- celiprolol hydrochloride
POM: Prescription only medicine
This information is intended for use by health professionals
Celectol 400 Tablets
Celiprolol Hydrochloride 400 mg.
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
White film coated biconvex heart shaped tablets engraved with the Celectol logo on one face with 400 on the other.
The management of mild to moderate hypertension.
The initial dose is 200 mg orally taken once daily with a glass of water. Celectol should be preferably taken first thing in the morning, 30 minutes before food, or 2 hours after a meal. If response is inadequate, the dose may be increased to 400 mg once daily according to the therapeutic response.
In hypertensive patients additional treatment with other anti-hypertensive agents is possible, in particular with diuretics. When a combination is initiated an increased monitoring of the blood pressure is recommended.
Dosage as for adults. However close monitoring of elderly patients should be exercised, as renal and hepatic functions may be decreased in this population.
Dosage may require adjustment (see section 4.4).
Method of administration
As with other beta-adrenoceptor antagonists, celiprolol should not be used in cases of:
• Hypersensitivity to the active substance or any of the excipients (see section 6.1).
• Cardiogenic shock, uncontrolled heart failure, sick-sinus syndrome (including sino-atrial block), second or third degree heart block or severe bradycardia (< 45 – 50 beats per minute).
• Severe renal impairment with creatinine clearance less than 15 ml per minute.
• Acute episodes of asthma.
• Untreated phaeochromocytoma.
• Metabolic acidosis.
• Severe peripheral arterial circulatory disturbances.
Celectol tablets should not be prescribed for patients being treated with theophylline.
Asthma and bronchispastic diseases
Although cardio-selective beta blockers may have less effect on lung function than non-selective beta blockers, as with all beta blockers these should be avoided in patients with chronic obstructive airways disease, and in patients with a history of bronchospasm or bronchial asthma, unless there are compelling clinical reasons for their use. Where such reasons exist, celiprolol may be used but with the utmost caution under specialist supervision. The label will carry the following warning: If you have a history of asthma or wheezing, please ask your doctor before taking this medicine.
Impaired renal function
Celectol may be used in patients with mild to moderate degrees of reduced renal function as celiprolol is cleared by both renal and non-renal excretory pathways. A reduction in dosage by half may be appropriate in patients with creatinine clearances in the range of 15 – 40 ml per minute. However, careful surveillance of such patients is recommended until steady state blood levels are achieved which typically would be within one week. Celectol is not recommended for patients with creatinine clearance less than 15 ml per minute. Patients with hepatic impairment should also be carefully monitored after commencing therapy and a reduced dosage should be considered.
In patients with coronary insufficiency, treatment should not be discontinued abruptly.
Sudden withdrawal of beta-adrenoceptor blocking agents in patients with ischaemic heart disease may result in the appearance of anginal attacks of increased frequency or severity or deterioration in cardiac state. Although no adverse effects due to abrupt cessation of Celectol have been seen in clinical trials, therapy should be gradually reduced over 1 – 2 weeks, at the same time, if necessary, initiating replacement therapy to prevent exacerbation of angina pectoris.
Celectol therapy must be reported to the anaesthetist prior to general anaesthesia. If it is decided to withdraw the drug before surgery, 48 hours should be allowed to elapse between the last dose and anaesthesia. Continuation of beta blockade reduces the risk of arrhythmias during induction and intubation, although reflex tachycardia may be attenuated and the risk of hypotension may be increased (see section 4.5). In the event of continuation of Celectol treatment special care should be exercised when using anaesthetic agents such as ether, cyclopropane or trichloroethylene. The patient may be protected against vagal reactions by the intravenous administration of atropine.
Celectol should only be used with caution in patients with well-controlled congestive cardiac failure under strict medical surveillance. Evidence of decompensation should be regarded as a signal to discontinue therapy.
Peripheral circulatory disorders
In patients with peripheral circulatory disorders (Raynaud's disease or syndrome, intermittent claudication), beta blockers should be used with great caution as aggravation of these disorders may occur. Close monitoring is advisable.
