This information is intended for use by health professionals

 This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions. See section 4.8 for how to report adverse reactions.

1. Name of the medicinal product

Lynparza 50 mg hard capsules

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Each hard capsule contains 50 mg of olaparib.

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Hard capsule.

White, opaque, size 0 hard capsule, marked with “OLAPARIB 50 mg” and the AstraZeneca logo in black ink.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Lynparza is indicated as monotherapy for the maintenance treatment of adult patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed BRCA-mutated (germline and/or somatic) high grade serous epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer who are in response (complete response or partial response) to platinum-based chemotherapy.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Treatment with Lynparza should be initiated and supervised by a physician experienced in the use of anticancer medicinal products.

Patients must have confirmation of a breast cancer susceptibility gene (BRCA) mutation (either germline or tumour) before Lynparza treatment is initiated. BRCA mutation status should be determined by an experienced laboratory using a validated test method (see section 5.1).

There are limited data in patients with somatic BRCA-mutated tumours (see section 5.1).

Genetic counselling for patients with BRCA mutations should be performed according to local regulations.

Posology

The recommended dose of Lynparza is 400 mg (eight capsules) taken twice daily, equivalent to a total daily dose of 800 mg.

Patients should start treatment with Lynparza no later than 8 weeks after completion of their final dose of the platinum-containing regimen.

It is recommended that treatment be continued until progression of the underlying disease. There are no data on retreatment with Lynparza following subsequent relapse (see section 5.1).

Important differences in posology between Lynparza capsules and tablets

Lynparza capsules (50 mg) should not be substituted for Lynparza tablets (100 mg and 150 mg) on a milligram-to-milligram basis due to differences in the dosing and bioavailability of each formulation. Therefore, the specific dose recommendations for each formulation should be followed.

Missing dose

If a patient misses a dose of Lynparza, they should take their next normal dose at its scheduled time.

Dose adjustments for adverse reactions

Treatment may be interrupted to manage adverse reactions such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and anaemia and dose reduction can be considered (see section 4.8).

The recommended dose reduction is to 200 mg twice daily (equivalent to a total daily dose of 400 mg).

If a further dose reduction is required, then reduction to 100 mg twice daily (equivalent to a total daily dose of 200 mg) is recommended.

Dose adjustments for co-administration with CYP3A inhibitors

Concomitant use of strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitors is not recommended and alternative agents should be considered. If a strong CYP3A inhibitor must be co-administered, the recommended Lynparza dose reduction is to 150 mg taken twice daily (equivalent to a total daily dose of 300 mg). If a moderate CYP3A inhibitor must be co-administered, the recommended Lynparza dose reduction is to 200 mg taken twice daily (equivalent to a total daily dose of 400 mg) (see sections 4.4 and 4.5).

Special populations

Elderly

No adjustment in starting dose is required for elderly patients. There are limited clinical data in patients aged 75 years and over.

Renal impairment

For patients with moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance 31 to 50 ml/min) the recommended dose of Lynparza is 300 mg twice daily (equivalent to a total daily dose of 600 mg) (see section 5.2).

Lynparza can be administered in patients with mild renal impairment (creatinine clearance 51 to 80 ml/min) with no dose adjustment.

Lynparza is not recommended for use in patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease (creatinine clearance ≤ 30 ml/min) as safety and pharmacokinetics have not been studied in these patients. Lynparza may only be used in patients with severe renal impairment if the benefit outweighs the potential risk, and the patient should be carefully monitored for renal function and adverse events.

Hepatic impairment

Lynparza can be administered to patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh classification A or B) with no dose adjustment (see section 5.2). Lynparza is not recommended for use in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh classification C), as safety and pharmacokinetics have not been studied in these patients.

Non-Caucasian patients

There are limited clinical data available in non-Caucasian patients. However, no dose adjustment is required on the basis of ethnicity (see section 5.2).

Patients with performance status 2 to 4

There are very limited clinical data available in patients with performance status 2 to 4.

Paediatric population

The safety and efficacy of Lynparza in children and adolescents has not been established.

No data are available.

Method of administration

Lynparza is for oral use.

Due to the effect of food on olaparib absorption, patients should take Lynparza at least one hour after food, and refrain from eating preferably for up to 2 hours afterwards.

4.3 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

Breast-feeding during treatment and 1 month after the last dose (see section 4.6).

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Haematological toxicity

Haematological toxicity has been reported in patients treated with Lynparza, including clinical diagnoses and/or laboratory findings of generally mild or moderate (CTCAE grade 1 or 2) anaemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and lymphopenia. Patients should not start treatment with Lynparza until they have recovered from haematological toxicity caused by previous anticancer therapy (haemoglobin, platelet and neutrophil levels should be ≤CTCAE grade 1). Baseline testing, followed by monthly monitoring, of complete blood counts is recommended for the first 12 months of treatment and periodically after this time to monitor for clinically significant changes in any parameter during treatment (see section 4.8).

