This information is intended for use by health professionals

1. Name of the medicinal product

DERMOL™ CREAM

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Liquid Paraffin 10.0% w/w; Isopropyl Myristate 10.0% w/w; Benzalkonium Chloride 0.1% w/w; Chlorhexidine Dihydrochloride 0.1% w/w.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Cream.

White non-greasy topical emulsion.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

An antimicrobial emollient cream for the management of dry and pruritic skin conditions, especially eczema and dermatitis. The cream is suitable for direct application, and for use as a soap substitute.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

For external use only.

Before using the 500g pump bottle, turn the top of the pump dispenser anti-clockwise to unlock it.

For adults, the elderly, infants and children.

For application to the skin

Apply Dermol Cream to the affected areas as often as necessary.

For use as a soap substitute

Dermol Cream may also be used as a cleanser in the bath or shower, or for other toiletry purposes, instead of ordinary soap or shower gel.

4.3 Contraindications

Do not use in cases of known sensitivity (especially generalised allergic reaction) to any of the ingredients (see sections 4.4 and 4.8).

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Avoid contact with the eyes. Local skin irritations (e.g. contact dermatitis) to any of the ingredients, in particular cetostearyl alcohol, are rare but possible in sensitive people. There are literature reports of chlorhexidine compounds inducing hypersensitivity, including anaphylactic shock. The prevalence of this is not known, but is likely to be very rare. Dermol Cream should not be administered to anyone with a possible history of allergic reaction to a chlorhexidine compound (see sections 4.3 and 4.8).

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

None known.

4.6 Pregnancy and lactation

No special precautions.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

None known.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Although the lotion has been specially formulated for use on dry or problem skin, in the unlikely event of a reaction discontinue treatment.

Local skin reactions

These reactions are very rare (<1/10,000, based on spontaneous reporting) and may be irritant or allergic in nature. Reactions have been observed occasionally when used excessively as a leave-on application in areas of folded skin such as the anogenital area.

Serious generalised allergic reactions

Very rarely, hypersensitivity including anaphylactic reaction (see sections 4.3 and 4.4) is possible (based on literature for chlorhexidine-containing products).

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.

4.9 Overdose

Excessive topical use is very unlikely to cause any untoward effects other than making the skin feel greasy.

In the event of a significant quantity being accidentally swallowed, nausea and vomiting may occur but serious effects are unlikely. Unless there are signs that give cause for concern, treatment should be conservative.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

ATC Code: D02AX - Dermatologicals, other emollients and protectives.

Bacteria (especially Staphylococcus aureus) are implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory dry skin conditions such as atopic eczema or dermatitis.

Dermol Cream contains 20% of emollient oils in a non-greasy aqueous cream which also contains the well-known and effective antiseptics benzalkonium chloride and chlorhexidine dihydrochloride. Its antimicrobial properties assist in overcoming infection, whether from Staph aureus, the pathogen which often complicates eczema and associated pruritus, or secondary infection caused by scratching.

Massaged into the skin, the emollients, liquid paraffin and isopropyl myristate, permit rehydration of dry skin by forming an occlusive barrier within the skin surface, thus reducing drying from evaporation of water that diffuses from the underlying layers.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

The active ingredients are presented in an aqueous cream and so are readily absorbed into the stratum corneum when the product is gently massaged over the areas of dry skin. The antiseptic ingredients are in intimate contact with the skin, and as they are in solution, their availability is optimal.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

No special information.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Cetostearyl Alcohol; Glycerol; Macrogol Cetostearyl Ether (cetomacrogol); Phenoxyethanol; Disodium Phosphate Dodecahydrate; Sodium Dihydrogen Phosphate Dihydrate; Purified Water.

6.2 Incompatibilities

None known.

6.3 Shelf life

36 months – for 500g pack.

24 months - for 100g pack.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 30oC. Replace cap after use.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

High density polyethylene bottle (500g) with a polypropylene metering pump.

High density polyethylene tube (100g) with a polypropylene screw cap.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Not applicable.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

Dermal Laboratories

Tatmore Place, Gosmore

Hitchin, Herts SG4 7QR, UK.

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

00173/0171.

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

16 February 2009.

10. Date of revision of the text

October 2014.