This information is intended for use by health professionals

1. Name of the medicinal product

Calcichew-D3 500 mg/200 IU Chewable Tablets

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Per tablet:

Calcium carbonate

(equivalent to 500mg of elemental calcium)

1250mg

Colecalciferol

(equivalent to 5 micrograms vitamin D3)

200iu

Contains isomalt (E953) and sucrose. For a full list of excipients see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Chewable tablet.

Round, white, uncoated and convex tablets. May have small specks.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Calcichew-D3 Chewable Tablets should be used only as a therapeutic and not as a food supplement when the diet is deficient or when normal requirement of both components is increased.

Calcichew-D3 Chewable Tablets may be used as an adjunct to specific therapy for osteoporosis or as a therapeutic supplement in established osteomalacia, pregnant patients at high risk of needing such a therapeutic supplementation or malnutrition when dietary intake is less than that required.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Posology

Adults

Adjunctive therapy in osteoporosis:

One tablet 2-3 times per day

Calcium and vitamin D deficiency:

One tablet 2-3 times per day.

Special Patient Populations

Elderly patients

Adjunctive therapy in osteoporosis

Calcium and vitamin D deficiency

Dosage as for adults.

Paediatric population

Calcium and vitamin D deficiency (only)

One tablet 1-2 times per day.

Impaired hepatic function

No dose adjustment is required.

Impaired renal function

Calcichew-D3 chewable tablets should not be used in patients with severe renal impairment (see section 4.3).

Method of Administration

Oral. The tablets should be chewed or sucked.

4.3 Contraindications

• Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1

• Severe renal impairment (glomerular filtration rate < 30 ml/min)

• Diseases and/or conditions resulting in hypercalcaemia and/or hypercalciuria

• Renal calculi (nephrolithiasis)

• Hypervitaminosis D

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

During long-term treatment, serum calcium levels should be followed and renal function should be monitored through measurement of serum creatinine. Monitoring is especially important in elderly patients on concomitant treatment with cardiac glycosides or diuretics (see section 4.5) and in patients with a high tendency to calculus formation. In case of hypercalcaemia or signs of impaired renal function, the dose should be reduced or the treatment discontinued.

Calcichew-D3 chewable tablets should be used with caution in patients with hypercalcaemia or signs of impaired renal function and the effect on calcium and phosphate levels should be monitored. The risk of soft tissue calcification should be taken into account. In patients with severe renal insufficiency, vitamin D in the form of colecalciferol is not metabolised normally and other forms of vitamin D should be used (see section 4.3, contraindications).

During concomitant treatment with other high dose sources of vitamin D and/or medications or nutrients (such as milk) containing calcium, there is a risk of hypercalcaemia and milk-alkali syndrome with subsequent kidney function impairment. In these patients serum calcium levels should be followed and renal function should be monitored.

Calcichew-D3 chewable tablets should be prescribed with caution to patients suffering from sarcoidosis because of the risk of increased metabolism of vitamin D to its active form. These patients should be monitored with regard to the calcium content in serum and urine.

Calcichew-D3 Chewable Tablets should be used with caution in immobilised patients with osteoporosis due to the increased risk of hypercalcaemia.

Calcichew-D3 Chewable Tablets contain isomalt (E953) and sucrose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Thiazide diuretics reduce the urinary excretion of calcium. Due to increased risk of hypercalcaemia, serum calcium should be regularly monitored during concomitant use of thiazide diuretics.

Calcium carbonate may interfere with the absorption of concomitantly administered tetracycline preparations. For this reason, tetracycline preparations should be administered at least two hours before, or four to six hours after, oral intake of calcium carbonate.

Hypercalcaemia may increase the toxicity of cardiac glycosides during treatment with calcium and vitamin D. Patients should be monitored with regard to electrocardiogram (ECG) and serum calcium levels.

If a bisphosphonate is used concomitantly, this preparation should be administered at least one hour before the intake of Calcichew-D3 Chewable Tablets since gastrointestinal absorption may be reduced.

The efficacy of levothyroxine can be reduced by the concurrent use of calcium, due to decreased levothyroxine absorption. Administration of calcium and levothyroxine should be separated by at least four hours.

The absorption of quinolone antibiotics may be impaired if administered concomitantly with calcium. Quinolone antibiotics should be taken two hours before or six hours after intake of calcium.

Calcium salts may decrease the absorption of iron, zinc and strontium ranelate. Consequently, iron, zinc or strontium ranelate preparations should be taken two hours before or after Calcichew-D3 Chewable Tablets.

Treatment with orlistat may potentially impair the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (e.g. vitamin D3).

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Pregnancy

Calcichew-D3 Chewable Tablets can be used during pregnancy, in case of a calcium and vitamin D deficiency. During pregnancy the daily intake should not exceed 2500 mg calcium and 4000 IU vitamin D. Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity with high doses of vitamin D (see section 5.3). In pregnant women, overdoses of calcium and vitamin D should be avoided as permanent hypercalcaemia has been related to adverse effects on the developing foetus. There are no indications that vitamin D at therapeutic doses is teratogenic in humans.

