- 1. Name of the medicinal product
- 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
- 3. Pharmaceutical form
- 4. Clinical particulars
- 4.1 Therapeutic indications
- 4.2 Posology and method of administration
- 4.3 Contraindications
- 4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
- 4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
- 4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
- 4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
- 4.8 Undesirable effects
- 4.9 Overdose
- 5. Pharmacological properties
- 5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
- 5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
- 5.3 Preclinical safety data
- 6. Pharmaceutical particulars
- 6.1 List of excipients
- 6.2 Incompatibilities
- 6.3 Shelf life
- 6.4 Special precautions for storage
- 6.5 Nature and contents of container
- 6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
- 7. Marketing authorisation holder
- 8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
- 9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
- 10. Date of revision of the text
1. Name of the medicinal product
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
Nytol One-A-Night contains 50mg Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride per tablet.
3. Pharmaceutical form
Tablets to be taken orally.
4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
An aid to the relief of temporary sleep disturbance.
4.2 Posology and method of administration
Oral administration only.One tablet to be taken 20 minutes before going to bed, or as directed by a physician. Do not exceed the stated dose or frequency of dosing.Do not use in children under 16 years.This medication should not be used continuously for more than 2 weeks without consulting a doctor.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1 Nytol One-A-Night is contraindicated in in those with the following conditions: stenosing peptic ulcer, pyloroduodenal obstruction.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
Nytol One-A-Night should be used with caution in patients with myasthenia gravis, epilepsy or seizure disorders, narrow-angle glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy, urinary retention, asthma, bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), moderate to severe hepatic impairment and moderate to severe renal impairment.Tolerance may develop with continuous use. Seek medical advice if sleeplessness persists, as insomnia may be a symptom of serious underlying medical illness.This medication should not be used continuously for more than 2 weeks without consulting a doctor.May increase the effects of alcohol, therefore alcohol should be avoided.Avoid use of other antihistamine-containing preparations, including topical antihistamines and cough and cold medicines.Use with caution in the elderly, who are more likely to experience adverse effects. Avoid use in elderly patients with confusion.Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Diphenhydramine may potentiate the sedative effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (e.g. tranquillizers, hypnotics and anxiolytics).Monoamine oxidase inhibitors(MAOI) prolong and intensify the anticholinergic effects of diphenhydramine. The product should be used with caution with MAOIs or within 2 weeks of stopping an MAOI.As diphenhydramine has some antimuscarinic activity, the effects of some anticholinergic drugs (e.g. atropine, tricyclic antidepressants) may be potentiated therefore medical advice should be sought before taking diphenhydramine with such medicines.Diphenhydramine is an inhibitor of the cytochrome p450 isoenzyme CYP2D6. Therefore, there may be a potential for interaction with drugs which are primarily metabolised by CYP2D6, such as metoprolol and venlafaxine.Diphenhydramine should not be used in patients receiving any of the above drugs unless directed by a doctor.
4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
PregnancyDiphenhydramine crosses the placenta. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response and since there is inadequate experience with use of diphenhydramine in pregnant women, the potential risk for humans is unknown. Use of sedating antihistamines during the third trimester may result in reactions in the newborn or premature neonates. This drug is not recommended during pregnancy.Consult a doctor before use. LactationDiphenhydramine has been detected in breast milk, but the effect of this on breastfed infants is unknown. Nytol One-A-Night is not recommended for use during lactation in nursing mothers. Consult a doctor before use.
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
Nytol One-A-Night is a hypnotic and will produce drowsiness or sedation soon after the dose has been taken. It may also cause dizziness, blurred vision, cognitive and psychomotor impairment. These can seriously affect the patient's ability to drive and use machines. If affected, do not drive or operate machinery.
4.8 Undesirable effects
Specific estimation of the frequency of adverse events for OTC products is inherently difficult (particularly numerator data). Adverse reactions which have been observed in clinical trials and which are considered to be common (occurring in > 1/100 to < 1/10) or very common (occurring in > 1/10) are listed below by MedDRA System Organ Class. The frequency of other adverse reactions identified during post- marketing use is unknown, but these reactions are likely to be uncommon (occurring in > 1/1,000 to <1/100) or rare (occurring in < 1/1,000).
