What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet. The original leaflet can be viewed using the link above.

The text only version may be available in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call emc accessibility on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: PL 42357/0286.


Pregabalin Amneal Hard Capsules

Package Leaflet: Information for the user

Pregabalin Amneal 25 mg hard capsules,

Pregabalin Amneal 50 mg hard capsules,

Pregabalin Amneal 75 mg hard capsules,

Pregabalin Amneal 100 mg hard capsules,

Pregabalin Amneal 150mg hard capsules,

Pregabalin Amneal 200 mg hard capsules,

Pregabalin Amneal 225 mg hard capsules,

Pregabalin Amneal 300 mg hard capsules

Pregabalin

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet:

1. What Pregabalin is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Pregabalin
3. How to take Pregabalin
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Pregabalin
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Pregabalin is and what it is used for

Pregabalin belongs to a group of medicines used to treat epilepsy, neuropathic pain and Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) in adults.

Peripheral and central neuropathic pain: Pregabalin is used to treat long lasting pain caused by damage to the nerves. A variety of diseases can cause peripheral neuropathic pain, such as diabetes or shingles.

Pain sensations may be described as hot, burning, throbbing, shooting, stabbing, sharp, cramping, aching, tingling, numbness, pins and needles. Peripheral and central neuropathic pain may also be associated with mood changes, sleep disturbance, fatigue (tiredness), and can have an impact on physical and social functioning and overall quality of life.

Epilepsy: Pregabalin is used to treat a certain form of epilepsy (partial seizures with or without secondary generalisation) in adults. Your doctor will prescribe Pregabalin for you to help treat your epilepsy when your current treatment is not controlling your condition. You should take Pregabalin in addition to your current treatment. Pregabalin is not intended to be used alone, but should always be used in combination with other anti-epileptic treatment.

Generalised Anxiety Disorder: Pregabalin is used to treat Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD). The symptoms of GAD are prolonged excessive anxiety and worry that are difficult to control. GAD can also cause restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge, being easily fatigued (tired), having difficulty concentrating or mind going blank, feeling irritable, having muscle tension or sleep disturbance. This is different to the stresses and strains of everyday life.

2. What you need to know before you take Pregabalin

Do not take Pregabalin

If you are allergic to pregabalin or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).

Warnings and Precautions

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Pregabalin.

  • Some patients taking pregabalin have reported symptoms suggesting an allergic reaction. These symptoms include swelling of the face, lips, tongue, and throat, as well as diffuse skin rash. Should you experience any of these reactions, you should contact your physician immediately.
  • Pregabalin has been associated with dizziness and somnolence, which could increase the occurrence of accidental injury (fall) in elderly patients. Therefore, you should be careful until you are used to any effect the medicine might have.
  • Pregabalin may cause blurring or loss of vision, or other changes in eyesight, many of which are temporary. You should immediately tell your doctor if you experience any changes in your vision.
  • Some patients with diabetes who gain weight while taking pregabalin may need an alteration in their diabetic medicines.
  • Certain side effects may be more common, such as sleepiness, because patients with spinal cord injury may be taking other medicines to treat, for example, pain or spasticity, that have similar side effects to pregabalin and the severity of these effects may be increased when taken together.
  • There have been reports of heart failure in some patients when taking pregabalin; these patients were mostly elderly with cardiovascular conditions. Before taking this medicine you should tell your doctor if you have a history of heart disease.
  • There have been reports of kidney failure in some patients when taking pregabalin. If while taking Pregabalin you notice decreased urination, you should tell your doctor as stopping the medicine may improve this.
  • A small number of people being treated with anti-epileptics such as pregabalin have had thoughts of harming or killing themselves. If at any time you have these thoughts, contact your doctor immediately.
  • When Pregabalin is taken with other medicines that may cause constipation (such as some types of pain medicines) it is possible that gastrointestinal problems may occur (e.g. constipation, blocked or paralysed bowel). Tell your doctor if you experience constipation, especially if you are prone to this problem.
  • Before taking this medicine you should tell your doctor if you have a history of alcoholism or any drug abuse or dependence. Do not take more medicine than prescribed.
  • There have been reports of convulsions when taking pregabalin or shortly after stopping pregabalin. If you experience a convulsion, contact your doctor immediately.
  • There have been reports of reduction in brain function (encephalopathy) in some patients taking pregabalin when they have other conditions. Tell your doctor if you have a history of any serious medical conditions, including liver or kidney disease.

Children and adolescents

The safety and efficacy in children and adolescents (under 18 years of age) has not been established and therefore, pregabalin should not be used in this age group.

