Pabrinex Intravenous High Potency, Solution for injection
Each presentation (carton) contains either 5ml or 10ml ampoules. Each pair of ampoules to be used in treatment is labelled Pabrinex No 1 and Pabrinex No 2.
Excipients with known effect
|Each No 1 ampoule contains: ||5ml ampoule ||10ml ampoule |
|Riboflavin (as Phosphate Sodium)
|Each No 2 ampoule contains: ||5ml ampoule ||10ml ampoule |
This medicinal product contains approximately 3.4 mmol (or 79mg) sodium per dose (1 pair of 5ml
ampoules). To be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.
This medicinal product contains approximately 6.8 mmol (or 158mg) sodium per dose (1 pair of 10ml
ampoules). To be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
Pabrinex is indicated in adults and children for rapid therapy of severe depletion or malabsorption of the water soluble vitamins B and C:
• particularly in alcoholism, where a severe depletion of thiamine can lead to Wernicke's encephalopathy
• after acute infections
• in psychiatric states
Also used to maintain levels of vitamin B and C in patients on chronic intermittent haemodialysis.
Pabrinex is also available as an Intramuscular High Potency Injection. Therefore before administration, ensure that both the Summary of Product Characteristics and ampoule labels refer to the INTRAVENOUS injection.
Adults and elderly:Rapid therapy of severe depletion or malabsorption of the water soluble vitamins B and C, particularly in alcoholism, where a severe depletion of thiamine can lead to Wernicke's encephalopathy
|10ml solution from Ampoule Number 1||PLUS||10ml solution from Ampoule Number 2|
|15ml solution from Ampoule Number 1||PLUS||15ml solution from Ampoule Number 2|
2 to 3 pairs of 5ml ampoules* (1 pair = ampoule 1 + ampoule 2) diluted with 50ml to 100ml infusion solution (physiological saline or glucose 5%) and administered over 30 minutes every 8 hours, or at the discretion of the physician.
* or equivalent volume of 5ml and/or 10ml ampoules
Psychosis following narcosis or E.C.T; toxicity from acute infections
|5ml Ampoule Number 1||PLUS||5ml Ampoule Number 2|
10ml of the mixed ampoules diluted with 50ml to 100ml infusion solution (physiological saline or glucose 5%) administered over 30 minutes twice daily for up to 7 days.
|5ml Ampoule Number 1||PLUS ||5ml Ampoule Number 2|
10ml of the mixed ampoules diluted with 50ml to 100ml infusion solution (physiological saline or glucose 5%) administered over 30 minutes once every two weeks at the end of dialysis.
Pabrinex Intravenous High Potency, Solution for Injection is rarely indicated for administration to children; however, suitable doses are as follows:
Method of administration
|Under 6 years6 - 10 years10 - 14 years 14 years and over ||quarter of the adult dose
third of the adult dose
half to two thirds of the adult dose
as for the adult dose
Pabrinex Intravenous High Potency, Solution for Injection should be administered by drip infusion. Equal volumes of the contents of ampoules number 1 and 2 should be added to 50ml to 100ml physiological saline or 5% glucose and infused over 30 minutes (see sections 6.3 and 6.6).
Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.
Although potentially serious allergic adverse reactions such as anaphylactic shock may occur rarely during, or shortly after, parenteral administration of Pabrinex, such rare occurrence of serious allergic reactions should not preclude the use of Pabrinex in patients who need treatment by this route of administration particularly those at risk of Wernicke's encephalopathy - for whom treatment with parenteral thiamine is essential.
Initial warning signs of a reaction to Pabrinex are sneezing or mild asthma and those treating patients need to note that the administration of further injections to such patients may give rise to anaphylactic shock. Facilities for treating anaphylactic reactions should be available whenever Pabrinex Intravenous High Potency is administered. To minimise the risk of such events with Pabrinex Intravenous High Potency, this medicinal product should be administered by infusion over a period of 30 minutes.
This medicine is for injection into a vein only and should not be given by any other route
Care should be taken to ensure that the route of administration used (intramuscular or intravenous) is that intended reports of unintentional administration by the wrong route have been received; these incidents have not been associated with serious adverse reactions.
In common with all parenteral products each ampoule should be visually inspected prior to administration and should not be used if particulates are present.
The content of pyridoxine may interfere with the effects of concurrent levodopa therapy.
No adverse effects have been reported at recommended doses when used as clinically indicated.
Animal studies are insufficient with respect to reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3). The potential risk for humans is unknown.
Caution should be exercised when prescribing to pregnant women.
No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed. However given the nature of the product, no effects are anticipated.
Adverse reactions reported as possibly associated to Pabrinex are presented in the following table by MedDRA System Organ Class (SOC), Preferred Term and frequency. The following frequency categories are used:
Very common (>1/10);
Common (>1/100, <1/10);
Uncommon (>1/1,000, <1/100);
Rare (>1/10,000, <1/1,000);
Very rare (<1/10,000), including isolated reports.
Post-marketing adverse reactions are reported voluntarily from a population with an unknown rate of exposure. Therefore it is not possible to estimate the true incidence of adverse reactions and the frequency is unknown.
Tabulated summary of adverse reactions
|SYSTEM ORGAN CLASS (SOC)||FREQUENCY||ADVERSE REACTION|
|Immune system disorders||Unknown
||Hypersensitivity (including anaphylaxis, rash and urticaria)
|Nervous system disorders||Unknown
|General disorders and administration site conditions||Unknown
||Injection site reactions (including pain and swelling)
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
In the unlikely event of overdosage, treatment is symptomatic and supportive.
Pabrinex Intravenous High Potency contains vitamins B1, B2, B6, nicotinamide, vitamin C and glucose.
ATC code: A11EB
There are no pre-clinical data of relevance to the prescriber which are additional to that already included in other sections of the Summary of Product Characteristics.
Water for Injections
This medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products except those mentioned in section 6.6.
If it is necessary to administer Pabrinex Intravenous High Potency in infusion, it is recommended that Pabrinex IV HP is administered in physiological saline or glucose 5%.
24 months.After opening
Chemical and physical in-use stability of intravenous high potency vitamins B and C has been demonstrated in the following intravenous infusion fluids for the number of hours stated in the table below, at room temperature:
|Intravenous infusion fluid||In the light|
|Physiological saline (sodium chloride 0.9%)
|Glucose 4.3% with sodium chloride 0.18%
|Glucose 5% with potassium chloride 0.3%
|Sodium lactate M/6
Although no further specific data are available, the solutions are expected to be stable for longer periods when protected from light.
From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2 to 8°C, unless dilution has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.
The diluted solutions should not be frozen.
Do not store above 25°C. Keep the container in the outer carton. Do not freeze.
For storage conditions after dilution of the medicinal product, see section 6.3.
Pabrinex Intravenous High Potency, Solution for Injection is supplied in pairs of amber glass ampoules of 5ml or 10ml. Packs contain either, six or ten pairs of 5ml ampoules, or five pairs of 10ml ampoules.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Compatibility of intravenous high potency vitamins B and C has been demonstrated with the following infusion fluids:
• Glucose 5%
• Physiological saline (sodium chloride 0.9%)
• Glucose 4.3% with sodium chloride 0.18%
• Glucose 5% with potassium chloride 0.3%
• Sodium lactate M/6
Please refer to section 6.3 for details regarding storage following dilution in each of these fluids.
Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Archimedes Pharma UK Limited
Galabank Business Park
Date of first authorisation: October 1993
Date of the latest renewal: October 2003