Celiprolol may induce bradycardia. If the pulse rate decreases to less than 50 – 55 beats per minute at rest and the patient experiences symptoms related to the bradycardia, the dosage should be reduced.
First degree heart block
Due to its negative effect on conduction time, celiprolol should only be given with caution to patients with first degree heart block.
Beta blockers may increase the number and the duration of anginal attacks in patients with Prinzmetal's angina, due to unopposed alpha-receptor mediated coronary artery vasoconstriction. The use of beta-1 selective adrenoceptor blocking drugs such as celiprolol may be considered in these patients, but the utmost care should be exercised.
Celiprolol should be used with caution in patients with treated phaeochromocytoma and must not be administered until after the alpha-blockade has been established. Close monitoring is advisable.
Anaphylactic and allergic reactions
In patients with a history of anaphylactic reactions, beta blockers may increase the sensitivity to allergens and the seriousness of the reactions.
Beta blockers have been reported to exacerbate psoriasis, and patients with a history of psoriasis should take celiprolol only after careful consideration.
Caution should be observed in patients with diabetes mellitus as beta blockers may mask the symptoms of hypoglycaemia (in particular, tachycardia) (see section 4.5).
Beta blockers may mask the symptoms of thyrotoxicosis.
Drug screening tests
Celiprolol may give a positive reaction when drug screening tests are conducted in competitive sport since beta-blockers may be restricted in certain sports. Competitors should check with the appropriate sports authorities.
Associations not recommended
It has been shown that the bioavailability of celiprolol is impaired when it is given with food. Co-administration of chlorthalidone and hydrochlorothiazide also reduces the bioavailability of celiprolol.
Calcium channel antagonists such as verapamil (and to a lesser extent diltiazem) and beta blockers both slow A-V conduction and depress myocardial contractility through different mechanisms. When changing from verapamil to celiprolol and vice versa, a period between stopping one and starting the other is recommended. Concomitant administration of both drugs is not recommended and should only be initiated with both clinical signs and ECG monitored carefully. Patients with pre-existing conduction abnormalities should not be given the two drugs together.
In case of shock or hypotension due to floctafenine, beta-blockers may reduce the effectiveness of drugs used to compensate these symptoms.
Digitalis glycosides, in association with beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs, may increase A-V conduction time.
Beta blockers may exacerbate the rebound hypertension which can follow the withdrawal of clonidine. If the two drugs are co-administered, the beta-adrenoceptor blocking drug should be withdrawn several days before discontinuing clonidine. There is a theoretical risk that concurrent administration of monoamine oxidase inhibitors and high doses of beta-adrenoceptor blockers, even if they are cardio selective, can produce hypotension and is therefore not recommended.
Associations to be used with caution
Care should be taken in prescribing beta-adrenoceptor blockers with Class I antiarrhythmic agents (e.g. disopyramide, quinidine) and amiodarone, since these agents may potentiate the negative effects on A-V conduction and myocardial contractility. Clinical and ECG monitoring must be performed.
An increased risk of depression has been reported when beta blockers are co-administered with diltiazem (see section 4.8).
Beta blockers may intensify the blood sugar lowering effects of insulin and oral antidiabetic drugs, and the dosage of antidiabetics may therefore require adjustment. In addition, beta-adrenoceptor blockers may mask the symptoms of thyrotoxicosis or hypoglycaemia (in particular, tachycardia).
Therapy with beta-adrenoceptor blockers must be reported to the anaesthetist prior to general anaesthesia as they may attenuate the reflex tachycardia and increase the risk of hypotension (see section 4.4).
Associations to be taken into account
Concomitant therapy with dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonists, such as nifedipine, may increase the risk of hypotension, and cardiac failure may occur in patients with latent or uncontrolled cardiac insufficiency. Blood pressure should be closely monitored in case of co-administration of celiprolol and dihydropyridine derivatives especially when therapy is initiated.
