What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?

The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.

Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information Leaflet, the original can be viewed in PDF format using the link above.

The text only version may be available from RNIB in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information call RNIB Medicine Leaflet Line on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is: PL 11184/0132.

Adcortyl Intra-Articular/Intradermal Injection 10mg/ml

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET

ADCORTYL™

INTRA-ARTICULAR / INTRADERMAL INJECTION 10 mg/ml

Triamcinolone acetonide

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
  • Adcortyl IA/ID Injection is a steroid medicine, prescribed for many different conditions, including serious illnesses.
  • You need to take it regularly to get the maximum benefit.
  • Don’t stop using this medicine without talking to your doctor - you may need to reduce the dose gradually.
  • Adcortyl IA/ID Injection can cause side effects in some people (read section 4 below). Some problems such as mood changes (feeling depressed or ‘high’), or stomach problems can happen straight away. If you feel unwell in any way, keep using your medicine, but see your doctor straight away.
  • Some side effects only happen after weeks or months.

These include weakness of arms and legs, or developing a rounder face (read section 4 for more information).

  • If you are given this medicines for more than 3 weeks, you will be given a blue ‘steroid card’: always keep it with you and show it to any doctor or nurse treating you.
  • Keep away from people who have chickenpox or shingles, if you have never had them. They could affect you severely. If you do come into contact with chickenpox or shingles, see your doctor straight away.

What is in this leaflet

1. What Adcortyl IA/ID Injection is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you are given Adcortyl IA/ID Injection
3. Receiving Adcortyl IA/ID Injection
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Adcortyl IA/ID Injection
6. Content of the pack and other information

1. What Adcortyl IA/ID Injection is and what it is used for

The name of this medicine is Adcortyl IA/ID Injection. Each injection contains triamcinolone acetonide 10 mg/ml as the active ingredient. Triamcinolone acetonide belongs to a group of medicines called corticosteroids (steroids).

These corticosteroids occur naturally in the body, and help to maintain health and well-being. Boosting your body with extra corticosteroid (such as Adcortyl IA/ID Injection) is an effective way to treat various illnesses involving inflammation in the body. Adcortyl IA/ID Injection reduces this inflammation, which could otherwise go on making your condition worse. You must take this medicine regularly to get maximum benefit from it.

Adcortyl IA/ID Injection is for the treatment of joint pain, swelling and stiffness in inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis.

It is also used to treat various forms of allergic dermatitis, skin overgrowths such as thickened scar tissue, and patchy baldness, which is usually reversible.

2. What you need to know before you are given Adcortyl IA/ID Injection

Do not receive Adcortyl IA/ID Injection if;

  • You have had an allergic reaction to a similar medicine or any of the ingredients in this medicine.
  • You are suffering from an infection unless your doctor has also prescribed a treatment for the infection.

Adcortyl IA/ID Injection is not recommended for children under 6 years.

You must tell your doctor if you:

  • have had any recent infection (including tuberculosis (TB))
  • have had recent bowel surgery
  • have, or have had a bowel disorder or stomach ulcer
  • have an infection or inflammation of the veins in your legs
  • have had any mental health disorders or epilepsy
  • have had any kidney, liver or thyroid problems as the dose of Adcortyl may need to be adjusted
  • have recently suffered from any form of cancer
  • have thin or brittle bones (osteoporosis)
  • have myasthenia gravis (a disease which causes weak muscles)
  • have high blood pressure or heart failure
  • or someone in your family has glaucoma (increased pressure in your eyes).
  • are diabetic as your insulin dose may need to be changed

Check with your doctor first:

  • If you are taking triamcinolone acetonide [Adcortyl IA/ID Injection] and medicines to control HIV (anti-retrovirals) or fungal infections (anti-fungals) because you could experience more adverse effects and your doctor may wish to monitor you carefully. Refer to list of medicines mentioned in “Taking other medicines with Adcortyl IA/ID Injection.”
  • If you have ever had severe depression or manic-depression (bipolar disorder). This includes having had depression before or while taking steroid medicines like Adcortyl IA/ID Injection.
  • If any of your close family has had these illnesses.

If any of these applies to you, talk to a doctor before Adcortyl IA/ID Injection is given to you.

