What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet, the original can be viewed in PDF format using the link above.

The text only version may be available from RNIB in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call RNIB Medicine Leaflet Line on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: EU/1/15/1007/002 .

Gardasil 9

Package leaflet: Information for the user

Gardasil® 9 suspension for injection in a pre-filled syringe

Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine (Recombinant, adsorbed)

▼This medicine is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information. You can help by reporting any side effects you may get. See the end of section 4 for how to report side effects.

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you or your child are vaccinated because it contains important information for you or your child.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, please ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.
  • If you or your child get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet

1. What Gardasil 9 is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you or your child receive Gardasil 9
3. How Gardasil 9 is given
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Gardasil 9
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Gardasil 9 is and what it is used for

Gardasil 9 is a vaccine for children and adolescents from 9 years of age and adults. It is given to protect against diseases caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58.

These diseases include pre-cancerous lesions and cancers of the female genitals (cervix, vulva, and vagina), pre-cancerous lesions and cancers of the anus and genital warts in males and females.

Gardasil 9 has been studied in males and females 9 to 26 years of age.

Gardasil 9 protects against the HPV types that cause most cases of these diseases.

Gardasil 9 is intended to prevent these diseases. The vaccine is not used to treat HPV related diseases. Gardasil 9 does not have any effect in individuals who already have a persistent infection or disease associated with any of the HPV types in the vaccine. However, in individuals who are already infected with one or more of the vaccine HPV types, Gardasil 9 can still protect against diseases associated with the other HPV types in the vaccine.

Gardasil 9 cannot cause HPV-related diseases.

When an individual is vaccinated with Gardasil 9, the immune system (the body’s natural defence system) stimulates production of antibodies against the nine vaccine HPV types, to help protect against the diseases caused by these viruses.

If you or your child receive a first dose of Gardasil 9, you have to complete the full vaccination course with Gardasil 9.

If you or your child already received an HPV vaccine, ask your doctor if Gardasil 9 is right for you.

Gardasil 9 should be used in accordance with official guidelines.

2. What you need to know before you or your child receive Gardasil 9

Do not receive Gardasil 9 if you or your child

  • is allergic to any of the active substances or any of the other ingredients of this vaccine (listed under “other ingredients”, in section 6).
  • developed an allergic reaction after receiving a dose of Gardasil or Silgard (HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18) or Gardasil 9.

Warnings and precautions

Talk to your doctor or nurse if you or your child:

  • has a bleeding disorder (a disease that makes you bleed more than normal), for example haemophilia;
  • has a weakened immune system, for example due to a genetic defect, HIV infection or medicines that affect the immune system;
  • suffer from an illness with high fever. However, a mild fever or upper respiratory infection (for example having a cold) itself is not a reason to delay vaccination.

Fainting, sometimes accompanied by falling, can occur (mostly in adolescents) following any needle injection. Therefore tell the doctor or nurse if fainting occurred with a previous injection.

As with any vaccine, Gardasil 9 may not fully protect all of those who get the vaccine.

Gardasil 9 will not protect against every type of Human Papillomavirus. Therefore appropriate precautions against sexually transmitted disease should continue to be used.

Vaccination is not a substitute for routine cervical screening. If you are a woman, you should continue to follow your doctor’s advice on cervical smear/Pap tests and preventative and protective measures.

What other important information should you or your child know about Gardasil 9

The duration of protection is not yet known. Longer term follow-up studies are ongoing to determine whether a booster dose is needed.

Other medicines and Gardasil 9

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you or your child is taking, has recently taken or might take any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.

Gardasil 9 can be given with a combined booster vaccine containing diphtheria (d) and tetanus (T) with either pertussis [acellular, component] (ap) and/or poliomyelitis [inactivated] (IPV) (dTap, dT-IPV, dTap-IPV vaccines) at a separate injection site (another part of your body, for example the other arm or leg) during the same visit.

Gardasil 9 may not have an optimal effect if used with medicines that suppress the immune system.

Hormonal contraceptives (for example the pill) did not reduce the protection obtained by Gardasil 9.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

If you are pregnant, think that you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before you receive this vaccine.

Gardasil 9 may be given to women who are breast-feeding or intend to breast-feed.

Driving and using machines

Gardasil 9 may slightly and temporarily affect the ability to drive or use machines (see section 4 “Possible side effects”).

Gardasil 9 contains sodium chloride

This medicinal product contains less than 1 mmol sodium (23 mg) per dose, i.e. essentially “sodium-free”.

3. How Gardasil 9 is given

Gardasil 9 is given as an injection by your doctor. Gardasil 9 is intended for adolescents and adults from 9 years of age onwards.

If you are from 9 to and including 14 years of age at time of first injection

Gardasil 9 can be administered according to a 2-dose schedule:

  • First injection: at chosen date
  • Second injection: given between 5 and 13 months after first injection

If the second vaccine dose is administered earlier than 5 months after the first dose, a third dose should always be administered.

Gardasil 9 can be administered according to a 3-dose schedule:

  • First injection: at chosen date
  • Second injection: 2 months after first injection (not earlier than one month after the first dose)
  • Third injection: 6 months after first injection (not earlier than 3 months after the second dose)

All three doses should be given within a 1-year period. Please speak to your doctor for more information.

