- fexofenadine hydrochloride
POM: Prescription only medicine
This information is intended for use by health professionals
FEXOFENADINE HYDROCHLORIDE 120 MG FILM-CoATED tabletS
Each film-coated tablet contains 120 mg of fexofenadine hydrochloride which is equivalent to 112 mg of fexofenadine
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
Peach coloured oblong, bi-convex film-coated tablet with dimensions of 14.9-15.3 mm x 6.4-6.8 mm; plain on both sides.
Fexofenadine Hydrochloride 120 mg is indicated in adults and children 12 years and older for the relief of symptoms associated with seasonal allergic rhinitis.
The recommended dose of fexofenadine hydrochloride for adults is 120 mg once daily taken before a meal.
Fexofenadine is a pharmacologically active metabolite of terfenadine.
• Children aged 12 years and over
The recommended dose of fexofenadine hydrochloride for children aged 12 years and over is 120 mg once daily taken before a meal.
• Children under 12 years of age
The efficacy and safety of fexofenadine hydrochloride 120 mg has not been studied in children under 12
In children from 6 to 11 years of age: fexofenadine hydrochloride 30 mg tablet is the appropriate formulation for administration and dosing in this population.
Studies in special risk groups (older people,renally or hepatically impaired patients) indicate that it is not necessary to adjust the dose of fexofenadine hydrochloride in these patients.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients (listed in section 6.1)..
As with most new medicinal products there is only limited data in the older people and renally or hepatically impaired patients. Fexofenadine hydrochloride should be administered with care in these special groups.
Patients with a history of or ongoing cardiovascular disease should be warned that, antihistamines as a medicine class have been associated with the adverse reactions tachycardia and palpitations (see section 4.8).
This medicine contains less than 1 mmol sodium (23 mg) per 120 mg of Fexofenadine hydrochloride film-coated tablet, that is to say essentially 'sodium-free'.
Fexofenadine is does not undergo hepatic biotransformation, and therefore will not interact with other medicinal products through hepatic mechanisms. Co-administration of fexofenadine hydrochloride with and erythromycin or ketoconazole has been found to result in a 2-3 times increase in the level of fexofenadine in plasma. The changes were not accompanied by any effects on the QT interval and were not associated with any increase in adverse reactions compared to the medicinal products given singly.
Animal studies have shown that the increase in plasma levels of fexofenadine observed after coadministration of erythromycin or ketoconazole appears to be due to an increase in gastrointestinal absorption and either a decrease in biliary excretion or gastrointestinal secretion, respectively.
No interactions between fexofenadine and omeprazole was observed. However, the administration of an antacid containing aluminium and magnesium hydroxide gels 15 minutes prior to fexofenadine hydrochloride caused a reduction in the bioavailability of fexofenadine, most likely due to binding in the gastrointestinal tract. It is advisable to leave 2 hours between administration of fexofenadine hydrochloride and aluminium and magnesium hydroxide containing antacid.
There are no adequate data from the use of fexofenadine hydrochloride in pregnant women.
Limited animal studies do not indicate direct or indirect harmful effects with respect to effects on pregnancy, embryonal/foetal development, parturition or postnatal development (see section 5.3). Fexofenadine hydrochloride should not be used during pregnancy unless clearly necessary.
There are no data for content of human milk after administering of fexofenadine hydrochloride . However, when terfenadine was administered to nursing mothers, fexofenadine was found to cross into human breast milk. Therefore, fexofenadine hydrochloride is not recommended for mothers breast-feeding their babies.
No human data on the effect of fexofenadine hydrochloride on fertility are available. In mice, there was no effect on fertility with fexofenadine hydrochloride treatment (see section 5.3).
On the basis of the pharmacodynamic profile and reported adverse reactions it is unlikely that fexofenadine hydrochloride tablets will produce an effect on the ability to drive or to use machines.
In objective tests, <INVENTED NAME> has been shown to have no significant effects on central nervous system function. This means that patients may drive or perform tasks that require concentration. However, in order to identify sensitive people who have an unusual reaction to medicinal product, it is advisable to check the individual response before driving or performing complicated tasks.
The following frequency rating has been used, when applicable:
Very common ≥ 1/10; Common ≥ 1/100 and <1/10; Uncommon ≥ 1/1.000 and <1/100; Rare ≥ 1/10,000 and <1/1.000; Very rare <1/10.000 and not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data).
Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.
In adults, the following undesirable effects have been reported in clinical trials, with an incidence similar to that observed with placebo:
Nervous system disorders
Common: headache drowsiness, dizziness.
