministration with medicinal products that affect gastric pH

Selpercatinib has pH-dependent solubility, with decreased solubility at higher pH. No clinically significant differences in selpercatinib pharmacokinetics were observed when coadministered with multiple daily doses of ranitidine (H2 receptor antagonist) given 2 hours after the selpercatinib dose.

Coadministration with medicinal products that are proton pump inhibitors

Coadministration with multiple daily doses of omeprazole (a proton pump inhibitor) decreased selpercatinib AUC0-INF and Cmax when selpercatinib was administered fasting. Coadministration with multiple daily doses of omeprazole did not significantly change the selpercatinib AUC0-INF and Cmax when Retsevmo was administered with food.

Coadministration with medicinal products that are substrates of transporters

Selpercatinib inhibits the renal transporter multidrug and toxin extrusion protein 1 (MATE1). In vivo interactions of selpercatinib with clinically relevant substrates of MATE1, such as creatinine, may occur (see section 5.2).

Selpercatinib is an in vitro inhibitor of P-gp and BCRP.

Caution should be used when taking a P-gp substrate (e.g., fexofenadine, dabigatran etexilate, digoxin, colchicine, saxagliptin) (see section 5.2).

Paediatric population

Interaction studies have only been performed in adults.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Women of childbearing potential/Contraception in females and males

Women of childbearing potential have to use highly effective contraception during treatment and for at least one week after the last dose of selpercatinib. Men with female partners of childbearing potential should use effective contraception during treatment and for at least one week after the last dose of selpercatinib.

Pregnancy

There are no available data from the use of selpercatinib in pregnant women. Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3). Retsevmo is not recommended during pregnancy and in women of childbearing potential not using contraception. It should only be used during pregnancy if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the foetus.

Breast-feeding

It is unknown whether selpercatinib is excreted in human milk. A risk to breast-fed newborns/infants cannot be excluded. Breast-feeding should be discontinued during treatment with Retsevmo and for at least one week after the last dose.

Fertility

No human data on the effect of selpercatinib on fertility are available. Based on findings from animal studies, male and female fertility may be compromised by treatment with Retsevmo (see section 5.3). Both men and women should seek advice on fertility preservation before treatment.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Retsevmo may have minor influence on the ability to drive and use machines. Patients should be advised to be cautious when driving or using machines in case they experience fatigue or dizziness during treatment with Retsevmo (see section 4.8).

4.8 Undesirable effects

Summary of the safety profile

The most common serious adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are hypertension (0.9%), increased aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (1.6%) and increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (1.6%).

Permanent discontinuation of Retsevmo for treatment emergent adverse events, regardless of attribution occurred in 6.0% of patients. ADRs resulting in permanent discontinuation (2 or more patients) included increased ALT (0.4%), increased AST (0.3%), hypersensitivity (0.4%), and thrombocytopenia (0.3%).

Tabulated list of adverse drug reactions

The ADRs reported in the 746 patients treated with selpercatinib are shown in Table 3.

The ADRs are classified according to MedDRA the system organ class.

Frequency groups are defined by the following convention: very common (≥ 1/10); common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10); uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100); rare (≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1,000); very rare (< 1/10,000), and not known (cannot be estimated from available data).

Within each frequency group, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.

Median time on treatment with selpercatinib was 11.07 months.

Table 3 Adverse drug reactions in patients receiving single agent selpercatinib (LIBRETTO-001)

System organ class

ADR

Selpercatinib

(N=746)

All grades toxicity (%)

Grade 3, 4 toxicity

(%)

