This information is intended for use by health professionals
Robinul 3g Powder for Solution for Iontophoresis
Robinul 5g Powder for Solution for Iontophoresis
Robinul 10g Powder for Solution for Iontophoresis
Glycopyrronium bromide 3g Powder for Solution for Iontophoresis
Glycopyrronium bromide 5g Powder for Solution for Iontophoresis
Glycopyrronium bromide 10g Powder for Solution for Iontophoresis
This Powder consists of Glycopyrrolate (glycopyrronium bromide) 100% w/w.
White, crystalline powder.
Iontophoretic treatment of the plantar and palmar skin for idiopathic hyperhidrosis.
A 0.05% solution in distilled water of Glycopyrrolate USP is applied to palmar or plantar skin. The procedure should be carried out as per instructions given in 'Method of administration'.
Only one site should be treated at a time and only two sites in any one day. Treatments should not be repeated within seven days, but may be repeated later varying the precise conditions according to the recurrence and severity of hyperhidrosis. See also 'Special warnings and special precautions for use' below.Method of administration
When treating the foot or hand, sufficient solution to cover the palm or sole is placed in a non-metallic container and the anode, of sheet metal larger in area than the part being treated, is placed in the solution. The sole or palm is separated from the anode by 5mm of plastic foam or a layer of lint or sponge sheet.
In all cases an electrical circuit is completed by placing another limb in lukewarm tap water containing the cathode, similarly shielded from direct contact with the skin.
Recommended average conditions are 90 volts DC at 10-20 mA for adults (including older patients) and 2-10 mA for children, for 12 minutes at each site, depending on the patient's skin tolerance, body weight and size
For instructions on reconstitution or dilution of medicinal product before administration, see section 6.6.
• Hypersensitivity to the active substance.
• Pregnancy (see section 4.6).
• Patients with mycotic or other skin infections.
Glycopyrrolate may cause tachycardia.
This product should be used with great caution in patients with cardiovascular disease, thyrotoxicosis, chronic bronchitis and obstructive disorders of the lower urinary tract like prostatic hypertrophy (see section 4.8).
No interaction studies have been performed.
Do not use during pregnancy, as safety in this condition has not been established. (See section 4.3). Reproduction studies in rats and rabbits revealed no teratogenic effects from glycopyrrolate.
Diminished rates of conception and of survival at weaning were observed in rats, in a dose related manner. Studies in dogs suggest that this may be due to diminished seminal secretion, which is evident at high doses of glycopyrrolate. The significance of this for man is not clear.
Glycopyrrolate has moderate influence on the ability to drive and use machines. Since this drug may cause drowsiness, patients receiving glycopyrrolate should not drive or operate machinery immediately after treatment unless it has been shown not to affect their physical or mental ability.
Summary of Safety Profile-
Exercise care in patients with prostatic hypertrophy. Due to the effect of anticholinergics on mucous secretions, it is advisable not to treat people with chronic bronchitis. Occasionally difficulty in eating may occur and micturition may be temporarily affected for some hours after treatment
Adverse reactions listed by System Organ Class. Frequencies are defined using the following convention: very common: (>1/10); common (≥1/100, <1/10); uncommon (≥1/1,000, <1/100); rare (≥1/10,000, <1/1,000); very rare (<1/10,000); Not known: cannot be estimated from the available data.
Tabulated list of adverse reactions
|System Organ Class
|Immune system disorders
|General disorders and administration site conditions
|Nervous system disorders
* Any recent cuts or cracks in the skin may smart when the current is increased at the start of iontophoresis, this can be avoided by covering the lesion with a thin smear of petroleum jelly
** This may occur in the immersed areas during treatment
Avoid over-exertion especially in hot weather, until any side effects have disappeared.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
Not appropriate for the product.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Quaternary ammonium antimuscarinic
ATC Code: A03AB02
Glycopyrrolate is an anticholinergic agent. The pharmacological particulars of anticholinergic drugs are well documented in the scientific literature.
This product is indicated for use by Topical Iontophoresis for hyperhidrosis. Glycopyrrolate is a Quaternary Ammonium Compound and as such is absorbed through the skin in negligible amounts only.
Nothing of relevance to the prescriber.
Not applicable - no other constituents present.
48 months unopened. 14 days after reconstitution.
There are no special storage precautions for this product.
The product is presented in a screw cap amber bottle containing 3, 5 or 10g of glycopyrrolate USP.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
The product should only be used by specialist units experienced in IONTOPHORETIC technique. The electrodes and treated skin areas must be placed in non-metallic containers and separated carefully by layers of, for example, sponge or lint. Direct contact between electrodes and skin must be avoided otherwise burns may result. The current must be very slowly increased from zero mA and decreased to zero mA at the beginning and end of the treatment period respectively to avoid any Faradic discharge between the electrode and skin on removal of the patient's limb from the container of solution. Instruct patient that contact must not be broken during treatment. Prior to use in iontophoresis a stock solution of Glycopyrronium bromide powder (glycopyrrolate) may be made up with freshly boiled and cooled distilled or deionised water. Glycopyrrolate does hydrolyse slowly at pH 7 and it is recommended that stock solutions be discarded after not more than 14 days.
The solution must not be alkaline otherwise glycopyrrolate will hydrolyse more rapidly.
No specific requirements for disposal
Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements
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