Steroid medicines suppress your body's natural immune response. Therefore, if you come into contact with anyone who has an infectious disease such as chickenpox, shingles or measles, consult your doctor as soon as possible.

While you are being treated with this medicine (or if you have recently stopped a course of treatment) do not have any vaccination without consulting your doctor first. You must take care not to over-use a joint which feels better after you receive Adcortyl IA/ID Injection. The joint will still need to recover from the inflammation which caused your symptoms.

Taking other medicines with Adcortyl IA/ID Injection

Please tell your doctor if you are taking, or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.

Some medicines may increase the effects of Adcortyl and your doctor may wish to monitor you carefully if you are taking these medicines (including some medicines for HIV: ritonavir, cobicistat).

This is especially important if you are taking:

  • Aspirin, ibuprofen or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as corticosteroids can increase the chance of bleeding from the gut
  • Anti-retroviral inhibitors and anti-fungals: ritonavir, atazanavir, clarithromycin, indinavir, itraconazole, nefazodone, nelfinavir, saquinavir, ketoconazole, and telithromycin because increased adverse effects may occur, resulting in systemic corticosteroid effects including Cushing’s syndrome and adrenal suppression
  • Warfarin or other medicines to thin the blood
  • Oral contraceptive pill or hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
  • Human growth hormone
  • A medicine called ciclosporin
  • A medicine called rifampicin

or medicines to treat;

  • High blood pressure or irregular heart beat (e.g. digoxin)
  • Myasthenia gravis (a disease which causes weak muscles)
  • Epilepsy or fits (e.g. phenytoin)
  • Tuberculosis (TB)
  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid problems

If you are taking any of these medicines, or are not sure, please consult your doctor.

If you are due to have surgery

Before surgery and anaesthesia (even at the dentist) you should tell the doctor or dentist that you are being treated with Adcortyl IA/ID injection.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or if you are breastfeeding you should discuss this with your doctor as soon as possible before receiving Adcortyl IA/ID Injection.

Driving and using machines

This medicine does not usually affect your ability to drive or operate machinery but it can affect your eyesight. Tell your doctor immediately if you have any pain in the eyes or problems with your vision.

Steroid Treatment Card

Your doctor or pharmacist will have given you a Steroid Treatment Card with your prescription or medicine.

YOU SHOULD ALWAYS CARRY THIS CARD WITH YOU as it must be shown to any of the following persons:

Doctor or Nurse - before having any surgery or emergency treatment or if any new treatment is prescribed.

Dentist - before having any dental surgery

Pharmacist - before buying any medicine

Optician - it is advisable to have regular eye tests

Important information about the ingredients of Adcortyl IA/ID Injection

Adcortyl IA/ID Injection contains 15 mg/ml benzyl alcohol which may cause harmful or allergic reactions in infants and children. Adcortyl IA/ID injection must not be given to premature or newly born babies.

3. Receiving Adcortyl IA/ID Injection

The effect of the injection will vary from patient to patient and further injections may be given to you when symptoms return and not at regular intervals.

Use in inflammatory joint disorders:

The dose of injection to be given into a joint or tendon sheath depends upon the size of the joint to be treated and the severity of the condition which is being treated. Doses of 2.5 - 5 mg (0.25-0.5 ml) for smaller joints and 5-15 mg (0.5-1.5 ml) for larger joints usually give relief of symptoms. This medicine should not be used for injection into the Achilles tendon.

Use in allergic dermatitis:

The dose is usually 2-3 mg (0.2-0.3 ml) depending on the size of the problem area of the skin but no more than 5 mg (0.5 ml) should be injected at any one site. If several sites are injected the total dose given should not exceed 30 mg (3 ml). Further doses may be given if necessary at one or two week intervals.

Your doctor will advise you whether it is wise for you to have further injections.

Treatment with steroids is usually kept as short as possible and must not be stopped abruptly. Joints may become permanently damaged by repeated injections over a long period of time.

When the treatment is stopped you may notice flu-like symptoms, runny nose or itchy eyes or skin.

During times of illness or stress, patients on long-term treatment may require the addition of oral steroid tablets or, if they have recently finished a course of Adcortyl IA/ID injections, may need to start taking oral steroid tablets for a while.

Mental health problems while Adcortyl IA/ID injection is given to you

Mental health problems can happen while taking steroids like Adcortyl IA/ID Injection (see also section 4 Possible Side Effects).

