Rimactane Capsules 300mg

Summary of Product Characteristics Updated 22-Oct-2019 | Sandoz Limited

1. Name of the medicinal product

Rimactane® 300 mg Capsules

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

The active ingredient is 3-(4-Methyl-1-piperazinyliminomethyl) rifamycin SV.

One capsule contains 300 mg rifampicin Ph. Eur.

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form


Opaque, two-piece, hard gelatine capsule, reddish-brown in colour, marked with 'NG 300'.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Rifampicin is a major drug in the management of tuberculosis (all forms) and certain opportunistic mycobacterial infections. It is effective in cases resistant to other anti-tuberculosis agents and shows no cross-resistance outside the rifampycin group of drugs. In the treatment of tuberculosis Rifampicin must always be combined with other anti-tuberculosis agents. It is effective in combination with isoniazid, streptomycin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol and the majority of second line drugs.

Prophylaxis of meningococcal meningitis in close contact adult and paediatric patients

4.2 Posology and method of administration

For the management of tuberculosis and certain opportunistic mycobacterial infections:

Rifampicin must always be given in association with other anti-tuberculosis drugs, to prevent emergence of resistant strains.

Use in Adults: 450-600mg daily as a single dose (based on approximately 10mg per kg body weight). (Those patients 50kg (8 stone) and over should take 600mg rifampicin daily, whilst patients under 50kg should take 450mg).

The following chemotherapeutic agents are employed today as combined therapy for tuberculosis: rifampicin (Rimactane) (RMP), isoniazid (INH), pyrazinamide (PZA), ethambutol (EMB), streptomycin (STM).

The dosages recommended by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention are as follows:


Twice a week

3 times a week



max. mg


max. mg


max. mg

























































For the treatment of sputum-positive pulmonary tuberculosis, preference is given to the following regimens: (For dosage information please refer to the text above for Rifampicin and to the table for other components of the treatment).

Continuous therapy

Daily for a total of 9 months

Initial phase for 2 months:


Continuation phase for 7 months:


A total duration of 9 months is recommended for tuberculosis with HIV infection and for tuberculous meningitis, disseminated tuberculosis, or spinal involvement with neurological complications.

Daily for a total of 6 months:

Initial phase for 2 months:


Continuation phase for 4 months:


Partially intermittent therapy

Total duration 6 months:

Initial phase for 2 months:

RMP + INH + PZA + EMB or STM daily

Continuation phase for 4 months:

RMP + INH twice or 3 times a week

Fully intermittent therapy

Total duration 6 months: RMP + INH + PZA + EMB or STM 3 times a week

DOTS strategy (directly observed treatment, short-course, i.e. administration of the antituberculous agents under supervision) should be considered for all patients, irrespective of the treatment regimen they are receiving.

Use in Children: Oral doses of 10-20 mg/kg body weight daily are recommended, although a total daily dose should not usually exceed 600 mg.

Use in Elderly: No special dosage regime is necessary but concurrent hepatic insufficiency should be taken into account (see Pharmacokinetics).

For the chemoprophylaxis of meningococcal meningitis:

Note: Rifampicin should not be used to treat overt meningococcal meningitis.

Use in Adults: 600mg twice daily (12 hourly) for 2 days.

Children over 1 month: 10 mg per kg every 12 hours for 2 days

Children under 1 month: 5 mg per kg every 12 hours for 2 days

The maximum dose is 600 mg

Use in the Elderly: There is no evidence to suggest that dose adjustments are necessary.

This prophylactic administration should be started as soon as possible. It is recommended that Rifampicin is only given for 2 days in this indication since resistance to this class of antibacterial agent may develop.

4.3 Contraindications

Rifampicin is contraindicated in patients who:

• are hypersensitive to any of the rifamycins or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1;

• have jaundice;

• are concurrently receiving saquinavir/ritonavir therapy (see section 4.5 Interactions with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction).

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Rifampicin should be given under the supervision of a respiratory or other suitably qualified physician.

Cautions should be taken in case of renal impairment if dose > 600 mg/day.

All tuberculosis patients should have pre-treatment measurements of liver function.

Adults treated for tuberculosis with rifampicin should have baseline measurements of hepatic enzymes, bilirubin, serum creatinine, a complete blood count, and a platelet count (or estimate).

Baseline tests are unnecessary in children unless a complicating condition is known or clinically suspected.

Patients with impaired liver function should only be given rifampicin in cases of necessity, and then with caution and under close medical supervision. In these patients, lower doses of rifampicin are recommended and careful monitoring of liver function, especially serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) should initially be carried out prior to therapy, weekly for two weeks, then every two weeks for the next six weeks. If signs of hepatocellular damage occur, rifampicin should be withdrawn.