Immune system disordersa

Common

Hypersensitivityc

5.2

1.7*

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Very common

Decreased appetite

14.1

0.1*

Nervous system disorders

Very common

Headachec

24

1.5*

Dizzinessc

14.6

0.1*

Cardiac disorders

Very common

Electrocardiogram QT prolongedc

18.1

4.0

Vascular disorders

Very common

Hypertensionc

37.4

19.4

Gastrointestinal disorders

Very common

Abdominal painc

25.5

1.9*

Diarrhoeac

39.0

3.5*

Nausea

23.5

0.7*

Vomiting

16.2

0.9*

Constipation

27.1

0.5*

Dry Mouthc

40.3

0

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Very common

Rashc

28.7

0.7*

General disorders and administration site conditions

Very common

Pyrexia

14.3

0.1*

Fatiguec

38.2

2.3*

Oedemac

38.7

0.5*

Investigationsb

Very common

ALT increased

49.5

10.6

AST increased

55.0

9

Platelets decreased

34.5

3.0

LymphocytecCount decreased

46.2

16.1

Magnesium decreased

25.6

0.5

Creatinine increased

39.1

1.2

Blood and lymphatic system

Very common

Haemorrhaged

 

16.6

 

2.4

a Hypersensitivity reactions were characterised by a maculopapular rash often preceded by a fever with associated arthralgias/myalgias during the patient's first cycle of treatment (typically between Days 7-21).

b Based on laboratory assessments. Only patients with baseline and at least one post-baseline result are included.

c Consolidated terms

d See Description of selected adverse reactions for further characterisation.

*Only includes a grade 3 adverse reaction.

Description of selected adverse reactions

Aminotransferase elevations (AST / ALT increased)

Based on laboratory assessment, ALT and AST elevations were reported in 49.5% and 55% patients, respectively. Grade 3 or 4 ALT or AST elevations were reported in 10.6% and 9.0% patients respectively.

The median time to first onset was: AST increase 4.1 weeks (range: 0.7, 108.1), ALT increase 4.1 weeks (range: 0.9, 111.1).

Dose modification is recommended for patients who develop Grade 3 or 4 ALT or AST increase (see section 4.2).

QT interval prolongation

Review of ECG data showed 6.2% of patients had >500 msec maximum post-baseline QTcF value, and 17.5% of patients had a >60 msec maximum increase from baseline in QTcF intervals. At the time of the last post-baseline measurement, increase in QTc value >60 msec was reported in 2.6% of patients.

There were no reports of Torsade de pointes, sudden death, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, or ventricular flutter. No patient discontinued treatment due to QT prolongation.

Retsevmo may require dose interruption or modification (see sections 4.2 and 4.4).

Hypertension

In patients receiving selpercatinib, the median maximum increase from baseline systolic pressure was 29 mm Hg (range: –11, +96). Only 13% of patients retained their baseline grade during treatment, 45% had an increasing shift of 1 grade, 32.7% of 2 grades, and 8.3% of 3 grades. Hypertension was reported in 41.9% patients with history of hypertension (26.9% with grade 3) and 34.2% of patients without history of hypertension (14.1% with grade 3, 4).

Overall, a total of 19.4% displayed treatment-emergent Grade 3 hypertension (defined as maximum systolic blood pressure greater than 160 mm Hg). Diastolic blood pressure results were similar, but the increases were of lesser magnitude.

No patients were permanently discontinued due to hypertension. Dose modification is recommended in patients who develop hypertension (see section 4.2). Selpercatinib should be discontinued permanently if medically significant hypertension cannot be controlled with antihypertensive therapy (see section 4.4).

Hypersensitivity

Signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity included fever, rash and arthralgias or myalgias with concurrent decreased platelets or increased aminotransferase.

In study LIBRETTO-001, 24.7% (184/746) of patients treated with selpercatinib had previously received anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy. Hypersensitivity occurred in a total of 5.2% (39/746) of patients receiving selpercatinib, including Grade 3 hypersensitivity in 1.7% (13/746) of patients.

Of the 39 patients with hypersensitivity, 64.1% (25/39) had NSCLC and had received prior anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy.

Grade 3 hypersensitivity occurred in 3.8% (7/184) of the patients previously treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy.

The median time to onset was 1.9 weeks (range: 0.9 week to 77 weeks): 1.7 weeks in patients with previous anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy and 8.9 weeks in patients who were immunotherapy naïve.

Retsevmo may require dose interruption or modification (see section 4.2).

