What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original leaflet can be viewed using the link above.

The text only version may be available in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call emc accessibility on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: PL 00025/0178.


Moduret 25

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

MODURET® 25

25 mg/2.5 mg tablets

(Hydrochlorothiazide & Amiloride Hydrochloride)

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet:

1. What Moduret 25 is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Moduret 25
3. How to take Moduret 25
4. Possible side effects
5 How to store Moduret 25
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Moduret 25 is and what is it used for

Moduret 25 contains amiloride and hydrochlorothiazide. They belong to the group of medicines known as water tablets (diuretics). They work by increasing the amount of urine that passes from your body. This lowers your blood pressure or removes excess water from your body.

Moduret 25 is used for:

  • heart failure
  • high blood pressure
  • fluid retention caused by a liver disease called ‘cirrhosis’.

2. What you need to know before you take Moduret 25

Do not take Moduret 25 tablets:

  • if you are allergic to hydrochlorothiazide and amiloride hydrochloride or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6)
  • if you have diabetes (a high blood sugar level)
  • if you have been told by your doctor you have high levels of urea, creatinine, potassium or calcium in your blood
  • if you are allergic to a type of antibiotic called sulfonamides, such as sulfamethoxazole
  • if you are allergic to acetazolamide which is a diuretic used to remove fluid from the body and to treat high pressure in the eye (glaucoma), heart problems and sometimes fits or epilepsy
  • if you are allergic to any other ‘thiazide’ water tablet (diuretic)
  • if you are taking potassium sparing water tablets (diuretics) such as eplerenone, spironolactone or triamterene
  • if you are taking a potassium supplement or medicine containing potassium or you eat potassium-rich foods
  • if you suffer from kidney or liver disease
  • if you have Addison’s disease

Do not take Moduret 25 if any of the above applies to you. If you are not sure talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Moduret 25.

Warnings and precautions

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Moduret 25 if:

  • you have been told by your doctor you have high levels of uric acid, cholesterol or triglycerides (a type of cholesterol) in your blood
  • you are taking digitalis such as digoxin - used for heart failure and abnormal heart beat
  • you are being given fluids by a tube inserted into one of your veins
  • you have recently suffered from severe vomiting or diarrhoea
  • you have Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • you are elderly
  • you have gout
  • you have had skin cancer or if you develop an unexpected skin lesion during the treatment. Treatment with hydrochlorothiazide, particularly long term use with high doses, may increase the risk of some types of skin and lip cancer (non-melanoma skin cancer). Protect your skin from sun exposure and UV rays while taking Moduret 25.

If you are not sure talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Moduret 25.

Children and adolescents

Do not give this medicine to children under 18 years of age as limited data is available.

Other medicines and Moduret 25

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken or might take any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription. This includes herbal medicines. This is because Moduret 25 can affect the way some other medicines work. Also some other medicines can affect the way Moduret 25 works.

It is important to tell your doctor or pharmacist if you take:

  • angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) such as enalapril used to treat high blood pressure or heart problems
  • angiotensin II receptor antagonists such as losartan - used to treat high blood pressure or diabetics with kidney damage
  • other medicines for high blood pressure
  • medicines for diabetes such as insulin or chlorpropamide
  • lithium - used for depression
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin or ibuprofen - used to reduce high temperature (fever), pain or for arthritis
  • barbiturates - used to help you sleep or to reduce anxiety
  • painkillers such as codeine, dihydrocodeine, dextropropoxyphene, diamorphine, morphine, pentazocine and pethidine
  • cholestyramine and colestipol - used to treat high cholesterol (hyperlipidaemia)
  • steroids - used to treat lots of different conditions such as rheumatism, arthritis, allergic conditions, skin problems, asthma or a type of blood disorder
  • ACTH to test whether your adrenal glands are working properly
  • medicines injected for allergic reactions such as adrenaline (also known as epinephrine)
  • tacrolimus - used after a liver or kidney transplant to prevent rejection
  • ciclosporin - used for rheumatoid arthritis or to prevent rejection after a transplant
  • ‘non-depolarising’ muscle relaxants such as tubocurarine

In addition, if you are going to have an operation, make sure the doctor treating you knows you are taking Moduret 25.

If you are not sure if any of the above applies to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Moduret 25.

Tests while you are taking Moduret 25

When you are on this medication it may affect some tests on blood or urine samples. Please remind your doctor you are taking Moduret 25 if he or she wants you to have any tests.

If you have diabetes or your doctor suspects you have diabetes, you may need to have some tests before receiving treatment with Moduret 25.

Moduret 25 with food, drink and alcohol

Your doctor may have asked you to change your diet slightly and not to eat certain foods which contain a lot of potassium. These foods include milk, bananas, raisins and prunes. Your doctor will tell you what food you should not eat. If you are unsure about what food you should avoid, ask your doctor before taking Moduret 25 tablets.

Your doctor may have told you that you should keep alcohol intake to a minimum while you are taking Moduret 25. Alcohol may increase the effects of Moduret 25 so that you feel dizzy or light-headed when you stand up quickly.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

Pregnancy

You must tell your doctor if you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby. Usually, your doctor will advise you to take another medicine instead of Moduret 25, as Moduret 25 is not recommended during pregnancy. This is because Moduret 25 crosses the placenta and its use after the third month of pregnancy may cause potentially harmful foetal and neonatal effects.

Breastfeeding

Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding. Moduret 25 is not recommended for mothers who are breast-feeding.

