What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet, the original can be viewed in PDF format using the link above.

The text only version may be available from RNIB in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call RNIB Medicine Leaflet Line on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: EU/1/96/005/006.

CellCept 1g/5ml powder for oral suspension

Package leaflet: Information for the user

CellCept 1 g/5 ml powder for oral suspension

(mycophenolate mofetil)

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet:

1. What CellCept is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take CellCept
3. How to take CellCept
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store CellCept
6. Contents of the pack and other information
7. Making-up the medicine

1. What CellCept is and what it is used for

The full name of your medicine is CellCept 1 g/5 ml powder for oral suspension.

  • In this leaflet the shorter name CellCept is used.

CellCept contains mycophenolate mofetil.

  • This belongs to a group of medicines called “immuno-suppressants”.

CellCept is used to prevent your body rejecting a transplanted organ.

  • A kidney, heart or liver.

CellCept should be used together with other medicines:

  • Ciclosporin and corticosteroids.

2. What you need to know before you take CellCept

WARNING

Mycophenolate causes birth defects and miscarriage. If you are a woman who could become pregnant, you must provide a negative pregnancy test before starting treatment and must follow the contraception advice given to you by your doctor.

Your doctor will speak to you and give you written information, particularly on the effects of mycophenolate on unborn babies. Read the information carefully and follow the instructions.

If you do not fully understand these instructions, please ask your doctor to explain them again before you take mycophenolate. See also further information in this section under “Warnings and precautions” and “Pregnancy and breast-feeding”.

Do not take CellCept:

  • If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to mycophenolate mofetil, mycophenolic acid or any of the other ingredients in this medicine (listed in Section 6)
  • If you are a woman who could be pregnant and you have not provided a negative pregnancy test before your first prescription as mycophenolate causes birth defects and miscarriage.
  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or think you may be pregnant
  • If you are not using effective contraception (see Pregnancy, contraception and breast-feeding).
  • If you are breast-feeding.

Do not take this medicine if any of the above applies to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking CellCept.

Warnings and precautions

Talk to your doctor straight away before taking CellCept:

  • If you have a sign of infection such as a fever or sore throat
  • If you have any unexpected bruising or bleeding
  • If you have ever had a problem with your digestive systemsuch as a stomach ulcer
  • If you have a rare problem with your metabolism called “phenylketonuria” which runs in families
  • If you are planning to become pregnant or if you get pregnant while taking CellCept.

If any of the above apply to you (or you are not sure), talk to your doctor straight away before taking CellCept.

The effect of sunlight

CellCept reduces your body’s defences. As a result, there is an increased risk of skin cancer. Limit the amount of sunlight and UV light you get. Do this by:

  • wearing protective clothing which covers your head, neck, arms and legs
  • using a sunscreen with a high protection factor.

Other medicines and CellCept:

Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines. This includes medicines obtained without a prescription, including herbal medicines. This is because CellCept can affect the way some other medicines work. Also other medicines can affect the way CellCept works.

In particular, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines before you start CellCept:

  • azathioprine or other medicines which suppress your immune system - given after a transplant operation
  • cholestyramine - used to treat high cholesterol
  • rifampicin - an antibiotic used to prevent and treat infections such as tuberculosis (TB)
  • antacids or proton pump inhibitors - used for acid problems in your stomach such as indigestion
  • phosphate binders - used by people with chronic kidney failure to reduce how much phosphate gets absorbed into their blood.

Vaccines

If you need to have a vaccine (a live vaccine) while taking CellCept, talk to your doctor or pharmacist first. Your doctor will have to advise you on which vaccines you can have.

You must not donate blood during treatment with CellCept and for at least 6 weeks after stopping treatment. Men must not donate semen during treatment with CellCept and for at least 90 days after stopping treatment.

CellCept with food and drink

Taking food and drink has no effect on your treatment with CellCept.

Pregnancy, contraception and breast-feeding

Contraception in women taking CellCept

If you are a woman who could become pregnant you must always use two effective methods of contraception with CellCept. This includes:

  • Before you start taking CellCept
  • During your entire treatment with CellCept
  • For 6 weeks after you stop taking CellCept.