Haemorrhages

Grade ≥3 haemorrhagic events occurred in 2.4% of patients treated with selpercatinib, including 3 (0.4%) patients with fatal haemorrhagic events, one case each of cerebral haemorrhage, tracheostomy site haemorrhage, and haemoptysis. The median time to onset was 12.8 weeks (range: 0.1 week to 124.3 weeks).

Selpercatinib should be discontinued permanently in patients with severe or life-threatening haemorrhage (see section 4.2).

Additional information on special populations

Paediatric patients

There were 3 patients < 18 years (range: 15-17) of age in LIBRETTO-001. The safety of selpercatinib in children aged less than 18 years has not been established.

Elderly

In patients receiving selpercatinib, 24.5% were ≥65-74 years of age, 8.2% were 75-84 years of age, and 1.07% ≥ 85 years of age. The frequency of serious adverse events reported was higher in patients ≥65-74 years (43.2%), 75-84 years (50.8%), and ≥85 years (62.5%), than in patients <65 years (29.8%) of age.

The frequency of AE leading to discontinuation of selpercatinib was higher in patients ≥65-74 years (6.0%), 75-84 years (13.1%), and ≥85 years (12.5%), than in patients <65 years of age (3.2%).

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme; website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.

4.9 Overdose

Symptoms of overdose have not been established. In the event of suspected overdose, supportive care should be provided.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antineoplastic and immunomodulating agents, antineoplastic agents, protein kinase inhibitors, ATC code: L01EX22

Mechanism of action

Selpercatinib is an inhibitor of the rearranged during transfection (RET) receptor tyrosine kinase. Selpercatinib inhibited wild-type RET and multiple mutated RET isoforms as well as VEGFR1 and VEGFR3 with IC50 values ranging from 0.92 nM to 67.8 nM. In other enzyme assays, selpercatinib also inhibited FGFR 1, 2, and 3 at higher concentrations that were still clinically achievable. In a binding assay at the concentration of 1 µM selpercatinib, significant antagonist binding activity (>50%) was observed for the 5-HT (serotonin) transporter (70.2% antagonist) and α2C adrenoreceptor (51.7% antagonist). The concentration of 1 µM is approximately 7-fold higher than the maximum unbound plasma concentration of at the efficacious dose of selpercatinib.

Certain point mutations in RET or chromosomal rearrangements involving in-frame fusions of RET with various partners can result in constitutively activated chimeric RET fusion proteins that can act as oncogenic drivers by promoting cell proliferation of tumor cell lines. In in vitro and in vivo tumor models, selpercatinib demonstrated anti-tumor activity in cells harboring constitutive activation of RET protein resulting from gene fusions and mutations, including CCDC6-RET, KIF5B-RET, RET V804M, and RET M918T. In addition, selpercatinib showed anti-tumor activity in mice intracranially implanted with a patient-derived RET fusion-positive tumor.

Pharmacodynamic properties

Cardiac electrophysiology

In a thorough QT study with positive control in 32 healthy subjects, no large change (that is, >20 ms) in the QTcF interval was detected at selpercatinib concentrations similar to those observed with a therapeutic dosing schedule. An exposure-response analysis indicated that supra therapeutic concentrations, could lead to an increase in QTc > 20 ms.

In patients receiving selpercatinib, QT interval prolongation was reported. Therefore, dose interruption or modification may be required in patients (see sections 4.2 and 4.4).

Clinical efficacy and safety

The efficacy of Retsevmo was evaluated in adult patients with advanced RET fusion-positive NSCLC and RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer and in adult and adolescent patients with RET-mutant MTC enrolled in a phase 1/2, multicenter, open-label, single-arm clinical study: Study LIBRETTO-001. This study included two parts: phase 1 (dose escalation) and phase 2 (dose expansion). The primary objective of the phase 1 portion was to determine the recommended phase 2 dose of selpercatinib. The primary objective of the phase 2 part was to evaluate the anti-tumour activity of selpercatinib by determining ORR, as assessed by independent review committee. Patients with measurable or non-measurable disease as determined by RECIST 1.1, with evidence of a RET gene alteration in tumour and who had failed or were intolerant to standard of care were enrolled. Patients with CNS metastases were eligible if stable, while patients with symptomatic primary CNS tumor, metastases, leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or spinal cord compression were excluded. Patients with known primary driver alteration other than RET, clinically significant active cardiovascular disease or history of myocardial infarction, QTcF interval > 470 msec were excluded.

