Lipidem 200 mg/ml emulsion for infusion

Summary of Product Characteristics Updated 31-Oct-2023 | B.Braun Medical

1. Name of the medicinal product

Lipidem 200 mg/ml emulsion for infusion

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

1000 ml of emulsion contains:

Medium-chain triglycerides

Soya-bean oil, refined

Omega-3-acid triglycerides

Content of triglycerides

100.0 g

80.0 g

20.0 g

200 mg/ml (20%)

Content of essential fatty acids

Linoleic acid (omega-6)

Alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3)

Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (omega-3)

38.4 - 46.4 g/l

4.0 - 8.8 g/l

8.6 - 17.2 g/l

Excipient(s) with known effect:

1000 ml emulsion contains 2.6 mmol sodium (as sodium hydroxide and sodium oleate).

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Emulsion for infusion

Milky-white oil-in-water emulsion



Acidity or alkalinity (titration to pH 7.4)


7990 kJ/l ≙ 1910 kcal/l

approximately 410 mOsm/kg

less than 0.5 mmol NaOH/l or HCl/l

6.0 - 8.5

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Supply of energy, including a readily utilisable lipid component (medium-chain triglycerides) and essential omega-6 fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids, as part of parenteral nutrition when oral or enteral nutrition is impossible, insufficient or contraindicated.

Lipidem 200mg/ml is indicated in adults, preterm and term neonates, infants and toddlers, children and adolescents.

4.2 Posology and method of administration


The dosage has to be adapted to the patients' individual requirements.

Maximum daily doses should only be administered after stepwise increase with careful monitoring of the tolerance of the infusions.

The utilisation of intravenous lipids depends on e.g. the severity of underlying disease, body weight, gestational and postnatal age and specific body functions.

Depending on energy requirements, the following daily doses are recommended:


The usual dose is 0.7 to 1.5 g lipids/kg body weight (b.w.) per day. A maximum dose of 2.0 g lipids/kg b.w./d, for instance when energy requirements are high or fat utilisation is increased (e.g. oncology patients), should not be exceeded For long-term home parenteral nutrition treatment (> 6 months) and in patients with short bowel syndrome the provision of intravenous lipids should not exceed 1.0 g/kg b.w./d.

For a patient weighing 70 kg a daily dose of 2.0 g/kg b.w./d corresponds to a maximum daily dose of 700 ml Lipidem 200mg/ml.

Paediatric population

A gradual increase of lipid intake in increments of 0.5 – 1.0 g/kg b.w./d may be beneficial regarding the possibility to monitor the increase of the plasma triglyceride level and prevent hyperlipidaemia.

Preterm newborn infants, term newborn infants, infants and toddlers

It is recommended not to exceed a daily dose of 2.0 – 3.0 g/kg b.w./d of lipids.

In preterm newborn infants, term newborn infants, infants and toddlers, the daily dose of lipids should be infused continuously over about 24 hours.

Children and adolescents

It is recommended not to exceed a daily lipid dose of 2.0 – 3.0 g/kg b.w./d.

Elderly patients

Basically the same dosage as for adults applies, but caution should be exercised in patients suffering from further diseases like cardiac insufficiency or renal insufficiency that may frequently be associated with advanced age.

Patients with diabetes mellitus, impaired cardiac or renal function

See section 4.4.

Patients with hepatic impairment

See section 4.4 ('('Patients with impaired lipid metabolism').

Infusion rate

The infusion should be administered at the lowest possible infusion rate. During the first 15 minutes the infusion rate should only be 50% of the maximum infusion rate to be used.

The patient should be monitored closely for the occurrence of adverse reactions.

Maximum infusion rate


Up to 0.15 g/kg b.w./h lipids.

For a patient weighing 70 kg this corresponds to a maximum infusion rate of 52.5 ml per hour Lipidem 200mg/ml . The amount of lipids administered then is 10.5 g per hour.

Preterm newborn infants, term newborn infants, infants and toddlers

Up to 0.15 g/kg b.w./h lipids.

Children and adolescents

Up to 0.15 g/kg b.w./h lipids.

Method of administration

Intravenous use.

Lipid emulsions are suitable for peripheral venous administration and can also be administered separately via peripheral veins as part of total parenteral nutrition.

The Y- or the bypass connector should be placed as close to the patient as possible if lipid emulsions are co-administered with amino acid and carbohydrate solutions. For further instructions on handling of the medicinal product before administration, see section 6.6.

