What is a Patient Information Leaflet and why is it useful?
The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. It is written for patients and gives information about taking or using a medicine. It is possible that the leaflet in your medicine pack may differ from this version because it may have been updated since your medicine was packaged.
Methadone Hydrochloride DTF 1mg/1ml Oral Solution
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
1. What Methadone Hydrochloride DTF 1mg/1ml Oral Solution is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Methadone Hydrochloride DTF 1mg/1ml Oral Solution
3. How to take Methadone Hydrochloride DTF 1mg/1ml Oral Solution
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Methadone Hydrochloride DTF 1mg/1ml Oral Solution
6. Contents of the pack and other information
The name of your medicine is Methadone Hydrochloride DTF 1mg/1ml Oral Solution (referred to as Methadone Solution in this leaflet). It contains methadone hydrochloride. This belongs to a group of medicines called Narcotic Analgesics.
Methadone is used:
- to treat opioid drug addiction
- to treat moderate to severe pain
- you are allergic to methadone or any other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6). An allergic reaction can include a rash, itching or shortness of breath
- you have severe breathing problems or a history of asthma. You must not use this medicine during an asthma attack. If you give this medicine to yourself (self-administration), wait until the asthma attack has passed and you are fully recovered
- you are taking Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) used to treat depression or if you have taken a MAOI medicine in the past two weeks (see ‘Other medicines and Methadone Solution’)
- you are dependent on any other drugs
- you are in labour
- you have phaeochromocytoma, a tumour of the adrenal glands
- you have a bowel disorder known as paralytic ileus
- you have or have recently had a head injury
- children must not be given this medicine.
Do not take this medicine if any of the above apply to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor before taking methadone.
Talk to your doctor before taking Methadone Solution if:
- you have liver or kidney problems
- you have problems with your gallbladder and bile duct
- you have epilepsy
- you are addicted to alcohol
- you have low thyroid function (hypothyroid)
- you have problems with your adrenal glands. These are linked to your kidneys
- you have an enlarged prostate gland
- you have low blood pressure
- you are in shock
- you have a muscle weakness disease called myasthenia gravis
- you have bowel problems
- you have a history of irregular heart beat
- you have a history of heart disease
- you have a family history of people dying suddenly without cause
- you have low potassium, sodium or magnesium levels
- you are pregnant or breast-feeding
- you are extremely ill or an older person. You may be more sensitive to the medicine.
If you are not sure if any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking methadone.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines. This includes medicines bought without a prescription, including herbal medicines. This is because methadone can affect the way some other medicines work. Also some medicines can affect the way methadone works.
You must not take Methadone Solution:
- at the same time or within 2 weeks of taking Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs).
Some medicines can increase the risk of heart problems when used with methadone. Talk to your doctor before taking methadone if you are taking:
- medicines for heart problems such as verapamil and enalapril
- medicines which affect electrolyte balance such as diuretics (water tablets) or lithium.
Tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
- medicines that dull your senses such as:
- medicines for depression (for example, SSRIs such as fluvoxamine and fluoxetine, SNRIs such as venlafaxine, TCAs such as amitriptyline),
- medicines to help you sleep (including anaesthetics) and medicines to calm you down called tranquillisers
- serotonergic medicines used to treat migraine, such as sumatriptan
- cimetidine, used to treat stomach ulcers
- rifampicin, used to treat tuberculosis (TB)
- medicines used to treat epilepsy such as phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital and primidone
- medicines that make your urine acidic such as ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
- narcotic painkillers such as codeine and pentazocine
- naloxone used to reverse the effects of opioid drugs
- medicines used to stop opioid drugs working such as naltrexone and buprenorphine
- medicines used to treat HIV such as nevirapine, efavirenz, abacavir and nelfinavir. The doctor may have to change the amount of methadone you take whilst on these medicines
- antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin or macrolide antibiotics for example erythromycin
- medicines used to treat fungal infections such as ketoconazole or fluconazole
- St. John’s Wort - a herbal preparation for depression
- cyclizine, domperidone and metoclopramide, or serotonergic anti-emetics medicines such as ondansetron, used to treat nausea and vomiting
- medicines used to treat Parkinson’s disease and atropine
- mexiletine used to treat unusual heart rhythms
- lofexidine or clonidine, used to treat withdrawal effects.
If any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor before taking Methadone Solution.
Do not drink alcohol whilst taking Methadone Solution. This is because Methadone Solution can make you feel sleepy and drinking alcohol will make you even more sleepy.
Grapefruit juice may effect how your methadone works.
- talk to your doctor before taking Methadone Solution if you are pregnant or likely to become pregnant
- take care if you are taking a pregnancy test as the methadone may interfere with the results
- you should not take this medicine whilst you are in labour
- do not breast-feed if you are taking Methadone Solution. Talk to your doctor or midwife if you are thinking of breast-feeding while you are taking methadone as it may affect your baby.