Rifampicin should also be withdrawn if clinically significant changes in hepatic function occur. The need for other forms of antituberculosis therapy and a different regimen should be considered. Urgent advice should be obtained from a specialist in the management of tuberculosis. If rifampicin is re-introduced after liver function has returned to normal, liver function should be monitored daily.

In patients with impaired liver function, elderly patients, malnourished patients, and possibly, children under two years of age, caution is particularly recommended when instituting therapeutic regimens in which isoniazid is to be used concurrently with rifampicin. If the patient has no evidence of pre-existing liver disease and normal pre-treatment liver function, liver function tests need only be repeated if fever, vomiting, jaundice or other deterioration in the patient's condition occur.

Patients should be seen at least monthly during therapy and should be specifically questioned concerning symptoms associated with adverse reactions.

In some patients hyperbilirubinaemia can occur in the early days of treatment. This results from competition between rifampicin and bilirubin for hepatic excretion. An isolated report showing a moderate rise in bilirubin and/or transaminase level is not in itself an indication for interrupting treatment; rather the decision should be made after repeating the tests, noting trends in the levels and considering them in conjunction with the patient's clinical condition.

Because of the possibility of immunological reaction including anaphylaxis (see section 4.8 Undesirable effects) occurring with intermittent therapy (less than 2 to 3 times per week) patients should be closely monitored. Patients should be cautioned against interrupting treatment since these reactions may occur.

Rifampicin has enzyme induction properties that can enhance the metabolism of endogenous substrates including adrenal hormones, thyroid hormones and vitamin D. Isolated reports have associated porphyria exacerbation with rifampicin administration.

Severe, systemic hypersensitivity reactions, including fatal cases, such as Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) syndrome have been observed during treatment with anti-tuberculosis therapy (See section 4.8).

It is important to note that early manifestations of hypersensitivity, such as fever, lymphadenopathy or biological abnormalities (including eosinophilia, liver abnormalities) may be present even though rash is not evident. If such signs or symptoms are present, the patient should be advised to consult immediately their physician.

Rifampicin infusion should be discontinued if an alternative etiology for the signs and symptoms cannot be established.

Rifampicin infusion is for intravenous infusion only and must not be administered by intramuscular or subcutaneous route. Avoid extravasation during injection; local irritation and inflammation due to extravascular infiltration of the infusion have been observed. If these occur, the infusion should be discontinued and restarted at another site.

Rifampicin infusion may produce a discoloration(yellow, orange, red, brown) of the teeth, urine, sweat, sputum and tears, and the patient should be forewarned of this. Soft contact lenses have been permanently stained (see section 4.8).

Rifampicin may cause vitamin K dependent coagulopathy and severe bleeding (see Section 4.8). Monitoring of occurrence of coagulopathy is recommended for patients at particular bleeding risk. Supplemental vitamin K administration should be considered when appropriate (vitamin K deficiency, hypoprothrombinemia).

All patients with abnormalities should have follow up examinations, including laboratory testing, if necessary.


This medicine contains Lactose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, total lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Pharmacodynamic Interactions

When rifampicin is given concomitantly with the combination saquinavir/ritonavir, the potential for hepatotoxicity is increased. Therefore, concomitant use of Rifampicin with saquinvir/ritonavir is contraindicated (see section 4.3 Contraindications).

When rifampicin is given concomitantly with either halothane or isoniazid, the potential for hepatotoxicity is increased. The concomitant use of rifampicin and halothane should be avoided. Patients receiving both rifampicin and isoniazid should be monitored closely for hepatotoxicity.

The concomitant use of rifampicin with other antibiotics causing vitamin K dependent coagulopathy such as cefazolin (or other cephalosporins with N-methyl-thiotetrazole side chain) should be avoided as it may lead to severe coagulation disorders, which may result in fatal outcome (especially in high doses).

Effect of Rifampicin capsules on other medicinal products

Induction of Drug Metabolizing Enzymes and Transporters

Rifampicin capsules are a well characterized and potent inducer of drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Enzymes and transporters reported to be affected by Rifampicin capsules include cytochromes P450 (CYP) 1A2, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, and 3A4, UDP-glucuronyltransferases (UGT), sulfotransferases, carboxylesterases, and transporters including P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2). Most drugs are substrates for one or more of these enzyme or transporter pathways, and these pathways may be induced by Rifampicin capsules simultaneously. Therefore, Rifampicin capsules may accelerate the metabolism and reduce the activity of certain co-administered drugs, and has the potential to perpetuate clinically important drug-drug interactions against many drugs and across many drug classes (Table 1). To maintain optimum therapeutic blood levels, dosages of drugs may require adjustment when starting or stopping concomitantly administered Rifampicin capsules.