If a patient develops severe haematological toxicity or blood transfusion dependence, treatment with Lynparza should be interrupted and appropriate haematological testing should be initiated. If the blood parameters remain clinically abnormal after 4 weeks of Lynparza dose interruption, bone marrow analysis and/or blood cytogenetic analysis are recommended.

Myelodysplastic syndrome/Acute myeloid leukaemia

The incidence of myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukaemia (MDS/AML) in patients treated in clinical trials with Lynparza monotherapy, including long-term survival follow-up, was <1.5% and the majority of events had a fatal outcome. The duration of therapy with olaparib in patients who developed MDS/AML varied from < 6 months to > 2 years. All patients had potential contributing factors for the development of MDS/AML; having received previous chemotherapy with platinum agents. Many had also received other DNA damaging agents and radiotherapy. The majority of reports were in germline breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 or 2 (gBRCA1/2) mutation carriers. Some of the patients had a history of previous cancer or of bone marrow dysplasia. If MDS and/or AML are confirmed while on treatment with Lynparza, it is recommended that Lynparza should be discontinued and the patient be treated appropriately.

Pneumonitis

Pneumonitis, including events with a fatal outcome, has been reported in <1.0% of patients treated with Lynparza in clinical studies. Reports of pneumonitis had no consistent clinical pattern and were confounded by a number of pre-disposing factors (cancer and/or metastases in lungs, underlying pulmonary disease, smoking history, and/or previous chemotherapy and radiotherapy). If patients present with new or worsening respiratory symptoms such as dyspnoea, cough and fever, or an , abnormal chest radiologic finding is observed, Lynparza treatment should be interrupted and prompt investigation initiated. If pneumonitis is confirmed, Lynparza treatment should be discontinued and the patient treated appropriately.

Embryofoetal toxicity

Based on its mechanism of action (PARP inhibition), Lynparza could cause foetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Nonclinical studies in rats have shown that olaparib causes adverse effects on embryofoetal survival and induces major foetal malformations at exposures below those expected at the recommended human dose of 400 mg twice daily.

Pregnancy/contraception

Lynparza should not be used during pregnancy and in women of childbearing potential not using reliable contraception during therapy and for 1 month after receiving the last dose of Lynparza (see section 4.6).

Interactions

Lynparza co-administration with strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitors is not recommended (see section 4.5). If a strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitor must be co-administered, the dose of lynparza should be reduced (see sections 4.2 and 4.5).

Lynparza co-administration with strong or moderate CYP3A inducers is not recommended. In the event that a patient already receiving Lynparza requires treatment with a strong or moderate CYP3A inducer, the prescriber should be aware that the efficacy of Lynparza may be substantially reduced (see section 4.5).

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Pharmacodynamic interactions

Clinical studies of olaparib in combination with other anticancer medicinal products, including DNA damaging agents, indicate a potentiation and prolongation of myelosuppressive toxicity. The recommended Lynparza monotherapy dose is not suitable for combination with myelosuppressive anticancer medicinal products.

Combination of olaparib with vaccines or immunosuppressant agents has not been studied. Therefore, caution should be taken if these medicinal products are co-administered with Lynparza and patients should be closely monitored.

Pharmacokinetic interactions

Effect of other medicinal products on olaparib

CYP3A4/5 are the isozymes predominantly responsible for the metabolic clearance of olaparib.

A clinical study to evaluate the impact of itraconazole, a known CYP3A inhibitor, has shown that co-administration with olaparib increased mean olaparib Cmax by 42% (90% CI: 33-52%) and mean AUC by 170% (90% CI: 144-197%). Therefore, known strong (e.g. itraconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate (e.g., erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil) inhibitors of this isozyme are not recommended with Lynparza (see section 4.4). If strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitors must be co-administered, the dose of Lynparza should be reduced. The recommended Lynparza dose reduction is to 150 mg taken twice daily (equivalent to a total daily dose of 300 mg) with a strong CYP3A inhibitor or 200 mg taken twice daily (equivalent to a total daily dose of 400 mg) with a moderate CYP3A inhibitor (see sections 4.2 and 4.4). It is also not recommended to consume grapefruit juice while on Lynparza therapy as it is a CYP3A inhibitor.