Drugs inhibiting prostaglandin synthetase, such as ibuprofen or indometacin, may decrease the hypotensive effects of beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs.
Sympathomimetic agents, such as adrenaline, may counteract the effects of beta blockers.
Concomitant use of other antihypertensive agents, or of tricyclic antidepressants, barbiturates or phenothiazines, may potentiate the orthostatic hypotensive effects of beta blockers.
Concomitant therapy with mefloquine may cause bradycardia.
The safety of this medicinal product for use in human pregnancy has not been established. An evaluation of experimental animal studies does not indicate direct or indirect harmful effects with respect to reproduction, development of the embryo or fetus, the course of gestation and peri- and post-natal development.
However, beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs in general have been associated with reduced placental perfusion, which may result in intrauterine fetal death, immature and premature deliveries. Celiprolol should therefore not be used during pregnancy unless there is no safer alternative.
In the newborn of treated mothers, beta-blocking activity persists for several days after birth and this may result in an increased risk of cardiac and pulmonary complications in the neonate in the post-natal period. In addition, adverse effects (especially hypoglycaemia, bradycardia and respiratory distress) may occur in fetus and neonate. Therefore close monitoring of the neonate is recommended for the first 3 – 5 days of life.
Most beta blockers will pass into breast milk, although to variable extents. The use of Celectol is therefore not recommended in breast-feeding mothers.
It has been shown that driving ability is unlikely to be impaired in patients taking Celectol. However, it should be taken into account that occasional dizziness or fatigue may occur as well as the potential for tremor, headaches or impaired vision. If affected, patients should be advised not to drive or operate machines.
Beta-adrenoceptor blockers may mask the symptoms of thyrotoxicosis or hypoglycaemia (in particular, tachycardia).
Occasional side effects, which are usually mild and transient have occurred. These include headache, hot flushes, asthenia, dizziness, fatigue, somnolence and insomnia (sleep disturbances). Additional side effects associated with beta-2 agonist activity, tremor and palpitations, have been reported. These effects usually do not require withdrawal of therapy. Depression and hypersensitivity pneumonitis have been reported rarely.
Bronchospasm, skin rashes and/or visual disturbances have been reported in association with the use of beta blockers. Celectol should be discontinued if these effects occur.
In addition, the following undesirable effects, listed by body system, are generally attributable to the pharmacological activity of beta-adrenergic blockers:
Bradycardia, slowed A-V conduction, hypotension, heart failure, cold and cyanotic extremities. In susceptible patients: precipitation of existing A-V block, exacerbation of intermittent claudication, Raynaud's disease or syndrome.
Confusion, hallucinations, psychoses, nightmares.
Nervous system disorders:
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders:
Bronchospasm may occur in patients with bronchial asthma or with a history of bronchial complaints. Dyspnoea and interstitial pneumonitis have also been rarely reported.
Metabolism and nutrition disorders:
Vomiting, diarrhoea, nausea and gastralgia.
Increase in transaminases.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders:
Skin disorders (cutaneous effects including psoriasiform rash), antinuclear antibodies have been observed, exceptional and reversible lupus syndrome.
Visual disturbances have been reported including xerophthalamias, dry eyes.
Reproductive system and breast disorders:
Libido decrease, male impotency.
An increase in ANA (antinuclear antibodies) has been reported, although its clinical relevance is not clear.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.
No data are available regarding celiprolol overdose in humans.
The most common symptoms to be expected following overdose with a beta-adrenoceptor blocking drug are bradycardia, hypotension, bronchospasm and acute cardiac insufficiency.
General treatment should be symptomatic and supportive and be conducted under close supervision, with the use of gastric lavage, activated charcoal and a laxative to prevent absorption of any drug still present in the gastrointestinal tract. Haemodialysis or haemoperfusion may be considered.
