Hypromellose Eye Drops BPC 0.3%

Summary of Product Characteristics Updated 18-Jun-2018 | Martindale Pharma, an Ethypharm Group Company

1. Name of the medicinal product

Hypromellose 0.3% w/v Eye Drops

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Hypromellose 0.3% w/v

Excipients of known effect:

Benzalkonium Chloride

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1

3. Pharmaceutical form

Eye drops, Solution.

Clear to slightly opalescent colourless, slightly viscous solution.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

To provide tear-like lubrication for the symptomatic relief of dry eyes and eye irritation associated with deficient tear production.

As an ocular lubricant for artificial eyes.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Posology

Adults, children and the elderly

The recommended dosage for adults, children and elderly is one or two drops topically instilled into the eye three times daily as needed, or as directed by a physician.

Method of administration

For ocular use only.

4.3 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to the active substance, Hypromellose or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

May cause transient mild stinging or temporary blurred vision. If irritation persists or worsens, or headache, eye pain, vision changes or continuous redness occur, patients should discontinue use and consult a physician or pharmacist.

In order to preserve the sterility, the dropper should not be allowed to touch any part of the eye or any other surface.

The product contains benzalkonium chloride and should not be used if soft contact lenses are being worn.

Remove contact lenses prior to application and wait at least 15 minutes before reinserting. Benzalkonium chloride is known to discolour soft contact lenses.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Hypromellose prolongs the contact time of topically applied drugs commonly used in ophthalmology.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Fertility

Studies have not been performed to evaluate the effect of topical ocular administration of hypromellose on fertility.

Hypromellose is a pharmacologically inert compound and it would not be expected to have any effect on fertility.

Pregnancy

There are no or limited amount of data from the use of ophthalmic hypromellose in pregnant women. Systemic exposure to hypromellose following topical ocular administration is negligible and the product has no pharmacological properties.

Breast-feeding

It is unknown whether topical hypromellose/metabolites are excreted in human milk. No effects on the breastfed newborn/infant are anticipated since the systemic exposure of the breast-feeding women to hypromellose is negligible. In addition to this, hypromellose is pharmacologically inert.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

May cause blurring of vision on instillation. Do not drive or operate hazardous machinery unless vision is clear.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Adverse events which have been associated with Hypromellose are given below, listed by system organ class and frequency. Frequencies are defined as: very common (≥1/10), common (≥1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (≥1/1000 to <1/100), rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1000), very rare (<1/10,000) and not known (cannot be estimated from the available data). Within each frequency grouping, adverse events are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.

System Organ Class

Frequency

Adverse Event

Eye disorders

Not known

transient mild stinging or vision blurred,

eye pain,

foreign body sensation in eyes,

eye irritation,

ocular hyperaemi

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via Yellow card scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.

4.9 Overdose

Due to the characteristics of this preparation, no toxic effects are to be expected with an ocular overdose of this product, nor in the event of accidental ingestion of the contents of one bottle.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group:

Ophthalmologicals: other ophthalmologicals

ATC code: SO1X A20

Hypromellose is a soothing emollient solution with properties and uses similar to those of methylcellulose. Its advantages over methylcellulose are that mucilages of hypromellose have greater clarity and fewer undispersed fibres are usually present. It prolongs the action of medicated eye drops and is used as artificial tears to prevent damage to the cornea in dry eye syndromes.

This product is a sterile, isotonic, buffered solution of Hypromellose. It is used as a substitute for natural tears.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Not applicable to topical (ophthalmic) preparations.

Hypromellose is an inert substance. It has no pharmacological activity and not absorbed systemically. Hence, the pharmacokinetic properties have not been studied.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

Hypromellose is an inert substance and is not expected to be absorbed systemically. Hence, although no systemic toxicity studies have been conducted it is not expected to demonstrate any systemic toxicity or to have any effect on reproductive processes.

Similarly no specific local ocular toxicity or irritation studies have been conducted; however no adverse effects are anticipated. Indeed, hypromellose ophthalmic solution is used as a control in some ophthalmic drugs studies because of the acknowledged low level of toxicity.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Purified water

Sodium Chloride

Potassium Chloride

Borax

Boric Acid

Benzalkonium Chloride solution

May contain sodium hydroxide or hydrochloric acid.

6.2 Incompatibilities

None known.

6.3 Shelf life

36 months unopened.

28 days after opening.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Store below 25°C.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

Plastic tamper evident eye drop assembly. Fill volume 10ml.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Do not touch dropper tip to any surface as this may contaminate the contents.

If the drop of medication is not retained in the eye upon dosing for any reason, instill another drop.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

Martindale Pharmaceuticals Ltd

Bampton Road

Romford

RM3 8UG

England.

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

PL 00156/0069

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

06/06/1997

10. Date of revision of the text

14/06/2018

Company Contact Details
Martindale Pharma, an Ethypharm Group Company
Address

Building A2, Glory Park Avenue, Wooburn Green, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, HP10 0DF, UK

Telephone

+44 (0) 1277 266 600

WWW

http://ethypharm.co.uk/

Medical Information e-mail