A clinical study to evaluate the impact of rifampicin, a known CYP3A inducer, has shown that co-administration with olaparib decreased olaparib mean Cmax by 71% (90% CI: 76-67%) and mean AUC by 87% (90% CI: 89-84%). Therefore, known strong inducers of this isozyme (e.g. phenytoin, rifampicin, rifapentine, carbamazepine, nevirapine, phenobarbital, and St John's Wort) are not recommended with Lynparza, as it is possible that the efficacy of Lynparza could be substantially reduced. The magnitude of the effect of moderate to strong inducers (e.g. efavirenz, rifabutin) on olaparib exposure is not established, therefore the co-administration of Lynparza with these medicinal products is also not recommended (see section 4.4).

Effect of olaparib on other medicinal products

Olaparib inhibits CYP3A4 in vitro and is predicted to be a mild CYP3A inhibitor in vivo. Therefore, caution should be exercised when sensitive CYP3A substrates or substrates with a narrow therapeutic margin (e.g. simvastatin, cisapride, cyclosporine, ergot alkaloids, fentanyl, pimozide, sirolimus, tacrolimus and quetiapine) are combined with olaparib. Appropriate clinical monitoring is recommended for patients receiving CYP3A substrates with a narrow therapeutic margin concomitantly with olaparib.

Induction of CYP1A2, 2B6 and 3A4 has been shown in vitro with CYP2B6 being most likely to be induced to a clinically relevant extent. The potential for olaparib to induce CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and P-gp can also not be excluded. Therefore, olaparib upon co-administration may reduce the exposure to substrates of these metabolic enzymes and transport protein. The efficacy of some hormonal contraceptives may be reduced if co-administered with olaparib (see also sections 4.4 and 4.6).

In vitro, olaparib inhibits the efflux transporter P-gp (IC50 = 76μM), therefore it cannot be excluded that olaparib may cause clinically relevant drug interactions with substrates of P-gp (e.g. simvastatin, pravastatin, dabigatran, digoxin and colchicine). Appropriate clinical monitoring is recommended for patients receiving this type of medicinal product concomitantly.

In vitro, olaparib has been shown to be an inhibitor of BCRP, OATP1B1, OCT1, OCT2, OAT3, MATE1 and MATE2K. It cannot be excluded that olaparib may increase the exposure to substrates of BCRP (e.g. methotrexate, rosuvastatin), OATP1B1 (e.g. bosentan, glibenclamide, repaglinide, statins and valsartan), OCT1 (e.g. metformin), OCT2 (e.g. serum creatinine), OAT3 (e.g. furosemide and methotrexate), MATE1 (e.g. metformin) and MATE2K (e.g. metformin). In particular, caution should be exercised if olaparib is administered in combination with any statin.

Combination with anastrozole, letrozole and tamoxifen

A clinical study has been performed to assess the combination of olaparib with anastrozole, letrozole or tamoxifen. No significant interaction was observed with anastrozole or letrozole whereas tamoxifen decreased exposure to olaparib by 27%. The clinical relevance of this effect is unknown. Olaparib does not affect the pharmacokinetics of tamoxifen.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Women of childbearing potential/contraception in females

Women of childbearing potential should not become pregnant while on Lynparza and not be pregnant at the beginning of treatment. A pregnancy test should be performed on all women of childbearing potential prior to treatment. Women of childbearing potential must use effective contraception during therapy and for 1 month after receiving the last dose of Lynparza (see section 4.4). Since it cannot be excluded that olaparib may reduce exposure to substrates of CYP2C9 through enzyme induction, the efficacy of some hormonal contraceptives may be reduced if co-administered with olaparib. Therefore, an additional non-hormonal contraceptive method and regular pregnancy tests should be considered during treatment (see section 4.5).

Pregnancy

Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity including serious teratogenic effects and effects on embryofoetal survival in the rat at maternal systemic exposures lower than those in humans at therapeutic doses (see section 5.3). There are no data from the use of olaparib in pregnant women, however, based on the mode of action of olaparib, Lynparza should not be used during pregnancy and in women of childbearing potential not using reliable contraception during therapy and for 1 month after receiving the last dose of Lynparza. (See previous paragraph: “Women of childbearing potential/contraception in females” for further information about birth control and pregnancy testing).

Breast-feeding

There are no animal studies on the excretion of olaparib in breast milk. It is unknown whether olaparib/or its metabolites are excreted in human milk. Lynparza is contraindicated during breast-feeding and for 1 month after receiving the last dose, given the pharmacologic property of the product (see section 4.3).

Fertility

There are no clinical data on fertility. In animal studies, no effect on conception was observed but there are adverse effects on embryofoetal survival (see section 5.3).

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Lynparza has moderate influence on the ability to drive and use machines. Patients who take Lynparza may experience fatigue, asthenia or dizziness. Patients who experience these symptoms should observe caution when driving or using machines.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Summary of the safety profile

Lynparza monotherapy has been associated with adverse reactions generally of mild or moderate severity (CTCAE 1 or 2) and generally not requiring treatment discontinuation. The most frequently observed adverse reactions across clinical trials in patients receiving Lynparza monotherapy (≥ 10%) were nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, fatigue, headache, dysgeusia, decreased appetite, dizziness and anaemia.