* The elderly are more prone to confusion and paradoxical excitation.
|Body System||Undesirable effect||Frequency|
|General disorders and administration site conditions||fatigue||Common|
|Immune system disorders||Hypersensitivity reactions including rash, urticaria, dyspnoea and angioedema||Unknown|
|Psychiatric disorders*||confusion, paradoxical excitation (e.g. increased energy, restlessness, nervousness)||Unknown|
|Nervous system disorders||sedation, drowsiness, disturbance in attention, unsteadiness, dizziness, convulsions, headache, paraesthesia, dyskinesias||Common Unknown|
|Eye disorders||blurred vision||Unknown|
|Cardiac disorders||tachycardia, palpitations||Unknown|
|Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders||thickening of bronchial secretions||Unknown|
|Gastrointestinal disorders||dry mouth gastrointestinal disturbance including nausea, vomiting||Common Unknown|
|Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders||muscle twitching||Unknown|
|Renal and urinary disorders||urinary difficulty, urinary retention||Unknown|
Reporting of suspected adverse reactionsReporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
Overdose is likely to result in effects similar to those listed under adverse reactions. Additional symptoms may include mydriasis, fever, flushing, agitation, tremor, dystonic reactions, hallucinations and ECG changes. Large overdose may cause rhabdomyolysis, convulsions, delirium, toxic psychosis, arrhythmias, coma and cardiovascular collapse.Treatment should be supportive and directed towards specific symptoms. Convulsions and marked CNS stimulation should be treated with parenteral diazepam.
5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Diphenhydramine is an ethanolamine-derivative antihistamine. It is an antihistamine with anticholinergic and marked sedative effects. It acts by inhibiting the effects on H1-receptors.Diphenhydramine is effective in reducing sleep onset (i.e., time to fall asleep) and increasing the depth and quality of sleep.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
AbsorptionDiphenhydramine hydrochloride is rapidly absorbed following oral administration. Apparently it undergoes first-pass metabolism in the liver and only about 40-60% of an oral dose reaches systematic circulation as unchanged Diphenhydramine.
DistributionIt is rapidly distributed throughout the whole body. Peak plasma concentrations are attained within 1-4 hours. The sedative effect also appears to be maximal within 1-3 hours after administration of a single dose.It is positively correlated with the plasma drug concentration. BiotransformationDiphenhydramine is approx 80-85% bound to plasma proteins. Diphenhydramine is rapidly and almost completely metabolised. The drug is metabolised principally to Diphenylmetoxyacetic acid and is also dealkylated.The metabolites are conjugated with glycine and glutamine and excreted in urine. Only about 1% of a single dose is excreted unchanged in urine.
EliminationThe elimination half-life ranges from 2.4-9.3 hours in healthy adults. The terminal elimination half-life is prolonged in liver cirrhosis.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Anhydrous lactose Stearic acid, powder Microcrystalline cellulose Silicon dioxideMaize starch.
6.3 Shelf life
Nytol One-A-Night has a shelf-life of 2 years in HDPE bottles and 3 years in blister packs.
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Store in a dry place.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
High density polyethylene bottles with a polypropylene closure and cotton wool wadding, or an aclar/polyethylene/PVC or PVC/PVDC strip with a heat sealable aluminium foil. Bottles of 16 or 20 caplets and strips of 4, 8, 10, 16 or 20 tablets.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
7. Marketing authorisation holder
Omega Pharma Ltd. 1st Floor32 Vauxhall Bridge Road LONDON, SW1V 2SAUnited Kingdom
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
13 February 1995
10. Date of revision of the text
Omega Pharma Ltd
Omega Pharma Ltd, 1st Floor, 32 Vauxhall Bridge Road, London, SW1V 2SA, UK
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