Other medicines and Pregabalin

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines. Pregabalin and certain other medicines may influence each other (interaction). When taken with certain other medicines, Pregabalin may potentiate the side effects seen with these medicines, including respiratory failure and coma. The degree of dizziness, sleepiness and decreased concentration may be increased if Pregabalin is taken together with medicines containing:

Oxycodone - (used as a pain-killer)

Lorazepam - (used for treating anxiety)

Alcohol

Pregabalin may be taken with oral contraceptives.

Pregabalin with food, drink and alcohol

Pregabalin capsules may be taken with or without food.

It is advised not to drink alcohol while taking Pregabalin.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

Pregabalin should not be taken during pregnancy or when breast-feeding, unless you are told otherwise by your doctor. Effective contraception must be used by women of child-bearing potential. If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.

Driving and using machines

Pregabalin may produce dizziness, sleepiness and decreased concentration. You should not drive, operate complex machinery or engage in other potentially hazardous activities until you know whether this medicine affects your ability to perform these activities.

3. How to take Pregabalin

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

Your doctor will determine what dose is appropriate for you.

Pregabalin is for oral use only.

Peripheral and central neuropathic pain, epilepsy or Generalised Anxiety Disorder:

  • Take the number of capsules as instructed by your doctor.
  • The dose, which has been adjusted for you and your condition, will generally be between 150 mg and 600 mg each day.
  • Your doctor will tell you to take Pregabalin either twice or three times a day. For twice a day take Pregabalin once in the morning and once in the evening, at about the same time each day. For three times a day take Pregabalin once in the morning, once in the afternoon and once in the evening, at about the same time each day.

If you have the impression that the effect of Pregabalin is too strong or too weak, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. If you are an elderly patient (over 65 years of age), you should take Pregabalin normally except if you have problems with your kidneys.

Your doctor may prescribe a different dosing schedule and/or dose if you have problems with your kidneys.

Swallow the capsule whole with water.

Continue taking Pregabalin until your doctor tells you to stop.

If you take more Pregabalin than you should

Call your doctor or go to the nearest hospital emergency unit immediately. Take your box or bottle of Pregabalin capsules with you. You may feel sleepy, confused, agitated, or restless as a result of taking more Pregabalin than you should. Fits have also been reported.

If you forget to take Pregabalin

It is important to take your Pregabalin capsules regularly at the same time each day. If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember unless it is time for your next dose. In that case, just carry on with the next dose as normal. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.

If you stop taking Pregabalin

Do not stop taking Pregabalin unless your doctor tells you to. If your treatment is stopped it should be done gradually over a minimum of 1 week.

After stopping long and short-term Pregabalin treatment, you need to know that you may experience certain side effects. These include, trouble sleeping, headache, nausea, feeling anxious, diarrhoea, flulike symptoms, convulsions, nervousness, depression, pain, sweating, and dizziness. These symptoms may occur more commonly or severely if you have been taking Pregabalin for a longer period of time.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people)

  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache

Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)

  • Increased appetite
  • Feeling of extreme joy (elation), confusion, disorientation, decrease in sexual interest, irritability
  • Disturbance in attention, clumsiness, memory impairment, loss of memory, tremor, difficulty with speaking, tingling feeling, numbness, sedation, lack of energy and enthusiasm (lethargy), insomnia, fatigue, feeling abnormal.
  • Blurred vision, double vision.
  • Vertigo or problems with balance, fall.
  • Dry mouth, constipation, vomiting, flatulence, diarrhoea, nausea, swollen abdomen
  • Difficulties with erection
  • Swelling of the body including extremities.
  • Feeling drunk, or abnormal style of walking.
  • Weight gain.
  • Muscle cramp, joint pain, back pain, pain in limb
  • Sore throat

Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)