  • These illnesses can be serious.
  • Usually they start within a few days or weeks of starting the medicine.
  • They are more likely to happen at high doses.
  • Most of these problems go away if the dose is lowered or the medicine is stopped.

However, if problems do happen they might need treatment.

Talk to a doctor if you (or someone who has been given this medicine), shows any signs of mental health problems. This is particularly important if you are depressed, or might be thinking about suicide. In a few cases, mental health problems have happened when doses are being lowered or stopped.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Serious effects: tell a doctor straight away

Steroids including Adcortyl IA/ID injection can cause serious mental health problems. These are uncommon in both adults and children.

  • Mood changes, mental health disorders, feeling dependent on the medicine, trouble sleeping, fits or epilepsy, fainting and dizziness
  • Feeling depressed, including thinking about suicide
  • Feeling high (euphoria and mania) or moods that go up and down
  • Feeling anxious/irritable, having problems sleeping, difficulty in thinking or being confused and losing your memory
  • Feeling, seeing or hearing things which do not exist. Having strange and frightening thoughts, changing how you act or having feelings of being alone

If you notice any of the following side effects talk to a doctor straight away.

Serious cases of anaphylactic reactions (i.e. a serious allergic reaction) and anaphylactic shock including death have been reported. If you notice any of the following, contact your doctor immediately:

  • Swelling of the face, lips or throat
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Skin itching, redness or a rash

As these may be signs of an allergic reaction.

Common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people

  • Increased risk of infection
  • Injection site reactions
  • Headache
  • Joint pain

Uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people

  • Changes in blood chemicals which can cause fluid retention
  • Heart failure or irregular heart beat
  • Weak or fragile bones or muscles, poor healing of broken bones or destruction of the ends of bones, decrease in muscle mass, muscle or bone pain, muscular weakness/discomfort, bone fracture
  • Loss of bone tissue (osteoporosis)
  • Thin/fragile skin, rashes, stretch marks, bruising, sweating, flushing and increased hair growth, itchy bumps, loss/darkening of skin colour
  • Indigestion, stomach pain, stomach ulcers and perforation, bloating, increased appetite and weight loss, inflammation of the pancreas/oesophagus, stomach bleeding
  • Eye problems including inflammation, glaucoma and cataracts, blindness, bulging of the eye, damage to the cornea or white of eye
  • Infection of the nose
  • Irregular periods/ postmenopausal women may also experience vaginal bleeding
  • Fungal or Viral eye infections
  • Yeast infections e.g. thrush
  • Tiredness and tingling, increased pressure in the brain
  • Increased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Less tolerance to carbohydrates
  • Mild form of diabetes with no obvious symptoms
  • Inadequately controlled diabetes mellitus, high blood sugar
  • Pain, swelling and worsening of the pain in the injected joint
  • Impaired healing
  • High body temperature
  • Treatment with steroids can stop the body from producing some hormones and may slow or stop children’s growth.
  • Hormone production by certain glands may be increased or decreased
  • Vertigo
  • High/ low blood pressure
  • Abnormal blood clots
  • Longstanding chronic infections such as tuberculosis could be made worse

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Adcortyl IA/ID Injection

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

Adcortyl IA/ID injection will be kept in the pharmacy until it is given to you by your doctor or nurse.

It should not be used after the expiry date shown on the label and carton.

It should not be stored above 25°C nor should it be allowed to freeze.

The container should be kept in the outer carton.

6. Content of the pack and other information

What Adcortyl IA/ID injection contains

The active substance is triamcinolone acetonide 10 mg/ml.

The other ingredients are; benzyl alcohol, polysorbate 80, carmellose sodium, sodium chloride and water for injection.

What Adcortyl IA/ID injection looks like and contents of the pack

Adcortyl IA/ID injection is a sterile aqueous suspension for injection and is supplied in packs of 5 x 1.0 ml glass ampoules or a single 5 ml glass vial.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Marketing Authorisation Holder

Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceuticals Limited
Uxbridge Business Park
Sanderson Road
Uxbridge
Middlesex
UB8 1DH
Tel.: 0800 7311736

Manufacturer

Bristol-Myers Squibb Srl
Contrada Fontana del Ceraso
03012 Anagni (FR)
Italy

This leaflet was revised in December 2017.