Examples of drugs or drug classes affected by rifampicin:

• Antiarrhythmics (e.g. disopyramide, mexiletine, quinidine, propafenone, tocainide),

• Antiepileptics (e.g. phenytoin),

• Hormone antagonist (antiestrogens e.g. tamoxifen, toremifene, gestinone),

• Antipsychotics (e.g. haloperidol, aripiprazole),

• Anticoagulants (e.g. coumarins),

• Antifungals (e.g. fluconazole, itraconazole, ketoconazole, voriconazole),

• Antivirals (e.g. saquinavir, indinavir, efavirenz, amprenavir, nelfinavir, atazanavir, lopinavir, nevirapine),

• Barbiturates

• Beta-blockers (e.g. bisoprolol, propanolol),

• Anxiolytics and hypnotics (e.g. diazepam, benzodiazepines, zolpicolone, zolpidem),

• Calcium channel blockers (e.g. diltiazem, nifedipine, verapamil, nimodipine, isradipine, nicardipine, nisoldipine),

• Antibacterials (e.g. chloramphenicol, clarithromycin, dapsone, doxycycline, fluoroquinolones, telithromycin),

• Corticosteroids

• Cardiac glycosides (digitoxin, digoxin),

• Clofibrate,

• Systemic hormonal contraceptives including estrogens and progestogens,

• Antidiabetic (e.g. chlorpropamide, tolbutamide, sulfonylureas, rosiglitazone),

• Immunosuppressive agents (e.g. ciclosporin, sirolimus, tacrolimus)

• Irinotecan,

• Thyroid hormone (e.g. levothyroxine),

• Losartan,

• Analgestics (e.g. methadone, narcotic analgesics),

• Praziquantel,

• Quinine,

• Riluzole,

• Selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonists (e.g. ondansetron)

• Statins metabolised by CYP 3A4 (e.g. simvastatin),

• Theophylline,

• Tricyclic antidepressants (e.g. amitriptyline, nortriptyline),

• Cytotoxics (e.g. imatinib),

• Diuretics (e.g. eplerenone)

• Enalapril: decrease enalapril active metabolite exposure. Dosage adjustments should be made if indicated by the patient's clinical condition

• Hepatitis-C antiviral drugs (eg, daclatasvir, simeprevir, sofosbuvir, telaprevir): Concurrent use of treatment of hepatitis-C antiviral drugs and rifampicin should be avoided.

• Morphine: Plasma concentrations of morphine may be reduced by rifampicin. The analgesic effect of morphine should be monitored and doses of morphine adjusted during and after treatment with rifampicin.

• fesoterodine - used for overactive bladder

• tadalafil - used for impotence

• cimetidine - used for ulcer-healing drugs.

Rifampicin treatment reduces the systemic exposure of oral contraceptives.

Patients on oral contraceptives should be advised to use alternative, non-hormonal methods of birth control during Rifampicin therapy. Also diabetes may become more difficult to control.

Concurrent use of ketoconazole and rifampicin has resulted in decreased serum concentrations of both drugs.

If p-aminosalicylic acid and rifampicin are both included in the treatment regimen, they should be given not less than eight hours apart to ensure satisfactory blood levels.

Effect of other medicinal products on Rifampicin capsules

Concomitant antacid administration may reduce the absorption of rifampicin. Daily doses of rifampicin should be given at least 1 hour before the ingestion of antacids.

Other drug interactions with Rifampicin capsules

When the two drugs were taken concomitantly, decreased concentrations of atovaquone and increased concentrations of rifampicin were observed.

Interference with laboratory and diagnostic tests

Therapeutic levels of rifampicin have been shown to inhibit standard microbiological assays for serum folate and Vitamin B12. Thus alternative assay methods should be considered. Transient elevation of BSP and serum bilirubin has been reported. Rifampicin may impair biliary excretion of contrast media used for visualization of the gallbladder, due to competition for biliary excretion. Therefore, these tests should be performed before the morning dose of rifampicin.


4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation


At very high doses in animals rifampicin has been shown to have teratogenic effects. There are no well controlled studies with rifampicin in pregnant women. Although rifampicin has been reported to cross the placental barrier and appear in cord blood, the effect of rifampicin, alone or in combination with other antituberculosis drugs, on the human foetus is not known. Therefore, Rifampicin should be used in pregnant women or in women of child bearing potential only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the foetus. When Rifampicin is administered during the last few weeks of pregnancy it may cause post-natal haemorrhages in the mother and infant for which treatment with Vitamin K1 may be indicated.


