This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our policy on the use of cookies. Find out more here.

eMC - trusted, up to date and comprehensive information about medicines
Link to eMC medicine guides website
eMC homepage
New eMC coming June 2013...

Alcon Laboratories (U.K) Limited

Frimley Business Park, Frimley, Camberley, GU16 7SR, UK
Telephone: (0)871 376 1402
Fax: +44 (0)1276 673971
Stock Availability: (0)871 376 0084

Before you contact this company: often several companies will market medicines with the same active ingredient. Please check that this is the correct company before contacting them. Why?


Summary of Product Characteristics last updated on the eMC: 30/05/2013
SPC TRAVATAN


Go to top of the page
1. Name of the medicinal product

TRAVATAN 40 micrograms/ml eye drops, solution


Go to top of the page
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Each ml of solution contains 40 micrograms of travoprost.

Excipients: each ml of solution contains polyquaternium-1 (POLYQUAD) 10 microgram, propylene glycol 7.5 mg, polyoxyethylene hydrogenated castor oil 40 (HCO-40) 2 mg (see section 4.4.)

For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.


Go to top of the page
3. Pharmaceutical form

Eye drops, solution.

Clear, colourless solution.


Go to top of the page
4. Clinical particulars

Go to top of the page
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Decrease of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma (see section 5.1).


Go to top of the page
4.2 Posology and method of administration

Use in adults, including the elderly population

The dose is one drop of TRAVATAN in the conjunctival sac of the affected eye(s) once daily. Optimal effect is obtained if the dose is administered in the evening.

Nasolacrimal occlusion or gently closing the eyelid after administration is recommended. This may reduce the systemic absorption of medicinal products administered via the ocular route and result in a decrease in systemic adverse reactions.

If more than one topical ophthalmic medicinal product is being used, the medicinal products must be administered at least 5 minutes apart (see section 4.5).

If a dose is missed, treatment should be continued with the next dose as planned. The dose should not exceed one drop in the affected eye(s) daily.

When substituting another ophthalmic antiglaucoma agent with TRAVATAN, the other agent should be discontinued and TRAVATAN should be started the following day.

Paediatric population

The efficacy and safety of TRAVATAN in patients below the age of 18 years have not been established and its use is not recommended in these patients until further data become available.

Hepatic and renal impairment

TRAVATAN has been studied in patients with mild to severe hepatic impairment and in patients with mild to severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance as low as 14 ml/min). No dosage adjustment is necessary in these patients.

Method of Administration

For ocular use.

The patient should remove the protective overwrap immediately prior to initial use. To prevent contamination of the dropper tip and solution, care must be taken not to touch the eyelids, surrounding areas or other surfaces with the dropper tip of the bottle.


Go to top of the page
4.3 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients.


Go to top of the page
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

TRAVATAN may gradually change the eye colour by increasing the number of melanosomes (pigment granules) in melanocytes. Before treatment is instituted, patients must be informed of the possibility of a permanent change in eye colour. Unilateral treatment can result in permanent heterochromia. The long term effects on the melanocytes and any consequences thereof are currently unknown. The change in iris colour occurs slowly and may not be noticeable for months to years. The change in eye colour has predominantly been seen in patients with mixed coloured irides, i.e., blue-brown, grey-brown, yellow-brown and green-brown; however, it has also been observed in patients with brown eyes. Typically, the brown pigmentation around the pupil spreads concentrically towards the periphery in affected eyes, but the entire iris or parts of it may be become more brownish. After discontinuation of therapy, no further increase in brown iris pigment has been observed.

In controlled clinical trials, periorbital and/or eyelid skin darkening in association with the use of TRAVATAN has been reported in 0.4% of patients.

TRAVATAN may gradually change eyelashes in the treated eye(s); these changes were observed in about half of the patients in clinical trials and include: increased length, thickness, pigmentation, and/or number of lashes. The mechanism of eyelash changes and their long term consequences are currently unknown.

TRAVATAN has been shown to cause slight enlargement of the palpebral fissure in studies in the monkey. However, this effect was not observed during the clinical trials and is considered to be species specific.

There is no experience of TRAVATAN in inflammatory ocular conditions; nor in neovascular, angle-closure, narrow-angle or congenital glaucoma and only limited experience in thyroid eye disease, in open-angle glaucoma of pseudophakic patients and in pigmentary or pseudoexfoliative glaucoma.