When used in neonates and children below 2 years, the solution (in bottles and administration sets) should be protected from light exposure until administration is completed (see sections 4.4, 6.3 and 6.6).

Duration of treatment

As clinical experience with long-term use of Lipidem 200mg/ml is limited, it should normally not be administered for longer than one week. If parenteral nutrition with lipid emulsions is further indicated, Lipidem 200mg/ml can be administered over longer periods provided appropriate monitoring is employed.

4.3 Contraindications

– Hypersensitivity to the active substances, to egg, fish, peanut or soya protein or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1

– Severe hyperlipidaemia characterized by hypertriglyceridaemia (≥ 1000 mg/dl or 11.4 mmol/l)

– Severe coagulopathy

– Intrahepatic cholestasis

– Severe hepatic insufficiency

– Severe renal insufficiency in absence of renal replacement therapy

– Acute thromboembolic events, fat embolism

– Acidosis

General contraindications to parenteral nutrition include:

– Unstable circulatory status with vital threat (states of collapse and shock)

– Acute phases of cardiac infarction or stroke

– Unstable metabolic conditions (e.g. decompensated diabetes mellitus, severe sepsis, coma of unknown origin)

– Inadequate cellular oxygen supply

– Disturbances of the electrolyte and fluid balance

– Acute pulmonary oedema

– Decompensated cardiac insufficiency

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

The serum triglyceride concentration should be monitored when infusing Lipidem 200mg/ml.

In patients with suspected disorders of lipid metabolism, fasting hyperlipidaemia should be ruled out before the start of the infusion.

Depending on the patient's metabolic condition, occasional hypertriglyceridaemia may occur. If the plasma triglyceride concentration exceeds 4.6 mmol/l (400 mg/dl) in adults during administration of lipids it is recommended to reduce the infusion rate. The infusion must be interrupted if the plasma triglyceride concentration exceeds 11.4 mmol/l (1000 mg/dl), as these levels have been associated with an increased risk for acute pancreatitis.

Disturbances of the fluid, electrolyte or acid-base balance must be corrected before the start of infusion.

Refeeding or repletion of malnourished or depleted patients may cause hypokalaemia, hypophosphataemia and hypomagnesaemia. Adequate supplementation of electrolytes according to deviations from normal values is necessary.

Controls of the serum electrolytes, the water balance, the acid-base balance, and of blood cell counts, coagulation status, hepatic and renal function are necessary.

Any sign or symptom of anaphylactic reaction (such as fever, shivering, rash or dyspnoea) should lead to immediate interruption of the infusion.

Energy supply with lipid emulsions only could cause metabolic acidosis. It is therefore recommended to infuse an adequate quantity of intravenous carbohydrates or carbohydrate-containing amino acid solutions along with the fat emulsion.

For patients requiring complete parenteral nutrition, complementary carbohydrate, amino acid, electrolyte, vitamin, and trace element supplements are required. Also, an adequate total fluid intake has to be ensured.

Impaired capacity to eliminate triglycerides can lead to “ fat overload syndrome” which may be caused by overdose (see section 4.8 and 4.9.).

Mixing with incompatible substances might lead to breaking of the emulsion or to precipitation of particles (see sections 6.2 and 6.6), both resulting in a high risk of embolism.

There is as yet only limited experience of the use of Lipidem 200mg/ml for periods longer than seven days.

As with all intravenous solutions, especially for parenteral nutrition, strict aseptic precautions are necessary for the infusion of Lipidem 200mg/ml.

Patients with diabetes mellitus, impaired cardiac or renal function

Like all large-volume infusion solutions, Lipidem 200mg/ml should be administered with caution to patients with impaired cardiac or renal function.

There is only limited experience of its use in patients with diabetes mellitus or renal failure.

Patients with impaired lipid metabolism

Lipidem 200mg/ml should be administered cautiously to patients with disturbances of lipid metabolism with increased serum triglycerides, e.g. renal insufficiency, diabetes mellitus, pancreatitis, impaired hepatic function, hypothyroidism (with hypertriglyceridaemia), sepsis, and metabolic syndrome. If Lipidem 200mg/ml is given to patients with these conditions, more frequent monitoring of serum triglycerides is necessary to assure triglyceride elimination and stable triglyceride levels below 11.4 mmol/l (1000 mg/dl).

In combined hyperlipidaemias and in metabolic syndrome, triglyceride levels react to glucose, lipids and overnutrition. Adjust dose accordingly. Assess and monitor other lipid and glucose sources, and drugs interfering with their metabolism.