General disorders and administration site conditions
In adults, the following undesirable effects have been reported in post-marketing surveillance. The frequency with which they occur is not known (cannot be estimated from available data):
Immune system disorders
hypersensitivity reactions with manifestations such as angioedema, chest tightness, dyspnoea, flushing and systemic anaphylaxis
insomnia, nervousness, sleep disorders or nightmares/excessive dreaming (paroniria)
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
rash, urticaria, pruritus
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via Yellow Card Scheme, Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
Dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue and dry mouth have been reported with an overdose of fexofenadine hydrochloride. Single doses up to 800 mg and doses up to 690 mg twice daily for 1 month, or 240 mg once daily for 1 year have been administered to healthy adult subjects without the development of clinically significant adverse reactions as compared with placebo. The maximum tolerated dose of fexofenadine hydrochloride has not been established.
Standard measures should be considered to remove any unabsorbed medicinal product. Symptomatic and supportive treatment is recommended. Haemodialysis does not effectively remove fexofenadine hydrochloride from blood.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antihistamines for systemic use
ATC-code: R06 AX 26
Mechanism of action
Fexofenadine hydrochloride is a non-sedating H1-antihistamine. Fexofenadine is a pharmacologically active metabolite of terfenadine.
Clinical efficacy and safety
Human histamine wheal and flare studies following single and twice daily doses of fexofenadine hydrochloride demonstrate that the medicinal product exhibits an antihistaminic effect beginning within one hour, achieving maximum at 6 hours and lasting 24 hours. There was no evidence of tolerance to these effects after 28 days of dosing. A positive dose-response relationship between doses of 10 mg to 130 mg taken orally was found to exist. In this model of antihistaminic activity, it was found that doses of at least 130 mg were required to achieve a consistent effect that was maintained over a 24 hour period. Maximum inhibition in skin wheal and flare areas were greater than 80%.Clinical studies conducted in seasonal allergic rhinitis have shown that a dose of 120 mg is sufficient for 24 hours efficacy.
No significant differences in QTc intervals were observed in seasonal allergic rhinitis patients given fexofenadine hydrochloride up to 240 mg twice daily for 2 weeks when compared to placebo. Also, no significant changes in QTc intervals was observed in healthy subjects given fexofenadine hydrochloride up to 60 mg twice daily for 6 months, 400 mg twice daily for 6.5 days and 240 mg once daily for 1 year when compared to placebo. Fexofenadine at concentrations 32 times greater than the therapeutical concentrations in man had no effect on the delayed rectifier K+-channel cloned from human heart.
Fexofenadine hydrochloride (5-10 mg/kg po) inhibited antigen induced bronchospasm in sensitised guinea pigs and inhibited histamine release at supratherapeutic concentrations (10-100 μM) from peritoneal mast cells.
Fexofenadine hydrochloride is rapidly absorbed into the body following oral administration, with Tmax occurring at approxiately. 1-3 hours post-dose. The mean Cmax value was approximately, 427 ng/ml following the administration of a120 mg dose once daily.
Fexofenadine is 60 - 70% plasma protein bound.
Biotransformation and elimination
Fexofenadine undergoes negligible metabolism ( hepatic or non-hepatic), as it was the only major compound identified in urine and faeces of animals and man. The plasma concentration profile of fexofenadine follow a bi-exponential decline with a terminal half-life ranging from 11 to15 hours after multiple dosing. The single and multiple dose pharmacokinetics for fexofenadine are linear for oral doses of up to 120 mg BID. A dose of 240 mg BID produced slightly greater than proportional increase (8.8 %) in steady state area under the curve, which could indicating that fexofenadine pharmacokinetics are practically linear at these doses between 40 mg and 240 mg taken daily. The major route of elimination is believed to be via biliary excretion, while up to 10% of ingested dose is excreted unchanged through the urine.
Dogs tolerated doses of 450 mg/kg administered twice daily for 6 months and showed no toxicity other than occasional emesis. Also in single dose dog and rodent studies, no treatment-related gross findings were observed following necropsy.
Radiolabelled fexofenadine hydrochloride in tissue distribution studies of the rat indicated that fexofenadine did not cross the blood brain barrier.
Fexofenadine hydrochloride was found to be non-mutagenic in various in vitro and in vivo tests.
The carcinogenic potential of fexofenadine hydrochloride was assessed using terfenadine studies with supporting pharmacokinetic studies showing fexofenadine hydrochloride exposure (via plasma AUC-values). No evidence of carcinogenicity was observed in rats and mice given terfenadine (up to 150 mg/kg/day).
In a reproductive toxicity study in mice fexofenadine hydrochloride did not impair fertility, was not teratogenic and did not impair the pre- or postnatal development.
Titanium dioxide (E 171)
Iron oxide, yellow (E 172)
Iron oxide, red (E 172)
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
Blister package. PVC/PVDC/Al blister packed in carton. 2, 7, 10, 15, 20, 30, 50, 100 or 200 (10 x 20) tablets per package.
Not all package sizes may be marketed.
Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.