Talk to your doctor about the most suitable contraception for you. This will depend on your individual situation. Contact your doctor as soon as possible, if you think your contraception may not have been effective or if you have forgotten to take your contraceptive pill.

You are a woman who is not capable of becoming pregnant if any of the following applies to you:

  • You are post-menopausal, i.e. at least 50 years old and your last period was more than a year ago (if your periods have stopped because you have had treatment for cancer, then there is still a chance you could become pregnant)
  • Your fallopian tubes and both ovaries have been removed by surgery (bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy)
  • Your womb (uterus) has been removed by surgery (hysterectomy)
  • Your ovaries no longer work (premature ovarian failure, which has been confirmed by a specialist gynaecologist)
  • You were born with one of the following rare conditions that make pregnancy impossible: the XY genotype, Turner’s syndrome or uterine agenesis
  • You are a child or teenager who has not started having periods.

Contraception in men taking CellCept

You must always use condoms during treatment and for 90 days after you stop taking CellCept.

If you are planning to have a child, your doctor will talk to you about the risks and the alternative treatments you can take to prevent rejection of your transplant organ.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine. Your doctor will talk to you about the risks in case of pregnancy and the alternatives you can take to prevent rejection of your transplant organ if:

  • You plan to become pregnant.
  • You miss or think you have missed a period, or you have unusual menstrual bleeding, or suspect you are pregnant.
  • You have sex without using an effective method of contraception.

If you do become pregnant during the treatment with mycophenolate, you must inform your doctor immediately. However, keep taking CellCept until you see him or her.

Pregnancy

Mycophenolate causes a very high frequency of miscarriage (50%) and of severe birth defects (23-27 %) in the unborn baby. Birth defects which have been reported include anomalies of ears, of eyes, of face (cleft lip/palate), of development of fingers, of heart, oesophagus (tube that connects the throat with the stomach), kidneys and nervous system (for example spina bifida (where the bones of the spine are not properly developed)).Your baby may be affected by one or more of these.

If you are a woman who could become pregnant, you must provide a negative pregnancy test before starting treatment and must follow the contraception advice given to you by your doctor. Your doctor may request more than one test to ensure you are not pregnant before starting treatment.

Breast-feeding

Do not take CellCept if you are breast-feeding. This is because small amounts of the medicine can pass into the mother’s milk.

Driving and using machines

CellCept is not likely to affect you being able to drive or use any tools or machines.

Important information about some of the ingredients of CellCept

  • CellCept contains aspartame. If you have a rare problem with your metabolism called “phenylketonuria”, talk to your doctor before you start taking this medicine.
  • CellCelpt contains sorbitol (a type of sugar). If you have been told by your doctor that you cannot tolerate or digest some sugars, talk to your doctor before taking this medicine.

3. How to take CellCept

Always take CellCept exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

How much to take

The amount you take depends on the type of transplant you have had. The usual doses are shown below. Treatment will continue for as long as you need to prevent you from rejecting your transplant organ.

Kidney transplant

Adults

  • The first dose is given within 3 days of the transplant operation.
  • The daily dose is 10 mL suspension (2 g of the medicine) taken as 2 separate doses.
  • Take 5 mL suspension in the morning and then 5 mL suspension in the evening.

Children (aged 2 to 18 years)

  • The dose given will vary depending on the size of the child.
  • Your doctor will decide the most appropriate dose based on your child’s height and weight (body surface area – measured as square metres or “m²”). The recommended dose is 600 mg/ m² taken twice a day.

Heart transplant

Adults

  • The first dose is given within 5 days of the transplant operation.
  • The daily dose is 15 mL suspension (3 g of the medicine) taken as 2 separate doses.
  • Take 7.5 mL suspension in the morning and then 7.5 mL suspension in the evening.

Children

  • There is no information for the use of CellCept in children with a heart transplant.

Liver transplant

Adults

  • The first dose of oral CellCept will be given to you at least 4 days after the transplant operation and when you are able to swallow oral medications.
  • The daily dose is 15 mL suspension (3 g of the medicine) taken as 2 separate doses.
  • Take 7.5 mL suspension in the morning and then 7.5 mL suspension in the evening.