Patients in the phase 2 portion of the study received Retsevmo 160 mg orally twice daily until unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Identification of a RET gene alteration was prospectively determined in local laboratories using next generation sequencing (NGS), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The major efficacy outcome measures were overall response rate (ORR) and duration of response (DOR), as determined by a blinded independent review committee (IRC) according to RECIST v1.1.

Ret fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer – previously treated

Of the RET fusion-positive NSCLC patients previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy and enrolled in LIBRETTO-001, 218 patients had the opportunity to be followed for at least 6 months and were considered efficacy eligible. The primary assessment of efficacy for RET fusion-positive NSCLC was based on the first 105 of the 218 consecutively enrolled patients. Patients enrolled into LIBRETTO-001had advanced NSCLC with a RET gene fusion. The majority of the patients had non-squamous NSCLC, and one patient had squamous NSCLC. For the primary analysis population, the median age was 61 years (range 23 years to 81 years). 41.0% of patients were male. 52.4% of patients were White while 38.1% were Asian, 4.8% were Black and 3.8% Hispanic/Latino and 71.4% were never smokers. Most patients (98%) had metastatic disease at enrolment and 80% were diagnosed as stage 4. ECOG performance status was reported as 0-1 (98.1%) or 2 (1.9%). 98.1% of patients had metastatic disease. 100% (n=105) of patients received prior systemic therapy with a median of 3 prior systemic regimens (range 1–15) and 56.2% (n = 59) received 3 or more prior systemic regimens; prior treatments included anti PD1/PD-L1 therapy (55.2%), multi-kinase inhibitor (MKI) (47.6%) and taxanes (35.2%). 49.2% had other systemic therapy. The most common fusion partner was KIF5B (56.2%), followed by CCDC6 (22.9%) and then NCOA4 (1.9%). Efficacy results for previously treated RET fusion-positive NSCLC are summarised in Table 4.

Table 4 Objective response and duration of response

Primary analysis set

IRC assessment

Efficacy eligible patients

IRC assessment

n

105

218

Objective response (CR + PR)

n (%)

63.8

56.9

95% CI

(53.9, 73)

(50.0, 63.6)

Complete response n (%)

2 (1.9)

9 (4.1)

Partial response n (%)

65 (61.9)

115 (52.8)

Duration of response (months)*

Median

17.5

17.5

95% CI

12.1, NE

12.5, NE

NE = not estimable

*Median duration of follow-up was 15.67 months (25th, 75th percentile: 12.1, 18.2) for the first 105 patients and 11.9 months (25th, 75th percentile: 7.4, 15.9) for the 218 efficacy evaluable patients.

CNS response in RET fusion-positive NSCLC

Among the 253 RET fusion-positive NSCLC patients (independent of analysis set), 96 had CNS metastasis and 23 had measurable CNS lesions according to IRC assessment. The ORR in the evaluable patients was 87% (20/23; 95% CI: 66.4, 97.2). The DOR was 9.36 months (range: 2.8 - 23.9+).

RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer-previously treated

Of the RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer patients previously treated with systemic therapy other than Radioactive iodine, and enrolled in LIBRETTO-001, 22 patients had the opportunity to be followed for at least 6 months and were considered efficacy eligible. The primary assessment of efficacy was based on the first 19 of the 22 consecutively enrolled patients. For the primary analysis population, the median age was 54 years (range 25 to 88 years). 47.4% of patients were male. 73.7% of patients were White while 10.5% were Asian, 5.3% were Black and 5.3% were Hispanic/Latino. ECOG performance status was reported as 0-1 (89.5%) or 2 (10.5%). 100% of patients had metastatic disease. Patients had received a median of 4 prior systemic therapies (range: 1-7). Prior therapies included radioactive iodine (84.2%), MKI (78.9%). 42.1% had other systemic therapy. The different histologies represented in the 19 patients included: papillary (n = 13), poorly differentiated (n = 3), anaplastic (n = 2), and Hurthle cell (n = 1). The most common fusion partner was CCDC6 (47.4%) followed by NCOA4 (31.6%).