Caution is recommended when using Travatan in aphakic patients, pseudophakic patients with a torn posterior lens capsule or anterior chamber lenses, or in patients with known risk factors for cystoid macular oedema.

Skin contact with TRAVATAN must be avoided as transdermal absorption of travoprost has been demonstrated in rabbits.

TRAVATAN contains propylene glycol which may cause skin irritation.

TRAVATAN contains polyoxyethylene hydrogenated castor oil 40 which may cause skin reactions.

In patients with known predisposing risk factors for iritis/uveitis, TRAVATAN can be used with caution.

Prostaglandins and prostaglandin analogues are biologically active materials that may be absorbed through the skin. Women who are pregnant or attempting to become pregnant should exercise appropriate precautions to avoid direct exposure to the contents of the bottle. In the unlikely event of coming in contact with a substantial portion of the contents of the bottle, thoroughly cleanse the exposed area immediately.

Patients must be instructed to remove contact lenses prior to application of TRAVATAN and wait 15 minutes after instillation of the dose before reinsertion.


Go to top of the page
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

No interaction studies have been performed.


Go to top of the page
4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Women of child-bearing potential/contraception

TRAVATAN must not be used in women of child bearing age/potential unless adequate contraceptive measures are in place (see section 5.3).

Pregnancy

Travoprost has harmful pharmacological effects on pregnancy and/or the foetus/new-born child. TRAVATAN should not be used during pregnancy unless clearly necessary.

Breastfeeding

It is unknown whether travoprost from eye drops is excreted in human breast milk. Animal studies have shown excretion of travoprost and metabolites in breast milk. The use of TRAVATAN by breast-feeding mothers is not recommended.


Go to top of the page
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

As with any eye drop, temporary blurred vision or other visual disturbances may affect the ability to drive or use machines. If blurred vision occurs at instillation, the patient must wait until the vision clears before driving or using machinery.


Go to top of the page
4.8 Undesirable effects

In clinical studies involving over 4400 patients, TRAVATAN (benzalkonium chloride preserved) was administered once daily as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy to timolol 0.5%. No serious ophthalmic or systemic undesirable effects related to the product were reported in any of the clinical studies. The most frequently reported treatment-related undesirable effect with TRAVATAN (benzalkonium chloride preserved) monotherapy was hyperaemia of the eye (22.0%), which included ocular, conjunctival, or scleral hyperaemia. Hyperaemia was mild in 83.6% of those patients who experienced it. Almost all patients (98%) who experienced hyperaemia did not discontinue therapy as a result of this event. In phase III clinical studies ranging from 6 to 12 months in duration, hyperaemia decreased over time. In a post approval long-term clinical study of 5 years duration involving 502 patients, TRAVATAN was administered once daily. No serious ophthalmic or systemic undesirable effects related to TRAVATAN were reported in the clinical study. The most frequently reported treatment-related undesirable effect with TRAVATAN was iris hyperpigmentation (29.5%) (see section 4.4). Hyperaemia of the eye assessed as related to the use of TRAVATAN was reported at an incidence of 10.0% with 2% of patients reporting hyperemia of the eye discontinuing study participation due to the undesirable effect.

The following undesirable effects were assessed to be treatment-related with TRAVATAN (benzalkonium chloride-preserved) monotherapy and are classified according to the following convention: very common (≥1/10), common (>1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (>1/1,000 to ≤1/100), rare (>1/10,000 to ≤1/1000), or very rare (≤1/10,000). Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in decreasing order of seriousness.

TRAVATAN (benzalkonium chloride-preserved)

System Organ Classification

Frequency

Preferred Term

Infections and infestations

Uncommon

herpes simplex, keratitis herpetic

Immune system disorders

Uncommon

hypersensitivity, drug hypersensitivity, seasonal allergy

Nervous system disorder

Common

headache

Uncommon

dysgeusia, dizziness, visual field defect

Eye disorders

Very common

ocular hyperaemia, iris hyperpigmentation

Common

punctate keratitis, anterior chamber inflammation, eye pain, photophobia, eye discharge, ocular discomfort, visual acuity reduced, vision blurred, dry eye, eye pruritus, lacrimation increased, erythema of eyelid, eyelid oedema, growth of eyelashes, eyelash discolouration