Children

  • There is no information for the use of CellCept in children with a liver transplant.

Making up the medicine

The medicine comes as a powder. This needs mixing with purified water before using. Your pharmacist will normally make up the medicine for you. If you need to do it yourself, see Section 7 “Making up the medicine”

Taking the medicine

You need to use the dispenser and bottle adapter supplied with the medicine to measure the dose.

Try not to inhale the dry powder. Also try not to get it on your skin, inside your mouth or nose.

Take care not to let the made-up medicine get into your eyes.

  • If this happens, rinse your eyes with plain water.

Take care not to let the made-up medicine get onto your skin.

  • If this happens, wash the area thoroughly with soap and water

1. Shake the closed bottle well for about 5 seconds before each use.
2. Take off the child safety bottle cap.
3. Take the dispenser and push the plunger completely down toward the tip of the dispenser.
4. Then put the tip of the dispenser firmly into the opening of the bottle adapter.
5. Turn the whole thing upside down (bottle and dispenser – see picture below).
6. Pull the plunger out slowly.

  • Keep pulling it out until the desired amount of medicine is in the dispenser.

7. Turn the whole thing back round the right way.

  • Holding onto the body of the dispenser, carefully pull the dispenser out of the bottle adapter.
    The bottle adapter should stay in the bottle.
  • Put the end of the dispenser directly into your mouth and swallow the medicine.
  • Do not mix the medicine with any other liquid when you swallow it. Close the bottle with the child safety bottle cap after each use.
  • Immediately after use – take the dispenser to pieces and rinse it under running tap water. Allow it to dry in the air before using it again.

If you take more CellCept than you should

If you take more CellCept than you should, talk to a doctor of go to a hospital straight away. Also do this if someone else accidentally takes your medicine. Take the medicine pack with you.

If you forget to take CellCept

If you forget to take your medicine at any time, take it as soon as you remember. Then continue to take it at the usual times. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.

If you stop taking CellCept

Do not stop taking CellCept unless your doctor tells you to. If you stop your treatment you may increase the chance of rejection of your transplant organ.

If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, CellCept can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Talk to a doctor straight away if you notice any of the following serious side effects – you may need urgent medical treatment:

  • you have a sign of infection such as a fever or sore throat
  • you have any unexpected bruising or bleeding
  • you have a rash, swelling of your face, lips, tongue or throat, with difficulty breathing – you may be having a serious allergic reaction to the medicine (such as anaphylaxis, angioeodema).

Usual problems

Some of the more usual problems are diarrhoea, fewer white cells or red cells in your blood, infection and vomiting. Your doctor will do regular blood tests to check for any changes in:

  • the number of your blood cells
  • the amount in your blood of things like sugar, fat or cholesterol.

Children may be more likely than adults to have some side effects. These include diarrhoea, infections, fewer white cells and fewer red cells in the blood.

Fighting infections

CellCept reduces your body’s defences. This is to stop you rejecting your transplant. As a result, your body will not be as good as normal at fighting infections. This means you may catch more infections than usual. This includes infections of the brain, skin, mouth, stomach and gut, lungs and urinary system.

Lymph and skin cancer

As can happen in patients taking this type of medicine (immune-suppressants), a very small number of CellCept patients have developed cancer of the lymphoid tissues and skin.

General unwanted effects

You may get general side effects affecting your body as a whole. These include serious allergic reactions (such as anaphylaxis, angioeodema), fever, feeling very tired, difficulty sleeping, pains (such as stomach, chest, joint or muscle, pain on passing urine), headache, flu symptoms and swelling.

Other unwanted effects may include:

Skin problems such as:

  • acne, cold sores, shingles, skin growth, hair loss, rash, itching.

Urinary problems such as:

  • kidney problems or the urgent need to pass water (urine).

Digestive system and mouth problems such as:

  • swelling of the gums and mouth ulcers,
  • inflammation of the pancreas, colon or stomach,
  • gut problems including bleeding, liver problems,
  • constipation, feeling sick (nausea), indigestion, loss of appetite, flatulence.

