Dobutamine 5 mg/ml solution for infusion in pre-filled syringe

Patient Leaflet Updated 21-Aug-2023 | Ranbaxy (UK) Limited a Sun Pharmaceutical Company

Dobutamine 5 mg/ml solution for infusion in pre-filled syringe

Package leaflet: information for the user

Dobutamine 5 mg/ml solution for infusion in pre-filled syringe

dobutamine

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet

1. What Dobutamine is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you are given Dobutamine
3. How Dobutamine will be given
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Dobutamine
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Dobutamine is and what it is used for

Dobutamine belongs to a group of medicines called catecholamines. It helps your heart to work more effectively. It works by strengthening the pumping action of the heart, increasing the amount of blood flow in the body and by expanding your veins and arteries.

Dobutamine is used in adults

  • to treat heart failure (cardiac decompensation) if the heart is not beating strongly enough (depressed contractility) caused by an organic heart disease or by heart surgery
  • in heart failure where there is severe low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • to detect poor blood supply to the heart (cardiac stress testing).

Paediatric population

Dobutamine is indicated in all paediatric age groups (from neonates to 18 years of age) as inotropic support in low cardiac output hypoperfusion states resulting from decompensated heart failure, following cardiac surgery, cardiomyopathies and in cardiogenic or septic shock.

2. What you need to know before you are given Dobutamine

You should NOT be given Dobutamine if any of the following apply to you. Tell your doctor if

  • you are allergic to dobutamine hydrochloride or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6). An allergic reaction may include rash, itching, difficulty in breathing or swelling of the face, lips, throat or tongue. You may know this from earlier experience
  • there is a narrowing in your heart or blood vessels that prevents the heart from filling or ejecting blood properly (your doctor will know this)
  • there is a lack of adequate circulatory filling (hypovolaemia)
  • you are using monoamine oxidase inhibitors (treatments for depression).

If you have certain heart or blood vessel disorders, Dobutamine should not be used to detect poor blood supply to your heart.

Do not use Dobutamine also to test your heart if you have

  • suffered a heart attack within the last 30 days
  • unstable (uncontrolled) angina
  • suffered an aortic dissection (bleeding caused by a tear in the wall of the aorta, the major blood vessel that feeds blood to the body)
  • suffered an aortic aneurysm (a weakened and bulging area in the aorta, the major blood vessel that feeds blood to the body)
  • uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • a low blood volume that has not been corrected (your doctor will know this)
  • an obstruction that interferes with blood flow out of your heart (your doctor will know this).

Warnings and precautions

Tell your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before using Dobutamine if you have any of the following conditions

  • asthma and you have been told that you are allergic to sulfites
  • severe coronary heart disease
  • acute (sudden) heart failure.
  • phaeocromocytoma (high blood pressure due to a tumour near the kidney)
  • hyperthyroidism (over-active thyroid).

Children

Increments in heart rate and blood pressure appear to be more frequent and intense in children than in adults. The new-born baby cardiovascular system has been reported to be less sensitive to dobutamine and hypotensive effect (low blood pressure) seems to be more often observed in adult patients than in small children. Accordingly, the use of dobutamine in children should be monitored closely.

Caution is advised in giving high doses of Dobutamine to children. Your doctor will adjust the required dose for your child carefully.

Other medicines and Dobutamine

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.

Dobutamine can interact with a number of medicines and supplements, which may either raise or lower the level of the medicine in your blood.

Tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines

  • beta blockers (treatment of high blood pressure and irregular heart rhythms)
  • alpha blockers such as captopril (treatment of high blood pressure and prostate enlargement)
  • vasodilators such as nitrates, sodium nitroprusside (expanding blood vessels, used to treat an angina attack or severe heart failure)
  • antidiabetics (treatment of diabetes)
  • ACE inhibitors (treatment of high blood pressure and heart failure)
  • dopamine (used to increasing heart rate and blood pressure)
  • peripheral vasoconstrictor agents such as noradrenaline
  • inhaled anaesthetics
  • monoamine oxidase inhibitors (treatments for depression)
  • entacapone (a medicine to treat Parkinson’s disease)
  • antipsychotics (treatments for mental illness)
  • doxapram (for breathing problems)
  • ergotamine or methysergine (treatments for migraine)
  • oxytocin (used in labour)
  • dipyridamole (a blood thinner)
  • atropine sulphate (for inflammation of the iris of the eye or for eye examinations).

It may still be all right for you to receive Dobutamine and your doctor will be able to decide what is suitable for you.

Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility

Pregnancy

If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.

Dobutamine should not be given to pregnant women unless medicinally justified.

Breast-feeding

If you are breast-feeding ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.

It is recommended that you stop breast-feeding during your treatment with Dobutamine.

Driving and using machines

If you have any concerns ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Dobutamine contains sodium

This medicinal product contains 162 mg sodium (main component of cooking/table salt) in each pre-filled syringe. This is equivalent to 8.1% of the maximum daily dietary intake of sodium for an adult.

