This information is intended for use by health professionals

1. Name of the medicinal product

Busulfan 2 mg tablets

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Each 2 mg tablet contains 2 mg of the active substance busulfan

Excipient with known effect: lactose

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Film coated tablet

Busulfan 2 mg tablets are white, film-coated, round biconvex tablets engraved “GX EF3” on one side and “M” on the other.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Busulfan is indicated as conditioning treatment prior to haemopoietic progenitor cell transplantation in patients when the combination of high-dose busulfan and cyclophosphamide is considered the best available option.

Busulfan is indicated for the palliative treatment of the chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukaemia.

Busulfan is effective in producing prolonged remission in polycythaemia vera, particularly in cases with marked thrombocytosis.

Busulfan may be useful in selected cases of essential thrombocythaemia and myelofibrosis.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

General

The bioavailability of oral Busulfan shows large intra-individual variations ranging from 47% to 103% (mean 80%) in adults and from 22% to 120% (mean 68%) in children (see section 5.2).

There are other formulations available which may be more suitable for paediatric patients.

Busulfan tablets are usually given in courses or administered continuously. The dose must be adjusted for the individual patient under close clinical and haematological control. Should a patient require an average daily dose of less than the content of the available Busulfan tablets, this can be achieved by introducing one or more busulfan free days between treatment days. The tablets should not be divided (see section 6.6).

Obese

Dosing based on body surface area or adjusted ideal body weight should be considered in the obese (see section 5.2).

The relevant literature should be consulted for full details of treatment schedules.

Conditioning prior to haemopoietic progenitor cell transplantation

When bulsulfan is used as a conditioning treatment prior to haemopoietic progenitor cell transplantation, drug level monitoring is recommended.

Populations

Adults

The recommended dose of busulfan in adult patients is 1 mg/kg every 6 hours for four days, starting seven days prior to transplantation. 60 mg/kg per day of cyclophosphamide is usually given for two days commencing 24 h after the final dose of Busulfan (see section 4.4 and 4.5).

Paediatric population

The conventional dosage plan for conditioning before haemopoietic stem cell transplantation is 30 to 37.5 mg/m2 every 6 hours for 4 days, starting seven days prior to transplantation. The dosing of cyclophosphamide is the same as for adults.

Chronic myeloid leukaemia

Induction in adults

Treatment is usually initiated as soon as the condition is diagnosed. The dose is 0.06 mg/kg/day, with an initial daily maximum of 4 mg, which may be given as a single dose.

There is individual variation in the response to Busulfan and in a small proportion of patients the bone marrow may be extremely sensitive (see section 4.4).

The blood count must be monitored at least weekly during the induction phase and it may be helpful to plot counts on semilog graph paper.

The dose should be increased only if the response is inadequate after three weeks.

Treatment should be continued until the total leucocyte count has fallen to between 15 and 25 x 109 per litre (typically 12 to 20 weeks). Treatment may then be interrupted, following which a further fall in the leucocyte count may occur over the next two weeks. Continued treatment at the induction dose after this point or following depression of the platelet count to below 100 x 109 per litre is associated with a significant risk of prolonged and possibly irreversible bone marrow aplasia.

Maintenance in adults

Control of the leukaemia may be achieved for long periods without further Busulfan treatment; further courses are usually given when the leucocyte count rises to 50 x 109 per litre, or symptoms return.

Some clinicians prefer to give continuous maintenance therapy. Continuous treatment is more practical when the duration of unmaintained remissions is short.

The aim is to maintain a leucocyte count of 10 to 15 x 109 per litre and blood counts must be performed at least every 4 weeks. The usual maintenance dosage is on average 0.5 to 2 mg/day, but individual requirements may be much less. Should a patient require an average daily dose of less than the content of one tablet, the maintenance dose may be adjusted by introducing one or more Busulfan free days between treatment days.

Note: Lower doses of Busulfan should be used if it is administered in conjunction with other cytotoxic agents (see section 4.5 and 4.8).

Paediatric population

Chronic myeloid leukaemia is very rare in the paediatric age group. Busulfan may be used to treat Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph' positive) disease, but the Ph' negative juvenile variant responds poorly.

Polycythaemia vera

The usual dose is 4 to 6 mg daily, continued for 4 to 6 weeks, with careful monitoring of the blood count, particularly the platelet count.