The presence of hypertriglyceridaemia 12 hours after the administration of lipids also indicates disturbance of lipid metabolism.

Paediatric population

Free fatty acids (FFA) compete with bilirubin for albumin binding sites. Especially very premature infants may be at increased risk of hyperbilirubinaemia due to high levels of FFA released from triglycerides resulting in a high FFA/albumin ratio. In parenterally fed infants at risk of hyperbilirubinaemia, serum triglyceride and bilirubin levels should be monitored and lipid infusion rate be adjusted if deemed necessary.

During infusion Lipidem 200mg/ml should be protected from phototherapy light to decrease the formation of potentially harmful triglyceride hydroperoxides.

The serum triglyceride concentration should be regularly monitored during the infusion of Lipidem 200mg/ml, (especially in very small preterm infants), especially if there is an increased risk of hyperlipidaemia (e.g. in situations of stress or infection). A stepwise increase of the daily dose may be advisable.

Depending on the patient's metabolic condition, occasional hypertriglyceridaemia may occur. In infants dose reduction should be considered if the plasma triglyceride concentration during infusion exceeds 2.8 mmol/l (250 mg/dl). In older children and adolescents dose reduction should be considered if the plasma triglyceride concentration during infusion exceeds 4.6 mmol/l (400 mg/dl).

Light exposure of solutions for intravenous parenteral nutrition, especially after admixture with trace elements and/or vitamins, may have adverse effects on clinical outcome in neonates, due to generation of peroxides and other degradation products. When used in neonates and children below 2 years, Lipidem 200mg/ml should be protected from ambient light until administration is completed (see sections 4.2, 6.3 and 6.6).

Special warnings/precautions regarding excipients

This medicinal product contains 59.8 mg sodium per 1000 ml, equivalent to 3 % of the WHO recommended maximum daily intake of 2 g sodium for an adult.

Interference with laboratory tests

Lipids may interfere with certain laboratory tests (such as bilirubin, lactate dehydrogenase, oxygen saturation) when the blood sample is taken before the lipids have been eliminated from the bloodstream, this may take 4 to 6 hours.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

No interaction studies have been performed.

Heparin given in clinical doses causes a transient release of lipoprotein lipase into the bloodstream. This may initially lead to increased plasma lipolysis, followed by a transient decrease in triglyceride clearance.

Soya-bean oil has a natural content of vitamin K1. This may interfere with the therapeutic effect of coumarin derivatives, which should be closely monitored in patients treated with such drugs.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation


There are no or limited amount of data from the use of Lipidem 200mg/ml in pregnant women. Animal studies undertaken with a lipid emulsion containing twice the amount of omega-3 acid triglycerides and a correspondingly smaller amount of omega-6-acid triglycerides as compared to Lipidem 200mg/ml do not indicate direct or indirect harmful effects with respect to reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3).

Parenteral nutrition may become necessary during pregnancy. Lipidem 200mg/ml should only be administered to pregnant women after careful benefit-risk consideration.


Components/metabolites of Lipidem 200mg/ml are excreted in human milk, but at therapeutic doses of Lipidem 200mg/ml no effects on the breastfed newborns/infants are anticipated. In general, breastfeeding is not recommended to mothers on parenteral nutrition.


No data from the use of Lipidem 200mg/ml available.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Not relevant.

4.8 Undesirable effects

The following listing includes a number of systemic adverse reactions that may be associated with the use of Lipidem 200mg/ml. Under the conditions of correct use, in terms of dosing, monitoring, observation of safety restrictions and instructions, most of them are very rare (< 1/10,000).

Undesirable effects are listed according to their frequencies as follows:

Very common




Very rare

Not known

(≥ 1/10)

(≥ 1/100 to < 1/10)

(≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100)

(≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1,000)

(< 1/10,000)

(cannot be estimated from the available data)

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Very rare:


Not known:

Leucopenia, thrombocytopenia

Immune system disorders

Very rare:

Allergic reactions (e.g. anaphylactic reactions, dermal eruptions, laryngeal, oral and facial oedema)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Very rare:

Hyperlipidaemia, metabolic acidosis

The frequency of these adverse reactions is dose-dependent and may be higher under conditions of absolute or relative overdose.