Tabulated list of adverse reactions

The safety profile is based on pooled data from 1,248 patients treated with Lynparza monotherapy in clinical trials in the therapeutic indication at the recommended dose.

The following adverse reactions have been identified in clinical trials with patients receiving Lynparza monotherapy where patient exposure is known. Adverse drug reactions are listed by MedDRA System Organ Class (SOC) and then by MedDRA preferred term level in Table 1. Within each SOC, preferred terms are arranged by decreasing frequency and then by decreasing seriousness. Frequencies of occurrence of adverse reactions are defined as: very common (≥ 1/10); common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10); uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100); rare (≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1000); very rare (< 1/10,000); not known (cannot be estimated from available data).

Table 1 Tabulated list of adverse reactions

Adverse reactions

MedDRA System Organ Class

Frequency of All CTCAE grades

Frequency of CTCAE grade 3 and above

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Very common

Anaemiaa

Common

Neutropeniaa, Thrombocytopeniaa, Leukopeniaa

Uncommon

Lymphopenia

Very common

Anaemiaa

Common

Neutropeniaa, Thrombocytopeniaa, Leukopeniaa

Uncommon

Lymphopenia

Immune system disorders

Common

Rasha

Uncommon

Hypersensitivitya, Dermatitisa

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Very common

Decreased appetite

Uncommon

Decreased appetite

Nervous system disorders

Very common

Dizziness, Headache, Dysgeusia,

Uncommon

Dizziness, Headache

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Very common

Cougha

Uncommon

Cougha

Gastrointestinal disorders

Very common

Vomiting, Diarrhoea, Nausea, Dyspepsia

Common

Stomatitis, Upper abdominal pain,

Common

Vomiting, Diarrhoea, Nausea,

Uncommon

Stomatitis, Upper abdominal pain

General disorders and administration site conditions

Very common

Fatigue (including asthenia)

Common

Fatigue (including asthenia)

Investigations

Common

Increase in blood creatinine

Uncommon

Mean corpuscular volume elevation b

Uncommon

Increase in blood creatinine

a Anaemia includes preferred terms (PTs) of anaemia, haemoglobin decreased, red blood cell count decreased, erythropenia and haematocrit decreased; Neutropenia includes PTs of neutropenia, granulocytopenia, granulocyte count decreased and neutrophil count decreased, febrile neutropenia, neutropenic infection and neutropenic sepsis; Thrombocytopenia includes PTs of thrombocytopenia, platelet count decreased, platelet production decreased and plateletcrit decreased; Leukopenia includes PTs of leukopenia and white blood cell count decreased; Cough includes PTs of cough and productive cough; Rash includes PTs of rash, rash erythematous, rash generalised, rash macular, rash maculo-papular, rash papular, rash pruritic, exfoliative rash and generalised erythema; Hypersensitivity includes PTs of hypersensitivity and drug hypersensitivity; Dermatitis includes PTs of dermatitis, dermatitis allergic and dermatitis exfoliative.

b Represents the incidence of laboratory findings of elevations in mean corpuscular volume from baseline to above the upper limit of normal (ULN), not of reported adverse reactions.

Description of selected adverse reactions

Haematological toxicity

Anaemia and other haematological toxicities were generally low grade (CTCAE grade 1 or 2), however, there were reports of CTCAE grade 3 and higher events. Anaemia was the most common CTCAE grade ≥3 adverse reaction reported in clinical studies. Median time to first onset of anaemia was approximately 4 weeks (approximately 7 weeks for CTCAE grade ≥ 3 events). Anaemia was managed with dose interruptions and dose reductions (see section 4.2), and where appropriate with blood transfusions. In Study 19, the incidence of anaemia was 22.8% (CTCAE grade ≥3 7.4%) and the incidences of dose interruptions, reductions and discontinuations for anaemia were 2.9%, 3.7% and 0%, respectively; 10.3% of patients treated with olaparib needed one or more blood transfusions during the treatment. An exposure-response relationship between olaparib and decreases in haemoglobin has been demonstrated. In clinical studies with Lynparza the incidence of CTCAE grade ≥2 shifts (decreases) from baseline in haemoglobin was 20%, absolute neutrophils 15%, platelets 5%, lymphocytes 30% and leucocytes 20% (all % approximate).

The incidence of elevations in mean corpuscular volume from low or normal at baseline to above the ULN was approximately 55%. Levels appeared to return to normal after treatment discontinuation and did not appear to have any clinical consequences.

