This information is intended for use by health professionals
Prednisolone 20 mg/dose Rectal Foam
Each metered dose contains 31.4 mg of the active ingredient prednisolone sodium metasulphobenzoate, equivalent to prednisolone 20.0 mg.
Excipients with known effect: Cetostearyl Alcohol 4.4 mg and Sorbic Acid 1.74 mg per dose.
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
A white to pale cream coloured, metered-dose rectal foam.
Treatment of proctitis and ulcerative colitis.
Adults and elderly patients:
One metered dose rectally once or twice daily for 2 weeks, extending treatment for a further 2 weeks when a good response is obtained. Use should be discontinued at the discretion of the physician once the disease is stable and under control.
Method of administration:
For rectal use only.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.
Corticosteroids are contraindicated in local conditions where infection might be masked or healing impaired, e.g. peritonitis, fistulae, intestinal obstruction, perforation of the bowel.
This product should be used with extreme caution in the presence of severe ulcerative colitis. The possibility of masking local or systemic infection should be borne in mind when using this product.
Scleroderma renal crisis
Caution is required in patients with systemic sclerosis because of an increased incidence of (possibly fatal) scleroderma renal crisis with hypertension and decreased urinary output observed with a daily dose of 15 mg or more prednisolone. Blood pressure and renal function (s-creatinine) should therefore be routinely checked. When renal crisis is suspected, blood pressure should be carefully controlled.
This medicinal product contains cetostearyl alcohol and sorbic acid which may cause local skin reactions, (e.g. contact dermatitis).
Co-treatment with CYP3A inhibitors, including cobicistat-containing products, is expected to increase the risk of systemic side-effects. The combination should be avoided unless the benefit outweighs the increased risk of systemic corticosteroid side-effects, in which case patients should be monitored for systemic corticosteroid side-effects.
There is inadequate evidence of safety in human pregnancy. Topical administration of corticosteroids to pregnant animals can cause abnormalities in foetal development including cleft palate and intrauterine growth retardation. There may therefore be a very small risk of such effects in the human foetus.
The consequences of systemic absorption should be considered if prednisolone rectal foam is used extensively over prolonged periods. As with all rectal corticosteroids, prolonged continuous use is undesirable.
Frequency 'not known': Scleroderma renal crisis*, bradycardia**
*see section c)
**following high doses
c) Scleroderma renal crisis
Amongst the different subpopulations the occurrence of scleroderma renal crisis varies. The highest risk has been reported in patients with diffuse systemic sclerosis. The lowest risk has been reported in patients with limited systemic sclerosis (2%) and juvenile onset systemic sclerosis (1%).
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.
Overdosage by this route is unlikely.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Corticosteroids for local use
ATC code: A07E A
Prednisolone sodium metasulphobenzoate is a synthetic glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory action. The product is given rectally to enable local treatment and to reduce side effects associated with systemic administration of steroids.
There is no preclinical data of relevance to the prescriber which are additional to that already included in other sections of the SPC.
Non-ionic Emulsifying Wax
Light liquid Paraffin
Pressurised container containing a flammable propellant. Do not store above 25 °C. Protect from sunlight and do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C. Do not pierce or burn even after use. Do not spray on naked flame or any incandescent material.
Do not refrigerate.
Each pack contains an aluminium aerosol can fitted with a metering valve containing sufficient for 14 doses plus 14 disposable applicators.
Shake canister before use. When using for the first time remove and discard the small plastic safety tag from under the button. An applicator nozzle is then pushed on to the side arm of the canister. The semi-circular cut-out on the cap is lined up with the nozzle.
The easiest way to administer prednisolone rectal foam is to stand with one foot raised on a chair and gently insert the nozzle tip into the rectum. Smearing the nozzle with lubricating jelly may help insertion. Holding the canister with the dose button pointing down, press the button on the canister firmly and release. Only press the button once so as not to exceed the recommended dose.
Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Chemidex Pharma Limited
trading as Essential Generics
7 Egham Business Village
Surrey TW20 8RB
9 September 1986/ 7 October 1998