Further courses are given when relapse occurs; alternatively, maintenance therapy may be given using approximately half the induction dose.

If the polycythaemia is controlled primarily by venesection, short courses of Busulfan may be given solely to control the platelet count.

Myelofibrosis

The usual initial dose is 2 to 4 mg daily.

Very careful haematological control is required because of the extreme sensitivity of the bone marrow in this condition.

Essential thrombocythaemia

The usual dose is 2 to 4 mg per day.

Treatment should be interrupted if the total leucocyte count falls below 5 x 109 per litre or the platelet count below 500 x 109 per litre.

4.3 Contraindications

Busulfan should not be used in patients whose disease has demonstrated resistance to busulfan.

Busulfan should not be given to patients who have previously suffered a hypersensitivity reaction to the busulfan or any other component of the preparation.

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Busulfan is an active cytotoxic agent for use only under the direction of physicians experienced in the administration of such agents.

Immunisation using a live organism vaccine has the potential to cause infection in immunocompromised hosts. Therefore, immunisations with live organism vaccines are not recommended.

Busulfan should be discontinued if lung toxicity develops (see section 4.8).

Busulfan should not generally be given in conjunction with or soon after radiotherapy.

Busulfan is ineffective once blast transformation has occurred.

If anaesthesia is required in patients with possible pulmonary toxicity, the concentration of inspired oxygen should be kept as low as safely as possible and careful attention given to post-operative respiratory care.

Hyperuricaemia and/or hyperuricosuria are not uncommon in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia and should be corrected before starting treatment with Busulfan. During treatment, hyperuricaemia and the risk of uric acid nephropathy should be prevented by adequate prophylaxis, including adequate hydration and the use of allopurinol.

Studies in renally impaired patients have not been conducted, however, as busulfan is moderately excreted in the urine, dose modification is not recommended in these patients. However, caution is recommended.

Busulfan has not been studied in patients with hepatic impairment. Since busulfan is mainly metabolized through the liver, caution should be observed when busulfan is used in patients with pre-existing impairment of liver function, especially in those with severe hepatic impairment.

The medicinal product contains lactose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.

Conventional dose Treatment

Patients who are concurrently treated with the conventional dose of busulfan and itraconazole or metronidazole should be closely monitored for signs of busulfan toxicity. At concomitant use of these agents with busulfan weekly blood counts are recommended (see section 4.5).

Monitoring

Careful attention must be paid to monitoring the blood counts throughout treatment to avoid the possibility of excessive myelosuppression and the risk of irreversible bone marrow aplasia (see section 4.8).

Hepatic veno-occlusive disease is a major complication that can occur during treatment with Busulfan. Patients who have received prior radiation therapy, for three or more cycles of chemotherapy, or prior progenitor cell transplant may be at an increased risk of developing hepatic veno-occlusive disease (see section 4.8).

High-dose Treatment (used for Haemopoetic Stem Cell Transplantation)

If high-dose Busulfan is prescribed, patients should be given prophylactic anticonvulsant therapy, preferably with a benzodiazepine rather than phenytoin.

Concomitant administration of itraconazole or metronidazole with high-dose busulfan has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of busulfan toxicity (see section 4.5). Co-administration of metronidazole and high-dose busulfan is not recommended. Co-administration of itraconazole with high-dose busulfan should be at the discretion of the prescribing physician and should be based on a risk/benefit assessment.

A reduced incidence of hepatic veno-occlusive disease and other regimen-related toxicities have been observed in patients treated with high-dose Busulfan and cyclophosphamide when the first dose of cyclophosphamide has been delayed for > 24 hours after the last dose of Busulfan.

Safe Handling of Busulfan Tablets

See section 6.6

Busulfan is genotoxic in non-clinical studies (see section 5.3).

Mutagenicity

Various chromosome aberrations have been noted in cells from patients receiving busulfan.

Carcinogenicity

On the basis of human studies, Busulfan was considered by the International Agency for Research on cancer to show sufficient evidence for carcinogenicity. The World Health Association has concluded that there is a causal relationship between Busulfan exposure and cancer.

Widespread epithelial dysplasia has been observed in patients treated with long-term Busulfan, with some of the changes resembling precancerous lesions.