Baseline testing, followed by monthly monitoring of complete blood counts is recommended for the first 12 months of treatment and periodically after this time to monitor for clinically significant changes in any parameter during treatment which may require dose interruption or reduction and/or further treatment (see sections 4.2 and 4.4).

Other laboratory findings

In clinical studies with Lynparza the incidence of CTCAE grade ≥2 shifts (elevations) from baseline in blood creatinine was approximately 15%. Data from a double-blind placebo-controlled study showed median increase up to 23% from baseline remaining consistent over time and returning to baseline after treatment discontinuation, with no apparent clinical sequelae. 90% of patients had creatinine values of CTCAE grade 0 at baseline and 10% were CTCAE grade 1 at baseline.

Nausea and vomiting

Nausea was generally reported very early, with first onset within the first month of Lynparza treatment in the majority of patients. Vomiting was reported early, with first onset within the first two months of Lynparza treatment in the majority of patients. Both nausea and vomiting were reported to be intermittent for the majority of patients and can be managed by dose interruption, dose reduction and/or antiemetic therapy. Antiemetic prophylaxis is not required.

Paediatric population

No studies have been conducted in paediatric patients.

Other special populations

Limited safety data are available in elderly (age ≥ 75 years) and non-Caucasian patients.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via:

UK

Yellow Card Scheme

Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store

Ireland

HPRA Pharmacovigilance

Earlsfort Terrace

IRL - Dublin 2

Tel: +353 1 6764971

Fax: +353 1 6762517

Website: www.hpra.ie

e-mail: medsafety@hpra.ie

Malta

ADR Reporting

Website: www.medicinesauthority.gov.mt/adrportal

4.9 Overdose

Symptoms of overdose are not established and there is no specific treatment in the event of Lynparza overdose. In the event of an overdose, physicians should follow general supportive measures and should treat the patient symptomatically.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: antineoplastic agents, other antineoplastic agents, ATC code: L01XX46

Mechanism of action and pharmacodynamic effects

Olaparib is a potent inhibitor of human poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase enzymes (PARP-1, PARP-2, and PARP-3), and has been shown to inhibit the growth of selected tumour cell lines in vitro and tumour growth in vivo either as a standalone treatment or in combination with established chemotherapies.

PARPs are required for the efficient repair of DNA single strand breaks and an important aspect of PARP-induced repair requires that after chromatin modification, PARP auto-modifies itself and dissociates from the DNA to facilitate access for base excision repair (BER) enzymes. When olaparib is bound to the active site of DNA-associated PARP it prevents the dissociation of PARP and traps it on the DNA, thus blocking repair. In replicating cells this leads to DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) when replication forks meet the PARP-DNA adduct. In normal cells, homologous recombination repair (HRR), which requires functional BRCA1 and 2 genes, is effective at repairing these DNA DSBs. In the absence of functional BRCA1 or 2, DNA DSBs cannot be repaired via HRR. Instead, alternative and error-prone pathways are activated, such as the non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway, leading to increased genomic instability. After a number of rounds of replication genomic instability can reach insupportable levels and result in cancer cell death, as cancer cells have a high DNA damage load relative to normal cells.

In BRCA-deficient in vivo models, olaparib given after platinum treatment resulted in a delay in tumour progression and an increase in overall survival compared to platinum treatment alone.

Detection of BRCA mutation

Patients are eligible for Lynparza treatment if they have a confirmed deleterious or suspected deleterious BRCA mutation (i.e. a mutation that disrupts normal gene function) in either the germline or the tumour (detected using an appropriately validated test).

Clinical efficacy

The safety and efficacy of olaparib as a maintenance therapy in the treatment of platinum-sensitive relapsed (PSR) high grade serous ovarian, including fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer patients, following treatment with two or more platinum containing regimens, were studied in a Phase II randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial (study 19). The study compared the efficacy of olaparib maintenance treatment taken until progression with no maintenance treatment in 265 (136 olaparib and 129 placebo) PSR serous ovarian cancer patients who were in response (CR [complete response] or PR [partial response]) confirmed as per RECIST and/or as per CA-125 criteria as defined by Gynecologic Cancer InterGroup (GCIG) (at least a 50% reduction in CA-125 levels from the last pre-treatment sample, confirmed 28 days later) following completion of two or more previous platinum containing chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was PFS (progression-free survival) based on investigator assessment using RECIST 1.0. Secondary efficacy endpoints included OS (overall survival), DCR (disease control rate) defined as confirmed CR/PR + SD (stable disease), HRQoL (health related quality of life), and disease related symptoms. Exploratory analyses of time to first subsequent therapy or death (TFST) and time to second subsequent therapy or death (TSST- an approximation of PFS2) were also performed.

