Hydrocortisone 1% w/w Cream

Summary of Product Characteristics Updated 22-May-2018 | Pinewood Healthcare

1. Name of the medicinal product

Hydrocortisone 1% w/w Cream

Derma Care 1% w/w Cream

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Each 1 gram of the cream contains 10 mg of hydrocortisone (i.e. 1 %w/w).

Excipients with known effect

Each 1 gram of the cream contains 1 mg of chlorocresol (i.e. 0.1 %w/w) and 90 mg of cetomacrogol emulsifying wax (which contains cetostearyl).

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Cream for cutaneous use only.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Hydrocortisone has topical anti-inflammatory activity of value in the treatment of irritant dermatitis, contact allergic dermatitis, insect bite reactions and mild to moderate eczema.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Posology

Use sparingly over a small area once/twice a day for a maximum period of one week. If the condition has not improved, or worsens, consult your doctor.

This product should not be recommended for use on children under 10 years of age without medical advice.

Method of administration

For cutaneous use.

4.3 Contraindications

Bacterial (e.g. impetigo), viral (e.g. Herpes simplex) or fungal (e.g. candidal or dermatophyte) infections of the skin.

Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

Use on the eyes and face, Ano-genital region, Broken or infected skin including cold sores, acne and athlete's foot.

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Remarks on indications

1. There is no good evidence that topical corticosteroids are efficacious against immediate (Type 1) allergic skin reactions or short-lived weal and flare reactions from other causes.

2. Topical corticosteroids are ineffective in granulomatous conditions and other inflammatory reactions involving the deeper regions of the dermis.

3. Topical corticosteroids are not generally indicated in psoriasis excluding widespread plaque psoriasis provided that warnings are given.

Topical corticosteroids may be hazardous in psoriasis for a number of reasons including rebound relapses following development of tolerance, risk of generalised pustular psoriasis, and local and systematic toxicity due to impaired barrier function of the skin. Careful patient supervision is important.

Although generally regarded as safe, even for long-term administration in adults, there is potential for overdosage in infants and children. Extreme caution is required in dermatoses of infancy especially napkin eruption where the napkin can act as an occlusive dressing and increase absorption. In infants and children, courses of treatment should therefore not normally exceed 7 days.

Appropriate antimicrobial therapy should be used whenever treating inflammatory lesions, which have become infected. Any spread of infection requires withdrawal of topical corticosteroid therapy, and a systemic administration of antimicrobial agents.

As with all corticosteroids, prolonged application to the face is undesirable.

Do not use under an occlusive dressing.

This medicinal product contains chlorocresol, which may cause allergic reactions.

This medicinal product also contains cetostearyl alcohol in the excipient cetomacrogol emulsifying wax, and may cause local skin reactions (e.g., contact dermatitis).

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

None known.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Pregnancy

There is inadequate evidence of safety in human pregnancy. Topical administration of corticosteroids to pregnant animals can cause abnormalities of foetal development including cleft palate and intra-uterine growth retardation. There may therefore be a very small risk of such effects in the human foetus.

Breastfeeding

There is no evidence against use in lactating women. However, caution should be exercised when Hydrocortisone Cream is administered to nursing mothers. In this event, the product should not be applied to the chest area.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

None known.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Hydrocortisone preparations are usually well tolerated, but if any signs of hypersensitivity appear, application should stop immediately.

Striae may occur especially in intertriginous areas.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.

4.9 Overdose

Not applicable.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Corticosteroids, weak (group I); ATC code: D07A A02

Hydrocortisone is an anti-inflammatory steroid. Its anti-inflammatory action is due to reduction in the vascular component of the inflammatory response and reduction in the formation of inflammatory fluid and cellular exudates. The granulation reaction is also decreased due to the inhibition effect of Hydrocortisone on connective tissue. Stabilisation of most cell granules and lysomal membranes decreases the mediators involved in inflammatory response and reduces release of enzymes in prostaglandin synthesis. The vasoconstrictor action of Hydrocortisone may also contribute to its anti-inflammatory activity.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Absorption: Topically applied steroids are absorbed to a significant extent only if applied to broken skin, to very large areas, or under occlusive dressings.

Distribution: Corticosteroids are rapidly distributed to all body tissues. They cross the placenta and may be excreted in small amounts in breast milk

Metabolism: Hydrocortisone is metabolised mainly in the liver, but also the kidney, to various degraded and hydrogenated forms such as tetrahydrocortisone.

Elimination: Hydrocortisone is excreted in the urine, mostly conjugated as glucuronides. Only very small amounts of unchanged hydrocortisone are excreted.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

Adverse effects of Hydrocortisone are due to its effects on electrolyte balance, metabolism and particularly adrenal suppression. Topical use of Hydrocortisone has only rarely been associated with systemic side effects.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Cetomacrogol Emulsifying Wax

Chlorocresol

Liquid Paraffin

Macrogol 300

White Soft Paraffin

Purified Water

6.2 Incompatibilities

None known.

6.3 Shelf life

60 months.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 25°C.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

A collapsible aluminium tube, with a membrane seal at the nozzle, internal epoxy lacquer, latex end seal band in the crimp seal and a white plastic cap for reclosure after piercing membrane.

Pack Size: 15g.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Any unused medicinal products or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

Pinewood Laboratories Limited,

Trading as Pinewood Healthcare,

Ballymacarbry,

Clonmel,

Co. Tipperary,

Ireland

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

PL 04917/0019

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

11/11/1997 / 01/08/2003

10. Date of revision of the text

21/05/2018

Company Contact Details
Pinewood Healthcare
Address

Ballymacarby, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary, Co. Tipperary, Ireland

Telephone

+353 52 6186000

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+44 1978 661 261

Medical Information Fax

+44 1978 661 702

WWW

http://www.pinewood.ie

Fax

+ 353 52 6136311

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