Lactation

Calcichew-D3 Chewable Tablets can be used during breast-feeding. Calcium and vitamin D3 pass into breast milk. This should be considered when giving additional vitamin D to the child.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Calcichew-D3 Chewable Tablets have no known influence on ability to drive and use machines.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Adverse reactions are listed below, by system organ class and frequency. Frequencies are defined as: uncommon (≥1/1,000, to <1/100); rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000); very rare (≤1/10,000) or not known (cannot be estimated from the available data).

Immune system disorders

Not known: Hypersensitivity reactions such as angio-oedema or laryngeal oedema.

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Uncommon: Hypercalcaemia and hypercalciuria.

Very rare: Milk-alkali syndrome (frequent urge to urinate; continuing headache; continuing loss of appetite; nausea or vomiting; unusual tiredness or weakness; hypercalcaemia, alkalosis and renal impairment). Seen usually only in overdose (see section 4.9).

Gastrointestinal disorders

Rare: Constipation, dyspepsia, flatulence, nausea, abdominal pain and diarrhoea.

Skin and subcutaneous disorders

Rare: Pruritus, rash and urticaria.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.

4.9 Overdose

Symptoms

Overdose can lead to hypercalcaemia and hypervitaminosis D. Symptoms of hypercalcaemia may include anorexia, thirst, nausea, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, muscle weakness, fatigue, mental disturbances, polydipsia, polyuria, bone pain, nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis and in severe cases, cardiac arrhythmias. Extreme hypercalcaemia may result in coma and death. Persistently high calcium levels may lead to irreversible renal damage and soft tissue calcification. Milk-alkali syndrome may occur in patients who ingest large amounts of calcium and absorbable alkali.

Treatment of hypercalcaemia

Treatment is essentially symptomatic and supportive. The treatment with calcium and vitamin D must be discontinued. Treatment with thiazide diuretics and cardiac glycosides must also be discontinued (see section 4.5). Treatment is rehydration, and, according to severity of hypercalcaemia, isolated or combined treatment with loop diuretics, bisphosphonates, calcitonin and corticosteroids should be considered. Serum electrolytes, renal function and diuresis must be monitored. In severe cases, ECG and CVP should be followed.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Mineral supplements, Calcium combinations with vitamin D and/or other drugs.

ATC code: A12AX

Vitamin D3 increases the intestinal absorption of calcium.

Administration of calcium and vitamin D3 counteracts the increase of parathyroid hormone (PTH) which is caused by calcium deficiency and which causes increased bone resorption.

A clinical study of institutionalised patients suffering from vitamin D deficiency indicated that a daily intake of two tablets of calcium 500mg/vitamin D 400 IU for six months normalised the value of the 25-hydroxylated metabolite of vitamin D3 and reduced secondary hyperparathyroidism and alkaline phosphatases.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Calcium

Absorption: The amount of calcium absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract is approximately 30% of the swallowed dose.

Distribution and biotransformation: 99% of the calcium in the body is concentrated in the hard structure of bones and teeth. The remaining 1% is present in the intra- and extracellular fluids. About 50% of the total blood-calcium content is in the physiologically active ionised form with approximately 10% being complexed to citrate, phosphate or other anions, the remaining 40% being bound to proteins, principally albumin.

Elimination: Calcium is eliminated through faeces, urine and sweat. Renal excretion depends on glomerular filtration and calcium tubular reabsorption.

Cholecalciferol

Absorption: Vitamin D3 is easily absorbed in the small intestine.

Distribution and biotransformation: Colecalciferol and its metabolites circulate in the blood bound to a specific globulin. Colecalciferol is converted in the liver by hydroxylation to 25-hydroxycolecalciferol. It is then further converted in the kidneys to the active form 1,25-dihydroxycolecalciferol; 1,25-dihydroxycolecalciferol is the metabolite responsible for increasing calcium absorption. Vitamin D which is not metabolised is stored in adipose and muscle tissues.

Elimination: Vitamin D3 is excreted in faeces and urine.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

At doses far higher than the human therapeutic range teratogenicity has been observed in animal studies. There is no further information of relevance to the safety assessment in addition to what is stated in other parts of the SmPC.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Xylitol (E967)

Povidone

Isomalt (E953)

Flavour (orange)

Magnesium stearate

Sucralose (E955)

Mono, di-fatty acid glycerides

Sucrose

Modified maize starch

Triglycerides, medium-chain

Sodium ascorbate

Silica, colloidal anhydrous

Tocopherol

6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3 Shelf life

30 months.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 30°C. Keep the container tightly closed to protect from moisture.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

White HD Polyethylene containers with a primary tamper-evident seal and secondary re-sealable closure containing 60 and 100 tablets.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

No special requirements.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

Takeda UK Limited

Building 3,

Glory Park,

Glory Park Avenue,

Wooburn Green,

BUCKS,

HP10 0DF,

UK

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

PL 16189/0025

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

26 November 1991

10. Date of revision of the text

29 December 2016