Rifampicin is excreted in breast milk, patients receiving rifampicin should not breast feed unless in the physician's judgement the potential benefit to the patient outweighs the potential risk to the infant.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed.

4.8 Undesirable effects

The following CIOMS frequency rating is used, when applicable:

Very common ≥ 10 %; Common ≥ 1 and <10%; Uncommon ≥ 0.1 and <1%; Rare ≥ 0.01 and <0.1%; Very rare <0.01%, Unknown (cannot be estimated from available data).

Reactions occurring with either daily or intermittent dosage regimens include:

System organ class


Preferred Term

Infections and infestations


Pseudomembranous colitis


Blood and lymphatic system disorders


Thrombocytopenia with or without purpura, usually associated with intermittent therapy, but is reversible if drug is discontinued as soon as purpura occurs.




Disseminated intravascular coagulation



Hemolytic anemia

Vitamin K dependent coagulation disorders

Immune system disorders


Anaphylactic reaction

Endocrine disorders


Adrenal insufficiency in patients with compromised adrenal function have been observed

Metabolism and nutritional disorders


Decreased appetite

Psychiatric disorders


Psychotic disorder

Nervous system disorders





Cerebral hemorrhage and fatalities have been reported when rifampicin administration has been continued or resumed after the appearance of purpura

Eye disorders


Tear discolouration

Vascular disorders






Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders




Sputum discoloured

Gastrointestinal disorders







Gastrointestinal disorder

Abdominal discomfort

Tooth discolouration (which may be permanent)

Hepatobiliary disorders



Hyperbilirubinaemia (see section 4.4)

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders


Erythema multiforme

Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS)

Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS)

Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) (see section 4.4)

Skin reaction


Rash pruritic


Dermatitis allergic


Sweat discoloration

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders


Muscle weakness


Bone pain

Renal and urinary disorders


Acute kidney injury usually due to renal tubular necrosis or tubulointerstitial nephritis


Pregnancy, puerperium and perinatal conditions


Post-partum haemorrhage

Fetal-maternal haemorrhage

Reproductive system and breast disorders


Menstrual disorder

Congenital, familial and genetic disorders



General disorders and administration site conditions

Very common







Blood bilirubin increased

Aspartate aminotransferase increased

Alanine aminotransferase increased


Blood pressure decreased

Blood creatinine increased

Hepatic enzyme increased

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.

4.9 Overdose

• Human Experience

Signs and Symptoms:

Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, pruritus, headache and increasing lethargy will probably occur within a short time after acute ingestion; unconsciousness may occur when there is severe hepatic disease. Transient increases in liver enzymes and/or bilirubin may occur. Brownish-red or orange colouration of the skin, urine, sweat, saliva, tears and faeces will occur, and its intensity is proportional to the amount ingested. Facial or periorbital oedema has also been reported in paediatric patients. Hypotension, sinus tachycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, seizures and cardiac arrest were reported in some fatal cases.

The minimum acute lethal or toxic dose is not well established. However, nonfatal acute overdoses in adults have been reported with doses ranging from 9 to 12 g rifampicin. Fatal acute overdoses in adults have been reported with doses ranging from 14-60 g. Alcohol or a history of alcohol abuse was involved in some of the fatal and nonfatal reports.

Nonfatal overdoses in paediatric patients ages 1 to 4 years old of 100 mg/kg for one to two doses have been reported.

• Management:

Intensive supportive measures should be instituted and individual symptoms treated as they arise. Since nausea and vomiting are likely to be present, gastric lavage is probably preferable to induction of emesis. Following evacuation of the gastric contents, the instillation of activated charcoal slurry into the stomach may help absorb any remaining drug from the gastrointestinal tract. Antiemetic medication may be required to control severe nausea and vomiting. Active diuresis (with measured intake and output) will help promote excretion of the drug. Haemodialysis may be of value in some patients.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antimycobacterials, antibiotic.

ATC code: J04AB02.

Mechanism of action

Rifampicin exerts, both in vitro and in vivo bactericidal effects on Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It also exhibits variable activity against other atypical species of Mycobacterium.

In vivo it exerts its bactericidal effect not only on micro-organisms in the extracellular spaces but also on those located intracellularly. Rifampicin has a potent sterilising effect.