3. How Dobutamine will be given

Dobutamine will be given to you by specifically trained health care professionals and emergency equipment will be available.

Method of administration

Dobutamine will be given as an infusion (drip) into your veins. The required rate of infusion depends on your response to therapy and any side effects. Your doctor will decide the dose of Dobutamine you will be given and will adjust the flow rate and duration of your infusion.

Dosage for stimulation of the heart

Adults and the elderly

Most patients respond to doses of 2.5-10 micrograms of Dobutamine per kg body weight per minute. Doses up to 40 micrograms of Dobutamine per kg body weight per minute have been given.

Dosage for stress testing of the heart

Adults and the elderly

The recommended dosage is an incremental increase from 5 to maximum 40 μg/kg/minute.

In the elderly, another dosage scheme may also be considered.

Dosage in children

For all paediatric age groups (neonates to 18 years) an initial dose of 5 micrograms/kg/minute, adjusted according to clinical response to 2-20 micrograms/kg/minute is recommended.

Occasionally, a dose as low as 0.5-1.0 micrograms/kg/minute will produce a response.

The required dose for children should be titrated in order to allow for the supposedly smaller “therapeutic width” in children.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. Your doctor will discuss these side effects with you and explain the risks and benefits of your treatment.

Very common side effects (may affect more than 1 in 10 people)

  • increased heart rate
  • chest pain
  • heartbeat disturbances

Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)

  • blood pressure increase or decrease
  • narrowing of the blood vessels (vasoconstriction)
  • irregular heartbeat (palpitations)
  • headache
  • electrocardiogram ST segment elevation
  • asthma-like symptoms (bronchospasm)
  • shortness of breath
  • increase in white blood cells (eosinophilia)
  • inhibition of blood clot formation
  • increased desire to urinate (at high doses)
  • feeling sick (nausea)
  • rash (exanthema)
  • fever
  • inflammation of the vein at the injection site (phlebitis)

Uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)

  • fast contractions of the ventricles of the heart (ventricular tachycardia)
  • uncontrolled contractions of the ventricles of the heart (ventricular tachycardia)
  • atrial fibrillation ( abnormal heart rhythm involves the two upper chambers-atria)
  • heart attack (myocardial infarction)

Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people, including isolated cases)

  • slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
  • not enough blood supplied to the heart (myocardial ischaemia)
  • low potassium (hypokalaemia)
  • spots on the skin (petechial bleeding)
  • heart block
  • narrowing of the blood vessels supplying the heart (coronary vasospasm)
  • restlessness
  • pins and needles (paraesthesia)
  • tremor
  • feelings of heat and anxiety
  • muscle cramp (myoclonic spasm)
  • fatal cardiac rupture during dobutamine stress testing

Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)

  • coronary artery disease by stress (stress cardiomyopathy)
  • problems with your heart muscle (stress cardiomyopathy also known as Takotsubo syndrome) that present with chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting, irregular heartbeat when dobutamine is used for stress echocardiography test.

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Dobutamine

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label, pouch and carton after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

After opening the syringe, the product should be used immediately in order to avoid microbial contamination. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2°C to 8°C unless preparation has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information

What Dobutamine contains

  • The active substance is dobutamine (as hydrochloride). One ml of the solution for infusion contains dobutamine (as hydrochloride) corresponding to 5 mg dobutamine. Each pre-filled syringe of 50 ml contains dobutamine (as hydrochloride) corresponding to 250 mg dobutamine.
  • The other ingredients are: disodium edetate (E386), cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide (for pH adjustment), hydrochloric acid (for pH adjustment) and water for injection.

What Dobutamine looks like and contents of the pack

Dobutamine is a clear, colourless to slightly yellow solution for infusion.

Dobutamine is available in packs containing 1 or 5 pouches with one pre-filled syringe containing 50 ml solution for infusion, one plunger rod and one scavenger.

Marketing Authorisation Holder

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Europe B.V.
Polarisavenue 87
2132JH Hoofddorp
The Netherlands

Manufacturer

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Europe BV
Polarisavenue 87
2132 JH Hoofddorp
The Netherlands

Terapia S.A.
124 Fabricii Street
400632, Cluj-Napoca
Cluj County
Romania

This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names

Germany: Dobutamin SUN

France: Dobutamine SUN

Italy: Dobutamina SUN

The Netherlands: Dobutamine SUN

United Kingdom: Dobutamine

This leaflet was last revised in February 2022

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Company Contact Details
Ranbaxy (UK) Limited a Sun Pharmaceutical Company
Address

6-9 The Square, Stockley Park, Uxbridge, UB11 1FW, UK

Telephone

+44 (0) 208 848 8688

Medical Information Direct Line

+44 (0) 208 848 5052

Out of Hours contact
WWW

http://www.sunpharma.com

E-mail
Medical Information e-mail