A number of malignant tumours have been reported in patients who have received Busulfan treatment.

The evidence is growing that Busulfan, in common with other alkylating agents, is leukaemogenic. In a controlled prospective study in which 2 years' Busulfan treatment was given as an adjuvant to surgery for lung cancer, long-term follow-up showed an increased incidence of acute leukaemia compared with the placebo-treated group. The incidence of solid tumours was not increased.

Although acute leukaemia is probably part of the natural history of polycythaemia vera, prolonged alkylating agent therapy may increase the incidence.

Very careful consideration should be given to the use of busulfan for the treatment of polycythaemia vera and essential thrombocythaemia in view of the drug's carcinogenic potential. The use of busulfan for these indications should be avoided in younger or asymptomatic patients. If the drug is considered necessary treatment courses should be kept as short as possible.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Vaccinations with live organism vaccines are not recommended in immunocompromised individuals (see section 4.4).

The effects of other cytotoxics producing pulmonary toxicity may be additive.

The administration of phenytoin to patients receiving high-dose Busulfan may result in a decrease in the myeloblative effect.

In patients receiving high-dose busulfan it has been reported that co-administration of itraconazole decreases clearance of busulfan by approximately 20 % with corresponding increases in plasma busulfan levels. In combination with metronidazole (1200 mg, given as 400 mg three times daily) busulfan values are increased in approximately 80% (see section 4.4). Fluconazole had no effect on busulfan clearance. Consequently, high-dose Busulfan in combination with itraconazole or metronidazole is reported to be associated with an increased risk of busulfan toxicity (see section 4.4).

A reduced incidence of hepatic veno-occlusive disease and other regimen-related toxicities have been observed in patients treated with high-dose Busulfan and cyclophosphamide when the first dose of cyclophosphamide has been delayed for > 24 hours after the last dose of busulfan.

Paracetamol is described to decrease glutathione levels in blood and tissues, and may therefore decrease busulfan clearance when used in combination.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Fertility

Busulfan can lead to suppression of ovarian function and amenorrhoea in women and suppression of spermatogenesis in men (see section 4.8 and 5.3).

Pregnancy

As with all cytotoxic chemotherapy, adequate contraceptive precautions should be advised when either partner is receiving Busulfan.

The use of Busulfan should be avoided during pregnancy whenever possible. In animal studies (see section 5.3) it has the potential for teratogenic effects, whilst exposure during the latter half of pregnancy resulted in impairment of fertility in offspring. In every individual case the expected benefit of treatment to the mother must be weighed against the possible risk to the foetus.

A few cases of congenital abnormalities, not necessarily attributable to busulfan, have been reported and third trimester exposure may be associated with impaired intra-uterine growth. However, there have also been many reported cases of apparently normal children born after exposure to Busulfan in utero, even during the first trimester.

Breastfeeding

It is not known whether Busulfan or its metabolites are excreted in human breast milk. Mothers receiving Busulfan should not breast-feed their infants.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

There are no data on the effect of Busulfan on driving performance or the ability to operate machinery. A detrimental effect on these activities cannot be predicted from the pharmacology of the drug.

4.8 Undesirable effects

For this product there is no modern clinical documentation which can be used as support for determining the frequency of undesirable effects. Undesirable effects may vary in their incidence depending on the dose received and also when given in combination with other therapeutic agents.

The following convention has been utilised for the classification of frequency: Very common (≥ 1/10), common (≥ 1/100 and < 1/10), uncommon (≥ 1/1000 and < 1/100), rare (≥ 1/10,000 and < 1/1000), very rare (< 1/10,000) and not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data).

The following table of adverse reactions originated from the use of busulfan, or busulfan in combination with other therapeutic agents.

