GSL: General Sales Licence
This information is intended for use by health professionals
Also contains maltitol syrup (E965), sodium methylhydroxybenzoate (E219), sodium propylhydroxybenzoate (E217), propylene glycol (E1520) and ethanol.For excipients see section 6.1
Children aged 3 months to 12 years:Mild to moderate pain due to sore throat, teething pain, toothache, rheumatic or muscular pain, headache, minor aches and pains, symptoms of cold and influenza, post-immunisation pyrexia and reduction of fever.
Children aged 3 months to 12 years:For pain and fever 20mg/kg/day in divided doses.Infants 3-6 months
|weighing more than 5 kg:||One 2.5ml dose may be taken 3 times in 24 hours|
|Infants 6-12 months:||2.5 ml three times a day|
|Children 1-2 years:||2.5 ml three to four times a day|
|Children 3-7 years:||5 ml three to four times a day|
|Children 8-12 years:||10 ml three to four times a day|
Respiratory:Bronchospasm may be precipitated in patients suffering from or with a previous history of bronchial asthma or allergic disease.
Other NSAIDs:The use of ibuprofen with concomitant NSAIDs including cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors should be avoided (see section 4.5).
SLE and mixed connective tissue disease:Systemic lupus erythematosus and mixed connective tissue disease increased risk of aseptic meningitis (see section 4.8).
Renal:Renal impairment as renal function may further deteriorate (see sections 4.3 and 4.8).
Hepatic:Hepatic dysfunction (see sections 4.3 and 4.8)
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular effects:Caution (discussion with doctor or pharmacist) is required prior to starting treatment in patients with a history of hypertension and/or heart failure as fluid retention, hypertension and oedema have been reported in association with NSAID therapy.Clinical trial and epidermiological data suggest that use of ibuprofen, particularly at high doses (2400mg daily) and in long-term treatment may be associated with a small increased risk of arterial thrombotic events (for example myocardial infarction or stroke). Overall, epidemiological studies do not suggest that low dose ibuprofen (e.g. ≤ 1200mg daily) is associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction.
Impaired female fertility:There is limited evidence that drugs which inhibit cyclo-oxygenase/prostaglandin synthesis may cause impairment of female fertility by an effect on ovulation. This is reversible upon withdrawal of treatment. The use of Ibuprofen is therefore not recommended in women attempting to conceive.
Gastrointestinal:NSAIDs should be given with care to patients with a history of gastrointestinal disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease) as these conditions may be exacerbated (see section 4.8).GI bleeding, ulceration or perforation, which can be fatal, has been reported with all NSAIDs at anytime during treatment, with or without warning symptoms or a previous history of serious GI events.The risk of GI bleeding, ulceration or perforation is higher with increasing NSAID doses, in patients with a history of ulcer, particularly if complicated with haemorrhage or perforation (see section 4.3), and in the elderly. These patients should commence treatment on the lowest dose available.Patients with a history of GI toxicity, particularly when elderly, should report any unusual abdominal symptoms (especially GI bleeding) particularly in the initial stages of treatment.Caution should be advised in patients receiving concomitant medications which could increase the risk of ulceration or bleeding, such as oral corticosteroids, anticoagulants such as warfarin, selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors or anti-platelet agents such as aspirin (see section 4.5).When GI bleeding or ulceration occurs in patients receiving ibuprofen, the treatment should be withdrawn.
Dermatological:Serious skin reactions, some of them fatal, including exfoliative dermatitis, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis, have been reported very rarely in association with the use of NSAIDs (see section 4.8). Patients appear to be at highest risk for these reactions early in the course of therapy: the onset of the reaction occurring in the majority of cases within the first month of treatment. Acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) has been reported in relation to ibuprofen-containing products. Ibuprofen should be discontinued at the first appearance of skin rash, mucosal lesions, or any other sign of hypersensitivity. Dehydration: There is a risk of renal impairment in dehydrated children.
The label will include:Read the enclosed leaflet before taking this product.Do not give this product if your baby or child• Has (or has had two or more episodes of) a stomach ulcer, perforation or bleeding• Is allergic to ibuprofen or any other ingredient of the product, aspirin or other related painkillers• Is taking other NSAID painkillers, or aspirin with a daily dose above 75 mgSpeak to a pharmacist or your doctor before giving this product if your baby or child• Has or has had asthma, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, a stroke, heart, liver, kidney or bowel problems, or is dehydrated If you are an adult taking this product you should not take this product in the last 3 months of pregnancy and you should contact your doctor or pharmacist before taking it in the first 6 months of pregnancy, if trying to get pregnant, if you are elderly or if you are a smoker.Do not give to babies aged from 3 to under 6 months for more than 24 hours. Do not give to children aged 6 months and older for more than 3 days. If symptoms persist or worsen, consult your doctor promptly. Do not exceed the stated dose. Not recommended for children under 3 months.