  • Loss of appetite, weight loss, low blood sugar, high blood sugar.
  • Change in perception of self, restlessness, depression, agitation, mood swings, difficulty finding words, hallucinations (seeing or hearing things which are not there), abnormal dreams, panic attack, apathy, aggression, elevated mood, mental impairment, difficulty with thinking, increase in sexual interest, problems with sexual functioning including inability to achieve a sexual climax, delayed ejaculation.
  • Changes in eyesight, unusual eye movement, changes in vision including tunnel vision, flashes of light, jerky movements, reduced reflexes, increased activity, dizziness on standing, sensitive skin, loss of taste, burning sensation, tremor on movement, decreased consciousness, loss of consciousness, fainting, increased sensitivity to noise, feeling unwell.
  • Dry eyes, eye swelling, eye pain, weak eyes, watery eyes, eye irritation.
  • Heart rhythm disturbances, increased heart rate, low blood pressure, high blood pressure, changes in heartbeat, heart failure.
  • Flushing, hot flushes.
  • Difficulty breathing, dry nose, nasal congestion.
  • Increased saliva production, heartburn, numb around mouth
  • Sweating, rash, chills, fever.
  • Muscle twitching, joint swelling, muscle stiffness, pain including muscle pain, neck pain.
  • Breast pain.
  • Difficulty with or painful urination, incontinence.
  • Weakness, thirst, chest tightness.
  • Changes in blood and liver test results (blood creatinine phosphokinase increased, alanine amino transferase increased, aspartate aminotransferase increased, platelet count decreased, neutropaenia, increase in blood creatinine, decrease in blood potassium).
  • Hypersensitivity, swollen face, itchiness, hives, runny nose, nose bleed, cough, snoring.
  • Painful menstrual periods.
  • Coldness of hands and feet.

Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)

  • Abnormal sense of smell, swinging vision, altered perception of depth, visual brightness, vision loss.
  • Dilated pupils, cross eyes.
  • Cold sweat, tightness of the throat, swollen tongue.
  • Inflammation of the pancreas.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Slow or reduced movement of the body.
  • Difficulty with writing properly.
  • Increased fluid in the abdomen.
  • Fluid in the lungs
  • Convulsions
  • Changes in the recording of electrical changes (ECG) in the heart which correspond to heart rhythm disturbances
  • Muscle damage.
  • Breast discharge, abnormal breast growth, breast growth in males.
  • Interrupted menstrual periods.
  • Kidney failure, reduced urine volume, urinary retention
  • Decrease in white blood cell count.
  • Inappropriate behaviour.
  • Allergic reactions (which may include difficulty breathing, inflammation of the eyes (keratitis) and a serious skin reaction characterized by rash, blisters, peeling skin and pain).
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes).

Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people)

  • Liver failure
  • Hepatitis (inflammation of the liver)

If you experience swollen face or tongue or if your skin turns red and starts to blister or peel, you should seek immediate medical advice.

Certain side effects may be more common, such as sleepiness, because patients with spinal cord injury may be taking other medicines to treat, for example, pain or spasticity, that have similar side effects to pregabalin and the severity of these effects may be increased when taken together.

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.

By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Pregabalin

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton “EXP”. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information

What Pregabalin contains

  • The active substance is pregabalin. Each hard capsule contains either 25 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg, 200 mg, 225 mg or 300 mg pregabalin.
  • The other ingredients are:
    Capsule content: pregelatinized starch, mannitol, talc
    Capsule shell: gelatin, titanium dioxide (E171), red Iron Oxide (E172) (only for 75 mg, 100 mg, 200 mg, 225 mg, 300 mg) and yellow iron oxide (E172) (only for 200 mg, 225 mg).
    Printing Ink: Shellac, black iron oxide (E172), propylene glycol (E1520), ammonium hydroxide (E527)

What Pregabalin looks like and contents of the pack

25 mg capsules: White hard capsules, marked with “25" on the body:

50 mg capsules: White hard capsules, marked with “50" on the body:

75 mg capsules: Swedish orange cap and white body hard capsules, marked with "75" on the body.

100 mg capsules: Swedish orange cap and body hard capsules, marked with “100” on the body.

150 mg capsules: White hard capsules, marked with “150" on the body.

200 mg capsules: Red hard capsules, marked with “200” on the body.

225 mg capsules: Red cap and white body hard capsules, marked with “225” on the body.

300 mg capsules: Swedish orange cap and white body hard capsules, marked with "300" on the body.

Pregabalin is available in a cardboard box containing the appropriate number of PVC /aluminium foil blisters containing for:

25 mg 14 or 56, 84 number of hard capsules

50 mg 7, 14 or 56 or 84 number of hard capsules

75 mg 14 or 56, 84 number of hard capsules

100 mg 7,14 or 56, 84 number of hard capsules

150 mg 14 or 56 number of hard capsules

200 mg 14 or 56, 84 number of hard capsules

225 mg 14 or 56 number of hard capsules

300 mg 14 or 56 number of hard capsules

Not all pack sizes may be marketed:

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Marketing Authorisation Holder

Amneal Pharma Europe Ltd
70 Sir John Rogerson’s Quay
Dublin 2
Ireland

Manufacturer:

Pharmathen International S.A
Industrial Park Sapes
Rodopi Prefecture
Block No 5
Rodopi 69300
Greece

or

PHARMATHEN S.A.
Dervenakion 6
Pallini 15351
Attikis
Greece

This leaflet was last revised in

April 2019

2817550