Nervous system problems such as:

  • feeling dizzy, drowsy or numb,
  • tremor, muscle spasms, convulsions,
  • feeling anxious or depressed, changes in your mood or thoughts.

Heart and blood vessel problems such as:

  • change in blood pressure, unusual heartbeat, widening of blood vessels.

Lung problems such as:

  • pneumonia, bronchitis,
  • shortness of breath, cough, which can be due to bronchiectasis (a condition in which the lung airways are abnormally dilated) or pulmonary fibrosis (scarring of the lung). Talk to your doctor if you develop a persistent cough or breathlessness
  • fluid on the lungs or inside the chest,
  • sinus problems.

Other problems such as:

  • weight loss, gout, high blood sugar, bleeding, bruising.

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly (see details below).

Ireland

HPRA Pharmacovigilance
Earlsfort Terrace
IRL - Dublin 2
Tel: +353 1 6764971
Fax: +353 1 6762517
Website:www.hpra.ie
e-mail:medsafety@hpra.ie

Malta

ADR Reporting
Website:www.medicinesauthority.gov.mt/adrportal

United Kingdom

Yellow Card Scheme
Website:www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard

5. HOW TO STORE CELLCEPT

  • Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
  • Do not use after the expiry date stated on the carton and bottle label (EXP).
  • The shelf-life of the reconstituted suspension is two months. The pharmacist will write the date of expiration on the bottle label in the black box next to "Use before". Do not use the suspension past this expiry date.
  • Powder for oral suspension: do not store above 30°C.
  • Reconstituted suspension: do not store above 30°C.
  • Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information

What CellCept contains

  • The active substance is mycophenolate mofetil.
  • The other ingredients are sorbitol, colloidal anhydrous silica, sodium citrate, soybean lecithin, mixed fruit flavour, xanthan gum, aspartame* (E951), methyl parahydroxybenzoate (E218), citric acid anhydrous.
    * contains phenylalanine equivalent to 2.78 mg/5 mL of suspension.

What CellCept looks like and contents of the pack

  • Each bottle of 110 g powder for oral suspension contains 35 g of mycophenolate mofetil. Reconstitute with 94 mL of purified water. When reconstituted, the volume of the suspension is 175 mL, providing a usable volume of 160 – 165 mL. 5 mL of the reconstituted suspension contain 1 g of mycophenolate mofetil.
  • A bottle adapter and 2 oral dispensers are also provided.

7. MAKING UP THE MEDICINE

Your pharmacist will normally make up the medicine for you. If you need to do it yourself, follow the steps below:

Try not to inhale the dry powder. Also try not to get it on your skin, inside your mouth or nose.

Take care not to let the made-up medicine get into your eyes.

  • If this happens, rinse your eyes with plain water.

Take care not to let the made-up medicine get on your skin.

  • If this happens, wash the area thoroughly with soap and water.

1. Tap the bottom of the closed bottle several times to loosen the powder.
2. Measure 94 mL of purified water in a measuring cylinder.
3. Add about half of the total amount of purified water to the bottle.

  • Then shake the closed bottle well for about 1 minute.

4. Add the rest of the water.

  • Then shake the closed bottle well for about another minute.

5. Take off the child safety bottle cap and push the bottle adapter into the neck of the bottle.
6. Then, tightly close the bottle with child safety bottle cap.

  • This will make sure that the bottle adapter and child safety bottle cap are in the right position.

7. Write the expiry date of the made-up medicine on the bottle label.

  • The made-up medicine can be used for 2 months.

Marketing Authorisation Holder

Roche Registration Limited
6 Falcon Way
Shire Park
Welwyn Garden City
AL7 1TW
United Kingdom

Manufacturing Authorisation holder responsible for batch release:

Roche Pharma AG
Emil Barell Str. 1
79639 Grenzach Wyhlen
Germany

For any information about this medicinal product, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder:

United Kingdom
Roche Products Ltd.
Tel: +44 (0) 1707 366000

This leaflet was last revised in November 2015

Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency web site: http://www.ema.europa.eu

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