Ibuprofen should be avoided in combination with:Aspirin: Unless low-dose aspirin (not above 75 mg daily) has been advised by a doctor, as this may increase the risk of adverse reactions (see section 4.4).Experimental data suggest that ibuprofen may inhibit the effect of low dose aspirin on platelet aggregation when they are dosed concomitantly. However, the limitations of these data and the uncertainties regarding extrapolation of ex-vivo data to the clinical situation imply that no firm conclusions can be made for regular ibuprofen use, and no clinically relevant effect is considered to be likely for occasional ibuprofen use (see section 5.1).Other NSAIDs including cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors: Avoid concomitant use of two or more NSAIDs as this may increase the risk of adverse effects (see section 4.4).
Ibuprofen should be used with caution in combination with:Anticoagulants: NSAIDs may enhance the effects of anticoagulants, such as warfarin (see section 4.4).Antihypertensives and diuretics: NSAIDs may diminish the effect of these drugs. Diuretics can increase the risk of nephrotoxicity of NSAIDs.Corticosteroids: Increased risk of gastrointestinal ulceration or bleeding (see section 4.4)Anti-platelet agents and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (see section 4.4).Cardiac glycosides: NSAIDs may exacerbate cardiac failure, reduce GFR and increase plasma glycoside levels.Lithium: There is evidence for potential increase in plasma levels of lithium.Methotrexate: There is potential for an increase in plasma methotrexate.Ciclosporin: increased risk of nephrotoxicity.Mifepristone: NSAIDs should not be used for 8-12 days after mifepristone administration as NSAIDs can reduce the effect of mifepristone.Tacrolimus: possible increased risk of nephrotoxicity when NSAIDs are given with tacrolimus. Zidovudine: Increased risk of haematological toxicity when NSAIDs are given with zidovudine. There is evidence of an increased risk of haemarthroses and haematoma in HIV (+) haemophiliacs receiving concurrent treatment with zidovudine and ibuprofen.Quinolone antibiotics: animal data indicate that NSAIDs can increase the risk of convulsions associated with quinolone antibiotics. Patients taking NSAIDs and quinolones may have an increased risk of developing convulsions.
Hypersensitivity reactions:Uncommon: Hypersensitivity reactions with urticaria and pruritis.Very rare: Severe hypersensitivity reactions. Symptoms could be: facial, tongue and laryngeal swelling, dyspnoea, tachycardia, hypotension (anaphylaxis, angioedema or severe shock).Exacerbation of asthma and bronchospasm.
Gastrointestinal:The most commonly-observed adverse events are gastrointestinal in nature.Uncommon: Abdominal pain, nausea and dyspepsia.Rare: Diarrhoea, flatulence, constipation and vomiting.Very rare: Peptic ulcer, perforation or gastrointestinal haemorrhage, melaena, haematemesis sometimes fatal, particularly in the elderly. Ulcerative stomatitis, gastritis. Exacerbation of colitis and Crohn's disease (see section 4.4)
Nervous System:Uncommon: HeadacheVery rare: Aseptic meningitis single cases have been reported very rarely.
Renal:Very rare: Acute renal failure, papillary necrosis, especially in long-term use, associated with increased serum urea and oedema.
Hepatic:Very rare: Liver disorders.
Haematological:Very rare: Haematopoietic disorders (anaemia, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, pancytopenia, agranulocytosis). First signs are: fever, sore throat, superficial mouth ulcers, flu-like symptoms, severe exhaustion, unexplained bleeding and bruising.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders:Uncommon: Various skin rashes Very rare: Severe forms of skin reactions such as bullous reactions, including Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, erythema multiforme and toxic epidermal necrolysis can occur. Not known: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS syndrome), acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP).
Immune System:In patients with existing auto-immune disorders (such as systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed connective tissue disease) during treatment with Ibuprofen, single cases of symptoms of aseptic meningitis, such as stiff neck, headache, nausea, vomiting, fever or disorientation have been observed (see section 4.4).
Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular:Oedema, hypertension, and cardiac failure, have been reported in association with NSAID treatment.Clinical trial and epidemiological data suggest that use of Ibuprofen (particularly at high doses 2400mg daily) and in long-term treatment may be associated with a small increased risk of arterial thrombotic events (for example myocardial infarction or stroke), (see section 4.4).
SymptomsMost patients who have ingested clinically important amounts of NSAIDs will develop no more than nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, or more rarely diarrhoea. Tinnitus, headache and gastrointestinal bleeding are also possible. In more serious poisoning, toxicity is seen in the central nervous system, manifesting as drowsiness, occasionally excitation and disorientation or coma. Occasionally patients develop convulsions. In serious poisoning metabolic acidosis may occur and the prothrombin time/INR may be prolonged, probably due to interference with the actions of circulating clotting factors. Acute renal failure and liver damage may occur. Exacerbation of asthma is possible in asthmatics.
ManagementManagement should be symptomatic and supportive and include the maintenance of a clear airway and monitoring of cardiac and vital signs until stable. Consider oral administration of activated charcoal if the patient presents within 1 hour of ingestion of a potentially toxic amount. If frequent or prolonged, convulsions should be treated with intravenous diazepam or lorazepam. Give bronchodilators for asthma.
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