What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original leaflet can be viewed using the link above.

The text only version may be available in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call emc accessibility on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: EU/1/14/952/001.


Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva 800 mg film coated tablets

Package leaflet: Information for the user

Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva 800 mg film-coated tablets

sevelamer carbonate

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet

1. What Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva
3. How to take Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva is and what it is used for

Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva contains sevelamer carbonate as the active ingredient. It binds phosphate from food in the digestive tract and so reduces serum phosphorus levels in the blood.

Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva is used to control hyperphosphataemia (high blood phosphate levels) in:

  • adult patients on dialysis (a blood clearance technique). It can be used in patients undergoing haemodialysis (using a blood filtration machine) or peritoneal dialysis (where fluid is pumped into the abdomen and an internal body membrane filters the blood);
  • patients with chronic (long-term) kidney disease who are not on dialysis and have a serum (blood) phosphorus level equal to or above 1.78 mmol/L.

Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva should be used with other treatments such as calcium supplements and vitamin D to prevent the development of bone disease.

Increased levels of serum phosphorus can lead to hard deposits in your body called calcification. These deposits is can stiffen your blood vessels and make it harder for blood to be pumped around the body. Increased serum phosphorus can also lead to itchy skin, red eyes, bone pain and fractures.

2. What you need to know before you take Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva

Do not take Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva:

  • if you have low levels of phosphate in your blood (your doctor will check this for you)
  • if you have bowel obstruction
  • if you are allergic to the active substance or to any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).

Warnings and Precautions

Talk to your doctor before taking Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva if any of the following applies to you:

  • if you have swallowing problems
  • if you have problems with motility (movement) in your stomach and bowel
  • if you are sick frequently
  • if you have active inflammation of the bowel
  • if you have undergone major surgery on your stomach or bowel.

Additional treatments:

Due to either your kidney condition or your dialysis treatment you may:

  • develop low or high levels of calcium in your blood. Since Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva does not contain calcium your doctor might prescribe additional calcium tablets.
  • have a low amount of vitamin D in your blood. Therefore, your doctor may monitor the levels of vitamin D in your blood and prescribe additional vitamin D as necessary. If you do not take multivitamin supplements you may also develop low levels of vitamins A, E, K and folic acid in your blood and therefore your doctor may monitor these levels and prescribe supplemental vitamins as necessary.

Special note for patients on peritoneal dialysis:

You may develop peritonitis (infection of your abdominal fluid) associated with your peritoneal dialysis. This risk can be reduced by careful adherence to sterile techniques during bag changes. You should tell your doctor immediately if you experience any new signs or symptoms of abdominal distress, abdominal swelling, abdominal pain, abdominal tenderness, or abdominal rigidity, constipation, fever, chills, nausea or vomiting.

You should expect to be monitored more carefully for problems with low levels of vitamins A, D, E, K and folic acid.

Children

The safety and efficacy in children (below the age of 6 years) have not been studied. Therefore Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva is not recommended for use in children below the age of 6 years.

Other medicines and Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva

Tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken or might take any other medicines.

  • Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva should not be taken at the same time as ciprofloxacin (an antibiotic).
  • If you are taking medicines for heart rhythm problems or for epilepsy, you should consult your doctor when taking Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva.
  • The effects of medicines such as ciclosporin, mycophenolate mofetil and tacrolimus (medicines used to suppress the immune system) may be reduced by Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva. Your doctor will advise you if you are taking these medicines.
  • Thyroid hormone deficiency may uncommonly be observed in certain people taking levothyroxine (used to treatment low thyroid hormone levels) and Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva. Therefore your doctor may monitor the levels of thyroid stimulating hormone in your blood more closely.
  • If you are taking medicine such as omeprazole, pantoprazole, or lansoprazole to treat heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or gastric ulcers, you should consult your doctor when taking Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva.

Your doctor will check for interactions between Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva and other medicines on a regular basis.

In some cases where Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva should be taken at the same time as another medicine. Your doctor may advise you to take this medicine 1 hour before or 3 hours after Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva intake, or they may consider monitoring the blood levels of that medicine.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.

It is unknown whether Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva has any effect on unborn babies.

Tell your doctor if you wish to breast-feed your baby. It is unknown whether Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva may pass through breast milk and affect your baby.

Driving and using machines

Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva is unlikely to affect your ability to drive or to use machines.

3. How to take Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. He will base the dose on your serum phosphorus level.

The recommended starting dose of Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva tablets for adults and older people (>65 years) is one to two tablets of 800 mg with each meal, 3 times a day.

The tablets must be swallowed whole. Do not crush, chew or break into pieces.

Initially, your doctor will check the levels of phosphorus in your blood every 2-4 weeks and may adjust the dose of Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva when necessary to reach an adequate phosphate level.

Patients taking Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva should adhere to their prescribed diets.

If you take more Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva than you should

In the event of a possible overdose you should contact your doctor immediately.

If you forget to take Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva

If you have missed one dose, this dose should be omitted and the next dose should be taken at the usual time with a meal. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Since constipation may be an early symptom of a blockage in your intestine, please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you experience it.

The following side effects have been reported in patients taking Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva:

Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people):

vomiting, constipation, upper abdominal pain, nausea

Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):

diarrhoea, abdominal pain, indigestion, flatulence

Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10000 people):

hypersensitivity

Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data):

cases of itching, rash, slow intestine motility (movement)/blockages in the intestine, and perforation in the intestine wall have been reported.

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.

United Kingdom

You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.

By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

Ireland

You can also report side effects directly via

HPRA Pharmacovigilance
Earlsfort Terrace
IRL - Dublin 2
Tel: +353 1 6764971
Fax: +353 1 6762517
Website:www.hpra.ie

By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

Malta

You can also report side effects directly via ADR Reporting www.medicinesauthority.gov.mt/adrportal.

By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not use this medicine after the expiry date stated on the bottle and carton after “EXP”.

Keep the bottle container tightly closed in order to protect from moisture.

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information

What Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva contains

  • The active substance is sevelamer carbonate. Each film-coated tablet contains 800 mg of sevelamer carbonate.
  • The other ingredients are microcrystalline cellulose, sodium chloride, zinc stearate, hypromellose (E464), diacetylated monoglycerides, iron oxide black (E172), isopropyl alcohol, propylene glycol and hypromellose (E464).

What Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva looks like and contents of the pack

Sevelamer carbonate Zentiva film-coated tablets are white tablets with SC800 imprinted on one side. The tablets are packed in high density polyethylene bottles with a child-resistant polypropylene closure and an induction seal.

Pack size:

1 bottle of 30 tablets

1 bottle of 180 tablets

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Marketing authorisation holder:

Genzyme Europe B.V.
Gooimeer 10
1411 DD Naarden
The Netherlands

Manufacturer:

Genzyme Ireland Ltd.
IDA Industrial Park
Old Kilmeaden Road
Waterford
Ireland

For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder.

United Kingdom
Sanofi
Tel: +44 (0) 845 372 7101

This leaflet was last revised in August 2017.

Other sources of information

Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency web site: http://www.ema.europa.eu.

This leaflet is available in all EU/EEA languages on the European Medicines Agency website.