Rifampicin inhibits the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase of sensitive bacterial strains, but without affecting the corresponding mammalian enzyme.

Since relatively rapid "one-step" selection of resistant bacteria occurs with rifampicin, the drug must not be employed as monotherapy to treat overt infections. Bacteria resistant to rifampicin display no cross-resistance to other antibiotics with the exception of the rifamycins.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties


Rifampicin is rapidly and completely absorbed. Following a single dose taken on an empty stomach (600 mg) the peak serum concentrations (approx. 10 g/ml) are observed after about 2 hours. Ingestion with food may adversely affect the absorption of rifampicin.


The apparent distribution volume is 1.6 L/kg in adults and 1.1 L/kg in children. Binding to serum proteins amounts to 84%-91%.

Rifampicin penetrates rapidly into various body fluids and tissues, including bone tissue. Rifampicin crosses the blood/brain barrier in the case of inflamed meninges only, but concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid may remain above the MIC for Mycobacterium tuberculosis for up to two months with continuous therapy of 600 mg/day orally.

Rifampicin crosses the human placenta and is secreted in human breast milk. However, it is estimated that a breast-fed infant would receive no more than 1% of the usual therapeutic dose.


Rifampicin is metabolised in the liver, the principal metabolite being 25-O-deacetylrifampicin, which is microbiologically active and, like rifampicin, subject to enterohepatic circulation. Rifampicin induces its own metabolism.


The plasma elimination half-life of rifampicin increases with increasing doses and amounts to 2.5h, 3-4h and about 5h after single doses of 300 mg, 600 mg and 900 mg respectively. After a few days of repeated daily administration, the bioavailability of rifampicin diminishes, and the half-life value following repeated doses of 600 mg falls to 1-2 hours.

Owing to its enzyme-inducing effect in the liver, rifampicin accelerates its own metabolism, with the result that its systemic clearance, which amounts to approx. 6 L/h after the first dose, rises to approx. 9 L/h after repeated dosing.

Although the bulk of the drug is eliminated in the bile, 80% of the quantity excreted being accounted for by the deacetylrifampicin metabolite, rifampicin also appears in the urine. In a dosage range of 150-900 mg, 4-18% of a dose is excreted dose-dependently in the urine in unchanged form.

Characteristics in patients

In elderly patients, renal clearance is reduced, but, owing to the large scale on which the drug is eliminated via the liver, the plasma concentrations are similar to those in young patients.

With impaired renal function, the elimination half-life becomes prolonged only at doses exceeding 600 mg daily. Provided that hepatic excretory function is normal, the dosage in patients with impaired renal function does not need to be reduced below 600 mg daily. Rifampicin is eliminated by peritoneal or haemodialysis. Dosage adjustment is not necessary during dialysis. Because rifampicin is dialysable it is recommended that the drug should not be administered until after the period of dialysis is complete.

In patients with severe hepatic dysfunction the dosage may have to be adjusted as plasma concentrations are raised and half-life prolonged.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

There is limited evidence as to the carcinogenic potential of rifampicin in animals. In female mice of a strain known to be susceptible to hepatomas, a significant increase in such tumours was observed after 1 year of treatment with rifampicin in quantities equivalent to 2-10 times the maximum clinical doses.

In mice of another strain treated for 1 year, and in rats treated for 2 years, no significant increase was noted in the incidence of any type of tumour. Studies with various mammalian models, as well as with bacteria, yielded no evidence that rifampicin has a mutagenic effect.

In daily doses of 150-250 mg/kg, rifampicin proved teratogenic in mice and rats, insofar as an increased occurrence of spina bifida and cleft palate was observed. In rabbits it had no teratogenic effect. In all three animal species, unspecific embryotoxic effects occurred after doses > 150 mg/kg.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

The capsules contain

calcium stearate


titanium dioxide (E171)

iron oxide red (E172)

iron oxide yellow (E172)

iron oxide black (E172)


shellac glaze

propylene glycol (E1520)

ammonium hydroxide (E527).

6.2 Incompatibilities

None known.

6.3 Shelf life

Four years.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Protect from moisture and heat (store below 30°C).

Medicines should be kept out of reach of children.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

The capsules are opaque, two-piece, hard gelatine capsule size 1, reddish-brown in colour, marked with the monogram NG on each half and the code 300, and come in securitainers of 100 and PVC/PE/PVdC blister packs of 60.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

No special requirements.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

Sandoz GmbH

Biochemiestrasse 10

6250 Kundl


8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

PL 04520/0043

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

1 February 2000

10. Date of revision of the text

17 October 2019

Company Contact Details
Sandoz Limited

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