If you are from 15 years of age at time of first injection

Gardasil 9 should be administered according to a 3-dose schedule:

  • First injection: at chosen date
  • Second injection: 2 months after first injection (not earlier than one month after the first dose)
  • Third injection: 6 months after first injection (not earlier than 3 months after the second dose)

All three doses should be given within a 1-year period. Please speak to your doctor for more information.

It is recommended that individuals who receive a first dose of Gardasil 9 complete the vaccination course with Gardasil 9.

Gardasil 9 will be given as an injection through the skin into the muscle (preferably the muscle of the upper arm or thigh).

If you forget one dose of Gardasil 9

If a scheduled injection is missed, your doctor will decide when to give the missed dose.

It is important that you follow your doctor or nurse’s instructions regarding return visits for the follow-up doses. If you forget or are not able to go back to your doctor at the scheduled time, ask your doctor for advice. When Gardasil 9 is given as your first dose, the completion of the vaccination course should be done with Gardasil 9, and not another HPV vaccine.

If you have any further questions on the use of this vaccine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects

Like all vaccines, this vaccine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

The following side effects can be seen after the use of Gardasil 9:

Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people): side effects found at the injection site (pain, swelling and redness) and headache.

Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people): side effects found at the injection site (bruising, and itching), fever, tiredness, dizziness and nausea.

When Gardasil 9 was given with a combined diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis [acellular, component] and poliomyelitis [inactivated] booster vaccine during the same visit, there was more injection-site swelling.

The following side effects have been reported with GARDASIL or SILGARD and may also be seen after getting GARDASIL 9:

Fainting, sometimes accompanied by shaking or stiffening, has been reported. Although fainting episodes are uncommon, patients should be observed for 15 minutes after they receive HPV vaccine.

Allergic reactions have been reported. Some of these reactions have been severe. Symptoms may include difficulty breathing, wheezing, hives and/or rash.

As with other vaccines, side effects that have been reported during general use include: swollen glands (neck, armpit, or groin); muscle weakness, abnormal sensations, tingling in the arms, legs and upper body, or confusion (Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis); vomiting, joint pain, aching muscles, unusual tiredness or weakness, chills, generally feeling unwell, bleeding or bruising more easily than normal and skin infection at the injection site.

Reporting of side effects

If you or your child get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the national reporting system (see details below). By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

United Kingdom: Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.

Ireland:

HPRA Pharmacovigilance
Earlsfort Terrace
IRL - Dublin 2
Tel: +353 1 6764971
Fax: +353 1 6762517
Website: www.hpra.ie
e-mail: medsafety@hpra.ie

Malta: ADR Reporting at: www.medicinesauthority.gov.mt/adrportal

5. How to store Gardasil 9

Keep this vaccine out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not use this vaccine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and syringe label after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

Store in a refrigerator (2°C - 8°C). Do not freeze. Keep the syringe in the outer carton in order to protect from light.

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information

What Gardasil 9 contains

The active substances are: highly purified non-infectious protein for each of the Human Papillomavirus types (6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58).

1 dose (0.5 ml) contains approximately:

Human Papillomavirus1 Type 6 L1 protein2,3 30 micrograms

Human Papillomavirus1 Type 11 L1 protein2,3 40 micrograms

Human Papillomavirus1 Type 16 L1 protein2,3 60 micrograms

Human Papillomavirus1 Type 18 L1 protein2,3 40 micrograms

Human Papillomavirus1 Type 31 L1 protein2,3 20 micrograms

Human Papillomavirus1 Type 33 L1 protein2,3 20 micrograms

Human Papillomavirus1 Type 45 L1 protein2,3 20 micrograms

Human Papillomavirus1 Type 52 L1 protein2,3 20 micrograms

Human Papillomavirus1 Type 58 L1 protein2,3 20 micrograms

1Human Papillomavirus = HPV

2L1 protein in the form of virus like particles produced in yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae CANADE 3C-5 (Strain 1895)) by recombinant DNA technology.

3adsorbed on amorphous aluminium hydroxyphosphate sulphate adjuvant (0.5 milligrams Al).

Amorphous aluminium hydroxyphosphate sulphate is included in the vaccine as an adjuvant. Adjuvants are included to improve the immune response of vaccines.

The other ingredients in the vaccine suspension are: sodium chloride, L-histidine, polysorbate 80, sodium borate and water for injections.

What Gardasil 9 looks like and contents of the pack

1 dose of Gardasil 9 suspension for injection contains 0.5 ml.

Prior to agitation, Gardasil 9 may appear as a clear liquid with a white precipitate. After thorough agitation, it is a white, cloudy liquid.

Gardasil 9 is available in packs of 1 or 10 pre-filled syringes.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Marketing Authorisation Holder

MSD VACCINS
162 avenue Jean Jaurès
69007 Lyon
France

Manufacturer

Merck Sharp and Dohme, B.V.
Waarderweg, 39
2031 BN Haarlem
The Netherlands

For any information about this medicinal product, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder.

United Kingdom
Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited
Tel: +44 (0) 1992 467272
e-mail: medicalinformationuk@merck.com

This leaflet was last revised in November 2017.

Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency web site: http://www.ema.europa.eu.

© Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited, 2017. All rights reserved.

PIL.GRD9.PFS.17.UK.6138-N021