Efficacy results for previously treated RET fusion-positive thyroid cancer are summarised in Table 5

Table 5 Objective response and duration of response

Primary analysis set

IRC assessment

Efficacy eligible patients

IRC assessment

n

19

22

Objective response (CR + PR)

n (%)

78.9

77.3

95% CI

(54.4, 93.9)

54.6, 92.2

Complete response n (%)

2 (10.5)

2 (9.1)

Partial response n (%)

13 (68.4)

15 (68.2)

Duration of response (months)*

Median

18.4

18.4

95% CI

(7.6, NE)

10.1, NE

NE = not estimable

*Median duration of follow-up was 20.27 months (25th, 75th percentile: 12.9, 25.4) for the first 19 patients and 20.27 months (25th, 75th percentile: 12.6, 25.4) for the 22 efficacy evaluable patients.

RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer-previously treated

Of the RET-mutant MTC patients previously treated with cabozantinib and/or vandetanib and enrolled in LIBRETTO-001, 143 patients had the opportunity to be followed for at least 6 months and were considered efficacy eligible. The primary assessment of efficacy for RET-mutant MTC was based on the first 55 of 143 consecutively enrolled patients. For the primary analysis population, the median age was 57 years (range 17 years to 84 years); 1 patient (1.3%) was <18 years of age. 65.5% of patients were male. 89.1% of patients were white while 0% were Asian, 1.8% were Black and 7.3% were Hispanic/Latino. ECOG performance status was reported as 0-1 (95.0%) or 2 (5.5%). 98.2% of patients had metastatic disease. The most common mutation was M918T (60%), followed by extracellular cysteine mutations (12.7%). 100% (n = 55) of patients received prior systemic therapy with a median of 2 prior systemic regimens and 32.7% (n = 18) received 3 or more prior systemic regimens.

Efficacy results for previously treated RET-mutant MTC are summarised in Table 6.

Table 6 Objective response and duration of response

Primary analysis set

IRC assessment

Efficacy eligible patients

IRC assessment

n

55

143

Objective response (CR + PR)

n (%)

69.1

69.2

95% CI

(55.2%, 80.9%)

(61.0, 76.7)

Complete response n (%)

6 (10.9)

6 (4.2)

Partial response n (%)

32 (58.2)

93 (65.0)

Duration of response (months)*

Median

NE

NE

95% CI

(19.1, NE)

(19.1, NE)

NE = not estimable

*Median duration of follow-up was 17.45 months (25th, 75th percentile: 12.9, 22.0) for the first 55 patients and 10.05 months (25th, 75th percentile: 5.9, 15.9) for the 143 efficacy evaluable patients.

Paediatric population

The European Medicines Agency has waived the obligation to submit the results of studies with selpercatinib in patients aged 6 months and below in solid tumours (see section 4.2 for information on paediatric use).

The European Medicines Agency has deferred the obligation to submit the results of studies with selpercatinib in one or more subsets of the paediatric population in relapsed/refractory solid tumours, including RET fusion-positive solid tumours, RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer, and other tumours with RET alteration/activation (see section 4.2 for information on paediatric use).

Conditional approval

This medicinal product has been authorised under a so-called 'conditional approval' scheme. This means that further evidence on this medicinal product is awaited. The European Medicines Agency will review new information on this medicinal product at least every year and this SmPC will be updated as necessary

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

The pharmacokinetics of selpercatinib were evaluated in patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors administered 160 mg twice daily unless otherwise specified. Steady-state selpercatinib AUC and Cmax increased in a linear to supra-dose proportional manner over the dose range of 20 mg once daily to 240 mg twice daily.