Uncommon

corneal erosion, uveitis, keratitis, eye inflammation, photopsia, blepharitis, conjunctival oedema, halo vision, conjunctivitis, conjunctival follicles, hypoaesthesia eye, meibomianitis, ectropion, anterior chamber pigmentation, mydriasis, cataract, eyelid margin crusting, asthenopia

Cardiac disorders

Uncommon

heart rate irregular, palpitations, heart rate decreased

Vascular disorders

Uncommon

blood pressure decreased, blood pressure increased, hypotension, hypertension

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Uncommon

dyspnoea, asthma, respiratory disorder, oropharyngeal pain, cough, dysphonia, nasal congestion, throat irritation

Gastrointestinal disorders

Uncommon

peptic ulcer reactivated, gastrointestinal disorder, constipation

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Common

skin hyperpigmentation (periocular)

Uncommon

dermatitis allergic, periorbital oedema, dermatitis contact, erythema, rash, hair colour changes, hair texture abnormal, hypertrichosis, madarosis

Musculoskeletal, connective tissue and bone disorders

Uncommon

musculoskeletal pain

General disorders and administrative site conditions

Uncommon

asthenia, malaise

In 2 clinical trials involved in the development of TRAVATAN (polyquaternium-preserved), 201 patients were exposed for up to 3 months. No serious ophthalmic or systemic undesirable effects related to the product were reported in either of the clinical trials. The most frequently reported treatment-related undesirable effect with TRAVATAN (polyquaternium-preserved) was hyperaemia of the eye (18.9%), which included ocular or conjunctival hyperaemia. One patient (0.5%) discontinued study participation due to hyperemia of the eye.

The following undesirable effects were assessed to be treatment-related (with TRAVATAN (polyquaternium-1-preserved) as monotherapy) and are classified according to the following convention: very common (≥1/10), common (>1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (>1/1,000 to ≤1/100), rare (>1/10,000 to ≤1/1000), or very rare (≤1/10,000). Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in decreasing order of seriousness.

TRAVATAN (polyquaternium-1-preserved)

System Organ Classification

Frequency

Adverse Reaction

Nervous system disorders

Uncommon

headache

Eye disorders

Very common

ocular hyperaemia

Common

punctate keratitis, eye pain, photophobia, ocular discomfort, dry eye, eye pruritus.

Uncommon

visual acuity reduced, lacrimation increased, erythema of eyelid, eyelid margin crusting

Gastrointestinal disorders

Uncommon

dry mouth

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Common

skin hyperpigmentation, skin discolouration

Adverse reactions identified from post-marketing experience that have not been reported previously in clinical trials with TRAVATAN as monotherapy include the following.

Ocular: macular oedema (see also section 4.4), sunken eyes

Systemic: bradycardia, tachycardia, asthma aggravated, vertigo, tinnitus, PSA increased, hair growth abnormal.


Go to top of the page
4.9 Overdose

No cases of overdose have been reported. A topical overdose is not likely to occur or to be associated with toxicity. A topical overdose of TRAVATAN may be flushed from the eye(s) with lukewarm water. Treatment of a suspected oral ingestion is symptomatic and supportive.


Go to top of the page
5. Pharmacological properties

Go to top of the page
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic Group: Ophthalmologicals-antiglaucoma preparations and miotics-prostaglandin analogues

ATC code: S01E E04

Mechanism of action

Travoprost, a prostaglandin F2α analogue, is a highly selective full agonist which has a high affinity for the prostaglandin FP receptor, and reduces the intraocular pressure by increasing the outflow of aqueous humour via trabecular meshwork and uveoscleral pathways. Reduction of the intraocular pressure in man starts about 2 hours after administration and maximum effect is reached after 12 hours. Significant lowering of intraocular pressure can be maintained for periods exceeding 24 hours with a single dose.

In a clinical trial, patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension who were treated with TRAVATAN (polyquaternium-preserved) dosed once-daily in the evening demonstrated 8 to 9 mmHg reductions (approximately 33%) in intraocular pressure from 24 to 26 mmHg baseline. Data on adjunctive administration of TRAVATAN with timolol 0.5% and limited data with brimonidine 0.2% were collected during clinical trials that showed an additive effect of TRAVATAN with these glaucoma medications. No clinical data are available on adjunctive use with other ocular hypotensive medications.