Only PSR patients with partially platinum-sensitive disease (platinum-free interval of 6 to 12 months) and patients with platinum-sensitive disease (platinum-free interval of > 12 months) who were in response following completion of last platinum based chemotherapy were enrolled. Patients could not have received prior olaparib or other PARP inhibitor treatment. Patients could have received prior bevacizumab, except in the regimen immediately prior to randomisation. Retreatment with olaparib was not permitted following progression on olaparib.

Patients were randomised into the study a median of 40 days after completing their final platinum chemotherapy. They received an average of 3 previous chemotherapy regimens (range 2-11) and 2.6 previous platinum-containing chemotherapies (range 2-8). Platinum free interval was > 12 months in 60% and >6-12 months in 40% of the patients. Response to prior platinum chemotherapy was complete in 45% and partial in 55% of the patients. In the olaparib and placebo arms, 6% and 5% of patients had prior bevacizumab, respectively.

Patients in the olaparib group continued to receive treatment longer than those in the placebo group. A total of 32 (23.5%) patients received treatment for ≥ 2 years in the olaparib group compared with 5 (3.9%) patients in the placebo group. A total of 18 (13.2%) patients received treatment for ≥5 years in the olaparib group compared with 1 (0.8%) patient in the placebo group.

The study met its primary objective demonstrating a statistically significant improvement in PFS for olaparib compared with placebo in the overall population with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.35 (95% CI 0.25-0.49; p<0.00001; median 8.4 months olaparib versus 4.8 months placebo). At the final OS analysis (data cut off [DCO] 9 May 2016) at 79% maturity, the HR comparing olaparib with placebo was 0.73 (95% CI 0.55-0.95; p=0.02138 [did not meet pre-specified significance level of < 0.0095]; median 29.8 months olaparib versus 27.8 months placebo).

Pre-planned subgroup analysis by BRCA-mutation status identified patients with BRCA-mutated ovarian cancer (n=136, 51.3%) as the subgroup that derived the greatest clinical benefit from olaparib maintenance monotherapy. Enrolment did not require evidence of BRCA1/2 mutation (BRCA mutation status for some patients was determined retrospectively); 10 patients in the olaparib arm and 10 patients in the placebo arm were defined as having somatic BRCA1/2 mutation. There was no strategy for multiple testing in place for the sub-group analyses.

In BRCA-mutated patients (n=136) there was a statistically significant improvement in PFS, TFST, and TSST. The median PFS improvement was 6.9 months over placebo for olaparib treated patients (HR 0.18; 95% CI 0.10-0.31; p<0.00001; median 11.2 months versus 4.3 months). The investigator assessment of PFS was consistent with a blinded independent central radiological review of PFS. At the final analysis (DCO 9 May 2016), the time from randomisation to start of first subsequent therapy or death (TFST) was 9.4 months longer for olaparib treated patients (HR 0.33; 95% CI 0.22–0.49; p<0.00001; median 15.6 months versus 6.2 months). The time from randomisation to start of second subsequent therapy or death (TSST) was 6.1 months longer for olaparib treated patients (HR 0.43; 95% CI 0.29-0.64; p=0.00003; median 21.4 months versus 15.3 months. For the secondary endpoint of OS, the HR for olaparib versus placebo was 0.62 (95% CI 0.42-0.93; p=0.02140; median 34.9 months versus 30.2 months) (Table 2). In the olaparib-treated group, 28.4% of patients remained on treatment for ≥2 years and 14.9% for ≥5 years. In the placebo-treated group, 8.1% of patients remained on treatment for ≥2 years and 1.6% for ≥5 years.. Within the BRCA-mutated population the disease control rate at 24 weeks was 57% and 24% for patients in the olaparib and placebo groups, respectively.

No statistically significant differences were observed between olaparib and placebo in patient reported symptoms or HRQoL as measured by improvement and worsening rates in the FACT/NCCN Ovarian Symptom Index (FOSI), Trial Outcome Index (TOI) and Functional Analysis of Cancer Therapy–Ovarian total score (FACT-O total).

The key efficacy findings from Study 19 for BRCA-mutated patients are presented in Table 2 and Figures 1 and 2.