Driving and using machines

This medicine may make you feel tired or dizzy. Do not drive or operate machinery until you have discussed this with your doctor or you know if you are affected.

Moduret 25 contains lactose

If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.

3. How to take Moduret 25

Taking this medicine

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

You should take this medicine by mouth. The amount you take each day will depend on your illness. The number of tablets to be taken will be on the label of your medicine.

The recommended doses are:

High blood pressure

  • The usual starting dose is one tablet each day.
  • Your doctor may change your dose to two tablets given each day.
  • Your doctor may spread out the doses or give it all together as a single dose.

Heart failure

  • The usual starting dose is one tablet each day.
  • Your doctor may change your dose.
  • You should not take more than four tablets in a day.

Fluid retention due to cirrhosis

  • The usual starting dose is two tablets each day.
  • Your doctor may change your dose.
  • You should not take more than four tablets in a day.

If you take more Moduret 25 than you should

If you take too much Moduret 25 by mistake, contact your doctor or seek medical help immediately.

If you forget to take Moduret 25

  • If you forget to take your dose, skip the missed dose.
  • Take the next dose as normal.
  • Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.

If you stop taking Moduret 25

Do not stop taking Moduret 25 without speaking to your doctor.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, Moduret 25 can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The following side effects may happen with this medicine:

Stop taking Moduret 25 and see a doctor straight away, if you notice any of the following serious side effects that may rarely occur. You may need urgent medical treatment:

  • allergic reactions - the signs may include inflamed blood vessels, difficulties breathing or swallowing, collapse, redness, blisters, peeling skin, muscle pains, chills, a general feeling of being unwell, ulcers in your mouth, eyes or genitals.

Other side effects include:

Allergic reactions

  • purplish or reddish-brown spots, skin irritation, increased sensitivity to sunlight and a nettle like rash (urticaria).

Heart and circulation

  • irregular heart beat of your heart that can lead to fainting and dizziness, palpitations
  • feeling light headed when you stand quickly
  • fast heart beat, chest pains (angina).

Blood

  • anaemia - signs include unusual tiredness or loss of colour in the lining of the eyes and skin around the eyes
  • other blood disorders which can result in high temperature (fever), a sore throat, being unable to stop bleeding from a cut
  • changes in the levels of various chemicals in the blood which are usually detected by blood or urine tests.

Stomach and gut

  • feeling sick (nausea) or being sick (vomiting), indigestion, diarrhoea, constipation, stomach ache and stomach cramps, wind, bloated feeling, hiccups
  • bleeding from your gut - signs may include blood in your faeces or a darker colour of faeces
  • liver problems such as jaundice - signs may include yellowing of the skin and/or whites of the eyes
  • an inflamed pancreas - signs may include feeling sick (nausea) and being sick (vomiting) with pain in the stomach area and back
  • swelling of the glands that make saliva
  • your mouth may become dry
  • a bad taste in your mouth
  • lack or loss of appetite
  • feeling thirsty.

Chest

  • difficulty breathing
  • blocked nose
  • cough.

Nervous system

  • feeling dizzy, feeling like you are spinning (vertigo), pins and needles
  • feeling sleepy, or sometimes feeling that you cannot sleep
  • stupor, a type of brain disorder called encephalopathy
  • feeling nervous, confused, depressed or restless
  • feeling shaky (tremors)
  • headache, blackouts.

Skin and hair

  • flushing, sweating
  • rash, itching
  • hair loss
  • skin and lip cancer (non-melanoma skin cancer).

Eyes or ears

  • an increase in the pressure in the eye which is usually picked up in eye examinations
  • changes in vision
  • ringing in the ears.

Joints and muscles

  • joint pain, pain in the fingers and toes, gout
  • neck, shoulder and back pain
  • leg ache, muscle cramps.

Urinary

  • difficulty or pain urinating, an increase in the amount of urine passed
  • contractions of the bladder which can lead to an increase in how often you need to pass urine
  • kidney disorders which may lead to a reduced amount of urine being passed
  • passing urine at night, incontinence.

Sexual

  • lower sex drive
  • impotence.

General/Other

  • a general feeling of being unwell, feeling tired, weakness, dehydration.

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Moduret 25

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not use the medicine past the expiry date which is stated on the carton after 'EXP'. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

Store below 25°C. Protect from light.

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information

What Moduret 25 contains

  • The active substances in Moduret 25 tablets are amiloride hydrochloride and hydrochlorothiazide. Each Moduret 25 tablet contains 2.5 mg amiloride hydrochloride and 25 mg hydrochlorothiazide
  • The other ingredients are calcium hydrogen phosphate (E341), guar gum, lactose hydrous, magnesium stearate (E572), maize starch and pregelatinised maize starch.

What Moduret 25 looks like and contents of the pack

Moduret 25 tablets are off-white, diamond-shaped tablets, marked with identification number ‘923’ on one side and scored on the other side.

Moduret 25 is available in calendar packs of 28 tablets.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

The Marketing Authorisation Holder is

Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited
Hertford Road
Hoddesdon
Hertfordshire
EN11 9BU
UK

Moduret 25 Tablets are manufactured by

Merck Sharp & Dohme BV
Waarderweg 39
2031 BN
Haarlem
Netherlands

This leaflet was last revised in March 2019.

This leaflet gives you the most important patient information about Moduret 25. If you have any questions after you have read it, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

© Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited 2019. All rights reserved.

PIL.MUE.18.UK.6638.IB-PRAC