System organ class

Frequency

Side effects

Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (including cysts and polyps)

Common

Leukaemia secondary to oncology chemotherapy (see section 4.4)

Blood and lymphatic system disorders *

Very common

Dose-related bone marrow failure, manifesting as leukopenia and particularly thrombocytopenia

Rare

Aplastic anaemia

Nervous system disorders

Rare

At high-dose: convulsion (see section 4.4 and 4.5)

Very rare

Myasthenia gravis

Eye disorders

Rare

Lens disorder and cataract (which may be bilateral) corneal thinning (reported after bone marrow transplantation preceded by high-dose Busulfan treatment)

Cardiac disorders

Common

At high-dose: cardiac tamponade in patients with thalassaemia

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders *

Very common

At high-dose: idiopathic pneumonia syndrome

Common

Interstitial lung disease following long term conventional dose use

Gastrointestinal disorders

Very common

At high-dose: nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, mouth ulceration

Rare

At conventional dose: nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, mouth ulceration, which may possibly be ameliorated by using divided doses. Dry mouth

Not known

Tooth hypoplasia

Hepatobiliary disorders *

Very common

At-high-dose: hyperbilirubinaemia, jaundice, venoocclusive liver disease (see section 4.4 and 4.5) and biliary fibrosis with hepatic atrophy and necrosis

Rare

Jaundice and abnormal hepatic function, at conventional dose. Biliary fibrosis

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders *

Common

Alopecia at high-dose. Skin hyperpigmentation (see also General disorders and administration site conditions)

Rare

Alopecia at conventional dose, skin reactions including urticaria, erythema multiforme, erythema nodosum, porphyrianon-acute, rash, dry skin and fragility of the skin with complete anhydrosis cheilosis, Sjögren's syndrome. An increased radiation skin injury in patients receiving radiotherapy soon after high-dose Busulfan

Renal and urinary disorders

Common

At high-dose: in combination with cyclophosphamide cystitis haemorrhagic

Reproductive system and breast disorders *

Very common

Ovarian disorder and amenorrhoea with menopausal symptoms in pre-menopausal patients at high-dose; severe and persistent ovarian failure, including failure to achieve puberty after administration to young girls and pre-adolescents at high-dose. Male infertility, azoospermia and testicular atrophy in male patients receiving Busulfan

Uncommon

Ovarian disorder and amenorrhoea with menopausal symptoms in pre-menopausal patients at conventional dose. In very rare cases, recovery of ovarian function has been reported with continuing treatment

Very rare

Gynaecomastia

General disorders and administration site conditions *

Rare

Dysplasia

* Description of selected adverse events

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Aplastic anaemia (sometimes irreversible) has been reported rarely, typically following long-term conventional doses and also high doses of Busulfan.

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Pulmonary toxicity after either high or conventional dose treatment typically presents with non-specific non-productive cough, dyspnoea and hypoxia with evidence of abnormal pulmonary physiology. Other cytotoxic agents may cause additive lung toxicity (see section 4.5). It is possible that subsequent radiotherapy can augment subclinical lung injury caused by busulfan. Once pulmonary toxicity is established the prognosis is poor despite busulfan withdrawal and there is little evidence that corticosteroids are helpful.

Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome is a non-infectious diffuse pneumonia which usually occurs within three months of high-dose Busulfan conditioning prior to allogeneic or autologous haemopoietic transplant. Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage may also be detected in some cases after broncholavage. Chest X-rays or CT scans show diffuse or non-specific focal infiltrates and biopsy shows interstitial pneumonitis and diffuse alveolar damage and sometimes fibrosis.

Interstitial pneumonitis may occur following conventional dose use and lead to pulmonary fibrosis. This usually occurs after prolonged treatment over a number of years. The onset is usually insidious but may also be acute. Histological features include atypical changes of the alveolar and bronchiolar epithelium and the presence of giant cells with large hyperchromatic nuclei. The lung pathology may be complicated by superimposed infections. Pulmonary ossification and dystrophic calcification have also been reported.

Hepatobiliary disorders

Busulfan is not generally considered to be significantly hepatotoxic at normal therapeutic doses. However, retrospective review of postmortem reports of patients who had been treated with low-dose busulfan for at least two years for chronic myeloid leukaemia showed evidence of centrilobular sinusoidal fibrosis.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Hyperpigmentation occurs, particularly in those with a dark complexion. It is often most marked on the neck, upper trunk, nipples, abdomen and palmar creases. This may also occur as part of a clinical syndrome (see General disorders and administration site conditions).

Reproductive system and breast disorders

Studies of busulfan treatment in animals have shown reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3).

