What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet, the original can be viewed in PDF format using the link above.

The text only version may be available from RNIB in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call RNIB Medicine Leaflet Line on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: EU/1/07/428/001.

Abraxane 5mg/ml powder for suspension for infusion

Package leaflet: Information for the user

Abraxane 5 mg/ml powder for suspension for infusion

paclitaxel

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or nurse.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet:

1. What Abraxane is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you are given Abraxane
3. How to use Abraxane
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Abraxane
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Abraxane is and what it is used for

What Abraxane is

Abraxane contains, as its active substance, paclitaxel attached to the human protein albumin, in the form of tiny particles known as nanoparticles. Paclitaxel belongs to a group of medicines called “taxanes” used in cancer.

  • Paclitaxel is the part of the medicine that affects the cancer, it works by stopping cancer cells from dividing – this means that they die.
  • Albumin is the part of the medicine that helps paclitaxel dissolve in the blood and get across the walls of the blood vessels into the tumour. This means that other chemicals that can cause side effects that can be life threatening are not needed. Such side effects occur far less with Abraxane.

What Abraxane is used for

Abraxane is used to treat the following types of cancer:

Breast Cancer

  • Breast cancer which has spread to other parts of the body (this is called “metastatic” breast cancer).
  • Abraxane is used in metastatic breast cancer when at least one other therapy has been tried but has not worked and you are unsuitable for treatments containing a group of medicines called “anthracyclines”.
  • People with metastatic breast cancer who received Abraxane where another therapy had failed, were more likely to experience a reduction in tumour size, and lived longer than people who took an alternative therapy.

Pancreatic cancer

  • Abraxane is used together with a medicine called gemcitabine if you have metastatic cancer of the pancreas. People with metastatic pancreatic cancer (pancreatic cancer that has spread to other parts of the body) who received Abraxane with gemcitabine in a clinical trial lived longer than people who had only received gemcitabine.

Lung Cancer

  • Abraxane is also used together with a medicine called carboplatin if you have the most common type of lung cancer, called “non-small cell lung cancer”.
  • Abraxane is used in non-small cell lung cancer where surgery or radiotherapy would not be suitable to treat the disease.

2. What you need to know before you are given Abraxane

Do not use Abraxane

  • if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to paclitaxel or any of the other ingredients of Abraxane (listed in section 6);
  • if you are breast-feeding;
  • if you have a low white blood cell count (baseline neutrophil counts <1500 cells/mm3 - your doctor will advise you on this).

Warnings and precautions

Talk to your doctor or nurse before using Abraxane

  • if you have poor kidney function;
  • if you have severe liver problems;
  • if you have heart problems.

Talk to your doctor or nurse if you experience any of these conditions whilst being treated with Abraxane, your doctor may wish to stop treatment or reduce the dose:

  • if you experience any abnormal bruising, bleeding, or signs of infections such as a sore throat or a fever;
  • if you experience numbness, tingling, pricking sensations, sensitivity to touch, or muscle weakness;
  • if you experience breathing problems, like shortness of breath or dry cough.

Children and adolescents

This medicine has not been studied in children and adolescents, as breast cancer, pancreatic cancer and lung cancer do not occur in these age groups.

Other medicines and Abraxane

Tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines. This includes medicines obtained without a prescription, including herbal medicines. This is because Abraxane can affect the way some other medicines work. Also, some other medicines can affect the way Abraxane works.

Take care and speak to your doctor when taking Abraxane at the same time as any of the following:

  • medicines for treating infections (i.e. antibiotics such erythromycin, rifampicin, etc.; ask your doctor, nurse or pharmacist if you are unsure whether the medicine you are taking is an antibiotic), and including medicines for treating fungal infections (e.g. ketoconazole)
  • medicines used to help you stabilize your mood also sometimes referred to as anti-depressants (e.g. fluoxetine)
  • medicines used to treat seizures (epilepsy) (e.g. carbamazepine, phenytoin)
  • medicines used to help you lower blood lipid levels (e.g. gemfibrozil)
  • medicine used for heartburn or stomach ulcers (e.g. cimetidine)
  • medicines used to treat HIV and AIDS (e.g. ritonavir, saquinavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, efavirenz, nevirapine)
  • a medicine called clopidogrel used to prevent blood clots.