Steady-state was reached by approximately 7 days and the median accumulation ratio after administration of 160 mg twice daily was 3.4-fold. Mean steady-state selpercatinib [coefficient of variation (CV%)] Cmax was 2,980 (53%) ng/mL and AUC0-24h was 51,600 (58%) ng*h/mL.

In vitro studies indicate that selpercatinib does not inhibit or induce CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, or CYP2D6 at clinically relevant concentrations.

In vitro studies indicate that selpercatinib inhibits MATE1, P-gp, and BCRP, but does not inhibit OAT1, OAT3, OCT1, OCT2, OATP1B1, OATP1B3, BSEP, and MATE2-K at clinically relevant concentrations. Selpercatinib may increase serum creatinine by decreasing renal tubular secretion of creatinine via inhibition of MATE1.

Absorption

After an oral dose of 160 mg, Retsevmo was rapidly absorbed, with Tmax of approximately 2 hours. Geometric mean absolute oral bioavailability was 73.2% (range: 60.2-81.5%).

Effect of food

Compared to selpercatinib AUC and Cmax in the fasted state, selpercatinib AUC was increased by 9% and Cmax was reduced by 14% after oral administration of a single 160 mg dose to healthy subjects taken with a high-fat meal. These changes were not considered to be clinically relevant. Therefore, selpercatinib can be taken with or without food.

Distribution

Selpercatinib mean (CV%) volume of distribution (Vss/F), estimated by Population PK analysis, is 191 (69%) L following oral administration of selpercatinib in adult patients. Selpercatinib is 96% bound to human plasma proteins in vitro and binding is independent of concentration. The blood-to-plasma concentration ratio is 0.7.

Biotransformation

Selpercatinib is metabolized predominantly by CYP3A4. Following oral administration of a single [14C] radiolabeled 160 mg dose of selpercatinib to healthy subjects, unchanged selpercatinib constituted 86% of the measured radioactive components in plasma.

Elimination

The mean (CV%) clearance (CL/F) of selpercatinib is 6.0 (49%) L/h and the half-life is 22 hours following oral administration of selpercatinib in adult patients. Following oral administration of a single [14C] radiolabeled 160 mg dose of selpercatinib to healthy subjects, 69% (14% unchanged) of the administered radioactivity was recovered in faeces and 24% (11.5% unchanged) was recovered in urine.

Special populations

Age, gender and body weight

Age (range: 15 years to 90 years) or gender had no clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of Retsevmo. Patients with a body weight ≤50 kg should start Retsevmo treatment with a dose of 120 mg twice daily, while patients >50 kg should start Retsevmo treatment with a dose of 160 mg twice daily.

Hepatic impairment

Selpercatinib AUC0-∞ increased by 7% in subjects with mild, 32% in subjects with moderate Child-Pugh classification. Thus, selpercatinib exposure (AUC) in subjects with mild and moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A and B) is comparable to exposure in healthy subjects when a dose of 160 mg is administered.

Selpercatinib AUC0-∞ increased by 77% in subjects with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C). There is limited clinical data on the safety of selpercatinib in patients with severe hepatic impairment. Therefore, dose modification is recommended for patients with severe hepatic impairment (section 4.2).

Renal impairment

In a clinical pharmacology study using single dose selpercatinib 160 mg, exposure (AUC) was unchanged in subjects with mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment. End stage renal disease (eGFR <15 ml/min) and dialysis patients have not been studied.

Paediatric population

Based on limited pharmacokinetic data, the Cmax and AUC was similar in adolescent patients, 12-18 years of age, and in adults.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

Repeat-dose studies were conducted in rats and minipigs to characterize toxicity. Target organs of toxicity common to the rat and minipig were hematopoietic system, lymphoid tissues, tongue, pancreas, epiphyseal growth plate, and male reproductive tissues. In general, toxicities in these organs were reversible; the exception was the testicular toxicity. Reversible toxicity was observed in the ovaries and gastrointestinal tract in minipigs only; at high doses, gastrointestinal toxicity caused morbidity at exposures in minipigs that were generally lower than exposures determined in humans at the recommended dose. In one minipig study, females exhibited a slight, reversible increase in QTc prolongation of approximately 12% compared to controls and 7 % compared to pre-dose values. Target organs of toxicity observed only in rats were incisor tooth, liver, vagina, lungs, Brunner's gland, and multi-tissue mineralization associated with hyperphosphatemia. These toxicities only occurring in these organs in rats were reversible.