General disorders and administration site conditions

Clinical syndrome (weakness, severe fatigue, anorexia, weight loss, nausea and vomiting and hyperpigmentation of the skin) resembling adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease) but without biochemical evidence of adrenal suppression, mucous membrane hyperpigmentation or hair loss (see Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders) has been seen in a few cases following prolonged Busulfan therapy. The syndrome has sometimes resolved when busulfan has been withdrawn.

Many histological and cytological changes have been observed in patients treated with busulfan, including widespread dysplasia affecting uterine cervical, bronchial and other epithelia. Most reports relate to long-term treatment but transient epithelial abnormalities have been observed following short-term, high-dose treatment.

The following table of adverse reactions originated from the intravenous use of busulfan in combination with cyclophosphamide or melphalan.

System organ class

Frequency

Side effects

Immune system disorders

Very common

Hypersensitivity

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Very common

Hyperglycaemia, hypocalcaemia, hypokalaemia, hypomagnesaemia, hypophosphataemia

Common

Hyponatraemia

Psychiatric disorders

Very common

Anxiety, depression, insomnia

Common

Confusional state

Uncommon

Delirium, nervousness, hallucination, agitation

Nervous system disorders

Very common

Headache, dizziness

Uncommon

Encephalopathy, cerebral haemorrhage

Cardiac disorders

Very common

Tachycardia

Common

Arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, cardiomegaly, pericarditis

Uncommon

Ventricular extrasystoles, bradycardia

Vascular disorders

Very common

Hypertension, hypotension, thrombosis, vasodilation

Uncommon

Femoral artery thrombosis, capillary leak syndrome

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Common

Hyperventilation, respiratory failure, asthma, atelectasis, pleural effusion

Gastrointestinal disorders

Very common

Abdominal pain, dyspepsia, ascites, constipation, anorectal discomfort

Common

Haematemesis, ileus, oesophagitis

Uncommon

Gastrointestinal haemorrhage

Hepatobiliary disorders

Very common

Hepatomegaly

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Very common

Myalgia, back pain, arthralgia

Renal and urinary disorders

Very common

Dysuria, oliguria

Common

Haematuria, moderate renal insufficiency

General disorders and administration site conditions

Very common

Chills, pyrexia, chest pain, oedema, general oedema, pain

Investigations

Very common

Weight increased, abnormal breath sounds, blood creatinine increased

Common

Blood urea increased, decreased ejection fraction

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store

4.9 Overdose

Symptoms and signs

The acute dose-limiting toxicity of Busulfan in man is myelosuppression (see section 4.8).

The main effect of chronic overdose is bone marrow depression and pancytopenia.

Treatment

There is no known antidote to Busulfan. Haemoialysis should be considered in the management of overdose as there is one report of successful haemodialysis of Busulfan.

Appropriate supportive treatment should be given during the period of haematological toxicity.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Busulfan (1,4-butanediol dimethanesulfonate) is a bifunctional alkylating agent. Binding to DNA is believed to play a role in its mode of action and di-guanyl derivaties have been isolated but interstrand crosslinking has not been conclusively demonstrated.

The basis for the uniquely selective effect of busulfan on granulocytopoiesis is not fully understood. Although not curative, Busulfan is very effective in reducing the total granulocyte mass, relieving the symptoms of disease and improving the clinical state of the patient. Busulfan has been shown to be superior to splenic irradiation when judged by survival times and maintenance of haemoglobin levels and is as effective in controlling spleen size.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Absorption

The bioavailability of oral Busulfan shows large intra-individual variations ranging from 47 % to 103 % (mean 80 %) in adults.

The area under the curve (AUC) and peak plasma concentrations (Cmax) of Busulfan have been shown to be linearly dose dependent. Following administration of a single 2 mg oral dose of Busulfan, the AUC and Cmax of Busulfan were 125 ± 17 nanograms.h/ml and 28 ± 5 nanograms/ml respectively.

A lag time between Busulfan administration and detection in the plasma of up to 2 h has been reported.

High-dose Treatment

Drug was assayed either using gas liquid chromatography with electron capture detection or by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

Following oral administration of high-dose Busulfan (1 mg/kg every 6 h for 4 days), AUC and Cmax in adults are highly variable but have been reported to be 8260 nanograms.h/ml (range 2484 to 21090) and 1047 nanograms/ml (range 295 to 2558) respectively when measured by HPLC and 6135 nanograms.h/ml (range 3978 to 12304) and 1980 nanograms/ml (range 894 to 3800) respectively using gas chromatography.

