- 1. Name of the medicinal product
- 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
- 3. Pharmaceutical form
- 4. Clinical particulars
- 4.1 Therapeutic indications
- 4.2 Posology and method of administration
- 4.3 Contraindications
- 4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
- 4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
- 4.6 Pregnancy and lactation
- 4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
- 4.8 Undesirable effects
- 4.9 Overdose
- 5. Pharmacological properties
- 5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
- 5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
- 5.3 Preclinical safety data
- 6. Pharmaceutical particulars
- 6.1 List of excipients
- 6.2 Incompatibilities
- 6.3 Shelf life
- 6.4 Special precautions for storage
- 6.5 Nature and contents of container
- 6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
- 7. Marketing authorisation holder
- 8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
- 9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
- 10. Date of revision of the text
- 11. Legal category
1. Name of the medicinal product
Minims Chloramphenicol 0.5%
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
Clear, colourless, sterile eye drops containing Chloramphenicol Ph Eur 0.5% w/v.
3. Pharmaceutical form
Sterile single use eye drop.
4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
Chloramphenicol is a broad spectrum bacteriostatic antibiotic. It is active against a wide variety of gram-negative and gram-positive organisms as well as rickettsiae and spirochaetes. It is indicated for use as a topical antibacterial in the treatment of superficial ocular infections. Chloramphenicol is indicated in adults and children.
4.2 Posology and method of administration
Adults (including the Elderly)One to two drops applied topically to each affected eye up to six times daily or more frequently if required. (Severe infections may require one to two drops every fifteen to twenty minutes initially, reducing the frequency of instillation gradually as the infection is controlled).
Paediatric populationAs for adults however dosage adjustment may be necessary in newborn infants because of reduced systemic elimination due to immature metabolism and the risk of dose-related adverse effects. The maximum duration of treatment is 10 - 14 days.
Hypersensitivity to chloramphenicol or any component of the preparation.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
In severe infections topical use of chloramphenicol should be supplemented with appropriate systemic treatment. Aplastic anaemia has, rarely, followed topical use of chloramphenicol eye drops and, whilst this hazard is an uncommon one, it should be borne in mind when the benefits of the use of chloramphenicol are assessed. Prolonged use should be avoided as it may increase the likelihood of sensitisation and the emergence of resistant organisms. Contact lenses should be removed during the period of treatment. Systemic absorption may be reduced by compressing the lacrimal sac at the medial canthus for a minute during and following the instillation of the drops. (This blocks the passage of the drops via the naso lacrimal duct to the wide absorptive area of the nasal and pharyngeal mucosa. It is especially advisable in children.)
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Chymotrypsin will be inhibited if given simultaneously with chloramphenicol.
4.6 Pregnancy and lactation
Safety for use in pregnancy and lactation has not been established, therefore, use only when considered essential by the physician.
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
May cause transient blurring of vision on installation. Warn patients not to drive or operate hazardous machinery unless vision is clear.
4.8 Undesirable effects
LocalSensitivity reactions such as transient irritation, burning, stinging, itching and dermatitis, may occur.
SystemicRarely, cases of major adverse haematological events (bone marrow depression, aplastic anaemia and death) have been reported following ocular use of chloramphenicol.
5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic which is mainly bacteriostatic in action, but exerts a bactericidal effect against some strains of gram-positive cocci and against Haemophilus influenzae and Neisseria. It has a broad spectrum of action against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, rickettsiae and chlamydia.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Chloramphenicol is rapidly absorbed after oral administration. In the liver, chloramphenicol is inactivated by conjugation with glucuronic acid or by reduction to inactive aryl amines. Excretion is mainly renal, though some bile excretion occurs following oral administration.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
There are no preclinical data of relevance to the prescriber which are additional to that already included in other sections of the SPC.
6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Borax Boric acid Purified water
6.3 Shelf life
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Store between 2° and 8°C. Do not freeze. Protect from light.If necessary, the product may be stored at temperatures not exceeding 25°C for up to 1 month only.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
A sealed conical shaped polypropylene container fitted with a twist and pull off cap. Each Minims Chloramphenicol unit is overwrapped in an individual polyethylene sachet. 20 units each containing 0.5ml are packed into a suitable carton.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
Each Minims unit should be discarded after a single use.If the product is to be stored unrefrigerated at temperatures not exceeding 25°C, prior to supply of the product by the pharmacy the adhesive label provided in the carton should be completed and affixed over the bar code, by a pharmacist. An expiry date one month from the supply date, plus the pharmacist's initials should be written in the spaces provided on this label.
7. Marketing authorisation holder
Bausch & Lomb UK Limited Bausch & Lomb House 106 London Road Kingston-Upon-Thames Surrey, UK KT2 6TN
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
|Date of Grant:Date of Renewal:||31.7.9123.4.97|
10. Date of revision of the text
11. Legal category
Bausch & Lomb U.K Limited
Bausch & Lomb House, 106 London Road, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey, KT2 6TN, UK
+44 (0)208 781 2901
Medical Information e-mail
+44 (0)208 781 2900
Medical Information Direct Line
+44(0)1748 828849 or 08 1871 9318
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+44 (0)208781 2991