Bradycardia or extensive vagal reactions should be treated with intravenous atropine, 1 – 2 mg. Cardiac pacing should be considered in refractory bradycardia and heart block. Hypotension should be treated with plasma or plasma substitutes and, if necessary, intravenous catecholamines including dopamine and dobutamine.
Glucagon is the treatment of choice for severe hypotension, heart failure or cardiogenic shock. A bolus of 2 – 10 mg IV in adults (50 – 150 micrograms/kg in a child) should be followed by an infusion of 1 – 5 mg/hour (50 micrograms/kg/hour), titrated to clinical response. Note vials normally contain 1 mg = 1 unit and other treatments may be more convenient to use. Some patients do not respond to glucagon and if vomiting occurs without any improvement in blood pressure, further glucagon is unlikely to be of benefit. Adverse effects of glucagon administration include vomiting, hyperglycaemia, hypokalaemia and hypocalcaemia.
If glucagon is not available or if there is severe bradycardia and hypotension, which is not improved by glucagon, use isoprenaline starting at an infusion rate of 5 – 10 micrograms/minute (0.02 micrograms/kg/min in children increasing to a maximum of 0.5 micrograms/kg/min) and increased as necessary depending on clinical response. Large doses (up to 800 micrograms/min) have been reported to be necessary on some occasions. Isoprenaline may be ineffective at improving blood pressure despite increasing heart rate.
In severe hypotension additional inotropic support may be necessary with a beta agonist such as dobutamine 2.5 – 40 micrograms/kg/min (adults and children). Other inotropes such as dopamine, adrenaline (epinephrine) or noradrenaline (norepinephrine) may occasionally be of benefit or consider the use of an intra-aortic balloon pump to sustain an adequate cardiac output. Management of cases of severe hypotension and cardiogenic shock should be discussed with your local poisons service in the UK NPIS 0844 892 0111.
Celiprolol is a vasoactive beta-l selective adrenoceptor antagonist with partial beta-2 agonist activity indicated in mild to moderate hypertension. The beta-2 agonist activity is thought to account for its mild vasodilating properties. It lowers blood pressure in hypertensive patients at rest and on exercise. The effects on heart rate and cardiac output are dependant on the pre-existing background level of sympathetic tone.
Under conditions of stress such as exercise celiprolol attenuates chronotropic and inotropic responses to sympathetic stimulation. However, at rest minimal impairment of cardiac function is seen.
Celectol therapy has not been shown to adversely effect plasma lipid profiles.
Celiprolol is a hydrophilic compound that is incompletely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Plasma half-life is approximately 5 – 6 hours and pharmacodynamic effects are present for at least 24 hours. After once daily administration celiprolol is only slightly metabolised before excretion in the bile and urine in almost equal quantities.
It has been shown that the bioavailability of celiprolol is impaired when it is given with food. Co-administration of chlorthalidone, hydrochlorothiazide and theophylline also reduces the bioavailability of celiprolol.
There are no preclinical data of relevance to the prescriber which are additional to that already included in other sections of the SPC.
Microcrystalline Cellulose BP
Croscarmellose Sodium NF
Magnesium Stearate BP
Opadry Y-1-7000 (white) contains E464, E171 and polyethylene glycol
Opadry YS-l-7006 (clear) contains E464 and polyethylene glycol.
Store below 25°C.
2. HDPE (High Density Polyethylene Bottles)
3. Blister packs 250μ clear or opaque rigid UPVC with 20μ hard temper aluminium foil
56, 28, 10, 7, 5, 4 or 3
4. Blister packs: 36 GSM polythene with 30μ soft tempered aluminium foil.
7, 5, 4 or 3
No special instructions.
Aventis Pharma Limited
One Onslow Street
GU1 4YS, UK
Trading as: Sanofi, One Onslow Street, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 4YS, UK
Sanofi, 410 Thames Valley Park Drive, Reading, Berkshire, RG6 1PT, UK
+44 (0)845 372 7101
+44 (0)845 023 0441