Secondary pharmacology

Travoprost significantly increased optic nerve head blood flow in rabbits following 7 days of topical ocular administration (1.4 micrograms, once-daily).

TRAVATAN preserved with polyquaternium-1 induced minimal ocular surface toxicity, compared to eye drops preserved with benzalkonium chloride, on cultured human corneal cells and following topical ocular administration in rabbits.


Go to top of the page
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Absorption

Travoprost is an ester prodrug. It is absorbed through the cornea where the isopropyl ester is hydrolysed to the active free acid. Studies in rabbits have shown peak concentrations of 20 ng/g of the free acid in aqueous humour one to two hours after topical dosing of TRAVATAN. Aqueous humour concentrations declined with a half-life of approximately 1.5 hours.

Distribution

Following topical ocular administration of TRAVATAN to healthy volunteers, low systemic exposure to active free acid was demonstrated. Peak active free acid plasma concentrations of 25 pg/ml or less were observed between 10 and 30 minutes post-dose. Thereafter, plasma levels declined rapidly to below the 10 pg/ml assay quantitation limit before 1 hour post-administration. Due to the low plasma concentrations and rapid elimination following topical dosing, the elimination half-life of active free acid in man could not be determined.

Biotransformation

Metabolism is the major route of elimination of both travoprost and the active free acid. The systemic metabolic pathways parallel those of endogenous prostaglandin F2α which are characterised by reduction of the 13-14 double bond, oxidation of the 15-hydroxyl and β-oxidative cleavages of the upper side chain.

Elimination

Travoprost free acid and its metabolites are mainly excreted by the kidneys. TRAVATAN has been studied in patients with mild to severe hepatic impairment and in patients with mild to severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance as low as 14 ml/min). No dosage adjustment is necessary in these patients.


Go to top of the page
5.3 Preclinical safety data

In ocular toxicity studies in monkeys, administration of travoprost at a dose of 0.45 microgram, twice a day, was shown to induce increased palpebral fissure. Topical ocular administration of travoprost to monkeys at concentrations of up to 0.012% to the right eye, twice daily for one year resulted in no systemic toxicity.

Reproduction toxicity studies have been undertaken in rat, mice and rabbit by systemic route. Findings are related to FP receptor agonist activity in uterus with early embryolethality, post-implantation loss, foetotoxicity. In pregnant rat, systemic administration of travoprost at doses more than 200 times the clinical dose during the period of organogenesis resulted in an increased incidence of malformations. Low levels of radioactivity were measured in amniotic fluid and foetal tissues of pregnant rats administered 3H-travoprost. Reproduction and development studies have demonstrated a potent effect on foetal loss with a high rate observed in rats and mice (180 pg/ml and 30 pg/ml plasma, respectively) at exposures 1.2 to 6 times the clinical exposure (up to 25 pg/ml).


Go to top of the page
6. Pharmaceutical particulars

Go to top of the page
6.1 List of excipients

Polyquaternium-1

Polyoxyethylene hydrogenated castor oil 40 (HCO-40)

Boric acid (E284)

Mannitol (E421)

Sodium chloride

Propylene glycol (E1520)

Sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid (to adjust pH)

Purified water


Go to top of the page
6.2 Incompatibilities

None known.

Specific in vitro interaction studies were performed with TRAVATAN and medicinal products containing thiomersal. No evidence of precipitation was observed.


Go to top of the page
6.3 Shelf life

2 years.

Discard 4 weeks after first opening.


Go to top of the page
6.4 Special precautions for storage

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.


Go to top of the page
6.5 Nature and contents of container

2.5 ml oval bottle with dispensing plug and screw cap, all polypropylene, presented in an overwrap.

Cartons containing 1 or 3 bottles.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.


Go to top of the page
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

No special requirements.


Go to top of the page
7. Marketing authorisation holder

Alcon Laboratories (UK) Ltd.

Frimley Business Park

Frimley, Camberley

Surrey, GU16 7SR

United Kingdom.


Go to top of the page
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

EU/1/01/199/001-002


Go to top of the page
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

Date of first authorisation :27.11.2001

Date of last renewal: 06.10.2006


Go to top of the page
10. Date of revision of the text

19 March 2013

Detailed information on this product is available on the website of the European Medicines Agency http://www.ema.europa.eu



More information about this product

Link to this document from your website: http://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/medicine/8031/SPC/


Active Ingredients/Generics