Distribution

Busulfan is reported to have a volume of distribution of 0.64 ± 0.12 L/kg in adults.

Busulfan given in high-doses has recently been shown to enter the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in concentrations comparable to those found in plasma, with a mean CSF:plasma ration of 1.3:1. The saliva:plasma distribution of Busulfan was 1.1:1.

The level of busulfan bound reversibly to plasma proteins has been variably reported to be insignificant or approximately 55 %. Irreversible binding of drug to blood cells and plasma proteins has been reported to be 47 % and 32 %, respectively.

Biotransformation

Busulfan metabolism involves a reaction with glutathione, which occurs via the liver and is mediated by glutathione-S-transferase.

The urinary metabolites of busulfan have been identified as 3-hydroxysulpholane, tetrahydrothiophene 1-oxide and sulpholane, in patients treated with high-dose Busulfan. Very little busulfan is excreted unchanged in the urine.

Elimination

Busulfan has a mean elimination half life of between 2.3 and 2.8 h. Adult patients have demonstrated a clearance of busulfan of 2.4 to 2.6 ml/min/kg. The elimination half life of busulfan has been reported to decrease upon repeat dosing suggesting that busulfan potentially increases its own metabolism.

Very little (1 to 2 %) busulfan is excreted unchanged in the urine.

Special Patient Populations

Paediatric population

The bioavailability of oral busulfan shows large intra-individual variation ranging from 22 % to 120 % (mean 68 %) in children.

Plasma clearance is reported to be 2 to 4 times higher in children than in adults when receiving 1 mg/kg every 6 h for 4 days. Dosing children according to body surface area has been shown to give AUC and Cmax values similar to those seen in adults. The area under the curve has been shown to be half that of adults in children under the age of 15 years and a quarter of that of adults in children under 3 years of age.

Busulfan is reported to have a volume of distribution of 1.15 ± 0.52 L/kg in children.

When busulfan is administered at a dose of 1 mg/kg every 6 h for 4 days, the CSF:plasma ratio has been shown to be 1.02:1. However, when administered at a dose of 37.5 mg/m2 every 6 h for 4 days the ratio was 1.39:1.

Obese Patients

Obesity has been reported to increase busulfan clearance. Dosing based on body surface area or adjusted ideal bodyweight should be considered in the obese.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

Busulfan has been shown to be mutagenic in various experimental systems, including bacteria, fungi, Drosophila and cultured mouse lymphoma cells.

In vivo cytogenetic studies in rodents have shown an increased incidence of chromosome aberrations in both germ cells and somatic cells after Busulfan treatment.

Carcinogenicity

There is limited evidence from preclinical studies that Busulfan is carcinogenic in animals (see section 4.4).

Teratogenicity

There is evidence form animal studies that busulfan produces foetal abnormalities and adverse effects on off-spring, including defects of the musculo-skeletal system, reduced body weight and size, impairment of gonad development and effects on fertility.

Fertility

Busulfan interferes with spermatogenesis in experimental animals. Limited studies in female animals indicate busulfan has a marked and irreversible effect on fertility through oocyte depletion.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Tablet core:

Lactose, anhydrous

Pregelatinised starch

Magnesium stearate

Tablet coating:

Hypromellose

Titanium dioxide

Triacetin

6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable

6.3 Shelf life

3 years

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 25°C

6.5 Nature and contents of container

Busulfan tablets are supplied in amber glass bottles with a child resistant closure containing 25 or 100 tablets.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Safe handling of Busulfan tablets

The tablets should not be divided and provided the outer coating is intact, there is no risk in handling Busulfan tablets.

Handlers of Busulfan tablets should follow guidelines for the handling of cytotoxic drugs.

Disposal

Busulfan tablets surplus to requirements should be destroyed in a manner appropriate for the destruction of dangerous substances.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

Aspen Pharma Trading Limited

3016 Lake Drive

Citywest Business Campus

Dublin 24

Ireland

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

PL 39699/ 0042

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

Date of first authorisation: 13 January 1986

Date of latest renewal: 30 June 2003

10. Date of revision of the text

September 2017