Table 2: Summary of key efficacy findings for patients with BRCA-mutated PSR ovarian cancer in Study 19

PFS (DCO 30 June 2010)

N

(events/patients)

(%)

Median PFS (months)

HRa

95% CI

p-value

(2-sided)

Olaparib 400 mg bd

26/74 (35)

11.2

0.18

0.10-0.31

<0.00001

Placebo

46/62 (74)

4.3

TSST- an approximation of PFS2 (DCO 09 May 2016)

N

Median TSST (months)

HRa

95% CI

p-value*

(2-sided)

Olaparib 400 mg bd

53/74 (72)

21.4

0.43

0.29-0.64

0.00003

Placebo

56/62 (90%)

15.3

OS (73% maturity) (DCO 09 May 2016)

N

Median OS (months)

HRa

95% CI

p-value*

(2-sided)

Olaparib 400 mg bd

49/74 (66)

34.9

0.62

0.42-0.93

0.02140

Placebo b

50/62 (81)

30.2

* There was no strategy for multiple testing in place for the sub-group analyses.

a HR= Hazard Ratio. A value <1 favours olaparib. The analysis was performed using a Cox proportional hazards model with factors for treatment, ethnic descent, platinum sensitivity and response to final platinum therapy.

b Approximately a quarter of placebo treated patients in the BRCA-mutated subgroup (14/62; 22.6%) received a subsequent PARP inhibitor.

N Number of events/number of randomised patients; bd Twice daily; OS Overall survival; PFS Progression-free survival; CI Confidence interval; DCO Data cut off; TSST Time from randomisation to start of second subsequent therapy or death.

Figure 1 Study 19: Kaplan-Meier plot of PFS in BRCA-mutated patients (53% maturity-investigator assessment)

months

0

3

6

9

12

15

n-olaparib

74

59

34

15

5

0

n-placebo

62

35

13

2

0

0

-----olaparib 400 mg bd twice daily, ____placebo, x-axis=time from randomisation in months, y-axis=PFS (progression-free survival), n-olaparib= number of patients at risk-olaparib, n-placebo=number of patients at risk-placebo

Figure 2 Study 19: Kaplan-Meier plot of OS in BRCA-mutated patients (73% maturity)

months

0

6

12

18

24

30

36

42

48

54

60

66

72

78

84

90

96

n- olaparib

74

69

65

56

50

39

33

27

27

27

25

23

22

16

3

0

0

n- placebo

62

58

52

40

34

29

25

20

19

15

13

10

9

6

0

0

0

-----olaparib 400 mg bd twice daily, ____placebo, x-axis=time from randomisation in months, y-axis=OS (overall survival), n-olaparib= number of patients at risk-olaparib, n-placebo=number of patients at risk-placebo

In Study 19, 20 patients were identified with a somatic tumour BRCA mutation (a mutation in the tumour but wildtype in the germline). The limited data for these somatic tumour BRCA (sBRCA) mutated patients show that fewer patients on olaparib reported progression events or death events compared with placebo (Table 3).

Table 3 Summary of progression-free survival and overall survival: sBRCA mutated population in Study 19

N

events/patients

(%)

PFS

Olaparib 400 mg bd

3/10 (30%)

Placebo

8/10 (80%)

OS

Olaparib 400 mg bd

6/10 (60%)

Placebo

8/10 (80%)

Paediatric population

The European Medicines Agency has waived the obligation to submit the results of studies with Lynparza in all subsets of the paediatric population, in ovarian carcinoma (excluding rhabdomyosarcoma and germ cell tumours) (see section 4.2 for information on paediatric use).

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

The pharmacokinetics of olaparib at the 400 mg twice daily capsule dose are characterised by an apparent plasma clearance of ~8.6 L/h, an apparent volume of distribution of ~167 L and a terminal half-life of 11.9 hours.

Absorption

Following oral administration of olaparib via the capsule formulation, absorption is rapid with peak plasma concentrations typically achieved between 1 to 3 hours after dosing. On multiple dosing there is no marked accumulation, with steady state exposures achieved within ~3 to 4 days.

Co-administration with food slowed the rate (tmax delayed by 2 hours) and marginally increased the extent of absorption of olaparib (AUC increased by approximately 20%). Therefore, it is recommended that patients take Lynparza at least one hour after food, and refrain from eating preferably for up to 2 hours afterwards (see section 4.2).

Distribution

The in vitro protein binding is approximately 82% at clinically relevant concentrations of 10 µg/mL.

In vitro, human plasma protein binding of olaparib was dose-dependent; the fraction bound was approximately 91% at 1 µg/mL, reducing to 82% at 10 µg/mL and to 70% at 40 µg/mL. In solutions of purified proteins, the olaparib fraction bound to albumin was approximately 56%, which was independent of olaparib concentrations. Using the same assay, the fraction bound to alpha-1 acid glycoprotein was 29% at 10 µg/mL with a trend of decreased binding at higher concentrations.

Biotransformation

In vitro, CYP3A4/5 were shown to be the enzymes primarily responsible for the metabolism of olaparib (see section 4.5).