Very rare:


Nervous system disorders

Very rare:

Headache, drowsiness

Vascular disorders

Very rare:

Hypertension or hypotension, flush

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Very rare:

Dyspnoea, cyanosis

Gastrointestinal disorders

Very rare:

Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Very rare:

Erythema, sweating

Hepatobiliary disorders

Not known:


Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders


Back, bones, chest and lumbar region pain

General disorders and administration site conditions

Very rare:

Elevated body temperature, feeling cold, chills, fat overload syndrome (see below).

Should adverse reactions occur, the infusion must be stopped.

Should the triglyceride level rise to above 11.4 mmol/l (1000 mg/dl) during infusion, the infusion must be stopped. With levels above 4.6 mmol/l (400 mg/dl), the infusion may be continued at a reduced dosage (see section 4.4).

If the infusion is restarted, the patient should be carefully monitored, especially at the beginning, and serum triglycerides should be determined at short intervals.

Information on particular undesirable effects

Nausea, vomiting and lack of appetite are symptoms often related to conditions for which parenteral nutrition is indicated, and may be associated with parenteral nutrition at the same time.

Fat overload syndrome

Impaired capacity to eliminate triglycerides can lead to “ fat overload syndrome” which may be caused by overdose. Possible signs of metabolic overload must be observed. The cause may be genetic (individually different metabolism) or the fat metabolism may be affected by ongoing or previous diseases. This syndrome may also appear during severe hypertriglyceridaemia, even at the recommended infusion rate, and in association with a sudden change in the patient's clinical condition, such as renal function impairment or infection. The fat overload syndrome is characterised by hyperlipidaemia, fever, fat infiltration, hepatomegaly with or without icterus, splenomegaly, anaemia, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, coagulation disorder, haemolysis and reticulocytosis, abnormal liver function tests and coma. The symptoms are usually reversible if the infusion of the fat emulsion is discontinued.

Should signs of a fat overload syndrome occur, the infusion of Lipidem 200mg/ml must be discontinued immediately.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at:

4.9 Overdose


Hyperlipidaemia, metabolic acidosis.

Also, a fat overload syndrome may occur. See section 4.8.


Immediate cessation of infusion is indicated for overdose. Other therapeutic measures will depend on a patient's specific symptoms and their severity. When the infusion is recommenced after symptoms have declined, it is recommended that the infusion rate should be raised gradually with monitoring at frequent intervals.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Solutions for parenteral nutrition, fat emulsions

ATC code: B05B A02

Lipidem 200mg/ml is intended to provide energy and polyunsaturated ("essential") omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids as part of parenteral nutrition. For this purpose Lipidem 200mg/ml contains medium-chain triglycerides, soya-bean oil (long-chain triglycerides, mainly omega-6), and triglycerides containing omega-3 fatty acids (long-chain triglycerides).

Medium-chain triglycerides are more rapidly hydrolysed, faster eliminated from the circulation, and more completely oxidised than long-chain triglycerides. Hence they are a preferred energy substrate, particularly when there are disturbances of the degradation and/or utilisation of long-chain triglycerides, e.g. in case of lipoprotein lipase deficiency, deficiency of lipoprotein lipase cofactors, carnitine deficit and impairment of the carnitine-dependent transport system.

In detail, long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are precursors for anti-inflammatory eicosanoids. They reduce pro-inflammatory cytokine production from arachidonic acid and increasing anti-inflammatory cytokine production from eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. This may be of benefit in patients at risk of developing a hyperinflammatory state and sepsis.

Only the long-chain omega-6 and omega-3 triglycerides supply polyunsaturated fatty acids, so these are primarily included for prophylaxis and therapy of essential fatty acid deficiency and, only secondarily, as a source of energy. Lipidem 200mg/ml supplies essential omega-6 fatty acids, mainly in the form of linoleic acid, and omega-3 fatty acids in the form of alpha-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid.

Phosphatides, besides their function as emulsifier for the triglycerides, are components of the cell membranes and guarantee their fluidity and biological functions.

Glycerol, which has been added with the aim to render the emulsion isotonic to blood, is a physiological intermediate in the metabolism of glucose and lipids: it is metabolised to yield energy or is utilised for the synthesis of glucose, glycogen and triglycerides.

The ratio of omega-6/omega-3 fatty acids in Lipidem 200mg/ml is approximately 2.5:1.

Safety pharmacological investigations have not revealed any specific effects other than the above-mentioned nutritive effects, which are the same as when the particular substrates were administered orally.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties


The dose, rate of infusion, metabolic state and individual factors concerning the patient (level of fasting) are the most relevant factors determining the maximum serum triglyceride concentration-

Placental tissue preferentially takes up long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids from the maternal circulation and regulates their transfer to the foetal circulation.