Genotoxicity

Selpercatinib is not genotoxic at therapeutic doses. In an in vivo micronucleus assay in rats, selpercatinib was positive at concentrations >7 times the Cmax at the human dose of 160 mg twice daily. In an in vitro micronucleus assay in human peripheral blood lymphocytes, an equivocal response was observed at a concentration approximately 485 times the Cmax at the human dose.

Mutagenesis

Selpercatinib did not cause mutations in a bacterial mutagenicity assay.

Carcinogenesis

Long-term studies to assess the carcinogenic potential of selpercatinib have not been performed.

Embryotoxicitiy / Teratogenicity

Based on data from animal reproduction studies and its mechanism of action, selpercatinib can cause foetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Administration of selpercatinib to pregnant rats during organogenesis at maternal exposures that were approximately equal to those observed at the recommended human dose of 160 mg twice daily resulted in embryolethality and malformations.

Reproduction toxicity

Results of studies conducted in rats and minipigs suggest that selpercatinib could impair fertility in males and females.

In a fertility study in male rats, dose-dependent germ cell depletion and spermatid retention were observed at subclinical AUC-based exposure levels (0.2 times the clinical exposure at the recommended human dose). These effects were associated with reduced organ weights, reduced sperm motility, and an increase in the number of abnormal sperm at AUC-based exposure levels approximately twice the clinical exposure at the recommended human dose. Microscopic findings in the fertility study in male rats were consistent with effects in repeat dose studies in rats and minipigs, in which dose-dependent, non-reversible testicular degeneration was associated with reduced luminal sperm in the epididymis at subclinical AUC-based exposure levels (0.1 to 0.4 times the clinical exposure at the recommended human dose).

In a fertility and early embryonic study in female rats, a reduction in the number of estrous cycles as well as embryolethality were observed at AUC-based exposure levels approximately equal to clinical exposure at the recommended human dose. In repeat-dose studies in rats, reversible vaginal mucification with individual cell cornification and altered estrous cycles were noted at clinically relevant AUC-based exposure levels. In minipigs, decreased corpora lutea and/or corpora luteal cysts were observed at subclinical AUC-based clinical exposure levels (0.07 to 0.3 times the clinical exposure at the recommended human dose).

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Capsule content

Cellulose, microcrystalline

Silica, colloidal anhydrous

Capsule shell

Retsevmo 40 mg hard capsules

Gelatin

Titanium dioxide (E171)

Iron Oxide (E172)

Retsevmo 80 mg hard capsules

Gelatin

Titanium dioxide (E171)

Brilliant Blue FCF (E133)

Capsules black ink composition

Shellac

Ethanol (96 per cent),

Isopropyl alcohol

Butanol

Propylene glycol

Water, purified

Ammonia solution, concentrated

Potassium hydroxide

Iron oxide black

6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3 Shelf life

2 years.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

Each pack contains 1 HDPE bottle with a plastic screw cap.

Retsevmo 40 mg hard capsules

Retsevmo 40 mg hard capsules is supplied as a 60 count HDPE bottle.

Retsevmo 80 mg hard capsules

Retsevmo 80 mg hard capsules is supplied as 60 count HDPE bottle and 120 count HDPE bottle.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

Eli Lilly Nederland B.V.

Papendorpseweg 83

3528BJ Utrecht

The Netherlands

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

PLGB 14895/0311

PLGB 14895/0312

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

26/02/2021

10. Date of revision of the text

26/02/2021

Detailed information on this medicinal product is available on the website of the Medicines & Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency http://www.mhra.gov.uk/.

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