This information is intended for use by health professionals
Rapitil 2.0% w/v Eye Drops, Solution
nedocromil sodium 2.0% w/v.
Excipient with known effect
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
Eye drops, solution
Clear, yellow solution, substantially free from particles.
For the prevention, relief and treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, including seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, allergic conjunctivitis and vernal-kerato conjunctivitis.
Adults (including the elderly) and children aged 6 years and over:
In seasonal allergic conjunctivitis: one drop into each eye twice daily, increasing when necessary to four times daily. In seasonal allergic conjunctivitis therapy should be restricted to 12 weeks.
In vernal kerato-conjunctivitis: one drop into each eye four times daily.
Adults (including the elderly):
In perennial allergic conjunctivitis: one drop into each eye twice daily, increasing when necessary to four times daily.
Rapitil should be used regularly to ensure optimum control of symptoms.
There is only limited clinical trial evidence with Rapitil in children aged below 6 years, therefore use in this age range cannot be recommended.
Rapitil Eye Drops is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to nedocromil sodium, benzalkonium chloride or other constituents of the formulation.
Patients should be advised not to wear soft contact lenses during treatment with Rapitil Eye Drops. Benzalkonium chloride, a constituent of the formulation, may accumulate in soft contact lenses. This preservative, when slowly released, could possibly irritate the cornea.
In patients who continue to wear hard or gas-permeable contact lenses during Rapitil Eye Drops treatment, the lenses should be taken out of the eye prior to instillation of the drops. They should be inserted again not earlier than 10 minutes after administration, in order to allow an even conjunctival distribution of the solution.
If more than one topical ophthalmic medicinal product is being used, the medicines must be administered at least 5 minutes apart.
No harmful interactions with other drugs have been reported in humans or in animals.
Specifically, no interactions with other topical ophthalmic or nasal therapies, oral antihistamine therapy or inhaled/oral asthma therapy have been reported.
Studies in pregnant and lactating animals have failed to reveal a hazard with nedocromil sodium. However, as with all medications caution should be exercised during pregnancy (especially during the first trimester) and whilst breast feeding.On the basis of animal studies and its physicochemical properties it is considered that only negligible amounts of nedocromil sodium may pass into human breast milk. There is no information to suggest that the use of nedocromil sodium by nursing mothers has any undesirable effects upon the baby.
Rapitil Eye Drops has no known effect on the ability to drive or operate machinery.
Additionally, no sedative effects have been reported following the administration of Rapitil Eye Drops.
The following frequency rating has been used, when applicable:
Very common (>=1/10); common (>=1/100 to <1/10); uncommon (>=1/1,000 to <1/100); rare (>=1/10,000 to <1/1,000); very rare (<1/10,000); not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data).
In clinical studies conducted in patients treated with nedocromil sodium 2% eye drops, the following adverse events have been reported at the corresponding frequencies:
System organ class
(≥ 10 %)
(≥ 1 % and < 10 % )
(≥ 0.1 % and < 1 %)
Rare(≥ 0.01 % and < 0.1 %)
Very rare(< 0.01%)
Frequency not known (cannot be estimated from available data)*
Burning in eye, eye stringing, soreness in eyes
Nervous system disorder
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
Animal studies have not shown evidence of significant toxic effects with nedocromil sodium even at high doses, nor have extended human studies with nedocromil sodium revealed any safety hazard with the drug. Overdosage is, therefore, unlikely to cause problems. However, if overdosage is suspected, treatment should be supportive and directed to the control of the relevant symptoms.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Decongestant and other antiallergics
ATC code: S01G X04
Rapitil, the ophthalmic preparation of nedocromil sodium, displays specific anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties. Nedocromil sodium has been shown to prevent the release of inflammatory mediators from a range of inflammatory cell types.
Following topical ophthalmic administration, less than 4% of the dose is absorbed following multiple dosing. Absorption occurs primarily through the nasal mucosa as approximately 80% of the ophthalmic dose drains into the nose via the naso-lachrymal duct, although 1-2% of the dose may be absorbed orally.Nedocromil sodium is reversibly bound to plasma proteins and is not metabolised, but is excreted unchanged in bile and urine. The drug is rapidly cleared from the plasma (plasma clearance 10.2 + 1.3 ml/min/kg - elimination half-life 5.3 + 0.9 min) and accumulation does not occur.
Animal studies have failed to reveal toxic effects with nedocromil sodium even at high doses.
benzalkonium chloride,sodium chloride, disodium edetate.
water for injections
Discard any remaining contents four weeks after opening the bottle.
Store below 25°C, keep bottle in the outer carton.
For storage conditions after first opening of the medicinal product, see section 6.3.
A plastic dropper bottle containing 3ml or 5ml of sterile, aqueous solution for administration to the eye.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
No special requirements for disposal.
Aventis Pharma Limited
One Onslow Street
or trading as:-
Sanofi-aventis or Sanofi
One Onslow Street
Date of first authorisation: 30 March 1995
Date of latest renewal: 15 May 2001
24 July 2015