Methadone solution can severely affect your ability to drive or use machines as it may make you sleepy or dizzy.
You should only start doing these activities again with the permission of your doctor.
- Do not drive while taking this medicine until you know how it affects you.
- It is an offence to drive if this medicine affects your ability to drive.
- However, you would not be committing an offence if:
- The medicine has been prescribed to treat a medical or dental problem and
- You have taken it according to the instructions given by the prescriber or in the information provided with the medicine and
- It was not affecting your ability to drive safely
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure whether it is safe for you to drive while taking this medicine.
- methyl and propyl parahydroxybenzoates. These may cause allergic reactions (possibly delayed)
- sucrose (0.9g per 5ml) and liquid maltitol. If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product. The amount of sucrose should be taken into account in patients with diabetes mellitus. Sucrose may be harmful to your teeth
- colours - tartrazine (E102) and sunset yellow (E110). These may cause allergic reactions.
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
- this medicine contains 1mg of methadone in each 1ml
- take this medicine by mouth.
- the starting dose is 10mg to 20mg (10ml to 20ml) each day
- the doctor can increase this to 40mg to 60mg (40ml to 60ml) each day.
- the usual dose is 5mg to 10mg (5ml to 10ml) every 6 to 8 hours
- the dose may be changed by your doctor.
- if you have to have repeated doses of this medicine, the doctor may want to monitor you more closely.
Children must not take this medicine.
- if you take more of this medicine than you should, talk to a doctor or go to your nearest hospital straight away. Take the medicine pack with you
- the signs you may notice are difficulty in breathing; feeling very drowsy which may lead to a stupor or coma; very small pupils; cold and clammy skin; a very slow pulse rate and muscle weakness. In extreme cases, you may stop breathing, your blood flow may stop, you may have a heart attack which could lead to death.
- if you forget a dose do not take it. Wait until the next dose is due and take only that amount
- do not take a double dose (two doses at the same time) to make up for a forgotten dose.
- do not stop taking this medicine unless your doctor tells you to as you may suffer withdrawal effects
- your doctor will tell you how to lower the dose gradually.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Like all medicines, Methadone can cause side effects although not everybody gets them.
An allergic reaction may include:
- swelling of your face, lips, tongue or throat or difficulty breathing or swallowing
- severe itching of your skin with raised lumps.
- heart problems. The signs of this may include changes in the way your heart beats, such as it beating faster or missed heart beats, breathing difficulties and dizziness
- if your breathing becomes slow and shallow
- worsening of the pressure inside your head if you already have this condition following an injury to your brain or brain disease.
- if you have asthma and it gets worse.
Very common (affects more than 1 in 10 people)
- feeling sick (nausea) or being sick (vomiting).
Common (affects less than 1 in 10 people)
- feeling weak, tired
- weight gain
- water retention
- rash, that may appear and disappear
- sweating a lot more than usual
- blurred vision, small pupils, dry eyes
- feeling of dizziness
- changes in your mood, feeling “high” or over excited, feeling drowsy
- seeing or hearing things that are not there (hallucinations).
Uncommon (affects less than 1 in 100 people)
- feeling dizzy, particularly when standing up. This may be a sign that you have low blood pressure
- feeling down (dysphoria), agitation, confusion, difficulty sleeping
- itching, rashes
- dry mouth or nose, inflammation of the tongue, facial flushing
- breast growth and production of breast milk
- difficulty in passing water (urine), pain in the lower back and abdomen caused by muscle spasms
- low body heat (hypothermia)
- lower sexual urge or desire
- painful periods or lack of periods.
- loss of appetite
- swollen arms and legs. This may be a sign of your body holding onto more water than usual
- reduction in blood platelets, which increase the risk of bleeding or bruising
- low potassium and magnesium which will be found by blood tests
- eye and eyesight problems in babies and young children born to mothers who used methadone during pregnancy
- reduction in the body’s normal production of adrenal and sexual hormones
- low blood sugar.
You may notice that some of the side effects become less severe with time as you get used to the methadone.
When taken for a long period of time, it is possible that you may become dependent on methadone solution.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
- Keep out of the sight and reach of children
- Store below 25°C but not in a refrigerator. Protect from light
- Do not use after the expiry date (month, year) stated on the label and carton
- If it is out of date or you no longer want it, take it back to the pharmacy
- Do not use Methadone Solution if you notice anything wrong with the medicine. Talk to your pharmacist
- Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
- The active ingredient is methadone hydrochloride
- The other ingredients are methyl hydroxybenzoate (E218), propyl hydroxybenzoate (E216), propylene glycol (E1520), liquid maltitol (E965), sucrose, tartrazine (E102), sunset yellow (E110), green s (E142), poloxamer 188, simethicone emulsion 30% and purified water.
It comes in a brown glass bottle holding 100ml or 500ml of solution.
Rosemont Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
Yorkdale Industrial Park
This leaflet was last revised in 07/2018.