Pregnancy breast-feeding and fertility

Paclitaxel may cause serious birth defects and should therefore not be used if you are pregnant.

Women of childbearing age should use effective contraception during and up to 1 month after receiving treatment with Abraxane.

Do not breast feed when taking Abraxane as it is not known if the active ingredient paclitaxel passes into the mother’s milk.

Male patients are advised to not father a child during and up to six months after treatment and should seek advice on conservation of sperm prior to treatment because of the possibility of irreversible infertility due to therapy with Abraxane.

Ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.

Driving and using machines

Some people may feel tired or dizzy after being given Abraxane. If this happens to you, do not drive or use any tools or machines.

If you are given other medicines as part of your treatment, you should ask your doctor for advice on driving and using machines.

Abraxane contains sodium

Each ml of Abraxane contains approximately 4.2 mg of sodium. This should be taken into consideration if you are on a controlled sodium diet.

3. How to use Abraxane

Abraxane will be given to you by a doctor or nurse into a vein from an intravenous drip. The dose you receive is based on your body surface area and blood test results. The usual dose is for breast cancer is 260 mg/m2 of body surface area given over a 30 minute period. The usual dose for advanced pancreatic cancer is 125 mg/m2 of body surface area given over a 30 minute period. The usual dose for non-small cell lung cancer is 100 mg/m2 of body surface area given over a 30 minute period.

How often will you receive Abraxane?

For treatment of metastatic breast cancer, Abraxane is usually given once every three weeks (on day 1 of a 21-day cycle).

For treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer, Abraxane is given on days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28-day treatment cycle with gemcitabine being given immediately after the Abraxane.

For treatment of non-small cell lung cancer Abraxane is given once every week (i.e. on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 21 day cycle), with carboplatin being given once every three weeks (i.e. only on day 1 of each 21-day cycle), immediately after the Abraxane dose has been given.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or nurse.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them.

The very common side effects may affect more than 1 in 10 people:

  • Loss of hair (the majority of cases of hair loss happened less than one month after starting Abraxane. When it happens, hair loss is pronounced (over 50%) in the majority of patients)
  • Rash
  • Abnormal decrease in the number of types of white blood cells (neutrophils, lymphocytes or leukocytes) in the blood
  • Deficiency of red blood cells
  • Reduction in the number of platelets in the blood
  • Effect on peripheral nerves (pain, numbness, tingling or loss of feeling)
  • Pain in a joint or joints
  • Pain in the muscles
  • Nausea, diarrhoea, constipation, sore mouth, loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness and tiredness, fever
  • Dehydration, taste disturbance, weight loss
  • Low levels of potassium in the blood
  • Depression, sleep problems
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Swelling of mucosal and soft tissues
  • Increased liver function tests
  • Pain in extremities
  • Cough
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nose bleeds

The common side effects may affect up to 1 in 10 people:

  • Itching, dry skin, nail disorder
  • Infection, fever with decrease in the number of a type of white blood cell (neutrophils) in the blood, flushing, thrush, severe infection in your blood which may be caused by reduced white blood cells
  • Reduction in all blood cell counts
  • Chest or throat pain
  • Indigestion, abdominal discomfort
  • Stuffy nose
  • Pain in back, bone pain
  • Diminished muscular coordination or difficulty in reading, increased or decreased tears, loss of eyelashes
  • Changes in heart rate or rhythm, heart failure
  • Decreased or increased blood pressure
  • Redness or swelling at the site where the needle entered the body
  • Anxiety
  • Infection in the lungs
  • Infection in the urinary tract
  • Obstruction in the gut, inflammation of the large bowel, inflammation of the bile duct
  • Acute kidney failure
  • Increased bilirubin in the blood
  • Coughing up blood
  • Dry mouth, difficulty in swallowing
  • Muscle weakness
  • Blurred vision