After infusion, triglycerides are hydrolysed to glycerol and fatty acids. Both are incorporated in physiological pathways for energy production, synthesis of biological active molecules, gluconeogenesis and resynthesis of lipids.


Both the triglycerides of soya-bean oil and medium-chain triglycerides are completely metabolised to CO2 and H2O. Omega-3 acid triglycerides are either completely oxidised to CO2 and water or incorporated in cell membranes and then metabolised to eicosanoids and cytokines. Up to 30% to 70% of the infused lipids are oxidised within 24 h, whereas the elimination rate largely depends on nutritional state, hormonal balance, simultaneous infusion of glucose solution, etc. Renal excretion does virtually not occur.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

Preclinical studies including safety pharmacology, reproductive and developmental toxicity studies with a lipid emulsion containing twice the amount of omega-3 acid triglycerides present in the final product and a correspondingly smaller amount of long chain omega-6 triglycerides revealed no effects other than those expected following administration of high doses of lipids. In a rabbit reproductive toxicity study no evidence of embryotoxicity or teratogenicity was seen at a dose of 2 g lipid/kg body weight per day for 12 days.

Phytoestrogens such as ß -sitosterol can be found in various vegetable oils, especially in soya-bean oil. Impairment of fertility was observed in rats and rabbits after subcutaneous and intravaginal administration of ß -sitosterol. After administration of pure ß -sitosterol a decrease of the testicular weight and a reduction of the sperm concentration in male rats and a lowered pregnancy rate in female rabbits were recorded. However, according to the current state of knowledge the observed effects in animals do not seem to have relevance for clinical use.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Egg phospholipids for injection


Sodium oleate

All-rac-α -Tocopherol

Sodium hydroxide (for pH adjustment)

Water for injections

6.2 Incompatibilities

In the absence of compatibility studies, this medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products.

6.3 Shelf life


2 years

After first opening the container

After first opening the medicinal product should be used immediately.

When used in neonates and children below 2 years, the solution (in bottles and administration sets) should be protected from light exposure until administration is completed (see sections 4.2, 4.4 and 6.6).

After admixture of compatible additives

From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately after admixture of additives. If not used immediately after admixture of additives, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 25 ° C.

Do not freeze. If accidentally frozen, discard the container.

Store in the original package in order to protect from light.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

Glass bottle (type II glass) with a halogen butyl rubber stopper.

Pack sizes:

100 ml, available in packs of 10 x 100 ml

250 ml, available in packs of 1 x 250 ml and 10 x 250 ml

500 ml, available in packs of 1 x 500 ml and 10 x 500 ml

1000 ml, available in packs of 1 x 1000 ml and 6 x 1000 ml

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

No special requirements for disposal.

If filters are used, these must be permeable to lipids.

Before infusing a lipid emulsion together with other solutions via a Y connector or bypass set, the compatibility of these fluids should be checked, especially when co-administering carrier solutions to which drugs have been added. Particular caution should be exercised when co-infusing solutions that contain divalent cations (such as calcium or magnesium).

Shake gently prior to use.

The emulsion has to be brought to room temperature unaided prior to infusion, i.e., the product should not be put in a heating device (such as oven or microwave).

For single use only. Container and unused residues must be discarded after use. Do not reconnect partially used containers.

Only use containers that are undamaged and in which the emulsion is homogeneous and milky-white. Inspect the emulsion visually for phase separation and discoloration prior to administration (oil drops, oil layer).

When used in neonates and children below 2 years, protect from light exposure, until administration is completed. Exposure of Lipidem 200mg/ml to ambient light, especially after admixture with trace elements and/ or vitamins, generates peroxides and other degradation products that can be reduced by protection from light exposure (see sections 4.2, 4.4 and 6.3).

7. Marketing authorisation holder

B. Braun Melsungen AG

Carl-Braun-Straß e 1

34212 Melsungen


Postal address

B. Braun Melsungen AG

34209 Melsungen


Phone: +49-5661-71-0

Fax: -+49-5661-71-4567

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

PL 03551/0099

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

Date of first authorisation: 16 January 2004

Date of latest renewal: 16 January 2009

10. Date of revision of the text


Company Contact Details
B.Braun Medical

Brookdale Road, Thorncliffe Park Estate, Chapeltown, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S35 2PW


0114 225 9000

Medical Information Direct Line

0800 298 0299

Stock Availability

Medical Information e-mail