This information is intended for use by health professionals
Each tablet contains 15 mg cinnarizine.
Excipients with known effect:
Each tablet contains 160 mg lactose monohydrate and 15 mg sucrose.
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1
White circular tablet with S/15 on one side and JANSSEN on the other side.
Stugeron is for the control of vestibular disorders such as vertigo, tinnitus, nausea and vomiting such as is seen in Meniere's Disease.
Stugeron is also effective in the control of motion sickness.
Route of administration
Oral. The tablets may be chewed, sucked or swallowed whole.
Stugeron should preferably be taken after meals.
Adults, elderly and children over 12 years: 2 tablets three times a day.
Children 5 to 12 years: One half the adult dose.
These doses should not be exceeded.
Adults, elderly and children over 12 years: 2 tablets 2 hours before you travel and 1 tablet every 8 hours during your journey.
Children 5 to 12 years: One half the adult dose.
Stugeron should not be given to patients with known hypersensitivity to cinnarizine.
As with other antihistamines, Stugeron may cause epigastric discomfort; taking it after meals may diminish the gastric irritation.
In patients with Parkinson's Disease, Stugeron should only be given if the advantages outweigh the possible risk of aggravating this disease.
Because of its antihistamine effect, Stugeron may prevent an otherwise positive reaction to dermal reactivity indicators if used within 4 days prior to testing.
Use of cinnarizine should be avoided in porphyria.
There have been no specific studies in hepatic or renal dysfunction. Stugeron should be used with care in patients with hepatic or renal insufficiency.
Patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose or galactose intolerance, Lapp lactase deficiency, glucose-galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency, should not take this medicine because it contains lactose and sucrose.
Concurrent use of alcohol, CNS depressants or tricyclic antidepressants may potentiate the sedative effects of either these drugs or of Stugeron.
The safety of Stugeron in human pregnancy has not been established although studies in animals have not demonstrated teratogenic effects. As with other drugs it is not advisable to administer Stugeron in pregnancy.
There are no data on the excretion of Stugeron in human breast milk. Use of Stugeron is not recommended in nursing mothers.
Stugeron may cause drowsiness, especially at the start of treatment; patients affected in this way should not drive or operate machinery.
The safety of Stugeron was evaluated in 372 cinnarizine-treated subjects who participated in 7 placebo-controlled trials for the indications peripheral circulatory disorders, cerebral circulatory disorders, vertigo and seasickness; and in 668 cinnarizine-treated subjects who participated in six comparator and thirteen open label clinical trials for the indications peripheral circulatory disorders, cerebral circulatory disorders and vertigo. Based on pooled safety data from these clinical trials, the most commonly reported (>2% incidence) Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) were: somnolence (8.3) and weight increased (2.1).
Including the above mentioned ADRs, the following ADRs have been observed from clinical trials and post-marketing experiences reported with the use of Stugeron. Frequencies displayed use the following convention:
Very common (≥ 1/10); common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10); uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100); rare (≥ 1/10,000 to <1/1,000); very rare (<1/10,000), not known (cannot be estimated from the available data).
System Organ Class
|| Adverse Drug Reactions
| Frequency Category
(≥ 1/100 to < 1/10)
(≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100)
|| Not Known
| Nervous System Disorders
|| Dyskinesia; Extrapyramidal disorder; Parkinsonism; Tremor
| Gastrointestinal Disorders
Upper abdominal pain
|| Cholestatic jaundice
| Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
|| Hyperhydrosis; Lichenoid keratosis including lichen planus
|| Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus
| Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders
|| Muscle rigidity
| General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions
|| Weight increased
Cases of hypersensitivity, headache and dry mouth have been reported.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
The signs and symptoms are mainly due to the anticholinergic (atropine-like) activity of cinnarizine.
Acute cinnarizine overdoses have been reported with doses ranging from 90 to 2,250 mg. The most commonly reported signs and symptoms associated with overdose of cinnarizine include: alterations in consciousness ranging from somnolence to stupor and coma, vomiting, extrapyramidal symptoms, and hypotonia. In a small number of young children, seizures developed. Clinical consequences were not severe in most cases, but deaths have been reported after single and polydrug overdoses involving cinnarizine.
There is no specific antidote. For any overdose, the treatment is symptomatic and supportive care.
Activated charcoal should only be considered in patients presenting within one hour of taking a potentially toxic overdose (ie more than 15mg/kg).
ATC Code N07CA02.
Cinnarizine has been shown to be a non-competitive antagonist of the smooth muscle contractions caused by various vasoactive agents including histamine.
Cinnarizine also acts on vascular smooth muscle by selectively inhibiting the calcium influx into depolarised cells, thereby reducing the availability of free Ca2+
ions for the induction and maintenance of contraction.
Vestibular eye reflexes induced by caloric stimulation of the labyrinth in guinea pigs are markedly depressed by cinnarizine.
Cinnarizine has been shown to inhibit nystagmus.
In animals, cinnarizine is extensively metabolised, N-dealkylation being the major pathway. Approximately two thirds of the metabolites are excreted with the faeces, the rest in the urine, mainly during the first five days after a single dose.
In man, after oral administration, absorption is relatively slow, peak serum concentrations occurring after 2.5 to 4 hours.
The plasma protein binding of cinnarizine is 91%.
Cinnarizine is extensively metabolised mainly via CYP2D6, but there is considerable interindividual variation in the extent of metabolism.
The reported elimination half-life for cinnarizine ranges from 4 to 24 hours.
The elimination of metabolites occurs as follows: one third in the urine (unchanged as metabolites and glucuronide conjugates) and two thirds in the faeces.
Nonclinical safety studies showed that effects were observed only after chronic exposures from approximately 7 to 35 times the recommended maximum daily human dose of 90 mg/day calculated on a body surface area basis. Cinnarizine blocked the cardiac hERG channel in vitro, however in isolated cardiac tissue and following intravenous application in guinea-pigs, no QTc prolongation or proarrhythmic effects were observed at substantially higher exposures than those expected clinically.
In reproductive studies in the rat, rabbit, and dog, there was no evidence of adverse effects on fertility and no teratogenicity. At high doses associated with maternal toxicity in the rat there was a decreased litter size, an increase in resorptions and a decrease in fetal birth weight.
In vitro mutagenicity studies indicated that the parent compound is not mutagenic however, after reacting with nitrite and forming the nitrosation product, a weak mutagenic activity was observed. Carcinogenicity studies have not been conducted however, no pre-neoplastic changes were evident during chronic 18-month oral administration in rats up to approximately 35 times the maximum human dose level.
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
PVC/Aluminium foil blisters
Polystyrene tubs with polyethylene caps
Each pack containing 15, 25, 100, 250 or 1000 tablets.
50-100 Holmers Farm Way
Date of First Authorisation: 14 September 1989
Renewal of Authorisation: 21 August 2001