The uncommon side effects may affect up to 1 in 100 people:

  • Increased weight, increased lactate dehydrogenase in the blood, decreased kidney function, increased blood sugar, increased phosphorus in the blood
  • Decreased or lack of reflexes, involuntary movements, pain along a nerve, fainting, dizziness when standing up, shaking, facial nerve paralysis
  • Irritated eyes, painful eyes, red eyes, itchy eyes, double vision, reduced vision, or seeing flashing lights, blurred vision due to swelling of the retina (cystoid macular oedema)
  • Ear pain, ringing in your ears
  • Coughing with phlegm, shortness of breath when walking or climbing stairs, runny nose, or dry nose, decreased breath sounds, water on the lung, loss of voice, blood clot in the lung, dry throat
  • Gas, stomach cramps, painful or sore gums, rectal bleeding
  • Painful urination, frequent urination, blood in the urine, inability to hold your urine
  • Fingernail pain, fingernail discomfort, loss of fingernails, hives, skin pain, red skin from sunlight, skin discolouration, increased sweating, night sweats, white areas on the skin, sores, swollen face
  • Decreased phosphorus in the blood, fluid retention, low albumin in the blood, increased thirst, decreased calcium in the blood, decreased sugar in the blood, decreased sodium in the blood
  • Pain and swelling in the nose, skin infections, infection due to catheter line
  • Bruising
  • Pain at site of tumour, death of the tumour
  • Decreased blood pressure when standing up, coldness in your hands and feet
  • Difficulty walking, swelling
  • Allergic reaction
  • Decreased liver function, increased size of liver
  • Pain in the breast
  • Restlessness
  • Small bleedings in your skin due to blood clots
  • A condition involving destruction of red blood cells and acute kidney failure

The rare side effects may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people:

  • Skin reaction to another agent or lung inflammation following radiation
  • Blood clot
  • Very slow pulse, heart attack
  • Leaking of drug outside the vein
  • A disorder of the electrical conduction system of the heart (atrioventricular block)

The very rare side effects may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people:

  • Severe inflammation/eruption of the skin and mucous membranes (Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis)

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard (Freephone 0808 100 3352). By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Abraxane

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and the vial after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

Unopened vials: Keep the vial in the outer carton in order to protect from light.

After first reconstitution the suspension should be used immediately. If not used immediately, the suspension may be stored in a refrigerator (2°C-8°C) for up to 8 hours in the vial when kept in the outer carton in order to protect it from light.

The reconstituted suspension in the intravenous drip may be stored for up to 8 hours at a temperature not above 25°C.

Your doctor or pharmacist is responsible for disposing of any unused Abraxane correctly.

6. Contents of the pack and further information

What Abraxane contains

The active substance is paclitaxel.

Each vial contains 100 mg or 250 mg of paclitaxel formulated as albumin bound nanoparticles. After reconstitution, each ml of suspension contains 5 mg of paclitaxel formulated as albumin bound nanoparticles.

The other ingredient is human albumin (containing sodium, sodium caprylate and N-acetyl DL tryptophanate).

What Abraxane looks like and contents of the pack

Abraxane is a white to yellow powder for suspension for infusion. Abraxane is available in glass vials containing 100 mg or 250 mg of paclitaxel formulated as albumin bound nanoparticles.

Each pack contains 1 vial.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Celgene Europe Limited
1 Longwalk Road
Stockley Park
Uxbridge
UB11 1DB
United Kingdom

For any information about this medicine, please contact the Marketing Authorisation Holder.

This leaflet was last revised in 11/2016

Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency web site: http://www.ema.europa.eu