Following oral dosing of 14C-olaparib to female patients, unchanged olaparib accounted for the majority of the circulating radioactivity in plasma (70%) and was the major component found in both urine and faeces (15% and 6% of the dose respectively). The metabolism of olaparib is extensive. The majority of the metabolism was attributable to oxidation reactions with a number of the components produced undergoing subsequent glucuronide or sulfate conjugation. Up to 20, 37 and 20 metabolites were detected in plasma, urine and faeces respectively, the majority of them representing < 1% of the dosed material. A ring-opened piperazin-3-ol moiety, and two mono-oxygenated metabolites (each~10%) were the major circulating components, with one of the mono-oxygenated metabolites also being the major metabolite in the excreta (6% and 5% of the urinary and faecal radioactivity respectively).

In vitro, olaparib produced little/no inhibition of UGT2B7, or CYPs 1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 or 2E1 and is not expected to be a clinically significant time dependent inhibitor of any of these CYP enzymes. Olaparib inhibited UGT1A1 in vitro, however, PBPK simulations suggest this is not of clinical importance. In vitro, olaparib is a substrate of the efflux transporter P-gp, however this is unlikely to be of clinical significance (see section 4.5).

In vitro data also show that olaparib is not a substrate for OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OCT1, BCRP or MRP2 and is not an inhibitor of OATP1B3, OAT1 or MRP2.

Elimination

Following a single dose of 14C-olaparib, ~86% of the dosed radioactivity was recovered within a 7-day collection period, ~44% via the urine and ~42% via the faeces. Majority of the material was excreted as metabolites.

Special populations

In population based PK analyses, patient age, bodyweight, or race (including White and Japanese patients) were not significant covariates.

Renal impairment

In patients with mild renal impairment (creatinine clearance 51 to 80 ml/min), AUC increased by 24% and Cmax by 15% compared with patients with normal renal function. No Lynparza dose adjustment is required for patients with mild renal impairment.

In patients with moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance 31 to 50 ml/min), AUC increased by 44% and Cmax by 26% compared with patients with normal renal function. Lynparza dose adjustment is recommended for patients with moderate renal impairment (see section 4.2).

There are no data in patients with severe impairment or end-stage renal disease (creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min).

Hepatic impairment

In patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh classification A), AUC increased by 15% and Cmax by 13% and in patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh classification B), AUC increased by 8% and Cmax decreased by 13% compared with patients with normal hepatic function. No Lynparza dose adjustment is required for patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment (see section 4.2). There are no data in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh classification C).

Paediatric population

No studies have been conducted to investigate the pharmacokinetics of olaparib in paediatric patients.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

Genotoxicity

Olaparib showed no mutagenic potential, but was clastogenic in mammalian cells in vitro. When dosed orally to rats, olaparib induced micronuclei in bone marrow. This clastogenicity is consistent with the known pharmacology of olaparib and indicates potential for genotoxicity in man.

Repeat-dose toxicity

In repeat-dose toxicity studies of up to 6 months duration in rats and dogs, daily oral doses of olaparib were well-tolerated. The major primary target organ for toxicity in both species was the bone marrow, with associated changes in peripheral haematology parameters. These changes were reversible within 4 weeks of cessation of dosing. In rats, minimal degenerative effects on gastrointestinal tract were also noted. These findings occurred at exposures below those seen clinically. Studies using human bone marrow cells also showed that direct exposure to olaparib can result in toxicity to bone marrow cells in ex vivo assays.

Reproductive toxicology

In a female fertility study where rats were dosed until implantation, although extended oestrus was observed in some animals, mating performance and pregnancy rate was not affected. However, there was a slight reduction in embryofoetal survival.

In rat embryofoetal development studies, and at dose levels that did not induce significant maternal toxicity, olaparib caused reduced embryofoetal survival, reduced foetal weight and foetal developmental abnormalities, including major eye malformations (e.g. anophthalmia, microphthalmia), vertebral/rib malformation, and visceral and skeletal abnormalities.

Carcinogenicity

Carcinogenicity studies have not been conducted with olaparib.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Capsule content

Lauroyl macrogol-32 glycerides

Capsule shell

Hypromellose

Titanium dioxide (E171)

Gellan gum (E418)

Potassium acetate

Printing ink

Shellac

Iron oxide black (E172)

6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3 Shelf life

2 years.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Store in a refrigerator (2°C - 8°C).

Do not freeze. Any capsules that have been frozen must be discarded.

Lynparza capsules can be stored for up to 3 months below 30°C. The capsules must be discarded after this period.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

HDPE plastic bottle with a child-resistant closure containing 112 hard capsules.

Pack of 448 capsules (4 bottles of 112 capsules).

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

AstraZeneca AB

SE-151 85 Södertälje

Sweden

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

EU/1/14/959/001

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

Date of first authorisation: 16 December 2014

10. Date of revision of the text

26th July 2018

Detailed information on this medicinal product is available on the website of the European Medicines Agency http://www.ema.europa.eu.